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superior

Overview

This page has 37 definitions of superior with English translations in 6 languages. Superior is an adjective and noun. Examples of how to use superior in a sentence are shown. Also define these 101 related words and terms: high, rank, status, quality, standard, great, size, power, influence, firm, subdue, affect, good, average, extraordinary, courageously, serenely, indifferent, painful, disheartening, typography, superscript, above, out, botany, calyx, ovary, flower, adhere, upper, floral, organ, axillary, stem, posterior, radicle, apex, fruit, ascending, taxonomy, comprehensive, assume, superiority, supercilious, astronomy, planet, close, Earth, Sun, colleague, position, overling, senior, monastic, community, head, religious, institution, college, father superior, mother superior, printing, letter, figure, symbol, law, tenant, vassal, feu, duty, superior, higher, inferior, place, time, succession, former, past, previous, preceding, age, old, elder, advanced, strength, success, battle, contest, victorious, conquering, strong, condition, number, distinguished, better, boss, monastery, jefe, jefa, patrón, and patrona.

See also: Superior

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

Middle English, borrowed from Old French superiour, from Latin superior (higher, upper).

Pronunciation

Adjective

superior (not comparable)

  1. Higher in rank, status, or quality.
    Rebecca had always thought shorts were far superior to pants, as they didn't constantly make her legs itch.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      There were many wooden chairs for the bulk of his visitors, and two wicker armchairs with red cloth cushions for superior people. From the packing-cases had emerged some Indian clubs, […], and all these articles […] made a scattered and untidy decoration that Mrs. Clough assiduously dusted and greatly cherished.
    1. Of high standard or quality.
    2. Greater in size or power.
    3. (superior to) Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Spectator:
        There is not in earth a spectacle more worthy than a great man superior to his sufferings.
    4. Greater or better than average.
      Synonym: extraordinary
    • Rank definition
      The symbol for rank.
  2. Courageously or serenely indifferent (as to something painful or disheartening).
    • Serenely definition
      In a serene manner.
  3. (typography) Printed in superscript.
    a superior figure or letter
    • Superscript definition
      A type of lettering form that appears as a number, figure, or symbol above the normal line of type, located at the right or left of another symbol or text.
  4. Located above or out; higher in position.
    the superior jaw; the superior part of an image
    1. (botany) (of a calyx) Above the ovary; said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part.
    2. (botany) (of an ovary) Above and free from the other floral organs.
    3. (botany) Belonging to the part of an axillary flower which is toward the main stem.
      Synonym: posterior
    4. (botany) (of the radicle) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit.
      Synonym: ascending
    • Botany definition
      The scientific study of plants, a branch of biology. Typically those disciplines that involve the whole plant. (1 of 4 botany definitions)
    • Stem definition
      The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors. (1 of 17 stem definitions)
    • Radicle definition
      The rudimentary shoot of a plant which supports the cotyledons in the seed, and from which the root is developed downward; the root of the embryo. (1 of 3 radicle definitions)
    • Fruit definition
      In general, a product of plant growth useful to man or animals. (1 of 9 fruit definitions)
  5. (taxonomy) More comprehensive.
    A genus is superior to a species.
  6. Affecting or assuming an air of superiority.
    Synonym: supercilious
  7. (astronomy) (of a planet) Closer to the Earth than to the Sun.
    • Close definition
      To remove a gap.
      1. To obstruct (an opening).
      2. To move so that an opening is closed. (1 of 13 close definitions)

Usage notes

Antonyms

Coordinate terms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

superior (plural superiors)

  1. A person of higher rank or quality, especially a colleague in a higher position.
    Synonym: overling
    1. The senior person in a monastic community.
    2. The head of certain religious institutions and colleges.
      Hyponyms: father superior, mother superior
  2. (printing) A superior letter, figure, or symbol.
    Synonym: superscript
  3. (Scotland, law, historical) One who has made an original grant of heritable property to a tenant or vassal, on condition of a certain annual payment (feu duty) or of the performance of certain services.
    • Tenant definition
      One who pays a fee (rent) in return for the use of land, buildings, or other property owned by others. (1 of 4 tenant definitions)

Translations

References


Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin superior, attested from 1653.[1]

Pronunciation

Adjective

superior (masculine and feminine plural superiors)

  1. superior, higher, high
    Antonym: inferior

Related terms

Noun

superior m or f (plural superiors)

  1. superior

References

  1. ^ “superior” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Further reading


Latin

Etymology

Comparative of superus (that is above, upper, higher), from super (above, over, preposition) +‎ -us (adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation

Adjective

superior (neuter superius, positive superus); third declension

  1. (of place) Higher, upper.
  2. (of time or order of succession) Former, past, previous, preceding.
    1. (especially of age, time of life, etc.) Older, elder, senior, more advanced, former.
    • Old definition
      Of an object, concept, relationship, etc., having existed for a relatively long period of time. (1 of 15 old definitions)
    • Advanced definition
      simple past tense and past participle of advance
  3. (of strength or success in battle or any contest) Victorious, conquering, stronger, superior.
  4. (of quality, condition, number, etc.) Higher, more distinguished, greater, superior.

Inflection

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative superior superius superiōrēs superiōra
Genitive superiōris superiōrum
Dative superiōrī superiōribus
Accusative superiōrem superius superiōrēs superiōra
Ablative superiōre superiōribus
Vocative superior superius superiōrēs superiōra

Descendants

References

  • superior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • superior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • superior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • heights, high ground: loca edita, superiora
    • last year: superiore, priore anno
    • premises; consequences: prima (superiora); consequentia (Fin. 4. 19. 54)
    • in his former consulship: superiore consulatu
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to occupy the high ground: occupare loca superiora
    • to have the advantage in cavalry: equitatu superiorem esse
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin superior.

Pronunciation

Adjective

superior m or f (plural superiores, comparable)

  1. upper, higher
  2. better
  3. superior

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Noun

superior m (plural superiores, feminine superiora, feminine plural superioras)

  1. boss
  2. head of a monastery

Further reading

  • superior” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French supérieur, Latin superior.

Pronunciation

Adjective

superior m or n (feminine singular superioară, masculine plural superiori, feminine and neuter plural superioare)

  1. superior

Declension

Antonyms

Related terms


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin superior.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /supeˈɾjoɾ/, [su.peˈɾjoɾ]

Adjective

superior (plural superiores)

  1. upper, higher
  2. better
  3. superior

Derived terms

Noun

superior m (plural superiores, feminine superiora, feminine plural superioras)

  1. boss
    Synonyms: jefe, jefa, patrón, patrona
    • Jefa definition
      female equivalent of jefe, (female) boss
    • Patrona definition
      female equivalent of patró

Related terms

Further reading