🤩 Discover new information from across the web

plant definition

Overview

This page has 51 definitions of plant with English translations in 9 languages. Plant is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use plant in a sentence are shown. Also define these 70 related words and terms: botany, organism, tree, Plantae, Embryophyta, Chlorophyta, green alga, eukaryote, chloroplasts, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, ecology, chloroplast, cell, grow, soil, surface, fungi, factory, building, facility, public, audience, snooker, cue ball, set, machinery, earthmoving, construction, sole, foot, oyster, bed, transplant, transitive, intransitive, substrate, object, plante, offensive, cabbage, vegetable, first person, second person, third person, singular, present tense, indicative mood, planten, imperative mood, plannen, plural, seedling, young, plant, plantation, planen, medial, planete, planta, plan, children, people, offspring, progeny, issue, descendant, follower, disciple, and servant.

See also: Plant

English plant definition

tree
conifer
bush
flower

Etymology

From Middle English plante, from Old English plante (young tree or shrub, herb newly planted), from Latin planta (sprout, shoot, cutting). Broader sense of "any vegetable life, vegetation generally" is from Old French plante. Doublet of clan, borrowed through Celtic languages.

The verb is from Middle English planten, from Old English plantian (to plant), from Latin plantāre, later influenced by Old French planter. Compare also Dutch planten (to plant), German pflanzen (to plant), Swedish plantera (to plant), Icelandic planta (to plant).

Pronunciation

Noun

plant (plural plants)

  1. (botany) An organism that is not an animal, especially an organism capable of photosynthesis. Typically a small or herbaceous organism of this kind, rather than a tree.
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 217:
      In plants, the ability to recognize self from nonself plays an important role in fertilization, because self-fertilization will result in less diverse offspring than fertilization with pollen from another individual. Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
    The garden had a couple of trees, and a cluster of colourful plants around the border.
    • Botany definition
      The scientific study of plants, a branch of biology. Typically those disciplines that involve the whole plant. (1 of 4 botany definitions)
    • Tree definition
      A perennial woody plant, not exactly defined, but differentiated from a shrub by its larger size (typically over a few meters in height) or growth habit, usually having a single (or few) main axis or trunk unbranched for some distance above the ground and a head of branches and foliage. (1 of 16 tree definitions)
  2. (botany) An organism of the kingdom Plantae; now specifically, a living organism of the Embryophyta (land plants) or of the Chlorophyta (green algae), a eukaryote that includes double-membraned chloroplasts in its cells containing chlorophyll a and b, or any organism closely related to such an organism.
    • Chlorophyll B definition
      A chlorophyll (C55H70MgN4O6) used in the photosynthesis II oxygenic photosynthesis process in plants which absorbs a different range of light and is therefore useful for plants adapted to shade.
  3. (ecology) Now specifically, a multicellular eukaryote that includes chloroplasts in its cells, which have a cell wall.
  4. (proscribed as biologically inaccurate) Any creature that grows on soil or similar surfaces, including plants and fungi.
  5. A factory or other industrial or institutional building or facility.
  6. An object placed surreptitiously in order to cause suspicion to fall upon a person.
    That gun's not mine! It's a plant! I've never seen it before!
  7. Anyone assigned to behave as a member of the public during a covert operation (as in a police investigation).
    • Public definition
      Able to be seen or known by everyone; open to general view, happening without concealment. (1 of 6 public definitions)
  8. A person, placed amongst an audience, whose role is to cause confusion, laughter etc.
  9. (snooker) A play in which the cue ball knocks one (usually red) ball onto another, in order to pot the second; a set.
    • 2008, Phil Yates, The Times, April 28 2008:
      O’Sullivan risked a plant that went badly astray, splitting the reds.
    • Cue Ball definition
      The white ball which, struck by the cue, collides with the other balls to achieve the object of the particular game. (1 of 2 cue ball definitions)
  10. (uncountable) Machinery, such as the kind used in earthmoving or construction.
    • Earthmoving definition
      Designed to move large quantities of earth or rubble for civil engineering or building purposes. (1 of 2 earthmoving definitions)
  11. (obsolete) A young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff.
    • 1694, John Dryden, transl., “The Third Book of Virgil's Georgicks”, in The Annual Miscellany, for the Year 1694, second edition, London: Jacob Tonson, published 1708, page 185:
      Take, Shepherd, take a Plant of ſtubborn Oak; / And labour him with many a ſturdy ſtroke: / Or with hard Stones, demoliſh from afar / His haughty Creſt, the feat of all the War.
  12. (obsolete) The sole of the foot.
    • Sole definition
      A wooden band or yoke put around the neck of an ox or cow in the stall.
  13. (dated, slang) A plan; a swindle; a trick.
    • 1850 March 30, Charles Dickens, “A Detective Police Party”, in Household Words, volume 1, page 413:
      It wasn’t a bad plant that of mine, on Fikey, the man accused of forging the Sou’ Westeru Railway debentures—it was only t’ other day—because the reason why? I’ll tell you.
  14. An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth.
    • Oyster definition
      Any of certain marine bivalve mollusks, especially those of the family Ostreidae (the true oysters), usually found adhering to rocks or other fixed objects in shallow water along the seacoasts, or in brackish water in the mouth of rivers. (1 of 5 oyster definitions)
  15. (US, dialect) A young oyster suitable for transplanting.

Usage notes

The scientific definition of what organisms should be considered plants changed dramatically during the 20th century. Bacteria, algae, and fungi are no longer considered plants by those who study them. Many textbooks do not reflect the most current thinking on classification.

Hypernyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See plant/translations § Noun.

Verb

plant (third-person singular simple present plants, present participle planting, simple past and past participle planted)

A man planting Pelargonium graveolens in South Africa (1)
  1. (transitive, intransitive) To place (a seed or plant) in soil or other substrate in order that it may live and grow.
  2. (transitive) To place (an object, or sometimes a person), often with the implication of intending deceit.
    That gun's not mine! It was planted there by the real murderer!
  3. (transitive) To place or set something firmly or with conviction.
    Plant your feet firmly and give the rope a good tug.
    to plant cannon against a fort; to plant a flag; to plant one's feet on solid ground
    • 2011 January 15, Sam Sheringham, “Chelsea 2 - 0 Blackburn Rovers”, in BBC[1]:
      First Anelka curled a shot wide from just outside the box, then Lampard planted a header over the bar from Bosingwa's cross.
  4. To place in the ground.
    • 1780, William Cowper, “Light Shining out of Darkneſs”, in Twenty-ſix Letters on Religious Subjects [] To which are added Hymns [] [2], fourth edition, page 252:
      God moves in a myſterious way, / His wonders to perform; / He plants his footſteps in the ſea, / And rides upon the ſtorm.
    • 2007, Richard Laymon, Savage, page 118:
      Sarah, she kissed each of her grandparents on the forehead. They were planted in a graveyard behind the church.
  5. To furnish or supply with plants.
    to plant a garden, an orchard, or a forest
  6. To engender; to generate; to set the germ of.
  7. To furnish with a fixed and organized population; to settle; to establish.
    to plant a colony
  8. To introduce and establish the principles or seeds of.
    to plant Christianity among the heathen
  9. To set up; to install; to instate.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See plant/translations § Verb.

See also


Danish plant definition

Verb

plant

  1. imperative of plante
    • Plante definition
      first/third-person singular present subjunctive of plantar

Dutch plant definition

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch plante, from Latin planta.[1] Doublet of clan.

Pronunciation

Noun

plant f (plural planten, diminutive plantje n)

  1. plant, any member of the kingdom Plantae
  2. (potentially offensive) cabbage, vegetable (person with severe brain damage)
Hyponyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation

Verb

plant

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of planten
    • Second Person definition
      In grammar, the form of a verb used when the subject of a sentence is the audience. In English, the second person is used with the pronouns thou and you. In many languages the singular, applying to one person, and plural, applying to several people, are distinct. (1 of 2 second person definitions)
    • Third Person definition
      The words, word-forms, and grammatical structures, taken collectively, that are normally used of people or things other than the speaker or the audience. (1 of 5 third person definitions)
    • Present Tense definition
      A grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time.
    • Planten definition
      third-person plural present indicative/subjunctive of plantar
  2. imperative of planten

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Belgium) /plɑnt/, (Netherlands) /plɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: plant

Verb

plant

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of plannen
    • Plannen definition
      to plan
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of plannen
    • Plural definition
      Consisting of or containing more than one of something. (Can we add an example for this sense?) (1 of 2 plural definitions)

References

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

French plant definition

Etymology

Deverbal of planter. Doublet of plan (plan, map).

Pronunciation

Noun

plant m (plural plants)

  1. seedling
  2. young plant or plantation
    • Plant definition
      An organism that is not an animal, especially an organism capable of photosynthesis. Typically a small or herbaceous organism of this kind, rather than a tree. (1 of 15 plant definitions)
    • Plantation definition
      A large farm; estate or area of land designated for agricultural growth. Often includes housing for the owner and workers. (1 of 4 plantation definitions)

Further reading


German plant definition

Verb

plant

  1. inflection of planen:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person plural present
    3. plural imperative
    • Planen definition
      to plan (some action or event)

Haitian Creole plant definition

Etymology

From French plante (plant).

Noun

plant

  1. plant (organism)

Mauritian Creole plant definition

Etymology

From French plante.

Pronunciation

Noun

plant

  1. a plant

Verb

plant

  1. Medial form of plante; to plant.

Middle English plant definition

Noun

plant

  1. Alternative form of planete (planet)
    • Planete definition
      plural of planeet

Norwegian Bokmål plant definition

Verb

plant

  1. imperative of plante

Norwegian Nynorsk plant definition

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Verb

plant

  1. imperative of planta

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Adjective

plant

  1. neuter singular of plan

Old Welsh plant definition

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin planta.

Noun

plant pl

  1. children
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Descendants


Swedish plant definition

Adjective

plant

  1. absolute indefinite neuter form of plan.

Welsh plant definition

Etymology

From Old Welsh plant, from Latin planta.

Pronunciation

Noun

plant m (singulative plentyn)

  1. children, young people
  2. children (of parents), offspring (sometimes of animals), progeny, issue; descendants
    • 1620, Revised version of William Morgan’s translation of the Bible, Joel 1:3:
      Mynegwch hyn i’ch plant, a’ch plant i’w plant hwythau, a’u plant hwythau i genhedlaeth arall.
      Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation. (KJV)
  3. followers, disciples, servants
    • Disciple definition
      A person who learns from another, especially one who then teaches others. (1 of 3 disciple definitions)
  4. people regarded as product of a particular place, time, event, circumstances, etc.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
plant blant mhlant phlant
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “plant”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

West Frisian plant definition

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin planta. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun

plant c (plural planten, diminutive plantsje)

  1. plant

Further reading

  • plant (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011