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Northern Chad offensive

Rebel offensive in Northern Chad

Top 8 Northern Chad offensive related articles

Northern Chad offensive
Part of the insurgency in Northern Chad

Tibesti Region in northern Chad, where clashes began
Date11 April 2021 – present
(1 week and 6 days)


 Chad Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT)
Commanders and leaders
Idriss Déby [1]
Maj. Gen. Mahamat Déby Itno
Gen. Abakar Abdelkarim Daoud
Mahamat Mahdi Ali
Casualties and losses
5 soldiers killed
President Idriss Déby killed
36 soldiers wounded (Chadian government figures)[2]
~300 fighters killed
150 fighters captured (Chadian government figures)[2]

The Northern Chad offensive was initiated by the Chadian rebel group Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT) on 11 April 2021.[3] It began in the Tibesti Region in the north of the country following the 2021 Chadian presidential election.[3] President Idriss Déby was killed during the offensive on 19 April.


In the 2021 Chadian presidential election, Idriss Déby, an ally of the Western powers, who seized power in the 1990 coup d'état, was expected to extend his mandate of 30 years in power.[4] The Independent National Election Commission (CENI) had indicated that Déby had taken a large lead with 30% of the votes cast still to be counted.[4] Déby won all but one of the departments of the country.[4] In not recognizing the results, the opposition had called to boycott the 11 April election with Yacine Abderaman Sakine of the Reform Party refusing to concede the victory to Déby.[4] Preliminary results are expected on 25 April.[5] Déby was seen in Europe and the United States as an ally in the fight against the Boko Haram insurgency and other terrorism in West and Central Africa.[5]

On the day of the election, the Libyan-based group Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT) launched an attack on a border post of the military of Chad.[5] FACT is under the protection of Libyan military warlord Khalifa Haftar and often clashes with the Chadian military.[4]

Northern Chad offensive Background articles: 10


After the 11 April border attack, the FACT forces entered the country on convoys and clashed with the army in several cities and towns and headed toward N'Djamena, the capital of Chad.[6] As a result of the growing instability, the United States and the United Kingdom withdrew diplomatic staff from the country.[6][2] On 19 April, FACT claimed to have taken control of the former Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti prefecture.[7]

As of 19 April 2021, clashes continued between FACT forces and elements of the Chadian Armed Forces. FACT forces claimed independence in the northern part of the Tibesti Region.[2] At least 300 FACT fighters were reportedly killed in the clashes whilst at least five Chadian soldiers had also been killed during the confrontation, which increased political tension in the country.[2] The army said on 19 April that they had "completely destroyed" FACT convoys heading towards the capital. An army spokesman said that the convoys were "decimated" in the northern province of Kanem.[3] After the clashes, Gen. Azem Bermandoa Agouna of the Chadian Armed Forces claimed that the army had captured 150 FACT fighters and also reported 36 wounded Chadian soldiers.[2]

On 19 April 2021, President Idriss Déby was killed on the frontline.[8][9][10] His son Mahamat Déby Itno succeeded him as head of the Transitional Military Council of Chad. Rebels vowed to continue their offensive on the capital following Déby's death.[11]

The following day, FACT rebels defended their campaign towards Chad's capital, N'Djamena, and rejected the transitional military junta led by Déby's son as the legitimate government of Chad. Although stores and other facilities remained open, many civilians reportedly chose to stay home amidst rising fears of conflict. Opposition politicians asked Déby's son, Mahamat Déby Itno, for a quick civilian transition.[12]

On 21 April, a rebel base in northern Chad was allegedly bombed. Rebels claimed that aistrikes were used to try and target their leader, Mahamat Mahadi Ali, and accused France of supporting the raid.[13]

Northern Chad offensive Events articles: 4


Reactions to Déby's death included condemnation of the ongoing violence in Chad, in addition to condolences. The reactions came from the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations, as well as from representatives of several countries, including China, France, Israel, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Turkey and the United States.[14][15][16][17] On 22 April 2021, France publicly defended the military takeover of the government by Déby's son, despite it being unconstitutional, saying that it was necessary under "exceptional circumstances."[18]

Northern Chad offensive Reactions articles: 3


  1. ^ "Chadian President Idriss Deby dies on frontline, rebels vow to keep fighting". France24. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Kum, Peter; Forku, Rodrigue (19 April 2021). "Over 300 rebels killed in northern Chad". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Takadji, Edouard; Larson, Krista (18 April 2021). "Chad army claims it has stopped rebel drive toward capital". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Chad's Deby takes early election lead as rebels near Ndjamena". Al Jazeera. 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "Chad's President Poised to Extend his 30 Years in Power". VOA News. 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b "US orders diplomats to leave Chad as rebels near capital". Deutsche Welle. 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  7. ^ Chadian Crisis: Front Claims Control Of Former Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Prefecture, 18 April 2021
  8. ^ "BREAKING: Chad president assassinated by militants from North". EgyptToday. 2021-04-20. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  9. ^ "Chad President Idriss Deby killed on frontline, son to take over". Reuters. 2021-04-20. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  10. ^ McAllister, Edward; Lewis, David (21 April 2021). "Explainer-Who are the rebels threatening to take Chad's capital?". Reuters. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Rebels vow to pursue Chad offensive after Deby's death". The Daily Telegraph. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "Rebels threaten to march on capital as Chad reels from president's battlefield death". Reuters. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  13. ^ Ahead of Deby’s funeral, Chad rebels say command hit by air strike, 23 April 2021
  14. ^ "World reacts to death of Chad President Idriss Deby". Al Jazeera. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021 – via www.aljazeera.com.
  15. ^ Sauers, Michael (2021-04-22). "King Mohammed VI Sends Sympathies to Chad Leader After Deby's Death". Morocco World News. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  16. ^ "China mourns death of Chad's president". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  17. ^ "Turkish president condoles over Chad president's death". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  18. ^ Irish, John (22 April 2021). "France defends Chad military takeover as needed to ensure stability". Reuters. Retrieved 22 April 2021.