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International Chess Day

U.N. commemorative day, July 20th

International Chess Day
Observed byVarious countries
Date20 July
First time1966
Related toFIDE, Chess

The International Chess Day is celebrated annually on July 20, the day the International Chess Federation (FIDE) was founded, in 1924.

The idea to celebrate this day as the international chess day was proposed by UNESCO, and it has been celebrated as such since 1966,[1] after it was established by FIDE. FIDE, which has 181 chess federations as its members,[2] organizes chess events and competitions around the world on this day. As recently as 2013, the international chess day was celebrated in 178 countries, according to FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov.[3] On December 12, 2019, the UN General Assembly unanimously approved a resolution recognizing the day.[4]

The day is celebrated by many of the 605 million regular chess players around the world.[5][6][7] A 2012 Yougov poll showed that "a surprisingly stable 70% of the adult population has played chess at some point during their lives".[5] This number holds at approximately the same level in countries as diverse as the US, UK, Germany, Russia, and India.[5]


  1. ^ "History of International Chess Day". Chess-teacher.com. 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
  2. ^ "FIDE Membership". FIDE.com. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
  3. ^ "Interview by Kirsan Ilyumzhinov - in Russian". Vesti.ru. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
  4. ^ UN adopts July 20 as World Chess Day, FIDE, 13 December 2019, retrieved 2 May 2020
  5. ^ a b c "New chess player statistics from Yougov released". FIDE.com. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Emmett (SonofPearl), Ryan. "How Popular Is Chess?". Chess.com. Retrieved 2021-07-02.

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