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UEFA

International governing body for association football and related sports in Europe

Top 10 UEFA related articles

Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)
AbbreviationUEFA
Formation15 June 1954; 66 years ago (1954-06-15)
Founded atBasel, Switzerland
TypeFootball organisation
HeadquartersNyon, Switzerland
Coordinates46°22′16″N 6°13′52″E / 46.371009°N 6.23103°E / 46.371009; 6.23103
Region served
Europe
Membership
55 full member associations
Official languages
English
French
German
(other main but not official: Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish) [1]
Aleksander Čeferin[2]
First vice-president
Karl-Erik Nilsson
Vice-presidents
Sándor Csányi
Luis Rubiales
Fernando Gomes
Michele Uva
General secretary
Theodore Theodoridis
Main organ
UEFA Congress
Parent organization
FIFA
Websiteuefa.com

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA /jˈfə/ yoo-AY-fə; French: Union des Associations Européennes de Football;[a] German: Vereinigung Europäischer Fußballverbände)[b] is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, and UEFA Super Cup, and controls the prize money, regulations, and media rights to those competitions.

Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president. The current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, who was elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, and automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA.[3]

UEFA Intro articles: 6

History and membership

UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland

UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian, French, and Belgian associations.[4] At the founding meeting, 25 members were present. However, 6 other associations which were not present were still recognised as founding members, bringing the total of founding associations to 31.[5] That number doubled by the early 1990s as new associations were born out of the fragmentation of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia into their constituent states. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and later in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland.

UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe (48 out of 55 members are sovereign UN member states), although there are some exceptions. One UN member state (Monaco) and one UN observer state (Vatican City) are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law. These include Northern Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales (countries of the United Kingdom), Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory), the Faroe Islands (constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark), and Kosovo (state with limited recognition), however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity.

Some UEFA members are transcontinental states (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey) and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically (Armenia and Cyprus). Countries which had been members of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) were also admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel (because it had been banned from the AFC group in 1974) and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition. AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League (though a separate sovereign entity); Welsh clubs Cardiff City, Swansea City and Newport County A.F.C. participate in the English League; Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtenstein teams play in the Swiss Leagues, as Liechtenstein has no own league and only a cup competition.

UEFA History and membership articles: 16

Members

Code Association National teams Founded FIFA
affiliation
UEFA
affiliation
ALB  Albania 1930 1932 1954
AND  Andorra 1994 1996 1996
ARM  Armenia 1992 1992 1992
AUT  Austria 1904 1905 1954
AZE  Azerbaijan 1992 1994 1994
BLR  Belarus 1989 1992 1993
BEL  Belgium 1895 1904 1954
BIH  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1946 1996 1998
BUL  Bulgaria 1923 1924 1954
CRO  Croatia 1912 1992 1993
CYP  Cyprus 1934 1948 1962
CZE  Czech Republic 1901 1907 1954
DEN  Denmark 1889 1904 1954
ENG  England 1863 1905 1954
EST  Estonia 1921 1923 1992
FRO  Faroe Islands 1979 1988 1990
FIN  Finland 1907 1908 1954
FRA  France 1919[n 1] 1904[n 2] 1954
GEO  Georgia 1990 1992 1992
GER  Germany 1900 1904 1954
GIB  Gibraltar 1895 2016 2013
GRE  Greece 1926 1927 1954
HUN  Hungary 1901 1906 1954
ISL  Iceland 1947[n 3] 1947 1954
ISR  Israel[n 4] 1949 1949 1994[n 5]
ITA  Italy 1898 1905 1954
KAZ  Kazakhstan[n 6] 1994 1994 2002
KVX  Kosovo 2008 2016 2016
LVA  Latvia 1921 1922 1992
LIE  Liechtenstein 1934 1974 1974
LTU  Lithuania 1922 1923 1992
LUX  Luxembourg 1908 1910 1954
MLT  Malta 1900 1959 1960
MDA  Moldova 1990 1994 1993
MNE  Montenegro 1931 2007 2007
NED  Netherlands 1889 1904 1954
MKD  North Macedonia 1926 1994 1994
NIR  Northern Ireland 1880 1911 1954
NOR  Norway 1902 1908 1954
POL  Poland 1919[n 7] 1923 1954
POR  Portugal 1914 1923 1954
IRL  Republic of Ireland 1921 1923 1954
ROU  Romania 1909 1923 1954
RUS  Russia 1912 1912 1954
SMR  San Marino 1931 1988 1988
SCO  Scotland 1873 1910 1954
SRB  Serbia 1919 1923 1954
SVK  Slovakia 1938 1994 1993
SVN  Slovenia 1920 1992 1992
ESP  Spain 1909 1904 1954
SWE  Sweden 1904 1904 1954
SUI   Switzerland 1895 1904 1954
TUR  Turkey 1923 1923 1962
UKR  Ukraine 1991 1992 1992
WAL  Wales 1876 1910 1954
Notes
  1. ^ Founded as Comité Français Interfédéral in 1907, a predecessor to the current federation.
  2. ^ The current French FA, the French Football Federation (in its previous incarnation, the Comité Français Interfédéral), replaced the USFSA in 1907.
  3. ^ Icelandic top-flight club football dates back to 1912 or 35 years prior to founding of KSI, All titles pre-1947 are recognized by KSI
  4. ^ Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1954–1974), joined UEFA as several AFC teams refused to play against them. See also Foreign relations of Israel and International recognition of Israel.
  5. ^ Israel had been an associated member of UEFA since 1992, therefore Israeli clubs were entitled to take part in the 1992–93 and 1993–94 UEFA club competitions despite Israel not being a full UEFA member.
  6. ^ Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1994–2002), joined UEFA.
  7. ^ Founded as Związek Polski Piłki Nożnej (part of the disintegrated Austrian Football Union) in 1911, a predecessor to the current federation.

Former members

Non-members

There are several national teams within Europe that are not members of UEFA. Many of them are instead affiliated with CONIFA.

UEFA Members articles: 22

Competitions

UEFA competitions

UEFA runs official international competitions in Europe and some countries of Northern, Southwestern and Central Asia for national teams and professional clubs, known as UEFA competitions, some of which are regarded as the world's most prestigious tournaments.

International

UEFA is the organiser of two of the most prestigious competitions in international football: The UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Nations League. The main competition for men's national teams is the UEFA European Championship (also known as the Euro), started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. The UEFA Nations League is the second tournament of UEFA and was introduced in 2018. The tournament largely replaced the international friendly matches previously played on the FIFA International Match Calendar. It will be played every two years.

UEFA also runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels. For women's national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Women's Championship for senior national sides as well as Women's Under-19 and Women's Under-17 Championships.

UEFA also organised the UEFA–CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth football. UEFA launched the UEFA Regions' Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship. Despite the existence of UEFA's Futsal and Beach soccer committee, UEFA does not organise any beach soccer competitions. International and club beach soccer competitions for UEFA members are organised externally by Beach Soccer Worldwide.

The Italian, German, Spanish, French and Russian[8] men's national teams are the sole teams to have won the European football championship in all categories.

Club

UEFA member countries by club competition entry entitlements, 2009/10

The top-ranked UEFA competition is the UEFA Champions League, which started in the 1992/93 season and gathers the top 1–4 teams of each country's league (the number of teams depend on that country's ranking and can be upgraded or downgraded); this competition was re-structured from a previous one that only gathered the top team of each country (held from 1955 to 1992 and known as the European Champion Clubs' Cup or simply the European Cup).

A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League. This competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (also begun in 1955). A third competition, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup (now UEFA Europa League) in 1999.

In December 2018, UEFA announced the creation of a third club competition, with a working title of Europa League 2 (UEL2) (The name was later decided as UEFA Europa Conference League) . The competition would feature 32 teams directly in 8 groups of 4, with a knockout round between the second placed teams in UEFA Europa Conference League and the third placed teams in the Europa League, leading to a final 16 knockout stage featuring the eight group winners. UEFA announced that the first edition of the competition begins in 2021 [9].

In women's football UEFA also conducts the UEFA Women's Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Women's Cup until 2009.

The UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the Europa League (previously the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup), and came into being in 1973.[10][11][12]

The UEFA Intertoto Cup was a summer competition, previously operated by several Central European football associations, which was relaunched and recognised as official UEFA club competition by UEFA in 1995.[13] The last Intertoto Cup took place in 2008.

The European/South American Cup was jointly organised with CONMEBOL between the Champions League and the Copa Libertadores winners.[14]

Only five teams[15][16] (Juventus, Ajax, Manchester United, Bayern Munich and Chelsea[17]) have won each of the three main competitions (European Cup/UEFA Champions League, European Cup Winners' Cup/UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League),[18] a feat that is no longer possible for any team that did not win the Cup Winners' Cup. There are currently eight teams throughout Europe that have won two of the three trophies; all but one have won the Cup Winners' Cup, four require a win in the Champions League and four require a UEFA Europa League win.

Juventus of Italy was the first team in Europe—remaining the only one to date (2019)—to win all UEFA's official championships and cups[19] and, in commemoration of achieving that feat, have received The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations on 12 July 1988.[20][21]

UEFA's premier futsal competition is the UEFA Futsal Cup, a tournament started in 2001 which replaced the former Futsal European Clubs Championship. This event, despite enjoying a long and well-established tradition in the European futsal community, dating back to 1984, was never recognised as official by UEFA.

Current title holders

Competition Year Champions Title Runners-up Next edition
National teams (Men)
European Championship 2016  Portugal 1st  France 2020 (June–July)
Nations League 2018–19  Portugal 1st  Netherlands 2020–21 (Sep.–June)
U-21 Championship 2019  Spain 5th  Germany 2021 (June)
U-19 Championship 2019  Spain 11th  Portugal 2020 (July)
U-17 Championship 2019  Netherlands 4th  Italy 2020 (May)
Futsal Championship 2018  Portugal 1st  Spain 2022
U-19 Futsal Championship 2019  Spain 1st  Croatia 2021
National teams (Women)
Women's Championship 2017  Netherlands 1st  Denmark 2021 (July)
Women's U-19 Championship 2019  France 5th  Germany 2020 (July)
Women's U-17 Championship 2019  Germany 7th  Netherlands 2020 (May)
Women's Futsal Championship 2019  Spain 1st  Portugal 2021
Clubs (Men)
Champions League 2018–19 Liverpool 6th Tottenham Hotspur 2019–20
Europa League 2018–19 Chelsea 2nd Arsenal 2019–20
Super Cup 2019 Liverpool 4th Chelsea 2020
Youth League 2018–19 Porto 1st Chelsea 2019–20
Futsal Champions League 2018–19 Sporting CP 1st Kairat 2019–20
Clubs (Women)
Women's Champions League 2018–19 Lyon 6th Barcelona 2019–20

Titles by nation

Nation Men Women Futsal Total
Euro League U21 U19 U17 Euro U19 U17 Men's Women's
 Spain 3 5 11 9 3 4 7 1 43
 Germany[A] 3 2 6 3 8 6 7 35
 France 2 1 8 2 5 18
 England 2 10 2 1 15
 Russia[B] 1 2 6 3 1 1 14
 Italy 1 5 3 1 1 2 13
 Portugal 1 1 4 6 1 13
 Netherlands 1 2 4 1 1 9
 Sweden 1 1 3 5
 Czech Republic[C] 1 1 1 1 4
 Serbia[D] - 1 3 4
 Bulgaria 3 3
 Hungary 3 3
 Poland 1 1 1 3
 Turkey 1 2 3
 Austria 2 2
 Denmark 1 1 2
 Norway 2 2
 Republic of Ireland 1 1 2
 Belgium 1 1
 Greece 1 1
 Romania 1 1
 Scotland 1 1
 Ukraine 1 1
  1. ^ Including East Germany and West Germany.
  2. ^ Including the Soviet Union.
  3. ^ Including Czechoslovakia.
  4. ^ Including Yugoslavia.

UEFA Competitions articles: 119

Sponsors

UEFA national team competitions
UEFA Champions League

Note: The UEFA Champions League sponsors are also sponsors of the UEFA Super Cup, UEFA Women's Champions League and the UEFA Youth League (excluding Heineken, which is replaced by EA Sports´s FIFA).

UEFA Europa League

UEFA Sponsors articles: 24