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Military service

Performing the service in the armed forces of a state

Top 10 Military service related articles

  No armed forces
  No enforced conscription
  Active draft system, but less than 20% of the whole age group are conscripted
  Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
  Conscription
  No information

Military service is service by an individual or group in an army or other militia, whether as a chosen job (volunteer) or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription).

Some nations (e.g., Mexico) require a specific amount of military service from every citizen, except for special cases, such as physical or mental disorders or religious belief. Most countries that use conscription systems only conscript men; a few countries also conscript women.[1] For example, Norway, Sweden, North Korea, Israel, and Eritrea conscript both men and women. However, only Norway and Sweden have a gender-neutral conscription system, where men and women are conscripted and serve on equal formal terms.[2] Some nations with conscription systems do not enforce them.

Nations which conscript for military service typically also rely on citizens choosing to join the armed forces as a career.[3]

Some nations with armed forces do not conscript their personnel (e.g. most NATO and European Union states). Instead, they promote military careers to attract and select recruits; see military recruitment.

Some, usually smaller, nations have no armed forces at all or rely on an armed domestic security force (e.g. police, coast guard).

Military service Intro articles: 7

Summary of military service around the world

In this summary, 195 countries are included.[4][5][6]

No enforced conscription

The following 109 countries and territories have been identified as having no enforced conscription:

Conscription to be abolished in the near future

As of 2019, three countries have been identified as intending to abolish conscription in the near future:

Both compulsory and voluntary military service

The following countries and colonies have been identified as having both compulsory and voluntary military service:

Selective conscription

The following eleven countries have been identified as having selective conscription:

Civilian, unarmed or non-combatant service option

The following fifteen countries have been identified as having a civilian, unarmed or non-combatant service optional alternative to compulsory military service:

Compulsory military service for both genders

  •  Cape Verde[8] (2 years selective)
  •  Chad[8] (3 years for men. 1 year for women. Civilian service for the age of 21)
  •  Eritrea[8] (Indefinite period, usually up to 10 years for women and 15 for men )
  •  Israel[8] (30 months for men[9] since 2020 and 2 years for women)
  •  Morocco[10] (1 year)
  •  Norway[8] (19 months, selective)
  •  North Korea[8] (10 years for men, upon high school completion to 23 years of age for women)
  •  China[8] (de jure; drafts have never been arranged)
  •  Sweden[2][8] (11 months, selective)

Military service limited to 1 year or less

The following twenty countries have been identified as having compulsory military service limited to 1 year or less:

Military service limited to 18 months

The following 12 countries have been identified to having compulsory military service limited to 18 months or less:

Military service longer than 18 months

The following 27 countries have been identified as having compulsory military service terms longer than 18 months:

No defense force

The following nineteen countries have been identified as having no defense forces or as having no standing army but having very limited military forces:

* Countries having no standing army, but having very limited military forces.

Military service Summary of military service around the world articles: 189