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Member states of the United Nations

Sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly

Top 10 Member states of the United Nations related articles

Flags of the member states of the United Nations, in front of the Palace of Nations (Geneva, Switzerland). Since 2015, the flags of the two non-member observer states are raised alongside those of the 193 member states.

The United Nations member states are the 193 sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.[1] The UN is the world's largest intergovernmental organization.

The criteria for admission of new members to the UN are set out in Chapter II, Article 4 of the UN Charter:[2]

  1. Membership in the United Nations is open to all peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgement of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.
  2. The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

A recommendation for admission from the Security Council requires affirmative votes from at least nine of the council's fifteen members, with none of the five permanent members using their veto power. The Security Council's recommendation must then be approved in the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote.[3]

In principle, only sovereign states can become UN members, and currently, all UN members are sovereign states. Although five members were not sovereign when they joined the UN, they all subsequently became fully independent between 1946 and 1991. Because a state can only be admitted to membership in the UN by the approval of the Security Council and the General Assembly, a number of states that are considered sovereign according to the Montevideo Convention are not members of the UN. This is because the UN does not consider them to possess sovereignty, mainly due to the lack of international recognition or due to opposition from one of the permanent members.

In addition to the member states, the UN also invites non-member states to become observers at the UN General Assembly,[4] allowing them to participate and speak in General Assembly meetings, but not vote. Observers are generally intergovernmental organizations and international organizations and entities whose statehood or sovereignty is not precisely defined.

Member states of the United Nations Intro articles: 4

Original members

The United Nations in 1945, after World War II. In light blue, the founding members. In dark blue, protectorates and territories of the founding members.

The UN officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, after ratification of the United Nations Charter by the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (the Republic of China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and a majority of the other signatories.[5] A total of 51 original members (or founding members) joined that year; 50 of them signed the Charter at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco on 26 June 1945, while Poland, which was not represented at the conference, signed it on 15 October 1945.[6][7]

The original members of the United Nations were: China (then the Republic of China), France (then the Provisional Government), Russia (then the Soviet Union), the United Kingdom, the United States (these first five forming the Security Council), Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil (then the Vargas Era Brazil), Belarus (then the Byelorussian SSR), Canada, Chile (then the 1925–73 Presidential Republic), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba (then the 1902–59 Republic), Czechoslovakia (then the Third Republic), Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt (then the Kingdom of Egypt), El Salvador, Ethiopia (then the Ethiopian Empire), Greece (then the Glücksburg Kingdom), Guatemala, Haiti (then the 1859–1957 Republic), Honduras, India (then the British Raj), Iran (then the Pahlavi dynasty), Iraq (then the Kingdom of Iraq), Lebanon, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand (then the Dominion of New Zealand), Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines (then the Commonwealth), Poland (then the Provisional Government of National Unity), Saudi Arabia, South Africa (then the Union of South Africa), Syria (then the Mandatory Republic), Turkey, Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), Uruguay, Venezuela and Yugoslavia (then the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia).[7]

Among the original members, 49 are either still UN members or had their memberships in the UN continued by a successor state (see table below); for example, the membership of the Soviet Union was continued by the Russian Federation after its dissolution (see the section Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). The other two original members, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia (i.e., the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), had been dissolved and their memberships in the UN not continued from 1992 by any one successor state (see the sections Former members: Czechoslovakia and Former members: Yugoslavia).[7]

At the time of UN's founding, the seat of China in the UN was held by the Republic of China, but as a result of United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758 in 1971, it is now held by the People's Republic of China (see the section Former members: Republic of China (Taiwan)).

A number of the original members were not sovereign when they joined the UN, and only gained full independence later:[8]

Member states of the United Nations Original members articles: 89

Current members

The current members and their dates of admission are listed below with their official designations used by the United Nations.[10][11]

The alphabetical order by the member states' official designations is used to determine the seating arrangement of the General Assembly sessions, where a draw is held each year to select a member state as the starting point.[12] Some member states use their full official names in their official designations and thus are sorted out of order from their common names: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of Moldova, and the United Republic of Tanzania.[7][13][14]

The member states can be sorted by their official designations and dates of admission by clicking on the buttons in the header of the columns. See related sections on former members by clicking on the links in the column "See also". Original members are listed with a blue background.

UN member states
Member state Date of admission See also
Afghanistan 19 November 1946 United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
Albania 14 December 1955
Algeria 8 October 1962
Andorra 28 July 1993
Angola 1 December 1976
Antigua and Barbuda 11 November 1981
Argentina 24 October 1945
Armenia 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Australia 1 November 1945 Australia and the United Nations
Austria 14 December 1955
Azerbaijan 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Bahamas 18 September 1973
Bahrain 21 September 1971
Bangladesh 17 September 1974
Barbados 9 December 1966
Belarus 24 October 1945 Former member: Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
Belgium 27 December 1945
Belize 25 September 1981
Benin[note 1] 20 September 1960
Bhutan 21 September 1971
Plurinational State of Bolivia[note 2] 14 November 1945
Bosnia and Herzegovina 22 May 1992 Former member: Yugoslavia (original member)
Botswana 17 October 1966
Brazil 24 October 1945 Brazil and the United Nations
Brunei Darussalam 21 September 1984
Bulgaria 14 December 1955
Burkina Faso[note 3] 20 September 1960
Burundi 18 September 1962
Cabo Verde[note 4] 16 September 1975
Cambodia[note 5] 14 December 1955
Cameroon[note 6] 20 September 1960
Canada 9 November 1945 Canada and the United Nations
Central African Republic[note 7] 20 September 1960
Chad 20 September 1960
Chile 24 October 1945
China 24 October 1945 Former member: Republic of China and China and the United Nations
Colombia 5 November 1945
Comoros 12 November 1975
Congo[note 8] 20 September 1960
Costa Rica 2 November 1945 Costa Rica in the United Nations
Côte d'Ivoire[note 9] 20 September 1960
Croatia 22 May 1992 Former member: Yugoslavia (original member)
Cuba 24 October 1945
Cyprus 20 September 1960
Czech Republic 19 January 1993 Former member: Czechoslovakia (original member)
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 17 September 1991 Korea and the United Nations
Democratic Republic of the Congo[note 10] 20 September 1960
Denmark 24 October 1945
Djibouti 20 September 1977
Dominica 18 December 1978
Dominican Republic 24 October 1945
Ecuador 21 December 1945
Egypt 24 October 1945 Former member: United Arab Republic
El Salvador 24 October 1945
Equatorial Guinea 12 November 1968
Eritrea 28 May 1993
Estonia 17 September 1991 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Eswatini[note 11] 24 September 1968
Ethiopia 13 November 1945
Fiji 13 October 1970 Fiji and the United Nations
Finland 14 December 1955
France 24 October 1945 France and the United Nations
Gabon 20 September 1960
Gambia 21 September 1965
Georgia 31 July 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Germany 18 September 1973 Former member: German Democratic Republic and Germany and the United Nations
Ghana 8 March 1957
Greece 25 October 1945
Grenada 17 September 1974
Guatemala 21 November 1945
Guinea 12 December 1958
Guinea-Bissau 17 September 1974
Guyana 20 September 1966
Haiti 24 October 1945
Honduras 17 December 1945
Hungary 14 December 1955
Iceland 19 November 1946
India 30 October 1945 India and the United Nations
Indonesia[note 12] 28 September 1950 Withdrawal of Indonesia (1965–1966) and Indonesia and the United Nations
Islamic Republic of Iran[note 13] 24 October 1945
Iraq 21 December 1945
Ireland 14 December 1955
Israel 11 May 1949 Israel, Palestine, and the United Nations
Italy 14 December 1955
Jamaica 18 September 1962
Japan 18 December 1956 Japan and the United Nations
Jordan 14 December 1955
Kazakhstan[note 14] 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Kenya 16 December 1963
Kiribati 14 September 1999
Kuwait 14 May 1963
Kyrgyzstan 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Lao People's Democratic Republic[note 15] 14 December 1955
Latvia 17 September 1991 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Lebanon 24 October 1945
Lesotho 17 October 1966
Liberia 2 November 1945
Libya[note 16] 14 December 1955
Liechtenstein 18 September 1990
Lithuania 17 September 1991 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Luxembourg 24 October 1945 Luxembourg and the United Nations
Madagascar 20 September 1960
Malawi 1 December 1964
Malaysia 17 September 1957 Former member: Federation of Malaya and Malaysia and the United Nations
Maldives[note 17] 21 September 1965
Mali 28 September 1960
Malta 1 December 1964
Marshall Islands 17 September 1991 Marshall Islands and the United Nations
Mauritania 27 October 1961
Mauritius 24 April 1968
Mexico 7 November 1945 Mexico and the United Nations
Federated States of Micronesia 17 September 1991 Federated States of Micronesia and the United Nations
Monaco 28 May 1993
Mongolia 27 October 1961
Montenegro 28 June 2006 Former member: Yugoslavia (original member), Serbia and Montenegro
Morocco 12 November 1956
Mozambique 16 September 1975
Myanmar[note 18] 19 April 1948
Namibia 23 April 1990
Nauru 14 September 1999
Nepal 14 December 1955
Netherlands 10 December 1945
New Zealand 24 October 1945 New Zealand and the United Nations
Nicaragua 24 October 1945
Niger 20 September 1960
Nigeria 7 October 1960
North Macedonia[note 19] 8 April 1993 Former member: Yugoslavia (original member)
Norway 27 November 1945
Oman 7 October 1971
Pakistan 30 September 1947 Pakistan and the United Nations
Palau 15 December 1994
Panama 13 November 1945
Papua New Guinea 10 October 1975
Paraguay 24 October 1945
Peru 31 October 1945
Philippines 24 October 1945 Philippines and the United Nations
Poland 24 October 1945
Portugal 14 December 1955
Qatar 21 September 1971
Republic of Korea 17 September 1991 Korea and the United Nations
Republic of Moldova[note 20] 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Romania 14 December 1955
Russian Federation 24 October 1945 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union and the United Nations) and Russia and the United Nations
Rwanda 18 September 1962
Saint Kitts and Nevis[note 21] 23 September 1983
Saint Lucia 18 September 1979
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 16 September 1980
Samoa[note 22] 15 December 1976
San Marino 2 March 1992
São Tomé and Príncipe 16 September 1975
Saudi Arabia 24 October 1945
Senegal 28 September 1960
Serbia 1 November 2000 Former member: Yugoslavia (original member), Serbia and Montenegro, and Serbia and the United Nations
Seychelles 21 September 1976
Sierra Leone 27 September 1961
Singapore 21 September 1965 Former member: Malaysia and Singapore and the United Nations
Slovakia 19 January 1993 Former member: Czechoslovakia (original member)
Slovenia 22 May 1992 Former member: Yugoslavia (original member)
Solomon Islands 19 September 1978
Somalia 20 September 1960
South Africa[note 23] 7 November 1945
South Sudan 14 July 2011
Spain 14 December 1955
Sri Lanka[note 24] 14 December 1955
Sudan 12 November 1956
Suriname[note 25] 4 December 1975
Sweden 19 November 1946
Switzerland 10 September 2002
Syrian Arab Republic 24 October 1945 Former member: United Arab Republic
Tajikistan 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Thailand 16 December 1946
Timor-Leste 27 September 2002
Togo 20 September 1960
Tonga 14 September 1999
Trinidad and Tobago 18 September 1962 Trinidad and Tobago and the United Nations
Tunisia 12 November 1956
Turkey 24 October 1945
Turkmenistan 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Tuvalu 5 September 2000 Tuvalu and the United Nations
Uganda 25 October 1962
Ukraine 24 October 1945 Former member: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
United Arab Emirates 9 December 1971
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 24 October 1945 United Kingdom and the United Nations
United Republic of Tanzania[note 26] 14 December 1961 Former member: Zanzibar
United States of America 24 October 1945 United States and the United Nations
Uruguay 18 December 1945
Uzbekistan 2 March 1992 Former member: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (original member)
Vanuatu 15 September 1981 Vanuatu and the United Nations
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela[note 27] 15 November 1945
Viet Nam 20 September 1977
Yemen 30 September 1947 Former members: Yemen and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
Zambia 1 December 1964
Zimbabwe 25 August 1980

Member states of the United Nations Current members articles: 174