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San Francisco Giants

Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in San Francisco, California, United States

Top 10 San Francisco Giants related articles

San Francisco Giants
2020 San Francisco Giants season
Established in 1883
Based in San Francisco since 1958
Team logoCap insignia
Major league affiliations


Current uniform
Retired numbers
Colors
  • Black, orange, metallic gold, cream[1][2]
                       
Name
Other nicknames
  • The Orange and Black, Los Gigantes, The G-Men
Ballpark
Major league titles
World Series titles (8)
NL Pennants (23)
West Division titles (8)
Wild card berths (3)
Front office
Principal owner(s)San Francisco Baseball Associates LLC[3][4]
ManagerGabe Kapler
General managerScott Harris
President of baseball operationsFarhan Zaidi

The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball team based in San Francisco, California. The Giants compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) West division. Founded in 1883 as the New York Gothams, and renamed three years later the New York Giants, the team eventually moved to San Francisco in 1958.

The franchise is one of the oldest and most successful in professional baseball, with more wins than any team in the history of major American sports.[5] The team was the first major-league organization based in New York City, most memorably playing home games at several iterations of the Polo Grounds. The Giants have won 23 National League pennants and have played in the World Series 20 times, both NL records. The Giants' eight World Series championships are second-most in the NL and fifth-most of any franchise.

The franchise won 14 pennants and five World Series championships while in New York, led by managers John McGraw, Bill Terry, and Leo Durocher. New York-era star players including Christy Mathewson, Carl Hubbell, Mel Ott, and Willie Mays join 63 other Giants in the Baseball Hall of Fame, the most of any franchise.[6] The Giants' rivalry with the Los Angeles Dodgers, one of the longest-standing and most famed rivalries in American sports, began in New York and continued when both teams relocated to the West Coast in 1958.[7][8]

Despite the efforts of Mays and Barry Bonds, regarded as two of baseball's all-time best players,[9] the Giants endured a 56-year championships drought following the move west, a stretch that included three World Series losses. The streak ended in 2010, which was followed by additional championships in 2012 and 2014, making the Giants the second team in NL history to win three championships in five years.[10][11][12]

Through 2019, the franchise's all-time record is 11,165–9,687 (.535).[13]

San Francisco Giants Intro articles: 88

Franchise history

New York Giants

The Giants originated in New York City as the New York Gothams in 1883 and were known as the New York Giants from 1885 until the team relocated to San Francisco after the 1957 season. During most of their 75 seasons in New York City, the Giants played home games at various incarnations of the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan.

Numerous inductees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum played for the New York Giants, including John McGraw, Mel Ott, Bill Terry, Willie Mays, Monte Irvin, and Travis Jackson. During the club's tenure in New York, they produced five of the franchise's eight World Series wins (1905, 1921, 1922, 1933, 1954) and 17 of its 23 National League pennants. Famous moments in the Giants' New York history include the 1922 World Series, in which the Giants swept the Yankees in four games, the 1951 home run by New York Giants outfielder and third baseman Bobby Thomson known as the "Shot Heard 'Round the World", and the defensive feat by Mays during Game 1 of the 1954 World Series known as "the Catch".

The Giants had intense rivalries with their fellow New York teams, the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers. The Giants faced the Yankees in six World Series and played the league rival Dodgers multiple times per season. Games between any two of these three teams were known collectively as the Subway Series. The Dodgers-Giants rivalry continues, as both teams moved to California after the 1957 season, with the Dodgers relocating to Los Angeles. The New York Giants of the National Football League are named after the team.

San Francisco Giants

The Giants, along with their rival Los Angeles Dodgers, became the first Major League Baseball teams to ever play on the west coast. On April 15, 1958, the Giants played their first game in San Francisco, defeating the former Brooklyn and now Los Angeles Dodgers, 8–0. The Giants played for two seasons at Seals Stadium before moving to Candlestick Park in 1960. The Giants played at Candlestick Park until 1999, before opening Pacific Bell Park (now known as Oracle Park) in 2000, where the Giants currently play.

The Giants were unable to sustain success in their first 50 years in San Francisco. They made nine playoff appearances and won three NL pennants between 1958 and 2009. The Giants lost the 1962 World Series in seven games to the New York Yankees. The Giants were swept in the 1989 World Series by their cross-town rival Oakland Athletics, a series best known for the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake causing a 10-day delay between Games 2 and 3. The Giants also lost the 2002 World Series to the Anaheim Angels. One of the team's biggest highlights during this time was the 2001 season, in which OF Barry Bonds hit 73 home runs, breaking the record for most home runs in a season. In 2007, Bonds would surpass Hank Aaron's career record of 755 home runs. Bonds finished his career with 762 home runs (586 hit with the Giants), still the MLB record.

The Giants won three World Series championships in 2010, 2012, and 2014, giving the team eight total World Series titles, including the five won as the New York Giants.

Players inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum as San Francisco Giants include 1B Orlando Cepeda P Juan Marichal, 1B Willie McCovey, and P Gaylord Perry.

San Francisco Giants Franchise history articles: 21

Rivalries

The Giants' rivalry with the Los Angeles Dodgers dates back to when the two teams were based in New York, as does their rivalry with the New York Yankees. The Dodger and Giants rivalry is one of the longest rivalries in sports history. Their rivalry with the Oakland Athletics dates back to when the Giants were in New York and the A's were in Philadelphia and played each other in the 1905, 1911, & 1913 World Series, and was renewed in 1968 when the Athletics moved from Kansas City and the teams again played each other in the earthquake-interrupted 1989 Bay Bridge World Series. The 2010 NLCS inaugurated a Giants rivalry with the Philadelphia Phillies after confrontations between Jonathan Sánchez and Chase Utley, and between Ramón Ramírez and Shane Victorino. However, with the Philadelphia Phillies dropping off as one of the premier teams of the National League, this rivalry has died down since 2010 and 2011. Another rivalry that has intensified recently is with the St. Louis Cardinals, whom the team has faced 4 times in the NLCS.

The rivalry between the New York Giants and Chicago Cubs in the early 20th century was once regarded as one of the most heated in baseball,[14] with Merkle's Boner leading to a 1908 season-ending matchup in New York of particular note. That historical rivalry was revisited when the Giants beat the Cubs in the 1989 NL playoffs, in their tiebreaker game in Chicago at the end of the 1998 season, and on June 6, 2012 in a "Turn Back The Century" game in which both teams wore replica 1912 uniforms.[15]

Los Angeles Dodgers

The Giants-Dodgers rivalry is one of the greatest and longest-standing rivalries in team sports, and has been regarded as the most intense in American baseball.[7][8]

The Giants-Dodgers feud began in the late 19th century when both clubs were based in New York City, with the Dodgers based in Brooklyn and the Giants playing at the Polo Grounds in upper Manhattan. After the 1957 season, Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley decided to move the team to Los Angeles primarily for financial reasons.[16] Along the way, he managed to convince Giants owner Horace Stoneham (who was considering moving his team to Minnesota) to preserve the rivalry by taking his team to San Francisco as well.[16] New York baseball fans were stunned and heartbroken by the move.[16][17] Given that the cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco have long been competitors in economic, cultural and political arenas, their new California venues became fertile ground for transplantation of the ancient rivalry.

Both teams' having endured for over a century while leaping across an entire continent, as well as the rivalry's growth from cross-city to cross-state, have led to its being considered one of the greatest in sports history.[18][19][20]

The Giants-Dodgers rivalry has been marked by the Giants' slightly better success. While the Giants have more total wins, head-to-head wins, and World Series titles in their franchise histories, the Dodgers have won the National League West 10 more times than the Giants since the start of division play in 1969. Both teams have made the postseason as a National League wild card twice. The Giants won their first world championship in California in 2010, while the Dodgers won their last world title in 1988. As of the end of the 2019 baseball season, the Los Angeles Dodgers lead the San Francisco Giants in California World Series triumphs, 5–3, whereas in 20th century New York, the Giants led the Dodgers in World Series championships, 5–1. The combined franchise histories give the Giants an 8–6 edge in MLB championships, overall.

Oakland Athletics

A geographic rivalry with the cross-Bay American League Athletics greatly increased with the 1989 World Series, nicknamed the "Battle of the Bay", which Oakland swept (and which was interrupted by the Loma Prieta earthquake moments before the scheduled start of Game 3 in San Francisco). In addition, the introduction of interleague play in 1997 has pitted the two teams against each other for usually six games every season since 1997, three in each city (but only four in 2013, two in each city). Before 1997, they played each other only in Cactus League spring training. Their interleague play wins and losses (63–57 in favor of the A's) have been fairly evenly divided despite differences in league, style of play, stadium, payroll, fan base stereotypes, media coverage and World Series records, all of which have heightened the rivalry in recent years.[21] The intensity of the rivalry and how it is understood varies among Bay Area fans. A's fans generally view the Giants as a hated rival, while Giants fans generally view the A's as a friendly rival much lower on the scale. This is most likely due to the A's lack of a historical rival, while the Giants have their heated rivalry with the Dodgers. Some Bay Area fans are fans of both teams. The "split hats" that feature the logos of both teams best embodies the shared fan base. Other Bay Area fans view the competition between the two teams as a "friendly rivalry", with little actual hatred compared to similar ones such as the Subway Series (New York Mets vs. New York Yankees), the Red Line Series (Chicago Cubs vs. Chicago White Sox) and the Freeway Series (Los Angeles Dodgers vs. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim).

The Giants and A's enjoyed a limited rivalry at the start of the 20th century before the Yankees began to dominate after the acquisition of Babe Ruth in 1920, when the Giants were in New York and the A's were in Philadelphia. The teams were managed by legendary leaders John McGraw and Connie Mack, who were considered not only friendly rivals but the premier managers during that era, especially in view of their longevity (Mack for 50 years, McGraw for 30) since both were majority owners. Each team played in five of the first 15 World Series (tying them with the Red Sox and Cubs for most World Series appearances during that time period). As the New York Giants and the Philadelphia A's, they met in three World Series, with the Giants winning in 1905 and the A's in 1911 & 1913. After becoming the San Francisco Giants and Oakland A's, they met in a fourth Series in 1989 resulting in the A's last world championship (as of 2018).

Historical rivalry

New York Yankees

Though in different leagues, the Giants have also been historical rivals of the Yankees,[22][23][24] starting in New York before the Giants moved to the West Coast. Before the institution of interleague play in 1997, the two teams had little opportunity to play each other except in seven World Series: 1921, 1922, 1923, 1936, 1937, 1951 and 1962, the Yankees winning last five of the seven Series. The teams have met five times in regular season interleague play: In 2002 at the old Yankee Stadium, in 2007 at Oracle Park (then known as AT&T Park), in 2013 and 2016 at the current Yankee Stadium, and in 2019 at Oracle Park. The teams' next regular season meetings will occur in 2022.

In a September 2013 meeting, Yankees 3B Alex Rodriguez hit a grand slam, breaking Lou Gehrig's grand slam record.

In his July 4, 1939 farewell speech ending with the renowned "Today, I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth", Yankee slugger Lou Gehrig, who played in 2,130 consecutive games, declared that the Giants were a team he "would give his right arm to beat, and vice versa."[25]

San Francisco Giants Rivalries articles: 38

Baseball Hall of Famers

As of 2012, the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame has inducted 66 representatives of the Giants (55 players and 11 managers) into the Hall of Fame, more than any other team in the history of baseball.

San Francisco Giants Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
New York Gothams/Giants

Dave Bancroft
Jake Beckley
Roger Bresnahan *
Dan Brouthers
Jesse Burkett
Roger Connor *
George Davis *
Leo Durocher

Buck Ewing *
Frankie Frisch
Burleigh Grimes
Gabby Hartnett
Rogers Hornsby
Waite Hoyt
Carl Hubbell *
Monte Irvin
Travis Jackson *

Tim Keefe *
Willie Keeler
George Kelly *
King Kelly
Tony Lazzeri
Freddie Lindstrom *
Ernie Lombardi
Rube Marquard *
Christy Mathewson *

Joe McGinnity *
John McGraw *
Joe Medwick
Johnny Mize
Hank O'Day
Jim O'Rourke *
Mel Ott *
Edd Roush
Amos Rusie *

Ray Schalk
Red Schoendienst
Bill Terry *
John Montgomery Ward *
Mickey Welch *
Hoyt Wilhelm
Hack Wilson
Ross Youngs *

San Francisco Giants

Steve Carlton
Gary Carter

Orlando Cepeda *
Rich Gossage
Randy Johnson

Juan Marichal *
Willie Mays *

Willie McCovey *
Joe Morgan
Gaylord Perry *

Frank Robinson
Duke Snider
Warren Spahn

  • Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Giants or Gothams cap insignia.
  • * New York / San Francisco Giants listed as primary team according to the Hall of Fame

Ford C. Frick Award recipients

San Francisco Giants Ford C. Frick Award recipients
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Ernie Harwell
Russ Hodges

Tim McCarver
Jon Miller

Lindsey Nelson
Lon Simmons

  • Names in bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Giants.
  • * Played as Giants

Other

The following inducted members of the Hall of Fame played or managed for the Giants, but either played for the Giants and were inducted as a manager having never managed the Giants, or managed the Giants and were inducted as a player having never played for the Giants:

  • Cap Anson – inducted as player, managed Giants in 1898.
  • Hughie Jennings – inducted as player, managed Giants from 1924 to 1925.
  • Bill McKechnie – inducted as manager, played for Giants in 1916.
  • Frank Robinson – inducted as player, managed Giants from 1981 to 1984.
  • Casey Stengel – inducted as manager, played for Giants from 1921 to 1923.

Broadcasters Russ Hodges, Lon Simmons, and Jon Miller are permanently honored in the Hall's "Scribes & Mikemen" exhibit as a result of winning the Ford C. Frick Award in 1980, 2004, and 2010 respectively. As with all Frick Award winners, none are officially recognized as an inducted member of the Hall of Fame.

Giants in the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame

Giants in the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame
No. Name Position Tenure Notes
Bob Lurie Owner 1976–1993 Born in San Francisco
Peter Magowan Owner/President 1993–2008 Attended Stanford University
1, 18 Bill Rigney IF
Manager
1946–1953
1956–1960, 1976
Born and raised in Alameda
2 Dick Bartell SS 1935–1938
1941–1943, 1946
Grew up in Alameda
4 Ernie Lombardi C 1943–1947 Elected mainly on his performance with Cincinnati Reds, grew up in Oakland
6 Tony Lazzeri 2B 1939 Elected mainly on his performance with New York Yankees, born and raised in San Francisco
8 Joe Morgan 2B 1981–1982 Elected mainly on his performance with Cincinnati Reds, raised in Oakland
9, 10, 60 Matt Williams 3B 1987–1996
12 Dusty Baker OF
Manager
1984
1993–2002
14 Vida Blue P 1978–1981
1985–1986
Elected mainly on his performance with Oakland A's
15 Bruce Bochy Manager 2007–2019
16 Lefty O'Doul LF 1928
1933–1934
Born in San Francisco
18, 43 Matt Cain P 2005–2017
19, 33 Dave Righetti P
Coach
1991–1993
2000–2017
Born and raised in San Jose
20 Frank Robinson Manager 1981–1984 Elected mainly on his performance with Cincinnati Reds and Baltimore Orioles
21 Jeff Kent 2B 1997–2002 Attended UC Berkeley
22 Will Clark 1B 1986–1993
24 Willie Mays CF 1951–1952
1954–1972
25 Barry Bonds LF 1993–2007 Grew up in San Carlos
27 Juan Marichal P 1960–1973
30 Orlando Cepeda 1B 1958–1966
36 Gaylord Perry P 1962–1971
43 Dave Dravecky P 1987–1989
44 Willie McCovey 1B 1959–1973
1977–1980

San Francisco Giants Baseball Hall of Famers articles: 83

San Francisco Giants Wall of Famers

The Giants Wall of Fame recognizes retired players whose records stand highest among their teammates on the basis of longevity and achievements.

Those honored have played a minimum of nine seasons for the San Francisco Giants, or five seasons with at least one All-Star selection as a Giant.[26]

Key
Year Year inducted
Bold Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Giant
San Francisco Giants Wall of Fame
Year No. Name Position(s) Tenure
2008 23, 49 Felipe Alou OF/1B
Manager
1958–1963
2003–2006
46 Gary Lavelle P 1974–1984
33 Jim Barr P 1971–1978
1982–1983
10 Johnnie LeMaster SS 1975–1985
14, 24 Willie Mays CF 1951–1952, 1954–1972
47 Rod Beck P 1991–1997
00, 20, 26 Jeffrey Leonard LF 1981–1988
14 Vida Blue P 1978–1981
1985–1986
8, 17, 19 Kirt Manwaring C 1987–1996
44 Willie McCovey 1B 1959–1973
1977–1980
42 Bobby Bolin P 1961–1969
27 Juan Marichal P 1960–1973
49 Jeff Brantley P 1988–1993
15, 22 Jack Clark RF/1B 1975–1984
29, 40 Mike McCormick P 1956–1962
1967–1970
15, 19 Bob Brenly C 1981–1988
1989
32, 33, 40, 51 John Burkett P 1987
1990–1994
23, 37 Stu Miller P 1957–1962
25 Bobby Bonds RF 1968–1974
30 Orlando Cepeda 1B 1958–1966
17, 39 Randy Moffitt P 1972–1981
38, 41 Greg Minton P 1975–1987
7, 9 Kevin Mitchell LF 1987–1991
22 Will Clark 1B 1986–1993
34, 39 Mike Krukow P 1983–1989
12 Jim Davenport 3B
Manager
1958–1970
1985
26, 50 John Montefusco P 1974–1980
30, 33 Chili Davis OF 1981–1987
9, 10, 60 Matt Williams 3B 1987–1996
31 Robb Nen P 1998–2002
2 Dick Dietz C 1966–1971
22, 28, 35, 36 Gaylord Perry P 1962–1971
41 Darrell Evans 3B/1B 1976–1983
16 Jim Ray Hart 3B/LF 1963–1973
48 Rick Reuschel P 1987–1991
6 J. T. Snow 1B 1997–2005
2008
23, 26, 29 Tito Fuentes 2B 1965–1974
42, 45, 46 Kirk Rueter P 1996–2005
31, 43, 50, 52, 54 Scott Garrelts P 1982–1991
6 Robby Thompson 2B 1986–1996
5, 51 Tom Haller C 1961–1967
2, 35 Chris Speier SS 1971–1977
1987–1989
7, 14, 17 Atlee Hammaker P 1982–1985
1987–1990
2009 21 Jeff Kent 2B 1997–2002
2010 33, 35, 57 Rich Aurilia SS 1995–2003
2007–2009
36, 55 Shawn Estes P 1995–2001
2011 7, 56 Marvin Benard OF 1995–2003
29 Jason Schmidt P 2001–2006
2017 25 Barry Bonds LF 1993–2007
2018 18, 43 Matt Cain P 2005–2017
33, 38 Brian Wilson P 2006–2012
14, 32, 51 Ryan Vogelsong P 2000–2001
2011–2015
2019 Peter Magowan Managing General Partner 1993–2008

San Francisco Giants San Francisco Giants Wall of Famers articles: 44