Articles of the Day January 1–4, 2022
Featured articles of the day for this month, selected by Wikipedia contributors.
The 1st Missouri Field Battery was a battery of field artillery that served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. The battery was formed by Captain Westley F. Roberts in Arkansas in September 1862 and was armed with two 12-pounder James rifles and two 6-pounder smoothbore guns (example pictured). The unit fought in numerous actions in the Trans-Mississippi Theater in 1862–1864. In December 1863, it received new cannons: two 10-pounder Parrott rifles and two 12-pounder howitzers. On April 30, 1864, while part of a Confederate force pursuing a retreating Union army, several of the cannons were captured at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry. The battery was then rearmed with four 6-pounder smoothbores. In November 1864, the unit was designated the 1st Missouri Field Battery. It was paroled on June 7, 1865, at Alexandria, Louisiana, after Confederate general and Trans-Mississippi Department commander Edmund Kirby Smith signed surrender terms for the department on June 2. (Full article...)
The 2008 Orange Bowl was a bowl game between the college football teams Virginia Tech Hokies and Kansas Jayhawks on January 3, 2008, at Dolphin Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Tech was favored, but Kansas won 24–21 in a game dominated by defense. The Orange Bowl, part of the 2007–08 Bowl Championship Series, was the final game for both teams and was watched by more than eight million FOX viewers in the US. Tech qualified by being the ACC champion, while Big 12 team Kansas was selected by the Orange Bowl. Tech was designated as the home team at the neutral venue. This was the first Orange Bowl appearance for Kansas since 1969 and for Tech since 1996. Todd Reesing, quarterback for Kansas, completed 20 of his 37 passes for 227 yards, a touchdown, and an interception, and Tech quarterback Sean Glennon had 13 for 28 passing, earning 160 yards, one touchdown and two interceptions. Kansas cornerback Aqib Talib scored with an interception touchdown and won the Most Valuable Player award. (Full article...)
Seventy-Six is a historical fiction novel by American writer John Neal (pictured). Published in Baltimore in 1823, it is the fourth novel written about the American Revolutionary War. Historically distinguished for its pioneering use of colloquial language, the Yankee dialect, battle scene realism, high characterization, stream of consciousness narrative, profanity, and depictions of sex and romance, the novel foreshadowed and influenced later American fiction. With narrative prose that resembles spoken American English more than any other period literature, it was the first work of American fiction to use the phrase son-of-a-bitch. It explores male pain and self-loathing resulting from violent acts committed in war and duels. Inspired by his own historical research, Neal took only twenty-seven days to write the 528-page novel, reporting that "I tumbled out of my chair" because "I had fainted, – swooned, – from overwork." (Full article...)
The black-and-red broadbill (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos) is a bird in the Asian broadbill family that is found in Indochina, Sumatra, and Borneo. It is the only species in the genus Cymbirhynchus. It inhabits lowland forests near water, along with disturbed habitats and secondary forests. A large and distinctive bird, it has maroon underparts, black upperparts, and a maroon neck-band, along with a blue and yellow beak. Females are slightly smaller than males. It feeds on insects, fish, mollusks, snails, and crustaceans. It breeds in the dry season, building a large and conspicuous nest over water. Clutches usually have two or three eggs, but sometimes will have a fourth runt egg, and are incubated by both sexes, hatching in twenty-one days. Due to its extensive range and large population, the black-and-red broadbill is evaluated as a least-concern species by the IUCN. They are threatened by deforestation, trapping for the songbird trade, and hunting. (Full article...)