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case

Overview

This page has 53 definitions of case with English translations in 13 languages. Case is a noun, verb, an adjective and adverb. Examples of how to use case in a sentence are shown. Also define these 94 related words and terms: event, situation, fact, condition, state, work, profession, law, lawsuit, grammar, inflection, function, sentence, grammatical case, language, medicine, symptom, programming, code, action, conditional, switch, propose, hypothetical, box, identical, luggage, sewing machine, suitcase, furniture, transparent, covering, framework, computer, printing, tray, type, quadrat, typography, alphabetic, upper case, lower case, poker, slang, four of a kind, unit, liquid, measure, beverage, fluid ounce, mining, water, layer, hard, metal, surface, cardboard, beer, bottle, can, carton, shipment, survey, surreptitious, hit, casar, case, 呢個, 好多, 一個, , , , , hut, cabin, shack, square, almost, casa, cas, cheese, case study, døme, eksempel, eu, ele, ela, você, casă, usted, yo, él, and ella.

See also: CASE, Case, casé, cáse, cåse, cåsĕ, čase, and čaše

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Middle English cas, from Old French cas (an event), from Latin cāsus (a falling, a fall; accident, event, occurrence; occasion, opportunity; noun case), perfect passive participle of cadō (to fall, to drop).

Noun

case (plural cases)

  1. An actual event, situation, or fact.
    For a change, in this case, he was telling the truth.
    It is not the case that every unfamiliar phrase is an idiom.
    In case of fire, break glass. [sign on fire extinguisher holder in public space]
    • 2013 July 20, “The attack of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Since the launch early last year of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. University brands built in some cases over centuries have been forced to contemplate the possibility that information technology will rapidly make their existing business model obsolete.
    • Fact definition
      Something actual as opposed to invented. (1 of 9 fact definitions)
  2. (now rare) A given condition or state.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.10:
      Ne wist he how to turne, nor to what place: / Was never wretched man in such a wofull cace.
    • 1726, Nathan Bailey, John Worlidge, Dictionarium Rusticum, Urbanicum & Botanicum
      Mares which are over-fat, hold with much difficulty; whereas those that are but in good case and plump, conceive with the greatest readiness and ease.
  3. A piece of work, specifically defined within a profession.
    It was one of the detective's easiest cases.  Social workers should work on a maximum of forty active cases.  The doctor told us of an interesting case he had treated that morning.
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
      We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke.
    • 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 4, in Pulling the Strings:
      The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff. These properties were known to have belonged to a toddy drawer. He had disappeared.
    • Profession definition
      A declaration of belief, faith or one's opinion, whether genuine or pretended. (1 of 4 profession definitions)
  4. (academia) An instance or event as a topic of study.
    The teaching consists of theory lessons and case studies.
  5. (law) A legal proceeding, lawsuit.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, in The Tremarn Case[1]:
      “Two or three months more went by ; the public were eagerly awaiting the arrival of this semi-exotic claimant to an English peerage, and sensations, surpassing those of the Tichbourne case, were looked forward to with palpitating interest. […]”
    • Lawsuit definition
      In civil law, a case where two or more people disagree and one or more of the parties take the case to a court for resolution.
  6. (grammar) A specific inflection of a word depending on its function in the sentence.
    The accusative case canonically indicates a direct object.  Latin has six cases, and remnants of a seventh.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 6, in Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 292:
      Now, the Subject of either an indicative or a subjunctive Clause is always assigned Nominative case, as we see from:
      (16) (a)   I know [that they/*them/*their leave for Hawaii tomorrow]
      (16) (b)   I demand [that they/*them/*their leave for Hawaii tomorrow]
      By contrast, the Subject of an infinitive Clause is assigned Objective case, as we see from:
      (17)   I want [them/*they/*their to leave for Hawaii tomorrow]
      And the Subject of a gerund Clause is assigned either Objective or Genitive case: cf.
      (18)   I don't like the idea of [them/their/*they leaving for Hawaii tomorrow]
    • Inflection definition
      A change in the form of a word to express different grammatical categories. (1 of 5 inflection definitions)
  7. (grammar, uncountable) Grammatical cases and their meanings taken either as a topic in general or within a specific language.
    Jane has been studying case in Caucasian languages.  Latin is a language that employs case.
    • Grammatical Case definition
      A mode of inflection of a word dependent on its use, especially the syntactic function in a phrase.
  8. (medicine) An instance of a specific condition or set of symptoms.
    There were another five cases reported overnight.
  9. (programming) A section of code representing one of the actions of a conditional switch.
    • 2004, Rick Miller, C++ for Artists:
      Place a break statement at the end of every case to prevent case fall-through.
    • 2011, Stephen Prata, C++ Primer Plus, page 275:
      Execution does not automatically stop at the next case.
    • Code definition
      A short symbol, often with little relation to the item it represents. (1 of 12 code definitions)
Synonyms
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

case (third-person singular simple present cases, present participle casing, simple past and past participle cased)

  1. (obsolete) to propose hypothetical cases

See also

References

Etymology 2

From Middle English cas, from Old Northern French casse, (compare Old French chasse (box, chest, case)), from Latin capsa (box, bookcase), from capiō (to take, seize, hold). Doublet of cash.

Noun

case (plural cases)

  1. A box that contains or can contain a number of identical items of manufacture.
    • Box definition
      Senses relating to a three-dimensional object or space.
      1. A cuboid space; a cuboid container, often with a hinged lid. (1 of 32 box definitions)
  2. A box, sheath, or covering generally.
    a case for spectacles; the case of a watch
  3. A piece of luggage that can be used to transport an apparatus such as a sewing machine.
  4. An enclosing frame or casing.
    a door case; a window case
  5. A suitcase.
  6. A piece of furniture, constructed partially of transparent glass or plastic, within which items can be displayed.
    • Furniture definition
      Large movable item(s), usually in a room, which enhance(s) the room's characteristics, functionally or decoratively. (1 of 6 furniture definitions)
  7. The outer covering or framework of a piece of apparatus such as a computer.
  8. (printing, historical) A shallow tray divided into compartments or "boxes" for holding type, traditionally arranged in sets of two, the "upper case" (containing capitals, small capitals, accented) and "lower case" (small letters, figures, punctuation marks, quadrats, and spaces).
    • Tray definition
      A small, typically rectangular or round, flat, and rigid object upon which things are carried. (1 of 6 tray definitions)
    • Quadrat definition
      An area of land, marked for studying its plants, animals, soil, natural processes, etc.
  9. (typography, by extension) The nature of a piece of alphabetic type, whether a “capital” (upper case) or “small” (lower case) letter.
    • Upper Case definition
      The capital letters A, B, C, ... as opposed to the small letters a, b, c, ....
  10. (poker slang) Four of a kind.
    • Four Of A Kind definition
      Four cards of the same rank.
  11. (US) A unit of liquid measure used to measure sales in the beverage industry, equivalent to 192 fluid ounces.
    • Liquid definition
      A substance that is flowing, and keeping no shape, such as water; a substance of which the molecules, while not tending to separate from one another like those of a gas, readily change their relative position, and which therefore retains no definite shape, except that determined by the containing receptacle; an inelastic fluid. (1 of 2 liquid definitions)
  12. (mining) A small fissure which admits water into the workings.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  13. A thin layer of harder metal on the surface of an object whose deeper metal is allowed to remain soft.
    • Hard definition
      Having a severe property; presenting difficulty.
      1. Resistant to pressure. (1 of 29 hard definitions)
    • Metal definition
      Chemical elements or alloys, and the mines where their ores come from.
      1. Any of a number of chemical elements in the periodic table that form a metallic bond with other metal atoms; generally shiny, somewhat malleable and hard, often a conductor of heat and electricity.
      2. Any material with similar physical properties, such as an alloy.
      3. An element which was not directly created after the Big Bang but instead formed through nuclear reactions; any element other than hydrogen and helium.
      4. Crushed rock, stones etc. used to make a road.
      5. The ore from which a metal is derived.
      6. A mine from which ores are taken.
      (1 of 15 metal definitions)
  14. A cardboard box that holds (usually 24) beer bottles or cans.
    Synonym: carton
    a single case of Bud Light
    • Bottle definition
      A container, typically made of glass or plastic and having a tapered neck, used primarily for holding liquids. (1 of 8 bottle definitions)
Hyponyms
Terms derived from case (noun, etymology 2)
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.
References

Adjective

case (not comparable)

  1. (poker slang) The last remaining card of a particular rank.
    He drew the case eight!
    • 2006, David Apostolico, Lessons from the Professional Poker Tour (page 21)
      If he did have a bigger ace, I still had at least six outs — the case ace, two nines, and three tens. I could also have more outs if he held anything less than A-K.
References

Verb

case (third-person singular simple present cases, present participle casing, simple past and past participle cased)

  1. (transitive) To place (an item or items of manufacture) into a box, as in preparation for shipment.
  2. (transitive) To cover or protect with, or as if with, a case; to enclose.
    • 1856-1858, William H. Prescott, History of the Reign of Philip II:
      The man who, cased in steel, had passed whole days and nights in the saddle.
  3. (transitive, informal) To survey (a building or other location) surreptitiously, as in preparation for a robbery.
    • 1977, Michael Innes, The Gay Phoenix, →ISBN, page 116:
      You are in the grounds of Brockholes Abbey, a house into which a great deal of valuable property has just been moved. And your job is to case the joint for a break in.
    • 2014, Amy Goodman, From COINTELPRO to Snowden, the FBI Burglars Speak Out After 43 Years of Silence (Part 2), Democracy Now!, January 8, 2014, 0:49 to 0:57:
      Bonnie worked as a daycare director. She helped case the FBI office by posing as a college student interested in becoming an FBI agent.
Translations
Derived terms

Anagrams


Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ħʌˈse/
  • Hyphenation: ca‧se

Verb

casé

  1. (transitive) hit
    • Hit definition
      To strike.
      1. To administer a blow to, directly or with a weapon or missile. (1 of 24 hit definitions)

Conjugation

Conjugation of case (type II verb)
Indicative
Perfective Imperfective
Positive Negative Positive Negative
1st singular casé macasinniyó casá macasá
2nd singular casté macasinnitó castá macastá
3rd singular m casé macasinná casá macasá
3rd singular f casté macasinná castá macastá
1st plural casné macasinninó casná macasná
2nd plural casteení macasinnitonú castaaná macastaaná
3rd plural caseení macasinnonú casaaná macasaaná
Imperative Optative
Positive Negative Positive Negative
singular cás macasín casáy casé way
plural casá macasiná casóonay casé wóonay
Obligative Conjunctive
Positive Negative Positive Negative
1st singular casaamá casé waamá cásu casé wáyu
2nd singular castaamá casé waytaamá cástu casé wáytu
3rd singular m casaamá casé waamá cásu casé wáyu
3rd singular f castaamá casé waytaamá cástu casé wáytu
1st plural casnaamá casé waynaamá cásnu casé wáynu
2nd plural castaanamá casé waytaanamá castánu casé waytóonu
3rd plural casaanamá casé waanaamá casánu casé wóonu
Consultative Positive converb
Positive Negative -h cásah
singular casóo macasóo -k cásak
plural casnóo macasnóo -ín(n)uh casínnuh
Future prospective -ínnuk casínnuk
Positive Negative Negative converb
1st singular caseliyó casé waamá -h casé waah
2nd singular caselitó casé waytaamá -k casé waak
3rd singular m caselé casé waamá -ín(n)uh casé wánnuh
3rd singular f caselé casé waytaamá -ínnuk casé wánnuk
1st plural caselinó casé waynaamá
2nd plural caselitónu casé waytaanamá
3rd plural caselónu casé waanaamá
Compound tenses
Past perfect perfective + -h + imperfective of en
Present progressive imperfective + -h + imperfective of en
Past progressive -k converb + perfective of sugé
Future progressive -k converb + imperfective of sugé
Past anterior imperfective + -h + perfective of en
imperfective + -h + perfective of sugé
Future anterior perfective + -h + imperfective of sugé
imperfective + -h + future simple of sugé
Past habitual -k converb + imperfective of en
-k converb + imperfective of sugé
Defective casé + perfective of raaré
casé + perfective of xaaxé
Immediate future positive conjunctive + imperfective of wee

References

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[2], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 263

Asturian

Verb

case

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of casar
    • Casar definition
      to marry, wed someone to (unite two others in wedlock)

Chinese

Alternative forms

  • K士

Etymology

Borrowed from English case.

Pronunciation


Noun

case

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) case (clarification of this definition is needed)
    • 呢個 definition
      this; this one
    • 一個 definition
      combination of the numeral 一 (“one”) and the generic classifier 個/个: a; an; one (1 of 2 一個 definitions)
    • definition
      person in charge; person responsible
    • definition
      sawndip form of gemj (“cheek (of face)”)

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin casa, in the sense of "hut, cabin". The other senses are a semantic loan from Spanish casa. Doublet of chez, which was inherited.

Pronunciation

Noun

case f (plural cases)

  1. (archaic, rare or regional) hut, cabin, shack
    • Cabin definition
      A small dwelling characteristic of the frontier, especially when built from logs with simple tools and not constructed by professional builders, but by those who meant to live in it. (1 of 9 cabin definitions)
  2. box (on form)
  3. square (on board game)

Derived terms

Further reading

Anagrams


Galician

Alternative forms

  • caixe

Etymology

Attested since the 15th century (quasy), from Latin quasi (as if).

Pronunciation

Adverb

case

  1. almost

References

  • quasy” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • case” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • case” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • case” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: ca‧se

Noun

case f

  1. plural of casa

Anagrams


Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sasɛ/, [ˈt͡sasə]

Noun

case

  1. nominative/accusative plural of cas
    • Cas definition
      Informal abbreviation for casual

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch *kāsi, from late Proto-West Germanic *kāsī, borrowed from Latin cāseus.

Noun

câse m or n

  1. cheese

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms

Descendants

Further reading


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

English case, from Latin cāsus. Doublet of kasus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛɪ̯s/, /kæɪ̯s/

Noun

case m or n (definite singular casen or caset, indefinite plural caser, definite plural casene)

  1. a case study; a case as used in a case study

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

English case, from Latin cāsus. Doublet of kasus.

Pronunciation

Noun

case m or n (definite singular casen or caset, indefinite plural casar or case, definite plural casane or casa)

  1. a case study; a case as used in a case study
    Synonyms: døme, eksempel
    • Døme definition
      an example

References


Old French

Noun

case m (oblique plural cases, nominative singular cases, nominative plural case)

  1. (grammar) case

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈka.zi/, [ˈka.zi]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈka.zɨ/, [ˈka.zɨ]

Verb

case

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of casar
    • Eu definition
      alternative form of io
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of casar
    • Ele definition
      the name of the Latin-script letter L.
    • Ela definition
      the name of the Latin-script letter L.
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of casar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of casar

Romanian

Noun

case

  1. plural of casă
    • Casă definition
      house

Spanish

Pronunciation

Verb

case

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of casar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of casar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of casar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of casar.
    • Él definition
      he
    • Ella definition
      she

Venetian

Noun

case

  1. plural of casa