Late 16th century in the sense of "aware of wrongdoing". From Latin cōnscius (“conscious, conscious of guilt”), itself from con- (a form of com- (“together”)) + scīre (“to know”) + -us.
conscious (comparative more conscious, superlative most conscious)
- Alert, awake; with one's mental faculties active.
The noise woke me, but it was another few minutes before I was fully conscious.
- Aware of one's own existence; aware of one's own awareness.
1999, Eckhart Tolle, The Power of Now, Hodder and Stoughton, pages 61–62: The best indicator of your level of consciousness is how you deal with life's challenges when they come. Through those challenges, an already unconscious person tends to become more deeply unconscious, and a conscious person more intensely conscious.
Only highly intelligent beings can be fully conscious.
- Aware of, sensitive to; observing and noticing, or being strongly interested in or concerned about.
1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter V, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC: Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands. 1955, Arthur Smithies, The Budgetary Process in the United States, page 290:
Furthermore, the military operator is far less conscious of budgetary constraints than is the civilian consumer.
I was conscious of a noise behind me. a very class-conscious analysis
- Deliberate, intentional, done with awareness of what one is doing.
1907, Brigham Henry Roberts, Defense of the Faith and the Saints, volume 1, page 43:
He candidly confesses that it is an effort to account for Joseph Smith upon some other hypothesis than that he was a conscious fraud, bent on deceiving mankind.
2015, Jamie Kornegay, Soil: A Novel, page 214:
Start fresh, try and learn from past mistakes, make a conscious effort to be a better person.
- Known or felt personally, internally by a person.
- (rare) Self-conscious, or aware of wrongdoing, feeling guilty.
1811, [Jane Austen], chapter XVIII, in Sense and Sensibility […], volume I, London: […] C[harles] Roworth, […], and published by T[homas] Egerton, […], →OCLC, page 229:
He coloured very deeply, and giving a momentary glance at Elinor, replied, “Yes; it is my sister’s hair. The setting always casts a different shade on it, you know.” Elinor had met his eye, and looked conscious likewise..
1869, Louisa M[ay] Alcott, Little Women: […], part second, Boston, Mass.: Roberts Brothers, →OCLC:
They found Aunt Carrol with the old lady, both absorbed in some very interesting subject ; but they dropped it as the girls came in, with a conscious look which betrayed that they had been talking about their nieces.
- c. 1634, John Dryden (translator), Richard Crashaw, Epigrammatum sacrorum liber
- The conscious water saw its God, and blushed.
- Bulgarian: в съзнание (v sǎznanie)
- Catalan: conscient (ca)
- Mandarin: (please verify) 清醒 (zh) (qīngxǐng), (please verify) 有意识 (zh) (yǒuyìshí, yǒuyìshì)
- Czech: při (cs) vědomí (cs)
- Dutch: bij bewustzijn, alert (nl), wakker (nl)
- Esperanto: konscia
- Finnish: hereillä (fi), tajuissaan (fi)
- French: conscient (fr)
- Georgian: ფხიზელი (pxizeli)
- German: bei Bewusstsein, wach (de), aufmerksam (de)
- Greek: συνειδητός (el) (syneiditós)
- Hebrew: בהכרה m or f (behakará), מודע (he) m (mudá)
- Hungarian: magánál van, éber (hu), tudatos (hu)
- Italian: cosciente (it)
- Karakhanid: اَذِغْ (aδïɣ)
- Latin: cōnsciēns, cōnscius
- Polish: przytomny (pl) m, świadomy (pl) m
- Portuguese: consciente (pt)
- Romanian: conștient (ro)
- Russian: находя́шийся (naxodjášijsja) в сознании (v soznanii)
- Cyrillic: свје̏стан
- Roman: svjȅstan (sh) m
- Slovak: pri vedomí
- Spanish: consciente (es)
- Tagalog: maymalay
- Turkish: ayık (tr), uyanık (tr), farkında (tr)
- Ukrainian: прито́мний (prytómnyj)
aware of one's own existence
aware of or alert to, sensitive to
Translations to be checked
conscious (plural consciouses)
- The part of the mind that is aware of itself; the consciousness.