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Ministry of Social Affairs (Indonesia)

Indonesian ministry focused on socials

Republic of Indonesia
Ministry of Social Affairs
Kementerian Sosial
Ministry overview
FormedAugust 19, 1945; 75 years ago (1945-08-19)
JurisdictionGovernment of Indonesia
HeadquartersJl. Salemba Raya No. 28 Jakarta Pusat 10430, Jakarta SCR, Indonesia
Employees3,905 Civil Service employees[1]
Annual budget$8.737 million (FY 2020) [2]
Ministry executive
Websitewww.kemsos.go.id

Ministry of Social Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (abbreviated as Kemensos, formerly Department of Social Affairs) is a ministry that has the task of organizing and overseeing domestic affairs in government to assist the president in implementing state governance in the social sector.[3] The Ministry of Social Affairs is led by a Social Minister who since 23 December 2020 has been held by Tri Rismaharini.[4]

Ministry of Social Affairs (Indonesia) Intro articles: 2

History

Early Independence

The first Minister of Social Affairs in the early days of independence was entrusted to Iwa Kusuma Sumantri. At that time, there were approximately 30 employees for the Labor and Social Affairs Departments. Almost all of these employees lacks in knowledge and experience in the labor and social fields. Initially, the Ministry of Social Affairs office was located at Jalan Cemara no. 5 Jakarta, but when the capital city of the Indonesian Republic was moved to Yogyakarta, on January 10, 1946, the Ministry of Social Affairs moved their headquarter to the seminary building on Jl. Code Yogyakarta. Then when the Indonesian Government moved its capital back to Jakarta, the office of the Ministry of Social Affairs was re-established at Jalan Ir. Juanda 36, Central Jakarta, and has experienced a change of location again to Jalan Salemba Raya 28 Central Jakarta until now.[5]

Period of Dissolution (Liquidation)

During the presidential reign of Abdurrahman Wahid, the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Information were formally dissolved. At that time President Abdurrahman Wahid had the idea that social welfare services were sufficient for the community in Indonesia. However, the situation said differently. Unexpectedly, various social welfare problems appeared, such as natural disasters, social disasters, as well as a surge in the population of the homeless and neglected children in Indonesia. As a result, former high-ranking officials of the Ministry of Social Affairs at that time initiated the formation of an agency that is responsible directly under the President, and thus, the National Social Welfare Agency (BKSN) was formed.[6]

Incorporation Period

After the formation of the National Social Welfare Agency (BKSN), problem was not immediately resolved. Instead, a complete shortage of officers and the BKSN authority happened due to the imbalance of the population and social problems. With such considerations, in the National Unity Cabinet, the Ministry of Social Affairs was re-established, but with a merging with the Ministry of Health. Its nomenclature is the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. The merging of those two ministry also does not provide an adequate solution to the social welfare problems, in which the social problems has become increasingly complex. Then, during the Gotong Royong Cabinet period, the Ministry of Social Affairs was re-functioned to carry out development tasks in the field of social welfare.[7]

Ministry of Social Affairs (Indonesia) History articles: 5

Tasks and functions

The Ministry of Social Affairs has the task of carrying out affairs in the fields of social rehabilitation, social security, social empowerment, social protection and handling of the poor to assist the President in carrying out state governance. In carrying out its duties, the Ministry of Social Affairs carries out the functions as follows:

  1. Formulation, stipulation and implementation of policies in the fields of social rehabilitation, social security, social empowerment, social protection, and handling of the poor;
  2. Determination of criteria and data for the poor and needy people;
  3. Establishment of social rehabilitation standards;
  4. Coordinating the implementation of duties, coaching, and providing administrative support to all elements of the organization within the Ministry of Social Affairs;
  5. Management of State property / assets which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Social Affairs;
  6. Supervision of the implementation of tasks within the Ministry of Social Affairs;
  7. Implementation of technical guidance and supervision of the implementation of Ministry of Social affairs in the regions;
  8. Implementation of education and training, research and development of social welfare, and social counseling; and
  9. Implementation of substantive support to all organizational elements within the Ministry of Social Affairs.[8]

Organizational structure

Based on Presidential Regulation Number 46 of 2015, the Ministry of Social Affairs consists of:

  1. General Secretariat;
  2. Directorate General of Social Protection and Security;
  3. Directorate General of Social Rehabilitation;
  4. Directorate General of Social Empowerment;
  5. Directorate General of Poor Management;
  6. Inspectorate General;
  7. Agency for Education, Research and Social Counseling;
  8. Expert Staff for Change and Social Dynamics;
  9. Expert Staff for Social Welfare Technology; and
  10. Expert Staff for Social Accessibility.[9]

List of ministers

No Photo Name Cabinet Took office Left office Affiliation R
1
Iwa Kusumasumantri
Presidential
19 August 1945
14 November 1945
Non-partisan[a]
2
Adjidarmo Tjokronegoro Sjahrir I
14 November 1945
5 December 1945
Socialist Party[b]
3
Soedarsono
5 December 1945
12 March 1946
4
Maria Ulfah Santoso Sjahrir II
12 March 1946
26 June 1946
Non-partisan
Sjahrir III
2 October 1946
26 June 1947
5
Soeparjo
Amir Sjarifuddin I
3 July 1947
11 November 1947
PBI
Amir Sjarifuddin II
11 November 1947
29 January 1948
6
Rahendra Kusnan Hatta I
29 January 1948
4 August 1948
PNI
Sutan Rasjid Emergency[c]
19 December 1948
13 July 1949
PSI
(6)
Rahendra Kusnan Hatta II
4 August 1949
20 December 1949
PNI
Kosasih Purwanegara RUSI
20 December 1949
6 September 1950
Parki
(6)
Rahendra Kusnan Susanto
20 December 1949
21 January 1950
PNI
7
Hamdani Halim
21 January 1950
6 September 1950
PSI
8
Fredericus Soetrisno Harjadi Natsir
6 September 1950
3 April 1951
Catholic
9
Samsudin Sukiman
27 April 1951
3 April 1952
Masyumi
10
Anwar Tjokroaminoto Wilopo
3 April 1952
5 May 1953
PSII
11
Suroso
5 May 1953
30 July 1953
Parindra
Ali Sastroamidjojo I
30 July 1953
12 August 1955
12
Sudibjo Burhanuddin Harahap
12 August 1955
18 January 1956
PSII
Sutomo
(acting)
18 January 1956
24 March 1956
PRI
13
Fatah Jasin Ali Sastroamidjojo II
24 March 1956
14 March 1957
NU
14
Johannes Leimena Djuanda
9 April 1957
10 July 1959
Parkindo
15
Muljadi Djojomartono Working I[d]
10 July 1959
18 February 1960
Masyumi
Working II[e]
18 February 1960
6 March 1962
16 Rusiah Sardjono Working III[f]
6 March 1962
13 November 1963
Non-partisan
Working IV
13 November 1963
27 August 1964
Dwikora I
27 August 1964
22 February 1966
Dwikora II
24 February 1966
26 March 1966
(15)
Muljadi Djojomartono Dwikora III
28 March 1966
25 July 1966
Masyumi
17 Albert Mangaratua Tambunan Ampera I
28 July 1966
14 October 1967
Parkindo
Ampera II
14 October 1967
10 June 1968
Development I
10 June 1968
12 December 1970
Idham Chalid
(acting)
12 December 1970 11 September 1971 NU
18 Mohammad Syafa'at Mintaredja
11 September 1971
28 March 1973
PPP
Development II
28 March 1973
29 March 1978
19 Supardjo Development III
29 March 1978
19 March 1983
Golkar
20 Nani Soedarsono Development IV
19 March 1983
21 March 1988
Golkar
21 Haryati Soebadio Development V
21 March 1988
17 March 1993
Golkar
22 Endang Kusuma Inten Soeweno Development VI
17 March 1993
14 March 1998
Golkar
23 Siti Hardijanti Rukmana Development VII
14 March 1998
21 May 1998
Golkar
24 Justika Baharsjah Development Reform
23 May 1998
20 October 1999
Golkar
Position abolished during the National Unity Cabinet, merged into the Coordinating Minister of Politics, Social, and Security
25 Bachtiar Chamsyah Mutual Assistance
10 August 2001
20 October 2004
PPP
United Indonesia I
21 October 2004
20 October 2009
26 Salim Assegaf Al Jufri United Indonesia II
22 October 2009
20 October 2014
PKS
27 Khofifah Indar Parawansa Working
27 October 2014
17 January 2018
PKB [10]
28 Idrus Marham
17 January 2018
24 August 2018
Golkar [11][12]
29 Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita
24 August 2018
20 October 2019
Golkar
30 Juliari Batubara Onward
23 October 2019
6 December 2020
PDIP
31 Tri Rismaharini Onward
23 December 2020
Incumbent
PDIP

References

  1. ^ No political party existed during this time.
  2. ^ It was unclear which party was both into. Most sources mentioned PSI, but PSI hadn't existed yet during this time.
  3. ^ Also serving concurrently as Minister of Labor.
  4. ^ As the Junior Minister of Social Affairs. Some sources also mentioned the position as Minister of Social Affairs.
  5. ^ As the Minister of Social Prosperity
  6. ^ Renamed to Minister of Social Affairs