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flour definition

Overview

This page has 28 definitions of flour with English translations in 5 languages. Flour is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use flour in a sentence are shown. Also define these 43 related words and terms: powder, grind, mill, cereal, grain, wheat, foodstuff, soybean, potato, bread, cake, pastry, standard of identity, bolt, durum, red, fineness, dryness, bran, germ, enzyme, ascorbic acid, sand, flower, globule, mercury, amalgamation, choice, depiction, likeness, virtue, benefit, unparalleled, top, flour, exemplar, example, menstruation, period, virginhood, flor, bouquet, and embroider.

English flour definition

flour

Alternative forms

Etymology

Spelled (until about 1830) and meaning flower in the sense of flour being the "finest portion of ground grain" (compare French fleur de farine, fine fleur). Doublet of flower. Partially displaced native meal.

The U.S. standard of identity comes from 21CFR137.105.

Pronunciation

Noun

flour (usually uncountable, plural flours)

  1. Powder obtained by grinding or milling cereal grains, especially wheat, or other foodstuffs such as soybeans and potatoes, and used to bake bread, cakes, and pastry.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess[1]:
      Everything a living animal could do to destroy and to desecrate bed and walls had been done. […]  A canister of flour from the kitchen had been thrown at the looking-glass and lay like trampled snow over the remains of a decent blue suit with the lining ripped out which lay on top of the ruin of a plastic wardrobe.
    • Powder definition
      The fine particles which are the result of reducing dry substance by pounding, grinding, or triturating, or the result of decay; dust. (1 of 5 powder definitions)
  2. (US standards of identity) The food made by grinding and bolting cleaned wheat (not durum or red durum) until it meets specified levels of fineness, dryness, and freedom from bran and germ, also containing any of certain enzymes, ascorbic acid, and certain bleaching agents.
    • Standard Of Identity definition
      A government regulation which establishes the criteria which must be met before a product may be labeled as being a certain food.
    • Bolt definition
      A (usually) metal fastener consisting of a cylindrical body that is threaded, with a larger head on one end. It can be inserted into an unthreaded hole up to the head, with a nut then threaded on the other end; a heavy machine screw. (1 of 14 bolt definitions)
  3. Powder of other material.
    wood flour, produced by sanding wood
    mustard flour
  4. Obsolete form of flower.

Synonyms

Coordinate terms

  • (ground material): meal

Derived terms

Descendants

Translations

See also

Verb

flour (third-person singular simple present flours, present participle flouring, simple past and past participle floured)

  1. (transitive) To apply flour to something; to cover with flour.
  2. (transitive) To reduce to flour.
  3. (intransitive) To break up into fine globules of mercury in the amalgamation process.
    • Globule definition
      A small round particle of substance; a drop.

Translations

Anagrams


Cornish flour definition

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adjective

flour

  1. flower, choice (best of a collective)

Noun

flour m (plural flourys)

  1. (botany) flower
  2. flower (the best of a collective)

Synonyms


Middle English flour definition

Etymology 1

From Anglo-Norman flur, from Latin flōrem, accusative of flōs. More at flower.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

flour (plural floures)

  1. A flower (often representing impermanence or beauty)
    • c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “General Prologue”, in The Canterbury Tales, lines 1-4:
      Whan that Apꝛill, with his ſhouꝛes ſoote /, The dꝛoghte of March hath perced to the roote / And bathed every veyne in ſwich licouꝛ / Of which vertu engendꝛed is the flouꝛ []
      When that April, with its sweet showers / Has pierced March's drought to the root / And bathed every vein in fluid such that / with its power, the flower is made []
  2. A depiction or likeness of a flower.
  3. Success or achievement in a contest; victoriousness.
  4. A virtue or benefit; something desirable.
  5. That which is unparalleled; the top or most superior.
    • Unparalleled definition
      Having no parallel; without equal; lacking anything similar or worthy of comparison.
    • Top definition
      The highest or uppermost part of something. (1 of 26 top definitions)
  6. Flour (i.e. the best part of a grain)
  7. A powder; especially one which is white like flour.
  8. An exemplar or example of a trait or behaviour.
    • Example definition
      Something that is representative of all such things in a group. (1 of 6 example definitions)
  9. A woman's menstruation/period.
  10. (rare) Virginhood; sexual abstinence.
Related terms
Descendants
References

Etymology 2

From Old English flōr.

Noun

flour

  1. Alternative form of flor
    • Flor definition
      A film of yeast that develops on the surface of some wines during fermentation, induced deliberately during the production of sherry.

Occitan flour definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Occitan flor, from Latin flōs, flōrem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (flower, blossom).

Noun

flour f (plural flours)

  1. (Mistralian) flower

Old French flour definition

Noun

flour f (oblique plural flours, nominative singular flour, nominative plural flours)

  1. Alternative form of flor
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine), page 136 of this essay:
      non pasque les flours touchent a la chair nue car ce seroit doubte que les porres ne se clousissent et de fievre putride.
      but not that the flowers should touch the naked flesh because this may cause the pores to shut with a putrid fever.

Romansch flour definition

Alternative forms

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) flur
  • (Sursilvan) flura

Etymology

From Latin flōs, flōrem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (flower, blossom).

Noun

flour f (plural flours)

  1. (Surmiran) flower

Scots flour definition

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English flour, from Anglo-Norman flur, from Latin flōrem, accusative of flōs. More at English flower.

Pronunciation

Noun

flour (plural flours)

  1. a flower
  2. a bouquet (bunch of flowers)
  3. (uncountable) Wheat flour

Verb

flour (third-person singular present flours, present participle flourin, past flourt, past participle flourt)

  1. to embroider