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control

Overview

This page has 27 definitions of control with English translations in 5 languages. Control is a verb and noun. Examples of how to use control in a sentence are shown. Also define these 61 related words and terms: influence, suggest, dictate, besteer, bewield, manage, puppeteer, rule, statistics, for, design, experiment, effect, variables, reduce, eliminate, verify, accuracy, comparison, account, call to account, take to task, challenge, in check, curb, restrain, restraint, contain, movement, emotions, self-control, safeguard, countermeasure, control group, control experiment, graphical user interface, widget, climatology, climate, linguistics, spiritualism, parapsychology, spirit, psychic, medium, check, inspection, authority, control, running, control remoto, mando, mando a distancia, telemando, remote control, video game, controller, gamepad, joypad, medicine, and checkup.

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English controllen, from Old French contrerole, from Medieval Latin contrarotulum (a counter-roll or register used to verify accounts), from Latin contra (against, opposite) + Medieval Latin rotulus, Latin rotula (roll, a little wheel), diminutive of rota (a wheel).

Pronunciation

Verb

control (third-person singular simple present controls, present participle controlling, simple past and past participle controlled)

  1. (transitive) To exercise influence over; to suggest or dictate the behavior of.
    Synonyms: besteer, bewield, manage, puppeteer, rule
    With a simple remote, he could control the toy truck.
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly[1], volume 188, number 23, page 19:
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […]  The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra–wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.
  2. (transitive, statistics) (construed with for) To design (an experiment) so that the effects of one or more variables are reduced or eliminated.
    • Statistics definition
      A discipline, principally within applied mathematics, concerned with the systematic study of the collection, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of data.
    • Design definition
      A specification of an object or process, referring to requirements to be satisfied and thus conditions to be met for them to solve a problem. (1 of 8 design definitions)
  3. (transitive, archaic) to verify the accuracy of (something or someone, especially a financial account) by comparison with another account
  4. (transitive, obsolete) to call to account, to take to task, to challenge
  5. (transitive) to hold in check, to curb, to restrain

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

See also

Translations

Noun

control (countable and uncountable, plural controls)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Influence or authority over something.
    The government has complete control over the situation.
  2. The method and means of governing the performance of any apparatus, machine or system, such as a lever, handle or button.
  3. Restraint or ability to contain one's movements or emotions, or self-control.
    • 2012, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, in New York Times[2]:
      She had no control of her body as she tumbled downhill. She did not know up from down. It was not unlike being cartwheeled in a relentlessly crashing wave.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you [] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  4. A security mechanism, policy, or procedure that can counter system attack, reduce risks, and resolve vulnerabilities; a safeguard or countermeasure.
  5. (project management) A means of monitoring for, and triggering intervention in, activities that are not going according to plan.
  6. A control group or control experiment.
    • Control Group definition
      The group of test subjects left untreated or unexposed to some procedure and then compared with treated subjects in order to validate the results of the test.
    • Control Experiment definition
      A parallel experiment designed to replicate the main experiment in every way, except in respect of the one variable that is being tested, so as isolate the effect of that variable; for example, an experiment in which subjects are given a placebo instead of an active drug, intended to check that any observed benefits of the drug derive from the drug itself and not from other factors involved in its administration.
  7. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or check another account or register.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  8. (graphical user interface) An interface element that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box.
    Synonym: widget
    • Graphical User Interface definition
      A type of user interface which allows people to interact with a computer through a metaphor of direct manipulation of graphical images and widgets in addition to text.
  9. (climatology) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of a place, such as latitude, distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
  10. (linguistics) A construction in which the understood subject of a given predicate is determined by an expression in context. See control.
    • Linguistics definition
      The scientific study of language.
  11. (spiritualism, parapsychology) A spirit that takes possession of a psychic or medium and allows other spirits to communicate with the living.
    • 1926, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Land of Mist[3]:
      "Ah, who are they? I wonder. Guides, controls, psychic entities of some kind. Who the agents of vengeance - or I should say justice - are, is really not essential."
    • Spirit definition
      The soul of a person or other creature. What moves through experience into self-definition as souls purpose. (1 of 13 spirit definitions)

Hyponyms

 

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading


Catalan

Etymology

From French contrôle, attested from 1917.[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

control m (plural controls)

  1. control
  2. check, inspection
    • Check definition
      A situation in which the king is directly threatened by an opposing piece. (1 of 12 check definitions)
  3. influence, authority

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ “control” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Further reading


Portuguese

Etymology

From English control. The established pronunciation reflects a widespread mispronunciation of the English word. Doublet of controle and controlo.

Pronunciation

Noun

control m (plural controls)

  1. the control key on a computer keyboard

Derived terms

  • control C control V

Romanian

Etymology

From French contrôle.

Noun

control n (plural controale)

  1. control

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From French contrôle.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /konˈtɾol/, [kõn̪ˈt̪ɾol]
  • Hyphenation: con‧trol

Noun

control m (plural controles)

  1. control, or running of a business
  2. control of a machine
    Synonyms: control remoto, mando, mando a distancia, telemando
    • Control Remoto definition
      remote control
    • Mando definition
      A mandatory, a sign or line that require the path of the disc to be above, below or to one side of it.
    • Mando A Distancia definition
      remote control
    • Telemando definition
      remote control
  3. control or emotional restraint, self-control
  4. (Latin America) remote control
    Synonyms: control remoto, mando, mando a distancia
  5. (video games, Latin America) controller, gamepad, joypad
    Synonym: mando
    • Gamepad definition
      A type of game controller held in both hands and controlled with the thumbs.
    • Joypad definition
      A type of game controller held in the hand, where the digits (especially thumbs) are used to provide input.
  6. (medicine) checkup

Derived terms

 

Related terms

Further reading