🌐 Discover new information from across the web

Canada men's national ice hockey team

Men's national ice hockey team representing Canada

Top 10 Canada men's national ice hockey team related articles

Canada
Nickname(s)Team Canada
(Équipe Canada)
AssociationHockey Canada
Head coachAlain Vigneault
AssistantsKirk Muller
Lindy Ruff
CaptainKyle Turris
Most gamesBrad Schlegel (304)
Top scorerBrad Schlegel
Most pointsCliff Ronning (156)
Team coloursRed, black, white[1]
IIHF codeCAN
Ranking
Current IIHF1 (24 April 2020)[2]
Highest IIHF1 (first in 2003)
Lowest IIHF5 (first in 2012)
First international
Canada  8–1   Switzerland
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
Biggest win
Canada  47–0  Denmark
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
Biggest defeat
Soviet Union  11–1  Canada
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
IIHF World Championships
Appearances72 (first in 1920)
Best result Gold: 27 (1920, 1924, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1994, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015, 2016)
World Cup / Canada Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1976)
Best result Winner: 6 (1976, 1984, 1987, 1991, 2004, 2016)
Olympics
Appearances22 (first in 1920)
Medals Gold: 9 (1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1948, 1952, 2002, 2010, 2014)
Silver: 4 (1936, 1960, 1992, 1994)
Bronze: 3 (1956, 1968, 2018)
Canada men's national ice hockey team
Medal record
Olympic Games
1920 Antwerp Team
1924 Chamonix Team
1928 St. Moritz Team
1932 Lake Placid Team
1948 St. Moritz Team
1952 Oslo Team
2002 Salt Lake City Team
2010 Vancouver Team
2014 Sochi Team
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team
1960 Squaw Valley Team
1992 Albertville Team
1994 Lillehammer Team
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Team
1968 Grenoble Team
2018 Pyeongchang Team
World Championships
1920 Antwerp Team
1924 Chamonix Team
1928 St. Moritz Team
1930 Austria/France/Germany
1931 Poland
1932 Lake Placid Team
1934 Italy
1935 Switzerland
1937 Great Britain
1938 Czechoslovakia
1939 Switzerland
1948 St. Moritz Team
1950 Great Britain
1951 France
1952 Oslo Team
1955 West Germany
1958 Norway
1959 Czechoslovakia
1961 Switzerland
1994 Italy
1997 Finland
2003 Finland
2004 Czech Republic
2007 Russia
2015 Czech Republic
2016 Russia
1933 Czechoslovakia
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team
1949 Sweden
1954 Sweden
1960 Squaw Valley Team
1962 United States
1985 Czechoslovakia
1989 Sweden
1991 Finland
1996 Austria
2005 Austria
2008 Canada
2009 Switzerland
2017 Germany/France
2019 Slovakia
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Team
1966 Yugoslavia
1967 Austria
1978 Czechoslovakia
1982 Finland
1983 West Germany
1986 Soviet Union
1995 Sweden
Winter Universiade
1981 Jaca
1991 Sapporo
2007 Turin Team
2013 Trentino Team
1972 Lake Placid
2001 Zakopane
2009 Harbin
1968 Innsbruck
1987 Štrbské Pleso
1997 Muju-Jeonju
1999 Poprad-Tatry
2003 Tarvisio
2011 Erzurum
2015 Granada-Štrbské Pleso
2017 Almaty
2019 Krasnoyarsk

The Canada men's national ice hockey team (popularly known as Team Canada; French: Équipe Canada) is the ice hockey team representing Canada internationally. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia.[3] The nickname "Team Canada" was first used for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to both the Canadian national men's and women's teams ever since.

Canada is the leading national ice hockey team in international play, winners of the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, nine Olympic gold medals (the most in the world), including three of the last five: Salt Lake City 2002, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. They are 26-time IIHF World Champions and winner of the 2004 and 2016 World Cup of Hockey. Canada is a member of the "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with Russia, the United States, Sweden, Finland, and the Czech Republic.[4]

Canada men's national ice hockey team Intro articles: 14

History

Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game. Canada was first represented internationally at the 1910 European Championships by the Oxford Canadians, a team of Canadians from the University of Oxford. They represented Canada again at the 1912 World Championships.

From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last amateur club team from Canada to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961. The responsibility of choosing which team represented Canada belonged to Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) secretary-manager; George Dudley from 1947 to 1960, and Gordon Juckes from 1960 to 1963.[5]

Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed in ice hockey at the 1964 Winter Olympics. His philosophy was to simply win the games against the weaker countries instead of running up the score.[6] Canada, Czechoslovakia and Sweden finished with identical records of five wins and two losses. Canada thought they had won the bronze medal based on the goal differential in the three games among the tied countries. When they attended the presentation of the Olympic medals, they were disappointed to learn they had finished in fourth place based on goal differential of all seven games played. The players and CAHA executives accused that International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) president Bunny Ahearne, made a last-minute decision to change the rules and take away a medal from Canada.[7] Marshall Johnston summarized the team's feeling that, "The shepherd and his flock had been fleeced".[6][8]

Before the Soviet Union began international competition in 1954, Canada dominated international hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics and 10 World Championship gold medals. Canada then went 50 years without winning the Winter Olympic Gold medal and from 1962 to 1993, didn't win any World Championships. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their National Hockey League teams.

Canada was awarded hosting duties of the 1970 Ice Hockey World Championships with the limited use of former professionals. The IIHF later reversed the permission after International Olympic Committee president Avery Brundage objected to professionals at an amateur event. CAHA president Earl Dawson withdrew the national team from international competitions against European hockey teams until Canada was allowed to use its best players.[9]

Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States. As a result, professionals are allowed to compete at the World Championship and the tournament is scheduled later in the year to ensure more players are available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs. In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.

In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Program of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to allow professional athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988.[10] Veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes joined the team. This program was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.

After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada won the 1994 World Championship in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015 and 2016. Canada captured its first Olympic gold medal in 50 years at Salt Lake City 2002. At Vancouver 2010, Canada won the gold medal with a 3–2 win against the United States in the final. Sidney Crosby's overtime goal secured Canada the final gold medal awarded at the Games.[11] At the 2012 World Championship in Finland and Sweden, Ryan Murray became the first draft eligible prospect to represent Canada at the Ice Hockey World Championship.

Canada successfully defended gold at Sochi 2014, becoming the first men's team to do so since the Soviet Union in 1988, the first to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984 and the first to do both with a full NHL participation. Their relentless offensive pressure and stifling defence has earned the 2014 squad praise as perhaps the best, most complete Team Canada ever assembled.[12] Drew Doughty and Shea Weber led the team in scoring, while Jonathan Toews scored the gold medal-winning goal in the first period of a 3–0 win over Sweden in the final. The architect behind the 2010 and 2014 teams, Steve Yzerman, immediately stepped down as general manager following the win.[13]

Led by general manager Jim Nill, head coach Todd McLellan, and the late addition of captain Sidney Crosby, Canada won the 2015 IIHF World Championship in dominating fashion over Russia, their first win at the Worlds since 2007. By winning all 10 of their games in regulation, Hockey Canada was awarded a 1 million Swiss franc bonus prize in the first year of its existence.[14] Canada scored 66 goals in their 10 games and had the top three scorers of the tournament: Jason Spezza, Jordan Eberle and Taylor Hall. Tyler Seguin also led the championship with nine goals. The win secured Canada's return to number one on the IIHF world rankings for the first time since 2010.[15]

List of teams representing Canada from 1920 to 1963

Event Team Hometown
1920 Summer Olympics Winnipeg Falcons Winnipeg, Manitoba
1924 Winter Olympics Toronto Granites Toronto, Ontario
1928 Winter Olympics University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario
1930 World Championships Toronto CCMs Toronto, Ontario
1931 World Championships University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba
1932 Winter Olympics Winnipeg Hockey Club Winnipeg, Manitoba
1933 World Championships Toronto National Sea Fleas Toronto, Ontario
1934 World Championships Saskatoon Quakers Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
1935 World Championships Winnipeg Monarchs Winnipeg, Manitoba
1936 Winter Olympics Port Arthur Bearcats Port Arthur, Ontario
1937 World Championships Kimberley Dynamiters Kimberley, British Columbia
1938 World Championships Sudbury Wolves Sudbury, Ontario
1939 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbia
World Championships not held from 1940 to 1946 during World War II.
1947 World Championships Did not participate
1948 Winter Olympics Ottawa RCAF Flyers CFB Ottawa, Ontario
1949 World Championships Sudbury Wolves Sudbury, Ontario
1950 World Championships Edmonton Mercurys Edmonton, Alberta
1951 World Championships Lethbridge Maple Leafs Lethbridge, Alberta
1952 Winter Olympics Edmonton Mercurys Edmonton, Alberta
1953 World Championships Did not participate
1954 World Championships East York Lyndhursts East York, Ontario
1955 World Championships Penticton Vees Penticton, British Columbia
1956 Winter Olympics Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen KitchenerWaterloo, Ontario
1957 World Championships Did not participate
1958 World Championships Whitby Dunlops Whitby, Ontario
1959 World Championships Belleville McFarlands Belleville, Ontario
1960 Winter Olympics Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen KitchenerWaterloo, Ontario
1961 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbia
1962 World Championships Galt Terriers Galt, Ontario
1963 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbia

Canada men's national ice hockey team History articles: 109

Competition achievements

Olympic Games

All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. They have won a total of 15 Olympic medals.[16]

Games Representative GP W L T GF GA Coach Manager/GM Captain Finish Ref.
1920 Antwerp Winnipeg Falcons 3 3 0 0 21 1 Gordon Sigurjonsson H. A. Axford Frank Fredrickson  Gold [17]
1924 Chamonix Toronto Granites 5 5 0 0 110 3 Frank Rankin William Hewitt Dunc Munro  Gold [18]
1928 St. Moritz University of Toronto Grads 3 3 0 0 38 0 Conn Smythe William Hewitt John Porter  Gold [19]
1932 Lake Placid Winnipeg Hockey Club 6 5 0 1 32 4 Jack Hughes Lou Marsh William Cockburn  Gold [20]
1936 Garmisch-
Partenkirchen
Port Arthur Bearcats 8 7 1 0 54 7 Al Pudas Malcolm Cochrane Herman Murray  Silver [21]
1948 St. Moritz Ottawa RCAF Flyers 8 7 0 1 69 5 Frank Boucher Sandy Watson George Mara  Gold [22]
1952 Oslo Edmonton Mercurys 8 7 0 1 71 14 Lou Holmes Jim Christianson Billy Dawe  Gold [23]
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen 8 6 2 0 53 12 Bobby Bauer Ernie Goman Jack McKenzie  Bronze [24]
1960 Squaw Valley Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen 7 6 1 0 55 15 Bobby Bauer Ernie Goman Harry Sinden  Silver [25]
1964 Innsbruck National team program 7 5 2 0 32 17 David Bauer Bob Hindmarch Hank Akervall 4th [26]
1968 Grenoble National team program 7 5 2 0 28 15 Jackie McLeod David Bauer Marshall Johnston  Bronze [27]
1972 Sapporo Did not participate
1976 Innsbruck Did not participate
1980 Lake Placid National team program 6 3 3 0 29 18 Lorne Davis
Clare Drake
Tom Watt
Rick Noonan Randy Gregg 6th [28]
1984 Sarajevo National team program 7 4 3 0 24 16 Dave King Dave King Dave Tippett 4th [29]
1988 Calgary National team program 8 5 2 1 31 21 Dave King Dave King Trent Yawney 4th [30]
1992 Albertville National team program 8 6 2 0 37 17 Dave King Dave King Brad Schlegel  Silver [31]
1994 Lillehammer National team program 8 5 2 1 27 19 Tom Renney George Kingston Fabian Joseph  Silver [32]
1998 Nagano   6 4 2 0 19 8 Marc Crawford Bobby Clarke Eric Lindros[33] 4th [34]
2002 Salt Lake City   6 4 1 1 22 14 Pat Quinn Wayne Gretzky Mario Lemieux  Gold
2006 Turin   6 3 3 0 15 11 Pat Quinn Wayne Gretzky Joe Sakic 7th
2010 Vancouver   7 6 1 32 14 Mike Babcock Steve Yzerman Scott Niedermayer  Gold [35]
2014 Sochi   6 6 0 17 3 Mike Babcock Steve Yzerman Sidney Crosby  Gold
2018 Pyeongchang   6 4 2 21 12 Willie Desjardins Sean Burke Chris Kelly  Bronze

World Championships

All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.[16] World Championships were not held during the Winter Olympic years of 1980, 1984 or 1988.[16]

Year Location Result
1920 Antwerp, Belgium Gold
1924 Chamonix, France Gold
1928 St. Moritz, Switzerland Gold
1930 Chamonix, France; Berlin, Germany; Vienna, Austria Gold
1931 Krynica, Poland Gold
1932 Lake Placid, US Gold
1933 Prague, Czechoslovakia Silver
1934 Milan, Italy Gold
1935 Davos, Switzerland Gold
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany Silver
1937 London, Great Britain Gold
1938 Prague, Czechoslovakia Gold
1939 Zürich / Basel, Switzerland Gold
World Championships not held from 1940 to 1946 during World War II.
Canada did not participate in 1947.
1948 St. Moritz, Switzerland Gold
1949 Stockholm, Sweden Silver
1950 London, Great Britain Gold
1951 Paris, France Gold
1952 Oslo, Norway Gold
Canada did not participate in 1953.
1954 Stockholm, Sweden Silver
1955 Krefeld / Dortmund / Cologne, West Germany Gold
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy Bronze
Canada did not participate in 1957.
1958 Oslo, Norway Gold
1959 Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia Gold
1960 Squaw Valley, US Silver
1961 Geneva / Lausanne, Switzerland Gold
1962 Colorado Springs / Denver, US Silver
1963 Stockholm, Sweden 4th place
1964 Innsbruck, Austria 4th place
1965 Tampere, Finland 4th place
1966 Ljubljana, Yugoslavia Bronze
1967 Vienna, Austria Bronze
1968 Grenoble, France Bronze
1969 Stockholm, Sweden 4th place
Canada did not participate in IIHF events from 1970 to 1976.
1977 Vienna, Austria 4th place
1978 Prague, Czechoslovakia Bronze
1979 Moscow, Soviet Union 4th place
1981 Gothenburg / Stockholm, Sweden 4th place
1982 Helsinki / Tampere, Finland Bronze
1983 Düsseldorf / Dortmund / Munich, West Germany Bronze
1985 Prague, Czechoslovakia Silver
1986 Moscow, Soviet Union Bronze
1987 Vienna, Austria 4th place
1989 Stockholm / Södertälje, Sweden Silver
1990 Bern / Fribourg, Switzerland 4th place
1991 Turku / Helsinki / Tampere, Finland Silver
1992 Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia 8th place
1993 Dortmund / Munich, Germany 4th place
1994 Bolzano / Canazei / Milan, Italy Gold
1995 Stockholm / Gävle, Sweden Bronze
1996 Vienna, Austria Silver
1997 Helsinki / Turku / Tampere, Finland Gold
1998 Zürich / Basel, Switzerland 6th place
1999 Oslo / Lillehammer / Hamar, Norway 4th place
2000 Saint Petersburg, Russia 4th place
2001 Cologne / Hanover / Nuremberg, Germany 5th place
2002 Gothenburg / Karlstad / Jönköping, Sweden 6th place
2003 Helsinki / Tampere / Turku, Finland Gold
2004 Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic Gold
2005 Innsbruck / Vienna, Austria Silver
2006 Riga, Latvia 4th place
2007 Moscow / Mytishchi, Russia Gold
2008 Quebec City / Halifax, Canada Silver
2009 Bern / Kloten, Switzerland Silver
2010 Cologne / Mannheim / Gelsenkirchen, Germany 7th place
2011 Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia 5th place
2012 Helsinki, Finland / Stockholm, Sweden 5th place
2013 Stockholm, Sweden / Helsinki, Finland 5th place
2014 Minsk, Belarus 5th place
2015 Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic Gold
2016 Moscow / Saint Petersburg, Russia Gold
2017 Cologne, Germany / Paris, France Silver
2018 Copenhagen / Herning, Denmark 4th place
2019 Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia Silver
2020 Zürich / Lausanne, Switzerland Cancelled[36]

Summit Series

Canada Cup

  • 1976 – Champions
  • 1981 – Runners-up
  • 1984 – Champions
  • 1987 – Champions
  • 1991 – Champions

World Cup of Hockey

Spengler Cup

In the Spengler Cup, Team Canada competes against European club teams such as HC Davos who host the tournament every year in Vaillant Arena. Canada was initially represented by the standing national team at this event, but subsequently is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or the American Hockey League. In 2019, Team Canada won its 16th Spengler Cups, passing the host team HC Davos (last win 2011) for the most titles.

Results Years
Winner 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
Runners-up 1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2018
Third place 1989, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009

Canada men's national ice hockey team Competition achievements articles: 203