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Big Ten Conference

American collegiate athletics conference

Top 10 Big Ten Conference related articles

Big Ten Conference
DivisionDivision I
Members14 + 2 affiliate members
Sports fielded
  • 28
    • men's: 14
    • women's: 14
Former namesIntercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives
(officially, 1896–1987)
Western Conference
Big Nine
(1899–1917, 1946–1949)
HeadquartersRosemont, Illinois
CommissionerKevin Warren

The Big Ten Conference (stylized B1G, formerly the Western Conference and the Big Nine Conference) is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. It is based in Rosemont, Illinois. For over eight decades this conference consisted of ten universities, and presently has 14 member and two affiliate institutions. They compete in the NCAA Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. The conference includes the flagship public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska, as well as two additional public land-grant schools and a private university.

The Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H. Smart and representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Northwestern University, and University of Wisconsin gathered at Chicago's Palmer House Hotel to set policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics. In 1899, Indiana University and the University of Iowa joined the conference to increase the membership to nine schools. In 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives".[1] The conference is one of the nation's oldest, predating the founding of the NCAA by a decade, and was one of the first collegiate conferences to sponsor men's basketball.

Big Ten member institutions are major research universities with large financial endowments and strong academic reputations. All institutions except full member University of Nebraska and associate member Notre Dame are members of the Association of American Universities. Large student enrollment is a hallmark of Big Ten Universities, as 12 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 30,000 or more students (Nebraska and Northwestern being the exceptions). Northwestern is the lone private university among Big Ten membership (the University of Chicago, a private university, left the conference in 1946). Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni.[2] Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year.[3] Big Ten universities are also members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, an academic consortium. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures.[4]

Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century as an assemblage of universities located primarily in the Midwest, the conference's geographic footprint now stretches east to the Atlantic Ocean. Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten has grown to fourteen members, with the following universities accepting invitations to join: Pennsylvania State University in 1990, the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011, and both the University of Maryland and Rutgers University in 2014. Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in men's lacrosse, and in 2015, it was also accepted as an associate member in women's lacrosse. Notre Dame joined the Big Ten on July 1, 2017 as an associate member in men's ice hockey.[5]

Big Ten Conference Intro articles: 22

Member schools


Institution Location Founded Joined Type Enrollment Endowment
Nickname Colors
East Division
Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana 1820 1899[fm 1] Public 43,710 $2,490 Hoosiers          
University of Maryland College Park, Maryland 1856 2014 41,200 $355.3 Terrapins                    
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 1817 1896[fm 2] 46,002 $12,440 Wolverines          
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan 1855 1950[fm 3] 50,019 $3,030 Spartans          
Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio 1870 1912 61,391 $5,260 Buckeyes     
Pennsylvania State University State College, Pennsylvania 1855 1990[fm 4] 47,307 $4,550 Nittany Lions          
Rutgers University New BrunswickPiscataway,
New Jersey
1766 2014 40,720 $1,476 Scarlet Knights     
West Division
University of Illinois Champaign-Urbana, Illinois 1867 1896 Public 49,339 $2,350 Fighting Illini          
University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa 1847 1899[fm 5] 33,334[6] $1,580 Hawkeyes          
University of Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota 1851 1896 51,327 $3,950 Golden Gophers          
University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska 1869 2011 25,820 $1,435 Cornhuskers          
Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois 1851 1896 Private, non-sectarian 21,208 $11,100 Wildcats          
Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana 1869 1896 Public 43,411 $2,630 Boilermakers          
University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin 1848 1896 44,413 $3,150 Badgers          
  1. ^ Athletic teams first competed in 1900
  2. ^ Athletic teams were independent from 1907 to 1916
  3. ^ Athletic teams first competed in 1953
  4. ^ Athletic teams first competed in 1991
  5. ^ Athletic teams first competed in 1900

Associate members

Institution Location Founded Joined Type Enrollment Nickname Colors Sport(s) Primary Conference
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Maryland 1876 2014 Private 20,871[7] Blue Jays           Men's and Women's Lacrosse[am 1] Centennial
(NCAA Division III)
University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana 1842 2017 PrivateCatholic 11,773 Fighting Irish           Men's Ice hockey ACC
  1. ^ On July 1, 2014, Johns Hopkins University joined the conference as an associate member in men's lacrosse. On July 1, 2016, the school also became an associate member in women's lacrosse.

Former member

Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Colors Current Conference
University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1890 1896 1946 Private 16,016 Maroons           University Athletic Association
(NCAA Division III)
  • The University of Chicago was a co-founder of the conference. The school dropped football in 1939, but remained a member in other sports until the end of the 1945–46 academic year.[8]
  • Lake Forest College attended the original 1895 meeting that led to the formation of the conference, but never participated in athletics or any other activities.

Membership timeline

University of Notre DameJohns Hopkins UniversityRutgers University–New BrunswickUniversity of Maryland, College ParkUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnPennsylvania State UniversityMichigan State UniversityOhio State UniversityUniversity of IowaIndiana University BloomingtonUniversity of ChicagoUniversity of MichiganUniversity of Wisconsin–MadisonPurdue UniversityNorthwestern UniversityUniversity of MinnesotaUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Full members Full members (non-football) Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference


The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 men's and 14 women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[9]

Teams in Big Ten Conference competition
Sport Men's Women's
Baseball 13
Basketball 14 14
Cross country 12 14
Field hockey 9
Football 14
Golf 14 14
Gymnastics 7 10
Ice hockey 7
Lacrosse 6 7
Rowing 8
Soccer 9 14
Softball 14
Swimming & diving 10 13
Tennis 12 14
Track and field (indoor) 12 13
Track and field (outdoor) 13 13
Volleyball 14
Wrestling 14

Men's sponsored sports by school

School Base­ball Basket­ball Cross Country Football Golf Gym­nastics Ice Hockey Lac­rosse Soccer Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track & Field
Track & Field
Wrest­ling Total
Illinois Y Y Y Y Y Y N N N N Y Y Y Y 10
Indiana Y Y Y Y Y N N N Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Iowa Y Y Y Y Y Y[a] N N N Y[a] Y[a] Y Y Y 11
Maryland Y Y N Y Y N N Y Y N N N Y Y 8
Michigan Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Michigan State Y Y Y Y Y N Y N Y Y[b] Y Y Y Y 12
Minnesota Y Y Y Y Y Y[c] Y N N Y Y[c] Y[c] Y Y 12
Nebraska Y Y Y Y Y Y N N N N Y Y Y Y 10
Northwestern Y Y N Y Y N N N Y Y Y N N Y 8
Ohio State Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Penn State Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Purdue Y Y Y Y Y N N N N Y Y Y Y Y 10
Rutgers Y Y Y Y Y N N Y Y N N Y Y Y 10
Wisconsin N Y Y Y Y N Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Totals 13 14 12 14 14 7 6+1* 5+1° 9 10 12 12 13 14 155+2


  1. ^ a b c Iowa will drop men's gymnastics, men's swimming & diving, and men's tennis after the 2020–21 school year.[10]
  2. ^ Michigan State will drop men's swimming & diving after the 2020–21 school year.[11]
  3. ^ a b c Minnesota will drop men's gymnastics, men's tennis, and men's indoor track & field after the 2020–21 school year. Initially, the school announced that men's outdoor track & field would be dropped at that time, but later reversed itself with regard to that specific sport.[12]

* Notre Dame joined the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in men's ice hockey.[13] It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent.

° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse, with women's lacrosse following in 2016. It continues to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference.[14]

Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools
School Fencing[a] Lightweight
Pistol[c] Rifle[d] Rowing[b] Volleyball
Ohio State Independent No Independent PRC No MIVA
Penn State Independent No No No No EIVA
Rutgers No EARC No No EARC No
Wisconsin No No No No EARC No
  1. ^ Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams.
  2. ^ a b Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Men's Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008, but remains a member of the EARC.
  3. ^ Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.
  4. ^ Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team.

Women's sponsored sports by school

School Basket­ball Cross
Golf Gym­nastics Lacrosse Rowing Soccer Softball Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track & Field
Track & Field
Volley­ball Total
Illinois Y Y N Y Y N N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Indiana Y Y Y Y N N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 12
Iowa Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y[a] Y Y Y Y 13
Maryland Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y N Y Y Y Y 12
Michigan Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Michigan State Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y[b] Y Y Y Y 13
Minnesota Y Y N Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 12
Nebraska Y Y N Y Y N N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Northwestern Y Y Y Y N Y N Y Y Y Y N N Y 10
Ohio State Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Penn State Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 13
Purdue Y Y N Y N N N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
Rutgers Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Wisconsin Y Y N Y N N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Totals 14 14 9 14 10 6+1[c 1] 8 14 14 13 14 13 13 14 175+1
  1. ^ Iowa will drop women's swimming & diving after the 2020–21 school year.[10]
  2. ^ Michigan State will drop women's swimming & diving after the 2020–21 school year.[11]

Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools

School Bowling Fencing[c 2] Ice
Rowing[c 3]
Pistol[c 4] Rifle[c 5] Synchronized
Swimming[c 6]
Indiana No No No No No No No CWPA No
Michigan No No No No No No No CWPA No
Minnesota No No WCHA No No No No No No
Nebraska Independent No No No No GARC No No Independent
Northwestern No Independent No No No No No No No
Ohio State No Independent WCHA No Independent PRC Independent No No
Penn State No Independent CHA No No No No No No
Rutgers No No No EARC No No No No No
Wisconsin No No WCHA EARC No No No No No
  1. ^ Associate member: Johns Hopkins
  2. ^ Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, but all bouts involve members of the same sex. Most NCAA fencing schools field both men's and women's squads, although a few schools field only a women's squad. Ohio State and Penn State have both men's and women's squads, while Northwestern fields only a women's squad.
  3. ^ The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. Women's lightweight rowing, as with all men's rowing, is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
  4. ^ Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.
  5. ^ Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Nebraska fields a women-only team, and Ohio State fields a coed team.
  6. ^ Synchronized swimming is not governed by the NCAA. Collegiate competition is governed by United States Synchronized Swimming, the sport's national governing body.

Big Ten Conference Member schools articles: 30


Initiated and led by Purdue University President James Henry Smart,[1] the presidents of the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.[15] The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.[16] Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Chicago, Purdue, and Northwestern.

The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,[17] but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules.[18] Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in December 1916, when Michigan sought to rejoin the conference after a nine-year absence.[19][20]

The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. Chicago discontinued its football program in 1939[21] and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to obtain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Iowa State, Marquette, Michigan State, Nebraska, Notre Dame, and Pittsburgh would replace Chicago at the time.[22] On May 20, 1949,[16] Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years. The conference's official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation.

1990 expansion: Penn State

Big Ten logo (1990–2011). To reflect the addition of the 11th school, Penn State, the number 11 was placed in the negative space of the "Big Ten" lettering.

In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams and extended an invitation to Atlantic 10 member and football independent Pennsylvania State University, which accepted it.[23] When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.

Missouri showed interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.[24] Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri and Rutgers or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two football divisions.[25] These talks died when the Big Eight Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.

Following the addition of Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, at that time the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. In 1999, Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although Notre Dame's faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near-unanimous vote, the school's board of trustees decided against joining the conference.[26] (In 1926, Notre Dame had briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to retain its independent status.[27]) Notre Dame subsequently joined the Atlantic Coast Conference in all sports except football, in which Notre Dame maintains its independent status as long as it plays at least five games per season against ACC opponents. This was believed to be the major stumbling block to Notre Dame joining the Big Ten, as Notre Dame wanted to retain its independent home game broadcasting contract with NBC Sports, while the Big Ten insisted upon a full membership with no special exemptions.

2010–2014 expansion: Nebraska, Maryland, Rutgers

In December 2009, Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–2014 NCAA conference realignment.[28] On June 11, 2010, the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.[29] The conference retained the name "Big Ten." This briefly led to the interesting and ironic result of the Big Ten consisting of twelve teams, and the Big 12 consisting of ten teams (with fellow former Big 12 member Colorado's move to the Pac-12 Conference).

Legends and Leaders divisions

On September 1, 2010, Delany revealed the conference's football divisional split, but noted that the division names would be announced later. Those division names, as well as the conference's new logo, were made public on December 13, 2010. For its new logo, the conference replaced the "hidden 11" logo with one that uses the "B1G" character combination in its branding. Delany did not comment on the logo that day, but it was immediately evident that the new logo would "allow fans to see 'BIG' and '10' in a single word."[30]

For the new football division names, the Big Ten was unable to use geographic names, because they had rejected a geographic arrangement. Delany announced that the new divisions would be known as the "Legends Division" and "Leaders Division". In the Legends division were Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota, Nebraska and Northwestern. The Leaders division was composed of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio State, Penn State, Purdue and Wisconsin. Conference officials stated they had focused on creating competitive fairness rather than splitting by geographical location.[31] However, the new "Legends" and "Leaders" names were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions.[32]

For the football season, each team played the others in its division, one "cross-over" rivalry game, and two rotating cross-divisional games. At the end of the regular season the two division winners met in a new Big Ten Football Championship Game.[33] The Legends and Leaders divisional alignment was in effect for the 2011, 2012, and 2013 football seasons.

West and East divisions

Locations of the Big Ten member institutions

On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014.[34] The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day.[35] One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school.[36]

On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a football divisional realignment that went into effect when Maryland and Rutgers joined in 2014.[37] Under the new plan, the Legends and Leaders divisions were replaced with geographic divisions.[37] The West Division includes Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Northwestern, Purdue and Wisconsin (of which all but Purdue are in the Central Time Zone), while the East Division includes Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Ohio State, Penn State and Rutgers. The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its West Lafayette campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington.[38] In the current divisional alignment, the only permanently protected cross-divisional rivalry game in football is Indiana–Purdue.[37] As before, the two division winners play each other in the Big Ten Football Championship Game.

On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. For any conference to qualify for an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament, at least six member schools must play the sport. In women's lacrosse, the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the Big Ten brought the conference up to the requisite six participants, joining programs at Michigan, Northwestern, Ohio State and Penn State.[39] In men's lacrosse, Ohio State and Penn State were the only existing participants. Coincident with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers, Michigan agreed to upgrade its successful club team to varsity status, giving the Big Ten five sponsoring schools, one short of the minimum six for an automatic bid. Johns Hopkins University opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships.[40] As long-time independents joined conferences (for example, Syracuse joining the Atlantic Coast Conference), other schools competing as independents in some cases concluded that the inability to earn an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament was becoming a more serious competitive disadvantage in scheduling and recruiting.

On March 23, 2016, the Big Ten Conference and Notre Dame announced the Fighting Irish would become a men's ice hockey affiliate beginning with the 2017–18 season.[41] Notre Dame had been a member of Hockey East, and the move saves travel time and renews rivalries with former CCHA and WCHA members.

The conference's headquarters in Rosemont, Illinois

In 2012, the conference announced it would move its headquarters from its location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont by the end of 2013. The current office building is situated within Rosemont's MB Financial Entertainment District, alongside Interstate 294. The move into the building was finalized on October 14, 2013.[42][43][44]

Big Ten Conference History articles: 40


The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics."[15]

Name Years Notes
John L. Griffith 1922–1944 died in office
Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson 1945–1961 retired
William R. Reed 1961–1971 died in office
Wayne Duke 1971–1989 retired
Jim Delany 1989–2020 retired
Kevin Warren 2020–present

With the exception of Nebraska, each Big Ten institution is a member of the American Association of Universities and is ranked in the US News & World Report top 100 and the Times Higher Education top 200.[45] Nebraska joined the AAU in 1909 but was removed in April 2011 when the AAU disallowed University of Nebraska Medical Center data points to be included in the AAU formula and began to decrease the weight given to agricultural research. Commissioner Jim Delany stated that Nebraska's removal from the AAU would have no bearing upon their Big Ten membership. Nebraska does, however, lead the NCAA with a record of 314 Academic All-Americans (followed by Notre Dame with 221).[46][47] Currently, no Division I conference is composed exclusively of AAU members. However, the University Athletic Association, a Division III conference is composed of entirely AAU members.

All Big Ten members are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance (BTAA), formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), an academic consortium which allows students at Big Ten institutions to take distance courses at other participating institutions.[48] Students at participating schools are also allowed "in-house" viewing privileges at other participating schools' libraries.[49] The BTAA also employs collective purchasing, which has saved member institutions $19 million to date.[50] The University of Chicago, a former Big Ten Conference member, was a member of the CIC from 1958 to June 29, 2016 (when it was renamed the Big Ten Academic Alliance).[51][52]

Big Ten Conference Commissioners articles: 10

Schools ranked by revenue

The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Surplus (or deficit) is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.[53]

Institution 2015 Total Revenue
from Athletics[54]
2015 Total Expenses
on Athletics[54]
2015 Surplus/(Deficit) 2012 Average Spending
per student-athlete[55]
Ohio State University $167,166,065 $154,033,208 $13,152,857 $158,901
University of Michigan $152,477,026 $151,144,964 $1,332,062 $133,488
Pennsylvania State University $125,720,619 $122,271,407 $3,448,883 Not reported
University of Wisconsin–Madison $123,895,543 $118,691,112 $5,204,431 $116,487
University of Minnesota $111,162,265 $111,162,265 $0 $102,980
Michigan State University $108,687,274 $108,283,151 $404,123 $120,356
University of Iowa $105,969,545 $109,214,651 ($3,245,106) $154,592
University of Nebraska–Lincoln $102,157,399 $98,023,037 $4,134,362 $128,182
University of Maryland, College Park $92,686,128 $92,558,535 $127,593 $113,706
Indiana University Bloomington $88,362,421 $88,330,530 $31,891 $110,102
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign $85,998,659 $87,163,188 ($1,164,529) $154,719
Purdue University $75,637,694 $74,420,334 $1,217,360 $135,301
Rutgers University–New Brunswick $70,558,935 $70,558,935 $0 $104,638
Northwestern University Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported

Big Ten Conference Schools ranked by revenue articles: 4

Awards and honors

Big Ten Athlete of the Year

The Big Ten Athlete of the Year award is given annually to the athletes voted as the top male and female athlete in the Big Ten Conference.

Big Ten Medal of Honor

Big Ten Medal of Honor (annual; at each school; one male scholar-athlete and one female scholar-athlete)[56]

  • Big Ten Sportsmanship Award (annual; at each school; one male student-athlete and one female student-athlete)[57]

NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup Rankings

The NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup is an annual award given by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the U.S. colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics. Big Ten universities typically finish ranked in the top-50 of the final Directors' Cup annual rankings.

Institution 2017–
Illinois Fighting Illini 36 38 54 31 47 31 21 23 35 20 34 42 40 35
Indiana Hoosiers 52 47 41 61 36 32 38 28 43 55 39 50 38 43
Iowa Hawkeyes 51 52 62 44 78 65 48 43 55 45 50 68 53 55
Maryland Terrapins 50 49 59 33 32 44 27 17 28 28 52 40 27 37
Michigan Wolverines 5 4 3 19 13 4 10 15 25 5 3 4 24 10
Michigan State Spartans 48 50 53 34 29 30 34 42 39 27 29 34 46 38
Minnesota Golden Gophers 19 30 18 26 21 22 22 29 18 14 28 20 16 22
Nebraska Cornhuskers 31 38 27 39 23 24 40 33 17 31 31 27 19 29
Northwestern Wildcats 31 36 50 50 50 40 44 46 50 44 40 30 29 42
Ohio State Buckeyes 6 2 2 7 25 16 4 2 8 10 11 14 12 9
Penn State Nittany Lions 10 7 20 8 5 6 12 13 4 19 9 21 15 11
Purdue Boilermakers 41 41 45 60 48 42 47 49 54 38 35 35 35 44
Rutgers Scarlet Knights 103 113 83 104 91 120 111 158 96 92 126 54 76 102
Wisconsin Badgers 22 16 27 18 18 29 26 26 21 41 18 16 22 23
University Top 10
Michigan 20
Ohio State 12
Penn State 9
Nebraska 5
Minnesota 1

2017–18 Capital One Cup Standings

The Capital One Cup is an award given annually to the best men's and women's Division I college athletics programs in the United States. Points are earned throughout the year based on final standings of NCAA Championships and final coaches' poll rankings.

Institution Men's
Illinois 53 NR
Indiana 15 74
Iowa 54 NR
Maryland 23 25
Michigan 8 27
Michigan State 48 49
Minnesota 54 49
Nebraska 67 4
Northwestern NR 36
Ohio State 4 30
Penn State 19 9
Purdue 69 74
Rutgers NR NR
Wisconsin 42 44

Big Ten Conference Awards and honors articles: 17

Conference records

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote[58]

NCAA national titles

Through June 24, 2019, per published NCAA summary,[59] with updates for the subsequent sports year.

Excluded from this list are all national championships earned outside the scope of NCAA competition, including Division I FBS football titles, women's AIAW championships (17), equestrian titles (0), and retroactive Helms Athletic Foundation titles.

Institution Total Men's Women's Co-ed Nickname Most successful sport (Titles)
Pennsylvania State University 52 28 11 13 Nittany Lions Fencing (14)
University of Michigan 36 34 2 0 Wolverines Men's swimming (12) (plus 7 unofficial titles)
University of Maryland 31 8 23 0 Terrapins Women's lacrosse (14)
Ohio State University 30 24 3 3 Buckeyes Men's swimming (11)
University of Iowa 25 24 1 0 Hawkeyes Men's wrestling (23)
University of Wisconsin 26 18 8 0 Badgers Men's boxing (4) (plus 4 unofficial titles)
Indiana University 24 24 0 0 Hoosiers Men's soccer (8)
Michigan State University 20 19 1 0 Spartans Men's cross country (8)
University of Minnesota 19 13 6 0 Golden Gophers Women's ice hockey (6)
University of Nebraska 19 8 11 0 Cornhuskers Men's gymnastics (8)
University of Illinois 18 18 0 0 Fighting Illini Men's gymnastics (10)
Northwestern University 8 1 7 0 Wildcats Women's lacrosse (7)
Purdue University 3 1 2 0 Boilermakers Men's golf (1), Women's golf (1), Women's basketball (1)
Rutgers University 1 1 0 0 Scarlet Knights Fencing (1)
Total 312 221 75 16

See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships and List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships

Big Ten Conference Conference records articles: 7

Conference titles

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote[60]
Institution # of[61]
University of Chicago7 73
University of Illinois 252
Indiana University 182
University of Iowa 112
University of Maryland2 23
University of Michigan 403
Michigan State University 99
University of Minnesota 168
University of Nebraska3 14
Northwestern University 76
University of Notre Dame4 2
Ohio State University 241
Pennsylvania State University5 81
Purdue University 73
Rutgers University6 0
Johns Hopkins University1 2
University of Wisconsin 201
  1. ^ Johns Hopkins was added in 2014 as an associate member that competed in men's lacrosse only. Johns Hopkins also began competing as an associate member in women's lacrosse in the 2016–17 school year.
  2. ^ Maryland won 196 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), second most in ACC history.
  3. ^ Nebraska won 80 conference championships as a member of the Big 12 Conference, second most in Big 12 history. Nebraska also won 230 conference championships as a member of the Big Eight Conference, the most in Big Eight history.
  4. ^ Notre Dame was added in 2017 as an associate member that competed in men's ice hockey only.
  5. ^ Penn State won or shared 70 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference (1982–91) and earlier when it was known as the Eastern 8 Conference (1976–79).
  6. ^ Rutgers won six conference championships as a member of the Middle Three Conference, the Middle Atlantic Conference, the Atlantic 10 Conference, the original Big East Conference, and both of its offshoots, the current non-football Big East Conference and the American Athletic Conference.
  7. ^ Chicago won 73 conference championships as a member of the Big Ten from 1896 to 1946.

Current Champions

Season Sport Champion Tournament
Fall 2020 Men's Cross Country Wisconsin
Women's Cross Country Michigan State
Field Hockey
Football Ohio State
Men's Soccer Indiana
Women's Soccer Penn State
Women's Volleyball Wisconsin
Winter 2020–21 Women's Swimming and Diving Ohio State
Men's Indoor Track and Field Iowa
Women's Indoor Track and Field Minnesota
Men's Swimming and Diving Michigan
Women's Basketball Maryland Maryland
Wrestling Iowa/Penn State ‡Iowa
Men's Basketball Michigan Illinois
Men's Ice Hockey Wisconsin Minnesota
Women's Gymnastics Iowa Minnesota
Men's Gymnastics Michigan
Spring 2021 Women's Tennis
Men's Tennis
Women's Golf
Men's Golf
Women's Lacrosse
Men's Lacrosse
Men's Outdoor Track and Field
Women's Outdoor Track and Field
Women's Rowing

‡ Denotes national champion


When Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014, the division names were changed to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six Eastern Time Zone schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game is Indiana–Purdue. Beginning in 2016, the Big Ten adopted a nine-game conference schedule.[38][62] All teams have one cross-division opponent they play annually that changes every six years except for Indiana and Purdue, whose crossover is permanent. The other six opponents are played every three years during that cycle. For 2016–2021, the pairings are Maryland-Minnesota, Michigan-Wisconsin, Michigan State-Northwestern, Ohio State-Nebraska, Penn State-Iowa, and Rutgers-Illinois, and for 2022-2027 the pairings are Maryland-Northwestern, Michigan-Nebraska, Michigan State-Minnesota, Ohio State-Wisconsin, Penn State-Illinois, and Rutgers-Iowa.[63] In 2016, the Big Ten no longer allowed its members to play Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) teams and also requires at least one non-conference game against a school in the Power Five conferences (ACC, Big 12, Pac-12, SEC). Contracts for future games already scheduled against FCS teams would be honored. However, in 2017, the Big Ten started to allow teams to schedule an FCS opponent during years in which they only have four conference home games (odd-numbered years for East division teams, even-numbered years for West division teams).[64] At the time this policy was first announced, games against FBS independents Notre Dame and BYU would automatically count toward the Power Five requirement.[65] ESPN, citing a Big Ten executive, reported in 2015 that the Big Ten would allow exceptions to the Power Five rule on a case-by-case basis, and also that the other FBS independent at that time, Army, had been added to the list of non-Power Five schools that would automatically be counted as Power Five opponents.[66]

All-time school records

This list goes through the 2020 season.

# Team Records Pct. Division
Big Ten
Claimed National
1 Michigan 964–350–36 .727 1 42 11
2 Ohio State 931–327–53 .730 9 39† 8
3 Nebraska†† 905–400–40 .688 1 0 5
4 Penn State 901–402–42 .686 2 4 2
5 Michigan State 708–465–44 .600 3 9 6
6 Wisconsin 719–502–53 .585 5 14 1
7 Minnesota 706–524–42 .571 1 18 7
8 Iowa 661–561–39 .540 1 11 5
9 Maryland†† 654–608–43 .518 0 0 1
10 Purdue 617–571–48 .519 0 8 0
11 Illinois 609–597–50 .504 0 15 5
12 Rutgers†† 653–663–42 .496 0 0 0
13 Northwestern 546–669–44 .451 2 8 0
14 Indiana 494–682–44 .423 0 2 0

† Ohio State vacated 12 wins and its Big Ten title in 2010 due to NCAA sanctions.

†† Numbers of division and conference championships shown reflect Big Ten history only and do not include division and conference championships in former conferences. Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014, and Nebraska joined in 2011.

Number of Claimed National Championships, as well as win-loss-tie records, include all seasons played, regardless of conference membership.

Big Ten Conference Champions

Bowl games

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics.

It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.

Since the 2014–15 season, a new slate of bowl game selections has included several new bowl games.[67]

Pick Name Location Opposing
1 Rose Bowl* Pasadena, California Pac-12 1
2/3/4 or 2 Citrus Bowl or Orange Bowl^ Orlando, Florida or Miami Gardens, Florida SEC or ACC 2 or 1
2/3/4 Outback Bowl Tampa, Florida SEC 4/5/6/7
2/3/4 Holiday Bowl[68] San Diego Pac-12 3
5/6/7 Music City Bowl or Gator Bowl[69] Nashville, Tennessee or Jacksonville, Florida SEC 4/5/6/7
5/6/7 Redbox Bowl[70] Santa Clara, California Pac-12 4
5/6/7 Pinstripe Bowl[71] New York City ACC 3/4/5/6
8/9 Quick Lane Bowl[72] Detroit ACC 7/8/9
8/9 First Responder Bowl or Armed Forces Bowl[68] Dallas or Fort Worth, Texas C–USA

* If the conference champion is picked for the College Football Playoff in years the Rose Bowl does not host a semifinal, the next highest ranked team in the committee rankings, or runner up, shall take its place at the Rose Bowl.

^ The Big Ten, along with the SEC, will be eligible to face the ACC representative in the Orange Bowl at least three out of the eight seasons that it does not host a semifinal for the Playoff over a 12-year span. Notre Dame will be chosen the other two years if eligible.

† The Big Ten and ACC will switch between the Music City and Gator bowls on alternating years.

‡ The Big Ten and Big 12 will switch between the First Responder and Armed Forces bowls on alternating years.

Bowl selection procedures

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the win-loss records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after CFP selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.

For all non-College Football Playoff partners, the bowl partner will request a Big Ten team. The Big Ten will approve or assign another team based on internal selection parameters.

When not hosting a semifinal, the Orange Bowl will select the highest-ranked team from the Big Ten, SEC or Notre Dame to face an ACC opponent. The Big Ten Champion cannot play in the Orange Bowl. If a Big Ten team is not selected by the Orange Bowl, the Citrus Bowl will submit a request for a Big Ten team.

The Outback, Redbox and Holiday Bowls will feature at least five Big Ten schools over the six-year agreement (through 2019 season). The Music City and Gator Bowl will coordinate their selections allowing only one to pick a Big Ten team. The Big Ten will make appearances in three of each bowl games over the term of the agreement (through 2019 season).

The Pinstripe Bowl will feature a minimum of six Big Ten teams over the eight-year agreement (through 2021 season).

The Quick Lane, Armed Forces and First Responder Bowls will select a bowl-eligible Big Ten team, subject to conference approval.[73]

Head coach compensation

The total pay of head coaches includes university and non-university compensation. This includes base salary, income from contracts, foundation supplements, bonuses and media and radio pay.[74]

Two Big Ten member schools—Northwestern, a private institution, and Penn State, exempt from most open records laws due to its status as what Pennsylvania calls a "state-related" institution—are not obligated to provide salary information for their head coaches, but choose to do so.

Conf. Rank Institution Head coach 2016 total pay[75]
1 University of Michigan Jim Harbaugh $9,004,000
2 Ohio State University Ryan Day $6,094,800
3 University of Nebraska–Lincoln Scott Frost $5,000,000
4 Pennsylvania State University James Franklin $4,500,000
5 University of Iowa Kirk Ferentz $4,500,000
6 Michigan State University Mel Tucker $5,500,000
7 University of Minnesota PJ Fleck $3,500,000
8 Northwestern University Pat Fitzgerald $3,350,638
9 Purdue University Jeff Brohm $3,300,000
10 University of Wisconsin–Madison Paul Chryst $2,706,200
11 University of Maryland, College Park Mike Locksley $2,412,000
12 Rutgers University–New Brunswick Greg Schiano $2,000,000
13 Indiana University Bloomington Tom Allen $1,830,000
14 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Lovie Smith $1,809,179

Marching bands

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of fourteen member schools have won the Sudler Trophy,[76] generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.[77] The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands—Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).[76] The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.[76]

Conference individual honors

Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.

Big Ten Conference Conference titles articles: 75