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firm

Overview

This page has 16 definitions of firm with English translations in 4 languages. Firm is a noun, an adjective and verb. Examples of how to use firm in a sentence are shown. Also define these 30 related words and terms: business, partnership, trade, economics, enterprise, criminal, gang, football hooliganism, steadfast, secure, solid, fixed, durable, rigid, fix, solidify, stabilise, shorten, select, higher education, institution, enrol, grade, conditional, offer, experienced, versed, firma, signature, and firm.

See also: Firm.

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Italian firma (signature), from firmare (to sign), from Latin firmare (to make firm, to confirm (by signature)), from firmus (firm, stable). The contemporary sense developed in the 18th century simultaneously with German Firma (business, name of business). There are conflicting statements in the literature as to which of the two languages influenced which.

Noun

firm (plural firms)

  1. (Britain, business) A business partnership; the name under which it trades.
  2. (business, economics) A business enterprise, however organized.
    • 2013 June 1, “End of the peer show”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 71:
      Finance is seldom romantic. But the idea of peer-to-peer lending comes close. This is an industry that brings together individual savers and lenders on online platforms. [] Banks and credit-card firms are kept out of the picture. Talk to enough people in the field and someone is bound to mention the “democratisation of finance”.
  3. (slang) A criminal gang, especially based around football hooliganism.
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2

From Middle English ferme, from Old French ferme, from Latin firmus (strong, steady). Doublet of dharma.

Adjective

firm (comparative firmer, superlative firmest)

  1. Steadfast, secure, solid (in position)
    It's good to have a firm grip when shaking hands.
    • Solid definition
      That can be picked up or held, having a texture, and usually firm. Unlike a liquid or a gas. (1 of 16 solid definitions)
  2. Fixed (in opinion)
    a firm believer; a firm friend; a firm adherent
    • He was firm that selling his company would a good choice and didn't let anyone talk him out of it.
    • 2012 May 9, John Percy, “Birmingham City 2 Blackpool 2 (2-3 on agg): match report”, in the Telegraph[1]:
      With such constant off-field turmoil Hughton’s work has been remarkable and this may have been his last game in charge. West Bromwich Albion, searching for a replacement for Roy Hodgson, are firm admirers.
    • Fixed definition
      simple past tense and past participle of fix
  3. Durable, rigid (material state)
    firm flesh; firm muscles, firm wood; firm land (i.e. not soft and marshy)
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

firm (third-person singular simple present firms, present participle firming, simple past and past participle firmed)

  1. (transitive) To make firm or strong; fix securely.
  2. (transitive) To make compact or resistant to pressure; solidify.
  3. (intransitive) To become firm; stabilise.
    • Stabilise definition
      Alternative spelling of stabilize
  4. (intransitive) To improve after decline.
  5. (intransitive, Australia) To shorten (of betting odds).
  6. (transitive, Britain, slang) To select (a higher education institution) as one's preferred choice, so as to enrol automatically if one's grades match the conditional offer.
    • Higher Education definition
      Education at university level or beyond.
    • Enrol definition
      Standard spelling of enroll.
Translations

Further reading

Anagrams


German

Etymology

From Latin firmus.

Pronunciation

Adjective

firm (comparative firmer, superlative am firmsten)

  1. (somewhat dated) experienced, well versed

Declension

Further reading

  • firm” in Duden online

Polish

Noun

firm f

  1. genitive plural of firma
    • Firma definition
      third-person singular present indicative form of firmar (1 of 2 firma definitions)

Zoogocho Zapotec

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Spanish firma.

Noun

firm

  1. signature

Derived terms

  • chgoꞌo firm
  • choꞌo firm

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Spanish firme.

Adjective

firm

  1. firm, fixed

References

  • Long C., Rebecca; Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[2] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 220