From Middle English inequalite, from Old French inequalité, from Medieval Latin inaequālitās, from Latin inaequālis (“unequal”), from in- (“not”) + aequālis (“equal”).
Morphologically inequal + -ity and in- + equality.
inequality (countable and uncountable, plural inequalities)
- An unfair, not equal, state.
2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 23, page 19: In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […] The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra–wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.
- The inequality in living standards led to a civil war as the have nots rebelled.
- (mathematics) A statement that of two quantities one is specifically less than (or greater than) another. Symbol:
, as appropriate.
- The inequality
is less than
, together with that
, allows us to deduce the inequality
statement that one quantity is less (or greater) than another