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List of cities in Australia by population

List page for List of cities in Australia by population

1. Sydney (5.230m)
2. Melbourne (4.936m)
3. Brisbane (2.463m)
4. Perth (2.059m)
5. Adelaide (1.346m)
6. Gold Coast (679k)
7. Newcastle (487k)
8. Canberra (458k)
9. Sunshine Coast (333k)
10. Wollongong (303k)
11. Geelong (268k)
12. Hobart (233k)
13. Townsville (181k)
14. Cairns (153k)
15. Darwin (149k)
16. Toowomba (137k)
17. Ballarat (105k)
18. Bendigo (99k)
Australian cities (GCCSAs, bolded, and SUAs) by population (rounded to the nearest thousand)

This list of Australian cities by population provides rankings of Australian cities and towns according to various systems defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The eight Greater Capital City Statistical Areas are listed for the state and territory capital cities. All Significant Urban Areas, representing urban agglomerations of over 10,000 population, are listed next. The fifty largest Urban Centres (built-up area) are ranked, and lastly the fifty largest Local Government Areas, the units of local government below the states and territories, are also ranked.

List of cities in Australia by population Intro articles: 3

Greater capital city statistical areas by population

Each capital city forms its own Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA), which according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) represents a broad functional definition of each of the eight state and territory capital cities.[1] In Australia, the population of the GCCSA is the most-often quoted figure for the population of capital cities. These units correspond broadly to the international concept of metropolitan areas.

Rank Greater Capital City Statistical Area 30 June 2020 estimated resident population[2] 2019-20 growth[2] 2019-20 % change[2]
1 Greater Sydney 5,367,206 57,107 1.1
2 Greater Melbourne 5,159,211 80,088 1.6
3 Greater Brisbane 2,560,720 46,914 1.9
4 Greater Perth 2,125,114 37,559 1.8
5 Greater Adelaide 1,359,760 16,127 1.2
6 Australian Capital Territory[a] (Canberra) 431,380 5,095 1.2
7 Greater Hobart 238,834 2,610 1.1
8 Greater Darwin 147,231 -184 -0.1
Notes
  1. ^ The GCCSA for Canberra covers the entire ACT, and is formally titled as such.

List of cities in Australia by population Greater capital city statistical areas by population articles: 10

Significant urban areas by population

The following ranks the SUAs, including those of the capital cities (which are smaller than their respective GCCSAs, except for Canberra's, which includes adjacent Queanbeyan, in New South Wales). Capitals are in bold. Significant Urban Areas are defined to represent significant towns and cities, or agglomerations of smaller towns, that have at least 10,000 total population. Significant Urban Areas may contain more than one distinct Urban Centre.

Rank Significant
Urban Areas
State/territory Population Growth % of national
population
(June 2019)
Estimated resident population,
June 2020[3]
2011 Census[4]
1 Melbourne Victoria 4,969,305 3,999,982 +24.08% 19.86%
2 Sydney New South Wales 4,966,806 4,231,954 +19.10% 20.93%
3 Brisbane Queensland 2,475,680 2,065,996 +19.20% 9.85%
4 Perth Western Australia 2,083,645 1,728,867 +19.12% 8.24%
5 Adelaide South Australia 1,357,504 1,262,940 +6.56% 5.38%
6 Gold CoastTweed Heads Queensland/New South Wales 709,495 557,822 +21.75% 2.72%
7 NewcastleMaitland New South Wales 498,095 398,770 +22.05% 1.95%
8 CanberraQueanbeyan Australian Capital Territory/New South Wales 464,995 391,645 +16.83% 1.83%
9 Sunshine Coast Queensland 348,343 270,770 +23.14% 1.33%
10 Central Coast New South Wales 337,284 297,713 +12.68% 1.31%
11 Wollongong New South Wales 309,345 268,944 +12.57% 1.21%
12 Geelong Victoria 282,412 173,454 +54.67% 1.07%
13 Hobart Tasmania 219,071 211,656 +9.90% 0.93%
14 Townsville Queensland 183,322 162,292 +11.42% 0.72%
15 Cairns Queensland 155,340 133,911 +14.05% 0.61%
16 Toowoomba Queensland 139,526 105,984 +29.13% 0.55%
17 Darwin Northern Territory 133,268 120,586 +23.20% 0.59%
18 Ballarat Victoria 109,533 91,801 +14.89% 0.42%
19 Bendigo Victoria 102,499 86,079 +15.15% 0.40%
20 AlburyWodonga New South Wales/Victoria 96,075 82,083 +14.03% 0.37%
21 Launceston Tasmania 89,178 82,220 +6.21% 0.35%
22 Mackay Queensland 80,926 77,293 +3.69% 0.32%
23 Rockhampton Queensland 79,602 73,681 +6.67% 0.31%
24 Melton Victoria 75,517 45,624 +58.20% 0.29%
25 Bunbury Western Australia 75,155 65,608 +13.34% 0.30%
26 Coffs Harbour New South Wales 73,018 64,243 +11.80% 0.29%
27 Bundaberg Queensland 71,554 67,341 +5.32% 0.28%
28 Wagga Wagga New South Wales 56,887 52,042 +8.45% 0.23%
29 Hervey Bay Queensland 55,975 48,680 +12.31% 0.22%
30 SheppartonMooroopna Victoria 52,529 46,505 +11.02% 0.21%
31 MilduraWentworth Victoria/New South Wales 52,319 47,536 +9.19% 0.21%
32 Port Macquarie New South Wales 49,478 41,723 +14.98% 0.19%
33 GladstoneTannum Sands Queensland 45,938 41,966 +7.54% 0.18%
34 Tamworth New South Wales 43,251 38,735 +10.68% 0.17%
35 TraralgonMorwell Victoria 42,440 39,705 +5.74% 0.17%
36 BowralMittagong New South Wales 40,964 34,858 +14.43% 0.16%
37 Orange New South Wales 40,888 36,468 +11.04% 0.16%
38 WarragulDrouin Victoria 40,645 29,944 +26.66% 0.15%
39 Busselton Western Australia 40,326 30,286 +28.51% 0.16%
40 Dubbo New South Wales 39,054 33,997 +12.93% 0.15%
41 NowraBomaderry New South Wales 38,314 33,338 +12.24% 0.15%
42 Bathurst New South Wales 37,545 32,479 +13.31% 0.15%
43 Geraldton Western Australia 37,256 35,749 +5.31% 0.15%
44 Warrnambool Victoria 35,887 32,380 +8.75% 0.14%
45 Albany Western Australia 34,587 30,656 +11.58% 0.14%
46 Devonport Tasmania 30,877 29,051 +4.29% 0.12%
47 Mount Gambier South Australia 29,946 27,756 +6.78% 0.12%
48 KalgoorlieBoulder Western Australia 28,911 30,842 −3.22% 0.12%
49 Lismore New South Wales 28,495 28,285 +1.54% 0.11%
50 Nelson Bay New South Wales 28,490 25,074 +11.87% 0.11%
51 BurnieWynyard Tasmania 27,535 26,869 +1.15% 0.11%
52 Maryborough Queensland 27,458 26,214 +4.07% 0.11%
53 Victor HarborGoolwa South Australia 27,410 23,850 +11.25% 0.11%
54 Ballina New South Wales 27,085 23,509 +12.22% 0.11%
55 Alice Springs Northern Territory 26,448 25,186 +5.35% 0.11%
56 Taree New South Wales 26,380 25,421 +3.78% 0.11%
57 MorissetCooranbong New South Wales 26,171 21,774 +16.23% 0.10%
58 Armidale New South Wales 24,460 22,464 +9.08% 0.10%
59 Goulburn New South Wales 24,382 21,484 +10.94% 0.10%
60 Bacchus Marsh Victoria 23,756 14,931 +48.29% 0.09%
61 GisborneMacedon Victoria 22,431 18,013 +22.91% 0.09%
62 Gympie Queensland 21,958 19,510 +10.71% 0.09%
63 EchucaMoama Victoria/New South Wales 21,671 19,309 +10.01% 0.08%
64 Whyalla South Australia 21,478 21,991 −1.13% 0.09%
65 ForsterTuncurry New South Wales 21,084 19,500 +6.51% 0.08%
66 Griffith New South Wales 20,571 17,900 +13.13% 0.08%
67 St Georges BasinSanctuary Point New South Wales 19,869 12,611 +52.65% 0.08%
68 Yeppoon Queensland 19,547 16,372 +16.07% 0.08%
69 Wangaratta Victoria 19,440 17,686 +9.23% 0.08%
70 Murray Bridge South Australia 19,414 16,708 +12.40% 0.08%
71 Grafton New South Wales 19,019 18,359 +3.92% 0.08%
72 Camden Haven New South Wales 18,623 15,741 +13.30% 0.07%
73 Mount Isa Queensland 18,334 20,569 −9.63% 0.07%
74 Karratha Western Australia 17,482 16,476 +1.41% 0.07%
75 Broken Hill New South Wales 17,269 18,517 −4.23% 0.07%
76 Ulladulla New South Wales 16,865 14,149 +14.59% 0.06%
77 MoeNewborough Victoria 16,844 16,674 +0.83% 0.07%
78 Batemans Bay New South Wales 16,754 15,733 +4.78% 0.07%
79 Horsham Victoria 16,736 15,894 +3.90% 0.07%
80 Port Lincoln South Australia 16,453 15,221 +7.26% 0.07%
81 Singleton New South Wales 16,101 16,135 +1.31% 0.07%
82 Bairnsdale Victoria 15,592 13,243 +16.37% 0.06%
83 Kempsey New South Wales 15,373 14,494 +5.62% 0.06%
84 Sale Victoria 15,302 14,258 +5.35% 0.06%
85 Yanchep Western Australia 15,204 244.05% 0.06%
86 Warwick Queensland 15,199 14,607 +5.29% 0.06%
87 Port Hedland Western Australia 14,804 13,772 +3.98% 0.06%
88 Ulverstone Tasmania 14,655 14,109 +2.70% 0.06%
89 Emerald Queensland 14,421 13,219 +6.81% 0.06%
90 Broome Western Australia 14,403 12,766 +13.15% 0.06%
91 Port Pirie South Australia 14,086 14,043 +1.03% 0.06%
92 Port Augusta South Australia 13,397 13,658 +1.03% 0.06%
93 Lithgow New South Wales 12,840 12,249 +5.91% 0.05%
94 Mudgee New South Wales 12,649 +18.38% 0.05%
95 Colac Victoria 12,584 11,778 +6.53% 0.05%
96 Muswellbrook New South Wales 12,364 11,791 +4.86% 0.05%
97 Esperance Western Australia 12,083 +6.24% 0.05%
98 Parkes New South Wales 11,164 10,941 +2.59% 0.04%
99 Swan Hill Victoria 11,054 +6.45% 0.04%
100 Portland Victoria 10,908 +1.73% 0.04%
101 Kingaroy Queensland 10,286 +6.02% 0.04%

List of cities in Australia by population Significant urban areas by population articles: 121

50 largest urban centres by population

Urban centres are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as being a population cluster of 1000 or more people. For statistical purposes, people living in urban centres are classified as urban. The figures below represent the populations of the contiguous built-up areas of each city; with State and territory capitals in bold. These figures are only updated every census, as the ABS does not render population projections for Urban Centres, and as such can only be as up-to-date as the most recent census year.

Rank
(2016)
Urban Centre Estimated resident population GCCSA
(if part of larger statistical area)
Ranking in state or territory, 2016
2016 census 2011 census 2006 census ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas WA Vic
1 Sydney 4,321,535 [5] 3,908,642 [6] 3,641,422 [7] Sydney 1
2 Melbourne 4,196,198 [8] 3,707,530 [9] 3,371,888 [10] Melbourne 1
3 Brisbane 2,054,614 [11] 1,874,427 [12] 1,676,389 [13] Brisbane 1
4 Perth 1,874,578 [14] 1,627,576 [15] 1,256,035 [16] Perth 1
5 Adelaide 1,165,632 [17] 1,103,979 [18] 1,040,719 [19] Adelaide 1
6 Gold CoastTweed Heads 600,335 [20][21] 533,660 [22][23] 454,436 [24][25] 2 2
7 CanberraQueanbeyan 431,668 [26][27] 391,474 [28][29] 356,120 [30][31] Canberra 1 3
8 Newcastle 322,278 [32] 308,308 [33] 288,732 [34] Newcastle 4
9 Central Coast 307,742 [35] 297,713 [36] 282,726 [37] Sydney 5
10 Wollongong 261,896 [38] 245,942 [39] 234,482 [40] 6
11 Sunshine Coast 243,377 [41] 209,263 [42] 184,662 [43] 3
12 Hobart 178,009 [44] 170,975 [45] 128,557 [46] Hobart 1
13 Townsville 168,729 [47] 157,748 [48] 128,808 [49] Townsville 4
14 Geelong 157,104 [50] 143,291 [51] 137,220 [52] 2
15 Cairns 144,730 [53] 133,893 [54] 98,349 [55] Cairns 5
16 Darwin 118,456 [56] 103,016 [57] 89,905 [58][59] Darwin 1
17 Toowoomba 100,032 [60] 96,597 [61] 95,265 [62] 6
18 Ballarat 93,759 [63] 85,935 [64] 78,221 [65] 3
19 Bendigo 92,379 [66] 82,794 [67] 76,051 [68] 4
20 AlburyWodonga 83,104 [69][70] 77,232 [71][72] 73,497 [73][74] 7 5
21 Maitland 78,015 [75] 67,132 [76] 61,431 [77] Newcastle 8
22 Mackay 75,710 [78] 74,219 [79] 66,874 [80] 7
23 Launceston 75,329 [81] 74,085 [82] 71,395 [83] 2
24 Bunbury 71,090 [84] 64,385 [85] 54,482 [86] 2
25 Rockhampton 61,214 [87] 61,724 [88] 60,827 [89] 8
26 Melton 54,456 [90] 45,624 [91] 35,490 [92] Melbourne 6
27 Hervey Bay 52,073 [93] 48,680 [94] 41,225 [95] 9
28 Bundaberg 50,148 [96] 49,750 [97] 46,961 [98] 10
29 Wagga Wagga 48,263 [99] 46,913 [100] 46,735 [101] 9
30 Coffs Harbour 48,225 [102] 45,580 [103] 26,353 [104] 10
31 SheppartonMooroopna 46,199 [105] 42,741 [106] 38,773 [107] 7
32 Port Macquarie 44,814 [108] 41,491 [109] 39,219 [110] 11
33 Orange 37,182 [111] 34,992 [112] 31,544 [113] 12
34 MilduraBuronga 35,598 [114][115] 33,432 [116][117] 30,823 [118][119] 13 8
35 Sunbury 34,425 [120] 33,062 [121] 29,566 [122] Melbourne 9
36 Dubbo 34,339 [123] 32,327 [124] 30,574 [125] 14
37 Tamworth 33,885 [126] 36,131 [127] 33,475 [128] 15
38 Bathurst 33,587 [129] 31,294 [130] 28,992 [131] 16
39 Gladstone 33,418 [132] 32,073 [133] 28,808 [134] 11
40 Geraldton 31,982 [135] 31,349 [136] 27,420 [137] 3
41 NowraBomaderry 30,853 [138] 27,988 [139] 27,478 [140] 17
42 Warrnambool 30,709 [141] 29,284 [142] 28,150 [143] 10
43 KalgoorlieBoulder 29,875 [144] 30,840 [145] 28,242 [146] 4
44 Albany 29,373 [147] 26,643 [148] 25,196 [149] 5
45 Lismore 27,569 [150] 27,474 [151] 27,069 [152] 18
46 Gawler 26,472 [153] 23,957 [154] 20,006 [155] Adelaide 2
47 Mount Gambier 26,148 [156] 25,199 [157] 23,494 [158] 3
48 Traralgon 25,485 [159] 24,590 [160] 21,960 [161] 11
49 Busselton 25,329 [162] 21,407 [163] 15,386 [164] 6
50 Alice Springs 23,726 [165] 24,208 [166] 21,622 [167] 2

List of cities in Australia by population 50 largest urban centres by population articles: 8

50 largest local government areas by population

Local government areas (LGAs) are the main units of local government in Australia. They may be termed cities, shires, councils or other names, and all function similarly. Local government areas cover around 90 per cent of the nation. Significant sections of South Australia and New South Wales are unincorporated, that is, have no defined local government, along with the ACT and smaller sections of Northern Territory and Victoria. Brisbane, which covers multiple LGAs, is the only state capital city with a local government area covering a significant portion of its urban area. Other capital cities are serviced by LGAs which cover a much smaller proportion of their total urban areas.

Rank
(2019)
Local government area Estimated resident population[168] Ranking in state or territory, 2019
2019 2018 Qld NSW WA Vic SA
1 City of Brisbane 1,253,982 1,230,938 1
2 City of Gold Coast 620,518 606,528 2
3 Moreton Bay Region 469,465 459,456 3
4 City of Canterbury-Bankstown 377,917 373,486 1
5 City of Blacktown 366,534 357,839 2
6 City of Casey 353,872 340,443 1
7 Central Coast Council 343,968 341,693 3
8 City of Logan 334,358 326,494 4
9 Sunshine Coast Region 328,428 319,837 5
10 Northern Beaches Council 273,499 271,027 4
11 City of Wyndham 270,487 255,367 2
12 City of Greater Geelong 258,934 252,229 3
13 City of Parramatta 257,197 251,065 5
14 City of Sydney 246,343 240,102 6
15 Cumberland Council 241,521 236,599 7
16 City of Hume 233,471 224,423 4
17 Sutherland Shire 230,611 228,980 8
18 City of Whittlesea 230,238 223,347 5
19 City of Liverpool 227,585 223,025 9
20 City of Ipswich 222,307 213,568 6
21 City of Stirling 221,040 220,135 1
22 City of Wollongong 218,114 215,856 10
23 City of Penrith 212,977 208,947 11
24 City of Fairfield 211,695 210,417 12
25 City of Brimbank 209,523 208,744 6
26 City of Wanneroo 208,237 203,609 2
27 City of Lake Macquarie 205,901 204,694 13
28 City of Monash 202,847 200,212 7
29 Inner West Council 200,811 197,836 14
30 City of Townsville 195,032 194,019 7
31 City of Moreland 185,767 181,780 8
32 City of Boroondara 183,199 181,376 9
33 City of Melbourne 178,955 170,317 10
34 City of Whitehorse 178,739 176,273 11
35 Bayside Council 178,396 174,218 15
36 The Hills Shire 177,969 172,339 16
37 City of Onkaparinga 172,938 171,496 1
38 City of Campbelltown (New South Wales) 170,943 167,930 17
39 Toowoomba Region 169,008 167,611 8
40 City of Greater Dandenong 168,201 166,140 12
41 Shire of Mornington Peninsula 167,636 165,823 13
42 Cairns Region 166,862 165,462 9
43 City of Kingston 165,782 163,452 14
44 City of Newcastle 165,571 163,943 18
45 City of Melton 164,895 156,718 15
46 City of Knox 164,538 163,212 16
47 City of Darebin 164,184 161,653 17
48 City of Joondalup 159,806 159,997 3
49 Georges River Council 159,471 158,283 19
50 Yarra Ranges Shire 159,462 158,171 18

Apart from the City of Brisbane, the populations of the central local government areas in other capitals are either modest or relatively small. In June 2019, Sydney had 246,343, Melbourne 178,955, Darwin 82,886, Hobart 54,649, Perth 28,832, and Adelaide 25,456.[168] Generally speaking, there are many suburban local government areas in most Australian capitals that are significantly larger in population than the central business district local government area.

List of cities in Australia by population 50 largest local government areas by population articles: 55