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orange definition

Overview

This page has 19 definitions of orange with English translations in 7 languages. Orange is a noun, an adjective and verb. Examples of how to use orange in a sentence are shown. Also define these 13 related words and terms: evergreen, tree, Citrus, Citrus sinensis, fruit, citrus fruit, sour, colour, yellowred, cordial, soft drink, orange, and orenge.

See also: Orange and orangé

English orange definition

Various shades of orange.
Some oranges (the fruits).
An orange tree.

Etymology

From Middle English orenge, orange, from Old French pome orenge (fruit orange), influenced by Old Occitan auranja and calqued from Old Italian melarancio, melarancia, compound of mela (apple) and (n)arancia (orange), from Arabic نَارَنْج(nāranj), from Persian نارنگ(nârang), from Sanskrit नारङ्ग (nāraṅga, orange tree), from Dravidian (compare Tamil நார்த்தங்காய் (nārttaṅkāy), compound of நரந்தம் (narantam, fragrance) and காய் (kāy, fruit); also Telugu నారంగము (nāraṅgamu), Malayalam നാരങ്ങ (nāraṅṅa), Kannada ನಾರಂಗಿ (nāraṅgi)).

For other similar cases of the incorrect division (or, elision/rebracketing) of the above Italian word, but in English, see Category:English rebracketings.

For the color sense, see Old English ġeolurēad (literally yellow-red); compare English blue-green.

Pronunciation

Noun

orange (countable and uncountable, plural oranges)

  1. (countable) An evergreen tree of the genus Citrus such as Citrus sinensis.
    • Evergreen definition
      Of plants, especially trees, that do not shed their leaves seasonally. (1 of 5 evergreen definitions)
    • Tree definition
      A perennial woody plant, not exactly defined, but differentiated from a shrub by its larger size (typically over a few meters in height) or growth habit, usually having a single (or few) main axis or trunk unbranched for some distance above the ground and a head of branches and foliage. (1 of 16 tree definitions)
  2. (countable) The fruit of the orange tree; a citrus fruit with a slightly sour flavour.
    • Fruit definition
      In general, a product of plant growth useful to man or animals. (1 of 9 fruit definitions)
    • Citrus Fruit definition
      Any of the fruits in the common genus Citrus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae.
  3. The colour of a ripe fruit of an orange tree, midway between red and yellow.
    orange:  
    Synonym: yellowred (uncommon)
    • Yellowred definition
      Alternative form of yellow-red
  4. Various drinks:
    1. (uncountable) Orange juice.
    2. (uncountable) An orange-coloured and orange-flavoured cordial.
    3. (uncountable) An orange-coloured and orange-flavoured soft drink.

Usage notes

Derived terms

 

Descendants

Translations

Adjective

orange (comparative oranger or more orange, superlative orangest or most orange)

  1. Having the colour of the fruit of an orange tree; yellowred; reddish-yellow.

Antonyms

Translations

Verb

orange (third-person singular simple present oranges, present participle oranging, simple past and past participle oranged)

  1. (transitive) To color orange.
    • 1986, Gilles Deleuze, Cinema: The movement-image, page 118:
      It is this composition which reaches a colourist perfection in Le Bonheur with the complementarity of violet, purple and oranged gold
    • 1987, Harold Keith, Rifles for Watie, page 256:
      Jeff winked his eyes sleepily open and looked out into the cool flush of early morning. The east was oranged over with daybreak.
    • 2009, Suzanne Crowley, The Very Ordered Existence of Merilee Marvelous, page 117:
      I looked at him through my binoculars, his little lips oranged with Cheeto dust.
  2. (intransitive) To become orange.
    • 2007, Terézia Mora, Day in day out, page 296:
      Cranes in the distance against the background of the slowly oranging sky
    • 2008, Wanda Coleman, (Please provide the book title or journal name), page 14:
      It will be followed by a disappearance of the cash I had hidden in a sealed envelope behind the oranging Modigliani print over the living room couch.
    • 2010, Justin Cronin, The Passage, page 330:
      "What about his eyes?" / "Nothing. No oranging at all, from what I could see.

See also

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

References

Anagrams


French orange definition

Etymology

Short form of late Old French pume orenge or pomme d'orenge, which was calqued after Old Italian melarancia (mela + arancia). The o came into the word under influence of the place name Orange, from where these fruits came to the north. See orange (English).

Pronunciation

Noun

orange f (plural oranges)

  1. orange (fruit)
    Il pressa l’orange afin d’en extraire du jus.
    He squeezed the orange to extract juice from it.

Descendants

Noun

orange m (plural oranges)

  1. orange (color)

Derived terms

Adjective

orange (invariable)

  1. orange
    Les premiers TGV atlantiques étaient orange.
    The first Atlantic TGV trains were orange.

Usage notes

While theoretically the adjective orange is invariable, being (originally) a colour name derived from a noun, the nonstandard plural oranges is in use.

Derived terms

See also

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      noir
             rouge; cramoisi              orange; brun              jaune; crème
             vert citron              vert              menthe
             cyan; bleu canard              azur              bleu
             violet; indigo              magenta; pourpre              rose

Further reading

Anagrams


German orange definition

Etymology

From the noun Orange (orange fruit), from French orange.

Pronunciation

  • (predicative only) IPA(key): /oˈʁãːʃ/, /oˈʁaŋʃ/, /oˈʁɔ̃ːʃ/, /oˈʁɔŋʃ/
  • (non-predicative feminine and plural forms) IPA(key): /oˈʁãːʒə/, /oˈʁaŋʒə/, /oˈʁɔ̃ːʒə/, /oˈʁɔŋʒə/
  • (file)

Adjective

orange (comparative oranger or orangener, superlative am orangesten or am orangensten)

  1. orange

Usage notes

  • The adjective has two sets of forms. In the formal standard language, endings are added directly to the stem (orang-). In less formal style and in the vernacular, another set of forms is used in free variation, in which an -n- is infixed before the endings.
  • It is also officially correct to leave the adjective entirely undeclined. This usage is rare, however, and seems dated.

Declension

Standard forms
Colloquial forms

Further reading


Luxembourgish orange definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French orange.

Pronunciation

Adjective

orange (masculine orangen, neuter oranget, comparative méi orange, superlative am orangesten)

  1. orange

Declension

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

See also

Colors in Luxembourgish · Faarwen (layout · text)
     wäiss      gro      schwaarz
             rout              orange; brong              giel
                          gréng             
                          himmelblo              blo
             violett; indigo              magenta; mof              rosa

Middle English orange definition

Noun

orange

  1. Alternative form of orenge

Norman orange definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old French.

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Adjective

orange m or f

  1. (Jersey, Guernsey) orange

Swedish orange definition

Etymology

Borrowed from French orange. See English orange.

Pronunciation

Adjective

orange

  1. orange
    Hon har långt, orange hår.
    She has long, orange hair.

Declension

Inflection of orange
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular orange orangeare orangeaste
Neuter singular orange orangeare orangeaste
Plural orange orangeare orangeaste
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 orange orangeare orangeaste
All orange orangeare orangeaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
Less common:
Inflection of orange
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular orange orangeare orangeaste
Neuter singular oranget orangeare orangeaste
Plural orangea orangeare orangeaste
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 orange orangeare orangeaste
All orangea orangeare orangeaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
Inflection of orange
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular orange orangare orangast
Neuter singular orangt orangare orangast
Plural oranga orangare orangast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 orange orangare orangaste
All oranga orangare orangaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Noun

orange ?

  1. orange (color)