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Krishna

Hindu god, incarnation of Vishnu

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Krishna
God of Protection, Compassion, Tenderness and Love ;[1][2] Yogeshwara - Lord of Yoga or Yogis;[3][4] Parabrahman, Svayam Bhagavan (Krishnaism-Vaishnavism)
Member of Dashavatar
Statue of Krishna at the Sri Mariamman Temple, Singapore.
Devanagariकृष्ण
Sanskrit transliterationKṛṣṇa
AffiliationSvayam Bhagavan, Brahman (Krishnaism-Vaishnavism), Avatar of Vishnu, Dashavatara, Radha Krishna [5][6]
AbodeGoloka, Vaikuntha, Vrindavan, Gokula, Dwarka
WeaponSudarshana Chakra
Kaumodaki
BattlesKurukshetra War
TextsBhagavata Purana, Harivamsa, Vishnu Purana, Mahabharata (Bhagavad Gita), Brahma Vaivarta Purana
FestivalsKrishna Janmashtami, Holi, Gopastami, Govardhan Puja, Kartik Purnima, Sharad Purnima
Personal information
Born
Died
Parents
Siblings
ConsortsRadha, Rukmini, Jambavati, Satyabhama, Kalindi, Nagnajiti, Mitravinda, Lakshmana, Bhadra & 16,000 - 16,100 Junior queens[11][note 2]
ChildrenPradyumna, Samba, Bhanu and various other children[9][note 1]
DynastyYaduvanshi - Chandravanshi

Krishna (/ˈkrɪʃnə/,[13] Sanskrit pronunciation: [ˈkr̩ʂɳɐ] ( listen); Sanskrit: कृष्ण, IAST: Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism. He is worshipped as the eighth avatar of Vishnu and also as the supreme God in his own right.[14] He is the god of protection, compassion, tenderness, and love[15][1][2] and is one of the most popular and widely revered among Indian divinities.[16] Krishna's birthday is celebrated every year by Hindus on Krishna Janmashtami according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar, which falls in late August or early September of the Gregorian calendar.[17][18]

The anecdotes and narratives of Krishna's life are generally titled as Krishna Leela. He is a central character in the Mahabharata, the Bhagavata Purana and the Bhagavad Gita, and is mentioned in many Hindu philosophical, theological, and mythological texts.[19] They portray him in various perspectives: a god-child, a prankster, a model lover, a divine hero, and as the universal supreme being.[20] His iconography reflects these legends, and shows him in different stages of his life, such as an infant eating butter, a young boy playing a flute, a young boy with Radha or surrounded by women devotees, or a friendly charioteer giving counsel to Arjuna.[21]

The synonyms of Krishna have been traced to 1st millennium BCE literature.[22] In some sub-traditions, Krishna is worshipped as Svayam Bhagavan, and this is sometimes referred to as Krishnaism. These sub-traditions arose in the context of the medieval era Bhakti movement.[23] Krishna-related literature has inspired numerous performance arts such as Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Odissi, and Manipuri dance.[24][25] He is a pan-Hindu god, but is particularly revered in some locations such as Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, Dwarka and Junagadh in Gujarat; the Jagannatha aspect in Odisha, Mayapur in West Bengal;[26] in the form of Vithoba in Pandharpur, Maharashtra, Shrinathji at Nathdwara in Rajasthan,[27] Udupi Krishna in Karnataka,[28] Parthasarathy in Tamil Nadu and Guruvayoorappan in Guruvayoor in Kerala.[29] Since the 1960s, the worship of Krishna has also spread to the Western world and to Africa, largely due to the work of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON).[30]

Krishna Intro articles: 410