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UEFA Euro 2020

16th European association football championship

Top 10 UEFA Euro 2020 related articles

UEFA Euro 2020
UEFA Euro 2020 official logo
Live It. For Real.
Tournament details
Host countries
11
Azerbaijan
Denmark
England
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Romania
Russia
Scotland
Spain
Dates11 June – 11 July 2021
Teams24
Venue(s)11 (in 11 host cities)
2016
2024

The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as 2020 UEFA European Championship, UEFA Euro 2020, or simply Euro 2020, is scheduled to be the 16th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).[1]

The tournament, to be held in 11 cities in 11 UEFA countries, was originally scheduled from 12 June to 12 July 2020. The tournament was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe and rescheduled for 11 June to 11 July 2021.[2] The tournament will still retain the name "UEFA Euro 2020".[3]

UEFA President Michel Platini said in 2012 that the tournament was to be hosted in several nations as a "romantic" one-off event to celebrate the 60th "birthday" of the European Championship competition.[4] Having the largest capacity of any of the stadiums entered for the competition, Wembley Stadium in London is scheduled to host the semi-finals and final for the second time, having done so before at the 1996 tournament in the stadium's former incarnation. The Stadio Olimpico in Rome was chosen to host the opening game, involving Turkey and hosts Italy. Originally to be played at 13 venues, two hosts were later removed: Brussels in December 2017 due to delays with the building of the Eurostadium,[5] and Dublin in April 2021 as there was no guarantee that spectators could attend. Spain also changed their host city from Bilbao to Seville to allow an audience at matches.[6]

Portugal are the defending champions, having won the 2016 competition. The video assistant referee (VAR) system will make its debut at the European Championship in this tournament.[7]

UEFA Euro 2020 Intro articles: 10

Bid process

While some countries had already expressed an interest in bidding to host the tournament,[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] then-UEFA President Michel Platini suggested at a press conference on 30 June 2012, a day before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, that instead of having one host country (or joint hosting by multiple countries), the tournament could be spread over "12 or 13 cities" across the continent.[16] At the time, UEFA already used a similar system for the UEFA European Under-17 Championship's Elite Round, where each of the seven groups is hosted by a different country.

European format decision

On 6 December 2012, UEFA announced the tournament would be held in multiple cities across Europe to mark the 60th anniversary of the tournament.[17][18] The selection of the host cities did not guarantee an automatic qualifying berth to the national team of that country.

UEFA reasoned that the pan-European staging of the tournament was the logical decision at a time of financial difficulty across Europe.[19][20] Reaction to UEFA's plan was mixed across Europe.[21] Critics have cited the expanded format (from 31 matches featuring 16 nations to 51 featuring 24) and its associated additional costs as the decisive factor for only one nation (Turkey) having put forward a serious bid.[22]

Bidding venues

The final list of bids was published by UEFA on 26 April 2014, with a decision on the hosts being made by the UEFA Executive Committee on 19 September 2014. There were two bids for the Finals Package (of which one was successful, marked with blue for semi-finals and final) and 19 bids for the Standard Package (of which 12 were initially successful, marked with green for quarter-finals and group stage, and yellow for round of 16 and group stage); Brussels, marked with red, were initially selected but removed from the list of venues by UEFA on 7 December 2017.[23][24][25] The Republic of Ireland, marked in red, were initially selected but removed from the list of venues by UEFA on 23 April 2021. On the same day, UEFA also announced the matches in Spain would be moved from Bilbao to Seville.[6]

  Successful bid for group stage and round of 16
  Successful bid for group stage and quarter-finals
  Successful bid for semi-finals and final. Later added: Group stage and round of 16
  Successful bid for group stage and round of 16 at first but later removed from list
  Successful bid for group stage and round of 16 but later changed to another venue in country
  Unsuccessful bid (either rejected as judged by UEFA to not fulfill the bid requirements, or eliminated by vote)
Country City Venue Capacity Package Result
 Azerbaijan Baku Olympic Stadium 68,700 Standard Package Group stage and quarter-finals
 Belarus Minsk Dinamo Stadium 34,000 (to be expanded to 39,000) Standard Package Rejected
 Belgium Brussels Eurostadium (proposed new national stadium) 50,000 (62,613 potentially) Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
(later cancelled)
 Bulgaria Sofia Vasil Levski National Stadium 43,000 (to be expanded to 50,000) Standard Package Rejected
 Denmark Copenhagen Parken Stadium 38,065 Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
 England London Wembley Stadium 90,000 Finals Package
(withdrawn Standard Package)
Semi-finals and final
Group stage and round of 16 (later added)
 Germany Munich Allianz Arena 70,000 Standard Package, Finals Package Group stage and quarter-finals
 Hungary Budapest Puskás Aréna 56,000 (proposed new 67,215 stadium) Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
 Israel Jerusalem Teddy Stadium 34,000 (to be expanded to 53,000) Standard Package Rejected
 Italy Rome Stadio Olimpico 70,634 Standard Package Group stage and quarter-finals
 Macedonia Skopje Philip II Arena 33,460 Standard Package Rejected
 Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Arena[a] 54,990 (to be expanded to around 56,000) Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
 Republic of Ireland Dublin Aviva Stadium 51,700 Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
(later cancelled)
 Romania Bucharest Arena Națională 55,600 Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
 Russia Saint Petersburg Krestovsky Stadium 68,134 Standard Package Group stage and quarter-finals
 Scotland Glasgow Hampden Park 51,866 Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
 Spain Bilbao San Mamés 53,289 Standard Package Group stage and round of 16
(later moved to La Cartuja in Seville)
 Sweden Solna, Stockholm Friends Arena 54,329 Standard Package Eliminated
 Wales Cardiff Millennium Stadium 74,500 Standard Package Eliminated
  1. ^ Renamed in 2018 to Johan Cruyff Arena.

UEFA Euro 2020 Bid process articles: 56

Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic

Start of the pandemic and postponement

In early 2020, the pandemic in Europe of COVID-19 raised concerns regarding its potential impact on players, staff and visitors to the twelve host cities of the tournament.[26] At the UEFA Congress in early March, UEFA president Aleksander Čeferin said the organisation was confident that the situation could be dealt with, while general secretary Theodore Theodoridis stated that UEFA was maintaining contact with the World Health Organization and national governments regarding the coronavirus.[27] The impact on football grew later that month, as numerous domestic and UEFA competition matches began taking place behind closed doors. By 13 March 2020, upcoming UEFA competition fixtures were postponed, while major European leagues were suspended, including the Bundesliga, La Liga, Ligue 1, Premier League and Serie A.[28]

UEFA held a videoconference on 17 March 2020 with representatives of its 55 member associations, along with a FIFPro representative and the boards of the European Club Association and European Leagues, to discuss the response to the outbreak for domestic and European competitions, including Euro 2020.[29] At the meeting, UEFA announced that the tournament would be postponed to the following year, proposing that it take place from 11 June to 11 July 2021.[30] The postponement allowed for pressure to be reduced on the public services in affected countries, while also providing space in the calendar for domestic European leagues that had been suspended to complete their seasons.[2] On the following day, the Bureau of the FIFA Council approved the date change in the FIFA International Match Calendar. As a result, the expanded FIFA Club World Cup, due to take place in June and July 2021, was postponed.[31] On 23 April 2020, UEFA confirmed that the tournament would still be known as UEFA Euro 2020.[3][32]

Spectator plans and venue changes

In May 2020, Čeferin stated that in principle the tournament would take place in the twelve selected host cities. However, he did not rule out the possibility of reducing the number of cities, as three hosts were unsure if matches could be held under the new schedule.[33] The tournament venues and match schedule was reviewed by the UEFA Executive Committee during their meeting on 17 June 2020.[34] At the meeting, UEFA confirmed that all twelve original host venues would remain as hosts for the tournament in 2021, and approved the revised match schedule.[35][36] However, Čeferin stated in October 2020 that it was still possible that the tournament could be played in fewer than the planned twelve host countries.[37] The following month, UEFA stated that it "intends to hold Euro 2020 in the format and the venues confirmed earlier this year and we are working closely with all host cities on preparations".[38] It was also announced that each host was discussing with UEFA and local health authorities on whether the venue could host matches at full capacity, between 100% and 50% capacity, at 33% capacity or behind closed doors. Each host city was asked to draw up two or three plans from the four options. The restrictions could also involve only local spectators to be permitted at matches. A final decision on which scenario will be applied individually at each venue was originally to be made on 5 March 2021.[39][40] In October 2020, it was announced that UEFA matches would be suspended from taking place in Armenia and Azerbaijan until further notice due to the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war.[41] However, this did not affect the planning of Euro 2020 matches to be held in Baku.[42] This restriction was lifted in December 2020 following a ceasefire agreement between the countries.[43]

In a New Year's interview, Čeferin said, "Vaccination has started and I think we will be able to have full stands in the summer. For now, the plan is to play in all twelve countries. Of course, there are backup options in case a country has a problem. We are ready to organise competitions in eleven, ten or nine cities... and even only in one country, if necessary. However, I am 99.9 percent sure that we will have the European Championship in all twelve cities, as planned."[44][45] On 27 January 2021, UEFA met with the host associations to discuss operational matters, and reaffirmed the tournament would be held across twelve cities.[46] The deadline for hosts to submit their venue capacity plans was moved to 7 April 2021,[47] with a final decision on host cities and spectators to originally be made by the UEFA Executive Committee on 19 April 2021.[48] UEFA announced on the following day that Daniel Koch, the former head of communicable diseases at Switzerland's Federal Office of Public Health, would serve as the tournament's medical advisor on matters related to the COVID-19 pandemic.[49] In February 2021, the Israel Football Association offered to stage some tournament matches in the country, which had a high rate of vaccination. However, this was turned down by UEFA, who reiterated their commitment to the twelve host cities.[50] In a March 2021 interview, Čeferin said, "We have several scenarios, but the one guarantee we can make is that the option of playing any Euro 2020 match in an empty stadium is off the table. Every host must guarantee there will be fans at their games." UEFA subsequently stated that no host city would be automatically dropped should they decide to play matches behind closed doors. However, UEFA would need to consider whether it would make sense to play matches without spectators, or if these matches should be reallocated to other venues.[51] That same month, British prime minister Boris Johnson offered UEFA to host additional tournament matches in England should any venues need to be reassigned.[52]

On 9 April 2021, UEFA announced that eight of the original twelve tournament hosts confirmed their spectator plans, with stadium capacities ranging from 25% to 100%. Only Bilbao, Dublin, Munich and Rome had yet to submit their plans, with each host originally given an extension until 19 April 2021 to submit their venue capacities.[53] On 14 April, UEFA announced that Rome had guaranteed spectators for the tournament, and was therefore confirmed as a venue.[54] On 19 April, it was announced that another extension was given to the three remaining hosts until 23 April, when UEFA would make its final decision.[55] Due to the need to finalise ticketing details, host cities would have until 28 April to decide on whether to leave their spectator limits unchanged, or to upscale their allowed capacities.[56]

On 23 April, UEFA announced that Seville would replace Bilbao as tournament host, while the matches of Dublin would be reallocated to Saint Petersburg for the group stage and London for the round of 16.[6] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland, the Football Association of Ireland was unable to receive assurances from the Government of Ireland and the Dublin City Council to allow spectators into the stadium.[57][58][59] Meanwhile, the Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) said the sanitary conditions imposed by the Basque Government to host matches in Bilbao were "impossible to comply with", and thus would not allow for spectators to be present.[60] After being removed as hosts, the Bilbao City Council stated they held UEFA and RFEF "directly responsible for us not staging this sporting event and the unilateral cancellation of our contractual relationships", and threatened legal action for financial compensation.[61]

Also on 23 April, UEFA announced that local authorities had guaranteed "a minimum of 14,500 spectators" for the matches scheduled in Munich, which was therefore confirmed as host of four games.[6] However, both the regional government of Bavaria and the German interior ministry subsequently reiterated their position that there was no such guarantee, and admittance of spectators would depend on the actual pandemic situation at the time of the tournament.[62] A few days later, UEFA president Čeferin backtracked in an interview with a German newspaper, denying that UEFA had demanded guarantees for games with spectators, and conceding that "the local authorities will decide before the games whether spectators will be admitted or not."[63][64]

Rule changes

On 31 March 2021, the UEFA Executive Committee approved the use of a maximum of five substitutions in matches at the tournament (with a sixth allowed in extra time).[65] However, each team are only given three opportunities to make substitutions, with a fourth opportunity allowed in extra time, excluding substitutions made at half-time, before the start of extra time and at half-time in extra time.[66] The use of five substitutes has been permitted by IFAB during the COVID-19 pandemic due to the resulting fixture congestion, which has created a greater burden on players.[67]

At the start of April 2021, UEFA also said they were considering allowing tournament squads to be expanded from the usual 23 players, following calls from national team managers in case of a possible COVID outbreak in a team, as well as to reduce player fatigue caused by the fixture congestion of the prior season.[68] On 27 April, it was reported that the UEFA National Team Competitions Committee had approved the expansion of squads to 26 players, subject to confirmation by the UEFA Executive Committee.[69] On 4 May 2021, the executive committee confirmed the use of 26-player squads. However, teams still may only name a maximum of 23 players on the match sheet for each tournament fixture (of which 12 are substitutes), in line with the Laws of the Game. It was also announced that after each team's first match, goalkeepers may still be replaced due to physical incapacity, even if the other goalkeepers from the squad are still available.[70]

Special rules due to COVID-19

On 4 May 2021, the UEFA Executive Committee approved special rules for the final tournament due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe:[70][71]

  • If a group of players of a team were placed into mandatory quarantine or self-isolation following a decision from national or local health officials due to positive SARS-CoV-2 tests, the match will go ahead as scheduled as long as the team had at least 13 players available (including at least one goalkeeper).
  • If a team cannot field the minimum required number of players due to positive SARS-CoV-2 tests, the match may be rescheduled within the next 48 hours of the original date of the match by the UEFA administration, subject to viable rescheduling options being available. Additionally, UEFA may reassign the rescheduled match to an alternative venue if deemed appropriate.
  • If the match cannot be rescheduled, the UEFA Control, Ethics and Disciplinary Body will decide on the matter. The team responsible for the match not taking place are considered to have forfeited the match and lost 3–0.
  • If any member of the appointed referee team has to be replaced due to positive SARS-CoV-2 test, UEFA can exceptionally appoint a match official of the same nationality as one of the teams or not on the FIFA list.

UEFA Euro 2020 Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic articles: 41

Qualification

  Team qualified for UEFA Euro 2020
  Team failed to qualify

There was no automatic qualifying berth, and all 55 UEFA national teams, including the 12 national teams whose countries were selected to stage matches, had to compete in the qualifiers for the 24 places at the finals tournament.[72][73] As the host cities were appointed by UEFA in September 2014, before the qualifiers, it was possible for the national teams from the host cities to fail to qualify for the finals tournament.

The qualifying draw was held on 2 December 2018 at the Convention Centre Dublin in Dublin, Ireland.[74]

The main qualifying process started in March 2019, instead of immediately in September 2018 following the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and ended in November 2019. The format remained largely the same, although only 20 of the 24 spots for the finals tournament were decided from the main qualifying process, leaving four spots still to be decided. Following the admission of Kosovo to UEFA in May 2016, it was announced that the 55 members at the time would be drawn into ten groups after the completion of the UEFA Nations League (five groups of five teams and five groups of six teams, with the four participants of the UEFA Nations League Finals guaranteed to be drawn into groups of five teams), with the top two teams in each group qualifying. The qualifiers were played on double matchdays in March, June, September, October and November 2019.[75]

With the creation of the UEFA Nations League starting in 2018,[76][75][77][78] the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League was linked with Euro qualifying, providing teams another chance to qualify for the tournament. Four teams from each division that had not already qualified for the European Championship competed in the play-offs for each division. The winners of the play-offs for each division, which were decided by two one-off semi-finals (the best-ranked team vs. the lowest-ranked team, and the second-best-ranked team vs. the third-best-ranked team, played at home of higher-ranked teams) and a one-off final (with the venue drawn in advance between the two semi-finals winners), joined the twenty teams that had already qualified for the tournament.[78]

Qualified teams

Of the 24 teams that qualified for the tournament, 19 are returning from the 2016 edition. Among them are Belgium and Italy, who both recorded flawless qualifying campaigns (10 wins in 10 matches),[79][80] defending European champions Portugal and world champions France, with Germany also qualifying for a record 13th straight European Championship.[81] Finland and North Macedonia will make their European Championship debut, having never previously qualified for a major tournament.[82][83] Scotland, a co-host of the tournament, qualified for their first major international tournament since the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and their first European Championship since 1996.[84] The Netherlands and Denmark returned after missing out in 2016, with the Dutch featuring in a major tournament for the first time since the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[85][86] For the first time, Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and Wales reached successive European Championship tournaments.[87][88] Greece, winners in 2004, were the only former champions that failed to qualify, missing their second straight European Championship and third consecutive major tournament.[89] Albania, Iceland, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and Romania failed to qualify after appearing in the 2016 finals.[90]

Of the 11 host countries, seven managed to qualify directly for the tournament, while Hungary and Scotland qualified via the play-offs. Romania were eliminated in the semi-finals of the play-offs,[91] and Azerbaijan were eliminated following the qualifying group stage.[92] The Republic of Ireland, originally selected as a tournament host, were also eliminated in the semi-finals of the play-offs,[91] but were later stripped of their hosting rights.

Team[A] Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[B]
 Belgium Group I winner 10 October 2019 5 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000, 2016)
 Italy Group J winner 12 October 2019 9 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Russia[C] Group I runner-up 13 October 2019 11 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Poland Group G winner 13 October 2019 3 (2008, 2012, 2016)
 Ukraine Group B winner 14 October 2019 2 (2012, 2016)
 Spain Group F winner 15 October 2019 10 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 France Group H winner 14 November 2019 9 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Turkey Group H runner-up 14 November 2019 4 (1996, 2000, 2008, 2016)
 England Group A winner 14 November 2019 9 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012, 2016)
 Czech Republic[D] Group A runner-up 14 November 2019 9 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Finland Group J runner-up 15 November 2019 0 (debut)
 Sweden Group F runner-up 15 November 2019 6 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Croatia Group E winner 16 November 2019 5 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Austria Group G runner-up 16 November 2019 2 (2008, 2016)
 Netherlands Group C runner-up 16 November 2019 9 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Germany[E] Group C winner 16 November 2019 12 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
 Portugal Group B runner-up 17 November 2019 7 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)
  Switzerland Group D winner 18 November 2019 4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2016)
 Denmark Group D runner-up 18 November 2019 8 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012)
 Wales Group E runner-up 19 November 2019 1 (2016)
 North Macedonia Play-off Path D winner 12 November 2020 0 (debut)
 Hungary Play-off Path A winner 12 November 2020 3 (1964, 1972, 2016)
 Slovakia Play-off Path B winner 12 November 2020 1 (2016)
 Scotland Play-off Path C winner 12 November 2020 2 (1992, 1996)
  1. ^ Italic indicates team from one of the eleven host associations.
  2. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  3. ^ From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as CIS.
  4. ^ From 1960 to 1980, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
  5. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.

UEFA Euro 2020 Qualification articles: 63

Venues

The 13 original venues were selected and announced by UEFA on 19 September 2014.[93] However, the UEFA Executive Committee removed Brussels as a host city on 7 December 2017 due to delays with the building of Eurostadium. The four matches (three group stage, one round of 16) initially scheduled to be held in Brussels were reallocated to Wembley Stadium in London.[5] On 23 April 2021, UEFA announced that due to a lack of guarantees regarding spectators caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, Aviva Stadium in Dublin was removed as a tournament host. Their four matches were reallocated to Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg for the three group stage matches, and Wembley Stadium in London for the round of 16 fixture. Similarly, UEFA reassigned the four matches in Spain elsewhere in the country, with La Cartuja in Seville replacing San Mamés in Bilbao.[6]

On 7 December 2017, it was also announced that the opening match would take place at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, chosen ahead of Amsterdam, Glasgow and Saint Petersburg. UEFA decided that, should they qualify, the opening match would feature Italy.[5][94]

Of the eleven selected cities and countries, seven cities and six countries have never hosted a European Championship finals match before. Seville was not a venue when Spain hosted the 1964 European Nations' Cup, and none of Azerbaijan, Denmark, Hungary, Romania, Russia or Scotland has hosted the tournament previously. Of the eleven selected stadia, only two have hosted a European Championship match before: the Stadio Olimpico (1968 and 1980) and the Johan Cruyff Arena (2000). The original Wembley stadium hosted games and the final in UEFA Euro 1996, but although it stands on the same site, this is classified as a different stadium to the current Wembley Stadium.

London Rome Munich
Wembley Stadium Stadio Olimpico Allianz Arena
Capacity: 90,000 Capacity: 70,634 Capacity: 70,000
Baku Saint Petersburg Budapest
Olympic Stadium Krestovsky Stadium Puskás Aréna
Capacity: 68,700 Capacity: 68,134 Capacity: 67,215
Seville Bucharest Amsterdam Glasgow Copenhagen
La Cartuja Arena Națională Johan Cruyff Arena Hampden Park Parken Stadium
Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 55,600 Capacity: 54,990 Capacity: 51,866 Capacity: 38,065

Each city will host three group stage matches and one match in the round of 16 or quarter-finals, with the exception of Saint Petersburg, which will host six group stage matches, and London, which will host two matches in the round of 16. The match allocation for the eleven stadiums is as follows:

Group stage hosts

The host cities were divided into six pairings, established on the basis of sporting strength (assuming all host teams qualify), geographical considerations and security/political constraints. The pairings were allocated to groups by means of a random draw on 7 December 2017. Each qualified host country will play a minimum of two matches at home. The following group venue pairings were announced:[5]

The following criteria apply to define the home matches of host teams within the same group:[95]

  • If both host teams qualified directly or both advanced to the play-offs, a draw would determine which team would play all three group stage matches at home (i.e. which would host the head-to-head match), and which one would play only two matches at home.
  • If one host team qualified directly, and the other failed to also directly qualify, the directly qualified host team would play all three group stage matches at home, and the other host, if qualified, would play only two.
  • If one host team advances to the play-offs, and the other is eliminated entirely, the host team in the play-offs, if qualified, will play all three group stage matches at home.
  • No action was necessary should both host teams fail to qualify.

If a host team in the play-offs failed to qualify, the path winner will take the spot of the host in the match schedule and therefore would play the two or three matches based on the above criteria in the host city of the respective host that failed to qualify. The draw took place on 22 November 2019, 12:00 CET, at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland (along with the draw for the play-offs).[96] In the draw, which was only necessary for Group B (Denmark and Russia), two balls were prepared, with the first drawn hosting the three matches.[97]

Allocation of group stage home matches to host countries
Group Host Status of host Draw? Number of home matches
Three Two
A  Azerbaijan Eliminated in qualifying group stage No  Italy None
 Italy Qualified directly to finals
B  Denmark Qualified directly to finals Yes  Denmark  Russia
 Russia Qualified directly to finals
C  Netherlands Qualified directly to finals No  Netherlands None
 Romania Eliminated via play-offs
D  England Qualified directly to finals No  England  Scotland
 Scotland Qualified via play-offs
E  Republic of Ireland[a] Eliminated via play-offs No  Spain None
 Spain Qualified directly to finals
F  Germany Qualified directly to finals No  Germany  Hungary
 Hungary Qualified via play-offs
  1. ^ a b In April 2021, Dublin was removed as a tournament host, with their group stage matches reallocated to Saint Petersburg, who were already hosts of Group B.

Spectator limits

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting restrictions on public gatherings, many of the venues at the tournament are unable to operate at full capacity. UEFA asked each host to devise a spectator plan in conjunction with their local/national government and health authorities. The hosts were given a deadline of 7 April 2021 to communicate their plans with UEFA. On 9 April, UEFA announced that eight of the tournament hosts had confirmed their stadium capacities, ranging from 25% to 100%. The remaining four hosts (Bilbao, Dublin, Munich and Rome) were given an extension until 23 April to submit their venue capacities.[53] On 14 April, UEFA announced that Rome had also confirmed its venue capacity.[54] On 23 April, the venue capacity for Munich was also confirmed, while Bilbao were replaced by Seville, which could guarantee spectators. In addition, Dublin was removed as a host, as it was unable to ensure spectators could attend.[6]

Allowed capacities of UEFA Euro 2020 venues
City Venue Standard capacity Allowed capacity
Amsterdam Johan Cruyff Arena 54,990 At least 33.3% (approximately 16,000), subject to possible increase[98]
Baku Olympic Stadium 68,700 50% (approximately 34,350), with no foreign spectators permitted other than citizens of participating teams[99]
Bucharest Arena Națională 55,600 At least 25% (approximately 13,000), subject to possible increase[100]
Budapest Puskás Aréna 67,215 Full capacity, subject to spectators fulfilling strict stadium entry requirements
Copenhagen Parken Stadium 38,065 40% (approximately 15,900)[101]
Glasgow Hampden Park 51,866 25% (approximately 12,000)[102]
London Wembley Stadium 90,000 At least 25% (approximately 22,500) for group stage and round of 16, with possible increase for semi-finals and final
Munich Allianz Arena 70,000 20% (14,000)[103]
Rome Stadio Olimpico 70,634 At least 25% (approximately 17,659), subject to possible increase[104]
Saint Petersburg Krestovsky Stadium 68,134 At least 50% (approximately 34,067), subject to possible increase
Seville La Cartuja 60,000 30% (approximately 18,000)

Team base camps

Each team chooses a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. The teams will train and reside in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases. Unlike previous tournaments, each team can set up their base camp anywhere due to the pan-European format, without any obligation of staying in any of the host countries.[105]

The base camps selected by the twenty directly qualified teams were announced by UEFA on 27 January 2020.[106] The base camps of the remaining teams qualified via the play-offs were announced in 2021.[107]

Team Base camp
 Austria Seefeld in Tirol, Austria
 Belgium Tubize, Belgium
 Croatia Rovinj, Croatia[a]
 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic[b]
 Denmark Helsingør, Denmark
 England Burton upon Trent, England
 Finland Repino, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 France Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines, France
 Germany Herzogenaurach, Germany
 Hungary Telki, Hungary
 Italy Coverciano, Florence, Italy
 Netherlands Zeist, Netherlands
 North Macedonia Bucharest, Romania
 Poland Sopot, Poland[c]
 Portugal Budapest, Hungary
 Russia Novogorsk [ru], Khimki, Russia
 Scotland Hurworth-on-Tees, England[110]
 Slovakia Saint Petersburg, Russia[d]
 Spain Las Rozas de Madrid, Spain
 Sweden Gothenburg, Sweden[e]
  Switzerland Rome, Italy
 Turkey Baku, Azerbaijan
 Ukraine Bucharest, Romania
 Wales Baku, Azerbaijan
  1. ^ Originally St Andrews, Scotland,[106] but moved due to COVID-19 quarantine restrictions in Scotland[108]
  2. ^ Originally Currie, Edinburgh, Scotland,[106] but moved due to COVID-19 quarantine restrictions in Scotland[109]
  3. ^ Originally Portmarnock, Republic of Ireland[106]
  4. ^ Originally Castleknock, Republic of Ireland[111][112]
  5. ^ Originally Maynooth, Republic of Ireland[106]

UEFA Euro 2020 Venues articles: 27