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influence

Overview

This page has 17 definitions of influence in English, French, and Old French. Influence is a noun and verb. Examples of how to use influence in a sentence are shown. Also define these 31 related words and terms: power, affect, control, manipulate, ability, fluctuate, conduct, exert, astrology, element, determine, tendency, influx, electricity, electrostatic, induction, effect, gentle, subtle, modify, bias, sway, persuade, induce, flow, infuse, instill, influencer, inundation, flooding, and influence.

See also: influencé

English

Etymology

From Middle English influence, from Old French influence (emanation from the stars affecting one's fate), from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, from Latin īnfluēns (flowing in), present active participle of īnfluō (flow into), from in- (in-) + fluō (flow). Doublet of influenza.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪn.flu.əns/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: in‧flu‧ence

Noun

influence (countable and uncountable, plural influences)

  1. The power to affect, control or manipulate something or someone; the ability to change the development of fluctuating things such as conduct, thoughts or decisions.
    • 2013 July 26, Leo Hickman, “How algorithms rule the world”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 7, page 26:
      The use of algorithms in policing is one example of their increasing influence on our lives. And, as their ubiquity spreads, so too does the debate around whether we should allow ourselves to become so reliant on them – and who, if anyone, is policing their use.
    I have absolutely no influence over him.
  2. An action exerted by a person or thing with such power on another to cause change.
    I'm not able to exercise influence over him.
  3. A person or thing exerting such power or action.
    He has been a great influence on the voters during the elections.
  4. (astrology) An element believed to determine someone's character or individual tendencies, caused by the position of the stars and planets at the time of one's birth.
  5. (obsolete) The action of flowing in; influx.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      God hath his influence into the very essence of all things.
  6. (electricity) Electrostatic induction.
    • Electricity definition
      Originally, a property of amber and certain other nonconducting substances to attract lightweight material when rubbed, or the cause of this property; now understood to be a phenomenon caused by the distribution and movement of charged subatomic particles and their interaction with the electromagnetic field. (1 of 4 electricity definitions)

Usage notes

  • Adjectives often applied to "influence": cultural, political, social, economic, military, personal, moral, intellectual, mental, good, bad, positive, negative, beneficial, harmful, huge, big, heavy, significant, important, potential, actual, primary.

Hyponyms

  • social influence

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

influence (third-person singular simple present influences, present participle influencing, simple past and past participle influenced)

  1. (transitive) To have an effect on by using gentle or subtle action; to exert an influence upon; to modify, bias, or sway; to persuade or induce.
    The politician wants to influence the public.
    I must admit that this book influenced my outlook on life.
    • Persuade definition
      To successfully convince (someone) to agree to, accept, or act in a certain way, usually through reasoning and verbal influence. (1 of 3 persuade definitions)
  2. (intransitive) To exert, make use of one's influence.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To cause to flow in or into; infuse; instill.
    • Flow definition
      A movement in people or things with a particular way in large numbers or amounts (1 of 11 flow definitions)
    • Instill definition
      To cause a quality to become part of someone's nature. (1 of 2 instill definitions)

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations


French

Etymology

From Old French influence, borrowed from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, from Latin īnfluēns (flowing in), present active participle of īnfluō (flow into), from in- (in-) + fluō (flow).

Pronunciation

Noun

influence f (plural influences)

  1. influence

Derived terms

Related terms

 

Verb

influence

  1. first-person singular present indicative of influencer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of influencer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of influencer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of influencer
  5. second-person singular imperative of influencer

Further reading


Old French

Etymology

Borrowed from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, from Latin īnfluēns (flowing in), present active participle of īnfluō (flow into).

Noun

influence f (oblique plural influences, nominative singular influence, nominative plural influences)

  1. inundation; flooding; influx of water
  2. influence, especially viewed as a mystical force affecting one's fate
    Par l'influance des estoiles
    By the influence of the stars

Descendants

References