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Haliotis laevigata

Species of mollusc

Top 3 Haliotis laevigata related articles

Haliotis laevigata
Green form of Haliotis laevigata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Vetigastropoda
Family: Haliotidae
Genus: Haliotis
H. laevigata
Binomial name
Haliotis laevigata
Donovan, 1808
  • Haliotis albicans Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
  • Haliotis (Haliotis) excisa Gray, J.E., 1856
  • Haliotis glabra Swainson, 1822
  • Schismotis excisa Gray, 1856
Ventral view of Haliotis laevigata

Haliotis laevigata, common name the smooth Australian abalone or greenlip abalone or whitened ear shell,[2] is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Haliotidae, the abalones.[1]

Haliotis laevigata Intro articles: 4


The shell measures up to 18 cm (7 in); the species features a distinctive green ring around the foot at the bottom of the shell.[3]

"The large, rather thin shell has an oval shape. The distance of the apex from the margin is one-sixth to one-eighth the length of the shell. The shell is nearly smooth but shows obsolete spiral lirae. The coloration is orange or orange-scarlet, radiately striped with continuous white flames. The coloration consistis of continuous oblique stripes of scarlet and whitish. The about 12 perforations are very small. The outline of the shell is oval, with the right and left margins about equally curved. The back of the shell is convex, rounded, and not angulated at the row of perforations. The surface is sculptured with nearly obsolete spiral threads and cords. The spire is moderately elevated. The whorls number about 2½. The inner surface is silvery. The nacre is almost smooth, but shows traces of spiral sulci, and is very minutely wrinkled. The columellar plate is rather wide, sloping inward, flattened, and obliquely truncated at the base. The cavity of the spire is large and rather shallow. The perforations are unusually small, their borders not raised outside."[4]

Haliotis laevigata Description articles: 3


This marine species is endemic to Australia and occurs off South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia and Tasmania.[5]

In Tasmania, the species is generally found on the northern coast, in particular the area of Rocky Cape, and also in the Furneaux Islands. Unless scuba diving at a reasonable depth of in excess of 30 ft (9 m), it is doubtful that legally sized greenlip abalone will be found. It is one of two abalone species harvested in large quantities in Australia, the other being the blacklip abalone. With decreasing stocks in the wild, the genome has been sequenced as a preliminary to possible aquaculture, this species having a large, highly-palatable muscular foot.[6]

Haliotis laevigata Distribution articles: 10


  1. ^ a b Haliotis laevigata Donovan, 1808. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 4 March 2012.
  2. ^ Department of Primary Industries and Regions, South Australia (30 November 2016). "Abalone". pir.sa.gov.au.
  3. ^ Abalone Victoria State Government
  4. ^ H.A. Pilsbry (1890) Manual of Conchology XII; Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 1890 (described as Haliotis albicans)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Botwright, Natasha A.; Zhao, Min; Wang, Tianfang; McWilliam, Sean; Colgrave, Michelle L.; Hlinka, Ondrej; Li, Sean; Suwansa-ard, Saowaros; Subramanian, Sankar; McPherson, Luke; King, Harry; Reverter, Antonio; Cook, Mathew T.; McGrath, Annette; Elliott, Nicholas G.; Cummins, Scott F. (2019). "Greenlip Abalone (Haliotis laevigata) Genome and Protein Analysis Provides Insights into Maturation and Spawning". G3. 9 (10): 3067–3078. doi:10.1534/g3.119.400388.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Further reading

  • Donovan, E. 1808. Conchology. In, The new Cyclopaedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences
  • Swainson, W. 1822. A catalogue of the rare and valuable shells, which formed the celebrated collection of the late Mrs Bligh. With an appendix, containing descriptions of many new species. London : Publisher unknown 78 pp.
  • Quoy, J.R. & Gaimard, J.P. 1834. Voyage de Découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par Ordre du Roi, Pendant les Années 1826–1829. Paris : J. Tastu Zoologie Vol. 3 366 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1856. On a monstrosity of Haliotis (albicans?). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 24: 147–149
  • Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, Western Australia : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 1 408 pp.
  • Geiger D.L. & Poppe G.T. (2000). A Conchological Iconography: The family Haliotidae. Conchbooks, Hackenheim Germany. 135pp 83pls.
  • Geiger, D.L. 2000 [1999]. Distribution and biogeography of the recent Haliotidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) world-wide. Bollettino Malacologico 35(5–12): 57–120
  • Degnan, S.D., Imron, Geiger, D.L. & Degnan, B.M. 2006. Evolution in temperate and tropical seas: disparate patterns in southern hemisphere abalone (Mollusca: Vetigastropoda: Haliotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 249–256
  • Geiger D.L. & Owen B. (2012) Abalone: Worldwide Haliotidae. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. viii + 361 pp. [29 February 2012]

External links