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This page has 4 definitions of eponym in English and Swedish. Eponym is a noun. Examples of how to use eponym in a sentence are shown. Also define these 8 related words and terms: person, word, fictive, name, namesake, place, thing, and toponym.



Back-formation from eponymous. See also -onym.




eponym (plural eponyms)

  1. A real or fictitious person or thing whose name has given rise to the name of a particular item.
    Romulus is the eponym of Rome.
  2. A word formed from a real or fictive person’s name.
    Synonym: namesake
    Rome is an eponym of Romulus.
    • 2004, Bill Sherk, 500 Years of New Words, →ISBN:
      [Mesmer] lives on today as the root of the eponym mesmerize.
    • 2015, Robert B. Taylor, What Every Medical Writer Needs to Know, →ISBN:
      For their dubious contribution to literature, Doctor Bowdler and Henrietta were recognized with the eponym bowdlerize[.]
    • 2023 June 19, Rachel E. Gross, “Should Medicine Still Bother With Eponyms?”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      An eponym was once considered medicine’s highest honor. Like monuments to great generals, they paid tribute to medicine’s most brilliant minds, ensuring their names would live on in perpetuity.
    • Word definition

      The smallest unit of language that has a particular meaning and can be expressed by itself; the smallest discrete, meaningful unit of language.

      1. The smallest discrete unit of spoken language with a particular meaning, composed of one or more phonemes and one or more morphemes
      2. The smallest discrete unit of written language with a particular meaning, composed of one or more letters or symbols and one or more morphemes
      3. A discrete, meaningful unit of language approved by an authority or native speaker (compare non-word).
      (1 of 24 word definitions)
    • Namesake definition
      One who is named after another or for whom another is named. (1 of 3 namesake definitions)
  3. (loosely, nonstandard, by extension) A word formed from a real or fictive place or thing.
    Synonym: toponym
    “Tangerine” is an eponym of Tangier.

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eponym c

  1. eponym


Declension of eponym 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative eponym eponymen eponymer eponymerna
Genitive eponyms eponymens eponymers eponymernas