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weight

Overview

This page has 27 definitions of weight in English. Weight is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use weight in a sentence are shown. Also define these 50 related words and terms: force, heavier, standardized, metal, balance, mass, importance, influence, weight plate, barbell, strength training, viscosity, physics, atomic weight, molecular weight, net weight, troy weight, statistics, topology, typography, boldness, font, stroke, rule, brushstroke, line weight, illusion, thickness, opacity, paint, pressure, burden, resistance, machine, pound, cannabis, money, add, barite, load, oppress, mathematics, assign, statistic, bias, slant, horse racing, handicap, horse, and sports.

See also: Weight

English

Etymology

From Middle English weight, weiȝte, weght, wight, from Old English wiht, ġewiht (weight), from Proto-Germanic *wihtiz ("weight"; compare *weganą (to move)), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (to move; pull; draw; drive).

Cognate with Scots wecht, weicht (weight), Saterland Frisian Wächte (scale) and Gewicht (weight), West Frisian gewicht (weight), Dutch gewicht (weight), German Low German Wicht, Gewicht (weight) and German Gewicht (weight).

Pronunciation

Noun

Weight (3) for balance.

weight (countable and uncountable, plural weights)

  1. The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by).
    • Force definition
      Strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigour; might; capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect. (1 of 13 force definitions)
  2. An object used to make something heavier.
  3. A standardized block of metal used in a balance to measure the mass of another object.
    • Standardized definition
      simple past tense and past participle of standardize
    • Metal definition
      Chemical elements or alloys, and the mines where their ores come from.
      1. Any of a number of chemical elements in the periodic table that form a metallic bond with other metal atoms; generally shiny, somewhat malleable and hard, often a conductor of heat and electricity.
      2. Any material with similar physical properties, such as an alloy.
      3. An element which was not directly created after the Big Bang but instead formed through nuclear reactions; any element other than hydrogen and helium.
      4. Crushed rock, stones etc. used to make a road.
      5. The ore from which a metal is derived.
      6. A mine from which ores are taken.
      (1 of 14 metal definitions)
  4. Importance or influence.
    • 1897, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, in The Celebrity[1]:
      I liked the man for his own sake, and even had he promised to turn out a celebrity it would have had no weight with me. I look upon notoriety with the same indifference as on the buttons on a man's shirt-front, or the crest on his note-paper.
    • 1907 Alonso de Espinosa, Hakluyt Society & Sir Clements Robert Markham, The Guanches of Tenerife: the holy image of Our Lady of Candelaria, and the Spanish conquest and settlement, Printed for the Hakluyt Society, p116
      Another knight came to settle on the island, a man of much weight and position, on whom the Adelantados of all the island relied, and who was made a magistrate.
    • 1945 Mikia Pezas, The price of liberty, I. Washburn, Inc., p11
      "You surely are a man of some weight around here," I said.
  5. (weightlifting) An object, such as a weight plate or barbell, used for strength training.
    He's working out with weights.
    • Barbell definition
      A wide steel bar with premeasured weights affixed to either end, with the central span open for the hands of the weightlifter.
  6. (lubricants) viscosity rating.
  7. (physics) Mass (atomic weight, molecular weight, etc.) (in restricted circumstances)
  8. (physics, proscribed) Synonym of mass (in general circumstances)
  9. (measurement) Mass (net weight, troy weight, carat weight, etc.).
  10. (statistics) A variable which multiplies a value for ease of statistical manipulation.
    • Statistics definition
      A discipline, principally within applied mathematics, concerned with the systematic study of the collection, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of data.
  11. (topology) The smallest cardinality of a base.
  12. (typography) The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes.
  13. (visual art) The relative thickness of a drawn rule or painted brushstroke, line weight.
    • Brushstroke definition
      The stroke of a brush, as in painting.
    • Line Weight definition
      The relative thickness of a drawn rule or painted brushstroke.
  14. (visual art) The illusion of mass.
    • Illusion definition
      Anything that seems to be something that it is not. (1 of 4 illusion definitions)
  15. (visual art) The thickness and opacity of paint.
  16. Pressure; burden.
    the weight of care or business
  17. The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.
  18. (slang, uncountable) Shipments of (often illegal) drugs.
    He was pushing weight.
  19. (slang, countable) One pound of drugs, especially cannabis.
    • 2002, Nicholas Dorn, Karim Murji, Nigel South, Traffickers: Drug Markets and Law Enforcement (page 5)
      [I was] doing a weight [1 lb. at that time] a week, sometimes more, sometimes less.
    • 2009, Martina Cole, The Ladykiller:
      The ones the CIB should be looking out for, to her mind, were the officers who raided a flat, found a couple of weights of cannabis and stashed half of it before they made the collar. The cannabis would make its way back on to the street []
    • Pound definition
      A unit of mass equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces (= 453.592 37 g). Today this value is the most common meaning of "pound" as a unit of weight. (1 of 7 pound definitions)
  20. (criminal slang, dated) Money.
    • 1974, Martin R. Haskell, ‎Lewis Yablonsky, Crime and Delinquency (page 96)
      No matter how much money he makes, he is still a soldier, but he has the weight.

Alternative forms

  • wt. (abbreviation)

Derived terms

Related terms

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Descendants

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

weight (third-person singular simple present weights, present participle weighting, simple past and past participle weighted)

  1. (transitive) To add weight to something; to make something heavier.
    1. (transitive, dyeing) To load (fabrics) with barite, etc. to increase the weight.
    • Add definition
      To join or unite (e.g. one thing to another, or as several particulars) so as to increase the number, augment the quantity, or enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. (1 of 8 add definitions)
  2. (transitive) To load, burden or oppress someone.
  3. (transitive, mathematics) To assign weights to individual statistics.
  4. (transitive) To bias something; to slant.
    • 2020 March 19, Marcus Ashworth, “Cheap Sterling Has Reasons to Be Cheaper”, in The Washington Post[2]:
      The U.K. economy is heavily weighted towards the service sector and the coronavirus pandemic could lead to a 10% fall in gross domestic product in the second quarter, according to economists at Jefferies.
  5. (transitive, horse racing) To handicap a horse with a specified weight.
    • Horse Racing definition
      A sport where horses and their jockeys compete to race around a track the fastest.
  6. (transitive, sports) To give a certain amount of force to a throw, kick, hit, etc.
    • 2008, Tom Valenta, Remember Me, Mrs V?: Caring for My Wife: Her Alzheimer's and Others' Stories[3], ReadHowYouWant:
      With good peripheral vision he spots his teammate, Ray Evans, lurking in the scoring zone and sweeps a perfectly weighted pass to him.

Translations