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Big 12 Conference

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Top 10 Big 12 Conference related articles

Big 12 Conference
EstablishedFebruary 25, 1994 (1994-02-25)[1]
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I
SubdivisionFBS
Members10 + 11 affiliate members
Sports fielded
  • 23
    • men's: 10
    • women's: 13
Region
HeadquartersIrving, Texas
CommissionerBob Bowlsby (since 2012)
Websitewww.big12sports.com
Locations

The Big 12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference headquartered in Irving, Texas. The conference consists of ten full-member universities. It is a member of Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) for all sports. Its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. Its ten members, in the states of Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and West Virginia, include eight public and two private, Christian schools. Additionally, the Big 12 has 11 affiliate members—eight for the sport of wrestling, one of which is also a member in women's equestrianism; one for women's gymnastics; and two for women's rowing. The Big 12 Conference is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization[2] incorporated in Delaware.[3] The Big 12 Conference commissioner is Bob Bowlsby.

The Big 12 Conference was founded in February 1994. The eight members of the former Big Eight Conference joined with Southwest Conference schools Texas, Texas A&M, Baylor, and Texas Tech to form the conference, with play beginning in 1996.[4][5]

The conference's current 10-campus makeup resulted from the 2010–13 Big 12 Conference realignment, in which Nebraska joined the Big Ten Conference, Colorado joined the Pac-12, and Missouri and Texas A&M joined the Southeastern Conference. TCU and West Virginia joined from the Mountain West and Big East Conferences respectively to offset two of the departing schools, bringing the conference to its current strength.

The Big 12 Conference, like others involved in the realignment, has kept its name primarily for marketing purposes; the conference has high name recognition and remains one of the Power Five conferences which are considered the primary contenders to produce a College Football Playoff champion team in any given year. Attempts to rename the Big 12 to reflect its current strength would lead to confusion with the current Big Ten Conference (which currently has 14 teams).

Big 12 Conference Intro articles: 25

Member schools

Members

Institution Location Founded Joined Type Enrollment Endowment
(millions)
Nickname Colors
Baylor University Waco, Texas 1845 1996 Private 19,297 $1,340 Bears/Lady Bears          
Iowa State University Ames, Iowa 1858 Public 35,000 $1,102 Cyclones          
University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 1865 28,423 $1,820 Jayhawks          
Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 1863 22,221 $510.3 Wildcats          
University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma 1890 28,564 $1,736 Sooners          
Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma 1890 25,295[6] $756.5 Cowboys/Cowgirls          
Texas Christian University (TCU) Fort Worth, Texas 1873 2012 Private 11,379 $1,710 Horned Frogs          
University of Texas at Austin (Texas) Austin, Texas 1883 1996 Public 51,832[7] $30,100 Longhorns          
Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 1923 40,322[8] $1,320 Red Raiders          
West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia 1867 2012 29,959[9] $589.8 Mountaineers          
Reference:[10][11][12][13][14][15]

Affiliate members

Institution Location Founded Joined Type Enrollment Nickname Sport
United States Air Force Academy Colorado Springs, Colorado 1954 2015 Military academy 4,000 Falcons Wrestling
University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, Alabama 1831 2014 Public 38,563 Crimson Tide Women's rowing
University of Denver Denver, Colorado 1864 2015 Private 11,809 Pioneers Women's gymnastics
California State University, Fresno Fresno, California 1911 2017 Public 24,405 Bulldogs Wrestling
2019 Equestrian
University of Northern Colorado Greeley, Colorado 1889 2015 12,084 Bears Wrestling
University of Northern Iowa Cedar Falls, Iowa 1876 2017 13,914 Panthers
North Dakota State University Fargo, North Dakota 1890 2015 14,747 Bison
South Dakota State University Brookings, South Dakota 1881 2015 12,554 Jackrabbits
University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 1794 2014 27,523 Volunteers Women's rowing
Utah Valley University Orem, Utah 1941 2015 31,556 Wolverines Wrestling
University of Wyoming Laramie, Wyoming 1886 2015 13,992 Cowboys
  • On July 29, 2015, the Big 12 announced it would add the six former members of the Western Wrestling Conference—Air Force, Northern Colorado, North Dakota State, South Dakota State, Utah Valley, and Wyoming—as affiliate members for wrestling, plus Denver as an affiliate member for women's gymnastics, all effective with the 2015–16 school year.[16] On July 5, 2017, the Big 12 added Fresno State and Northern Iowa as wrestling affiliates.[17] On May 2, 2019, the Big 12 added Fresno State as an equestrian affiliate.[18]
  • Fresno State will drop wrestling at the end of the 2020–21 school year. It will remain an equestrian affiliate.[19]

Future affiliate members

Institution Location Founded Joining Type Enrollment Nickname Sport
California Baptist University Riverside, California 1950 2022 Private 11,045 Lancers Wrestling
  • California Baptist will become a Big 12 wrestling member in 2022, conditional on successful completion of its ongoing transition to Division I.[20]

Former members

Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Colors Current
Conference
University of Colorado Boulder Boulder, Colorado 1876 1996 2011 Public 30,128 Buffaloes                Pac-12
University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri 1839 2012 34,255[21] Tigers           SEC
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska 1869 2011 24,100[22] Cornhuskers           Big Ten
Texas A&M University College Station, Texas 1876 2012 53,337 Aggies           SEC

Former affiliate members

Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Colors Big 12
Sport(s)
Current
Conference[a]
Old Dominion University Norfolk, Virginia 1930 2014 2018 Public 24,125 Monarchs                Women's rowing The American[23]
  1. ^ Affiliation in former Big 12 sport(s); does not necessarily match primary affiliation.

Membership timeline

University of Northern IowaMid-American ConferenceWestern Wrestling ConferenceCalifornia State University, FresnoUniversity of DenverMountain Rim Gymnastics ConferenceUniversity of WyomingWestern Wrestling ConferenceUtah Valley UniversityWestern Wrestling ConferenceSouth Dakota State UniversityWestern Wrestling ConferenceNorth Dakota State UniversityWestern Wrestling ConferenceUniversity of Northern ColoradoWestern Wrestling ConferenceUnited States Air Force AcademyWestern Wrestling ConferenceAmerican Athletic ConferenceOld Dominion UniversityConference USAUniversity of TennesseeConference USAUniversity of AlabamaConference USAWest Virginia UniversityBig East Conference (1979–2013)Texas Christian UniversityMountain West ConferenceConference USAWestern Athletic ConferenceTexas Tech UniversityUniversity of Texas at AustinOklahoma State University–StillwaterUniversity of OklahomaKansas State UniversityUniversity of KansasIowa State UniversityBaylor UniversitySoutheastern ConferenceTexas A&M UniversitySoutheastern ConferenceUniversity of MissouriBig Ten ConferenceUniversity of Nebraska–LincolnPacific 12 ConferenceUniversity of Colorado Boulder

Full members Assoc. member (Other sports) Other Conference

Sports

The Big 12 Conference sponsors championship competition in ten men's and thirteen women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[24]

Teams in Big 12 Conference competition
Sport Men's Women's
Baseball 9
Basketball 10 10
Cross Country 9 10
Equestrian 4
Football 10
Golf 10 9
Gymnastics 4
Rowing 7
Soccer 10
Softball 7
Swimming & Diving 3 5
Tennis 6 10
Track and Field (Indoor) 9 10
Track and Field (Outdoor) 9 10
Volleyball 9
Wrestling 12

Men's sponsored sports by school

Below are the men's sports sponsored by each member institution. The only sports with full participation by the entire conference are basketball, football, and golf. Swimming and diving has the least amount of participation with only three schools fielding a team. The conference fields 12 teams for wrestling, the most of any sport, with only 4 teams being full-time members, as well as 8 affiliate members. One of the wrestling affiliates, namely Fresno State, will drop that sport after the 2020–21 season; California Baptist is currently scheduled to join as a wrestling-only member in 2022–23.

School Baseball Basketball Cross
Country
Football Golf Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track
& Field
Indoor
Track
& Field
Outdoor
Wrestling Total
Big 12
Sports
Baylor Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y N 8
Iowa State N Y Y Y Y N N Y Y Y 7
Kansas Y Y Y Y Y N N Y Y N 7
Kansas State Y Y Y Y Y N N Y Y N 7
Oklahoma Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y 9
Oklahoma State Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y 9
TCU Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N 9
Texas Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N 9
Texas Tech Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y N 8
West Virginia Y Y N Y Y Y N N N Y 6
Totals 9 10 9 10 10 3 6 9 9 4* 78
Affiliate Members
Air Force Y 1
Fresno State Y 1
North Dakota State Y 1
Northern Colorado Y 1
Northern Iowa Y 1
South Dakota State Y 1
Utah Valley Y 1
Wyoming Y 1
Future Affiliate Members
California Baptist Y 1

Men's (and Coed – see Rifle) varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:

School Gymnastics Rifle* Soccer
Oklahoma Mountain Pacific Sports Federation No No
TCU No Patriot Rifle Conference No
West Virginia No Great America Rifle Conference Mid-American Conference
  • Rifle is often categorized as a men's sport because the NCAA bylaws that establish scholarship limits for each sport list rifle as a men's sport.[25] Nonetheless, it is an open coed sport in NCAA college athletics, with men's, women's, and coed teams in all NCAA divisions competing against each other. TCU and West Virginia both field coed teams. Through 2017, West Virginia with 19 national titles and TCU with two, together have won over half of the NCAA titles awarded since the inaugural NCAA championship in 1980. West Virginia also won four pre-NCAA national titles.

Women's sponsored sports by school

Below are women's sports sponsored by the member institutions. Six sports have full participation from the entire conference, basketball, cross country, soccer, tennis, indoor track, and outdoor track. Equestrian and gymnastics have the lowest participation with 3 full-time members and 1 affiliate participating.

School Basketball Cross
Country
Equestrian Golf Gymnastics Rowing Soccer Softball Swimming
& Diving
Tennis Track
& Field
Indoor
Track
& Field
Outdoor
Volleyball Total
Big 12
Sports
Baylor Y Y Y Y N N Y Y N Y Y Y Y 10
Iowa State Y Y N Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Kansas Y Y N Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Kansas State Y Y N Y N Y Y N N Y Y Y Y 9
Oklahoma Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y 11
Oklahoma State Y Y Y Y N N Y Y N Y Y Y N 9
TCU Y Y Y Y N N Y N Y Y Y Y Y 10
Texas Y Y N Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Texas Tech Y Y N Y N N Y Y N Y Y Y Y 9
West Virginia Y Y N N Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y 10
Totals 10 10 3 9 3* 5* 10 7 5 10 10 10 9
Affiliate Members
Alabama Y 1
Denver Y 1
Fresno State Y 1
Tennessee Y 1

Women's (and Coed – see Rifle) varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:

School Acrobatics & Tumbling[a] Beach Volleyball Rifle[b]
Baylor NCATA No No
TCU No Coastal Collegiate Sports Association[27] Patriot Rifle Conference
West Virginia No No Great America Rifle Conference
  1. ^ Part of the NCAA Emerging Sports for Women program.
  2. ^ Rifle is often categorized as a men's sport because the NCAA bylaws that establish scholarship limits for each sport list rifle as a men's sport.[26] Nonetheless, it is an open coed sport in NCAA college athletics, with men's, women's, and coed teams in all NCAA divisions competing against each other. TCU and West Virginia both field coed teams. Through 2018, West Virginia with 19 national titles and TCU with two, together have won over half of the NCAA titles awarded since the inaugural NCAA championship in 1980. West Virginia also won four pre-NCAA national titles.

Big 12 Conference Member schools articles: 19

History

The Big 12 Conference was formed in February 1994 when four prominent colleges from Texas that were members of the Southwest Conference were invited to join the eight members of the Big Eight Conference to form a new 12 member conference. The Big 12 does not claim the Big Eight's history as its own, even though it was essentially the Big Eight plus the four Texas schools.

The Big 12 began athletic play in the fall of 1996, with the Texas Tech vs. Kansas State football game being the first-ever sports event staged by the conference. From its formation until 2011, its 12 members competed in two divisions in most sports. The Oklahoma and Texas schools formed the South Division, while the other six teams of the former Big Eight formed the North Division.

Between 2011 and 2012 four charter members left the conference, while two schools joined in 2012.

Distinctive elements

Original Big 12 Conference logo from 1996 to 2004
Big 12 Conference logo from 2004 to 2014

Football championship game takes hiatus, returns in 2017

The Big 12 is unique among the current "Power Five" conferences in that it only has 10 members, despite the name, causing some confusion. From 1987 to 2015, 12 or more members were required for an "exempt" conference championship game—that is, one that did not count against NCAA limits for regular-season games (currently 12 in FBS)—although the first such game was not established until the SEC did so in 1992.[28] (Since the 2014 season, the Pac-12 has 12 members, while the ACC, Big Ten, and SEC have 14 football members each.)

Former Texas Athletic Director DeLoss Dodds and former football coach Mack Brown, along with Oklahoma football coach Bob Stoops, preferred not to have a championship game.[29] Critics argued it was a competitive advantage over other contract conferences. Conferences with a championship game have their division champions typically play one of their toughest games of the year in the last week of the regular season. Unlike the other "Power 5" conferences in which a team only plays a portion of the other teams in the conference each season, each Big 12 team plays the other nine teams during its conference schedule. This theoretically allows for the declaration of a de facto champion without the need for an additional rematch between the top two teams in the conference.

On June 3, 2016, the conference announced it would reinstate the football championship game in the 2017 season.[30] This followed the passage of a new NCAA rule allowing all FBS conferences to hold "exempt" football championship games regardless of their membership numbers.[31]

Population base

The Big 12 schools are located in the states of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, West Virginia and Iowa. These states have a combined population of 37.8 million.

As of 2013, out of the 115.6 million TV households nationwide there are 13,427,130 TV households in those states (11.6%),[32][33] although Morgantown, West Virginia where WVU is based is in the Pittsburgh television market, which increases the Big 12's television base well into Pennsylvania, and Lawrence, Kansas, where KU is based, is in the Kansas City television market, increasing the base into western Missouri. The Big 12's share of the nation's TVs is similar to that reached by the rest of the Power Five. The conference negotiated tier 1 and 2 TV contracts with total payouts similar to those of the other Power Five conferences.[34]

Grant of Rights

Member schools granted their first and second tier sports media rights to the conference for the length of their current TV deals. The Grant of Rights (GOR) deal with the leagues' TV contracts ensures that "if a Big 12 school leaves for another league in the next 13 years, that school's media rights, including revenue, would remain with the Big 12 and not its new conference."[35]

GOR is seen by league members as a "foundation of stability" and allowed the Big 12 to be "positioned with one of the best media rights arrangements in collegiate sports, providing the conference and its members unprecedented revenue growth, and sports programming over two networks." All members agreed to the GOR and later agreed to extend the initial 6-year deal to 13 years to correspond to the length of their TV contracts.[36]

Prior to this agreement, the Big Ten and Pac-12 also had similar GOR agreements.[37] The Big 12 subsequently assisted the ACC in drafting its GOR agreement.[38] Four of the five major conferences now have such agreements, with the SEC the only exception.

Tier 3 events

The Big 12 is the only major conference that allows members to monetize TV rights for tier 3 events in football and men's basketball.[39] This allows individual Big 12 member institutions to create tier 3 deals that include TV rights for one home football game and four home men's basketball games per season. Tier 3 rights exist for other sports as well, but these are not unique to the Big 12. The unique arrangement potentially allows Big 12 members to remain some of college sports' highest revenue earners. Other conferences' cable deals are subject to value reductions based on how people acquire cable programming; Big 12 schools' tier 3 deals are exempt.[40] Texas alone will earn more than $150 million of that total from their Longhorn Network.[41]

Big 12 Conference History articles: 8

Revenue

Conference revenue comes mostly from television contracts, bowl games, the NCAA, merchandise, licensing and conference-hosted sporting events. The Conference distributes revenue annually to member institutions.[48] From 1996 to 2011, 57 percent of revenue was allotted equally; while 43 percent was based upon the number of football and men's basketball television appearances and other factors.[49][50] In 2011, the distribution was 76 percent equal and 24 percent based on television appearances. Changing the arrangement requires a unanimous vote; as a Big 12 member, Nebraska and Texas A&M had withheld support for more equitable revenue distribution.[49]

With this model, larger schools can receive more revenue because they appear more often on television. In 2006, for example, Texas received $10.2 million, 44% more than Baylor University's $7.1 million.[51]

Big 12 revenue was generally less than other BCS conferences; this was due in part to television contracts signed with Fox Sports Net (four years for $48 million) and ABC/ESPN (eight years for $480 million).[52]

In 2011, the Big 12 announced a new 13-year media rights deal with Fox that would ensure that every Big 12 home football game is televised, as well as greatly increasing coverage of women's basketball, conference championships and other sports.[53] The deal, valued at an estimated $1.1 billion, runs until 2025.[54] In 2012, the conference announced a new ESPN/FOX agreement, replacing the current ABC/ESPN deal, to immediately increase national media broadcasts of football and increase conference revenue;[55] the new deal was estimated to be worth $2.6 billion through the 2025 expiration.[56] The two deals pushed the conference per-school payout to approximately $20 million per year, while separating third-tier media rights into separate deals for each school; such contracts secured an additional $6 million to $20 million per school annually.[57] The per-school payout under the deal is expected to reach $44 million, according to Commissioner Bob Bowlsby.[58]

Revenue ranking

Revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Data is from United States Department of Education.[59]

2014–15 Conference Rank Institution 2014–15 Total Revenue from Athletics[60] 2014–15 Total Expenses on Athletics[60] 2014–15 Average Spending per student-athlete[61]
1 University of Texas at Austin $179,555,311 $152,853,239 $218,050
2 University of Oklahoma $135,660,070 $124,732,244 $170,866
3 Baylor University $106,078,643 $106,078,643 $153,737
4 University of Kansas $103,326,170 $103,326,170 $177,536
5 West Virginia University $87,265,473 $87,265,473 $147,159
6 Oklahoma State University $85,645,208 $80,196,450 $123,189
7 Texas Christian University $80,608,562 $80,608,562 $145,766
8 Kansas State University $76,245,188 $66,449,920 $110,016
9 Texas Tech University $69,858,256 $64,245,380 $123,207
10 Iowa State University $65,733,110 $65,658,901 $129,396

Big 12 Conference Revenue articles: 12

Facilities

School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
Baylor McLane Stadium 45,140 Ferrell Center 10,284 Baylor Ballpark 5,000
Iowa State Jack Trice Stadium 61,500[62] Hilton Coliseum 14,356 Non-baseball school[a]
Kansas David Booth Kansas Memorial Stadium 47,000[65] Allen Fieldhouse 16,300 Hoglund Ballpark 2,500
Kansas State Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium 50,000[66] Bramlage Coliseum 12,528 Tointon Family Stadium 2,000
Oklahoma Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium 80,126[67] Lloyd Noble Center 11,562 L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park 3,180
Oklahoma State Boone Pickens Stadium 55,509[68] Gallagher-Iba Arena 13,611 O'Brate Stadium 3,500[b]
Texas Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium 100,119[70] Frank Erwin Center 16,540 UFCU Disch-Falk Field 6,649
TCU Amon G. Carter Stadium 47,000[71] Schollmaier Arena 6,700[72] Lupton Stadium 4,500
Texas Tech Jones AT&T Stadium 60,862[73][74][75][76] United Supermarkets Arena 15,098 Dan Law Field at Rip Griffin Park 4,528
West Virginia Mountaineer Field at Milan Puskar Stadium 60,000[77] WVU Coliseum 14,000[78] Monongalia County Ballpark 3,500[79]
  1. ^ Iowa State discontinued its participation in baseball as an NCAA-recognized activity following the 2001 season.[63] It participates in club baseball as a member of the National Club Baseball Association. Games are played at Cap Timm Field, capacity 3,000.[64]
  2. ^ Permanent seated capacity; expandable to 8,000.[69]

Championships

National championships

The following is a list of all NCAA, equestrian, and college football championships won by teams that were representing the Big 12 Conference in NCAA-recognized sports at the time of their championship.[80]

National team titles by institution

The national championships listed below are as of March 2016. Football, Helms, pre-NCAA competition and overall equestrian titles are included in the total, but excluded from the column listing NCAA and AIAW titles.

Big 12 National Championships
School Total titles Titles as a member
of the Big 12
NCAA titles[81] AIAW titles Notes
Texas 56 21 47 5 UT has 4 recognized football titles
Oklahoma State 52 10 52
Oklahoma 38 19 30 OU has 7 recognized NCAA football titles
West Virginia 22 4 19 WVU has 3 pre-NCAA rifle titles
Iowa State 18 0 13 5
Kansas 13 2 11 KU has 2 Helms basketball titles
TCU 6 0 4 TCU has 2 recognized football titles
Baylor 6 5 5 Baylor has 1 Equestrian title
Texas Tech 2 1 2
Kansas State 0 0 0
Total 213 62 183 10

See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships, List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships, and NCAA Division I FBS Conferences

Conference champions

The Conference sponsors 23 sports, 10 men's and 13 women's.[82]

In football, divisional titles were awarded based on regular-season conference results, with the teams with the best conference records from the North and South playing in the Big 12 Championship Game from 1996 to 2010. Baseball, basketball, softball, tennis and women's soccer titles are awarded in both regular-season and tournament play. Cross country, golf, gymnastics, swimming and diving, track and field, and wrestling titles are awarded during an annual meet of participating teams. The volleyball title is awarded based on regular-season play.

Conference titles by school

All-Time Big 12 Championships By School Through March 15, 2021.[83]

Team Season Regular Season[84] Postseason[84] Total[84]
Baylor Bears 1997–present 46 31 84
Iowa State Cyclones 1997–present 4 24 28
Kansas Jayhawks 1997–present 23 18 41
Kansas State Wildcats 1997–present 11 7 17
Oklahoma Sooners 1997–present 33 51 84
Oklahoma State Cowboys 1997–present 13 66 79
TCU Horned Frogs 2013–present 7 4 11
Texas Longhorns 1997–present 56 135 191
Texas Tech Red Raiders 1997–present 13 14 27
West Virginia Mountaineers 2013–present 6 5 11

Note, includes both regular-season, tournament titles, and co-championships. List does not include conference championships won prior to the formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1996.

Big 12 Conference Facilities articles: 37

Football

The first football game in conference play was Texas Tech vs. Kansas State in 1996, won by Kansas State, 21–14.[85]

From 1996 to 2010, Big 12 Conference teams played eight conference games a season. Each team faced all five opponents within its own division and three teams from the opposite division. Inter-divisional play was a "three-on, three-off" system, where teams would play three teams from the other division on a home-and-home basis for two seasons, and then play the other three foes from the opposite side for a two-year home-and-home.

This format came under considerable criticism, especially from Nebraska and Oklahoma, who were denied a yearly match between two of college football's most storied programs. The Nebraska-Oklahoma rivalry was one of the most intense in college football history. (Until 2006, the teams had never met in the Big 12 Championship.) Due to the departure of Nebraska and Colorado in 2011, the Big 12 eliminated the divisions (and championship game) and instituted a nine-game round-robin format. With the advent of the College Football Playoff committee looking at teams' strength of schedule for picking the four playoff teams, on December 8, 2015 the Big 12 announced an annual requirement for all Big 12 teams to schedule a non-conference game against a team from the four other Power Five conferences (plus Notre Dame).[86] Per Big 12 commissioner Bob Bowlsby: "Schedule strength is a key component in CFP Selection Committee deliberations. This move will strengthen the resumes for all Big 12 teams. Coupled with the nine-game full round robin Conference schedule our teams play, it will not only benefit the teams at the top of our standings each season, but will impact the overall strength of the Conference."[86]

Championship game

The Big 12 Championship Game game was approved by all members except Nebraska.[87] It was held each year, commencing with the first match in the 1996 season at the Trans World Dome in St. Louis. It pitted the division champions against each other after the regular season was completed.

Following the 2008 game, the event was moved to the new Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, being played there in 2009 and 2010. In 2010, the Sooners defeated the Cornhuskers 23–20.[88]

After 2010, the game was moved to Arlington for 2011, 2012, and 2013.[89] However, the decision became moot following the 2010 season because the league lacked sufficient members.[90]

In April 2015, the ACC and the Big 12 developed new rules for the NCAA to deregulate conference championship games. The measure passed on January 14, 2016, allowing a conference with fewer than 12 teams to stage a championship game that does not count against the FBS limit of 12 regular-season games under either of the following circumstances:

  • The game involves the top two teams following a full round-robin conference schedule.
  • The game involves two divisional winners, each having played a full round-robin schedule in its division.

Under the first criterion, the Big 12 championship game resumed at the conclusion of the 2017 regular season, and is played during the first weekend of December, the time all other FBS conference championship games are played.

Bowl affiliations

The following were bowl games for the Big 12 for the 2019 season.

Pick Name[91] Location Opposing conference
College Football Playoff
1 Sugar Bowl New Orleans, Louisiana SEC
2 Alamo Bowl San Antonio, Texas Pac-12
3 Camping World Bowl Orlando, Florida ACC
4 Texas Bowl Houston, Texas SEC
5 Liberty Bowl Memphis, Tennessee SEC
6 Cheez-It Bowl Tempe, Arizona Pac-12
7 First Responder Bowl University Park, Texas Conference USA
†:The Big 12 champion will go to the Sugar Bowl unless selected for the College Football Playoff.
In the event that the conference champion is selected for the playoff,
the conference runner up will go to the Sugar Bowl.

Rivalries

Rivalries (primarily in football) mostly predate the conference. The Kansas-Missouri rivalry was the longest running, the longest west of the Mississippi and the second longest in college football. It was played 119 times before Missouri left the Big 12. As of October 2012, the University of Kansas' athletic department had not accepted Missouri's invitations to play inter-conference rivalry games, putting the rivalry on hold. Sports clubs sponsored by the two universities continued to play each other.[92]

The rivalry between TCU and Baylor, known as the Revivalry is also one of the longest running in college football, with the two schools having played each other — largely as Southwest Conference members — 114 times since 1899. As of the 2019 game, TCU leads the series 55–53–7.

The Oklahoma-Texas rivalry, the Red River Showdown is one year younger and has been played 108 times. This was a major rivalry decades before they were both in the conference, starting the year after the Revivalry in 1900. As of the 2019 game, Texas leads this rivalry 62–48–5.

Some of the longstanding football rivalries between Big 12 schools include:

Rivalry Name Trophy Games
played
Began
Baylor–TCU The Revivalry 115 1899
Baylor–Texas Tech Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout 78 1929
Iowa State-Kansas State Farmageddon 103 1917
Kansas–Kansas State Sunflower Showdown Governor's Cup 112 1902
Oklahoma-Oklahoma State Bedlam Bedlam Bell 114 1904
Oklahoma–Texas Red River Showdown Golden Hat 115 1900
Oklahoma State–Texas Tech 47 1935
TCU–Texas Tech The West Texas Championship The Saddle Trophy 62 1926
Texas–Texas Tech Chancellor's Spurs 69 1928

Rivalries with former members

Rivalry Name Trophy Games
played
Began Last meeting
Baylor–Texas A&M Battle of the Brazos 108 1899 2011
Colorado–Nebraska 69 1898 2018
Iowa State–Missouri Telephone Trophy[93] 104 1896 2011
Kansas–Missouri Border War Indian War Drum[93] 120 1891 2011
Kansas–Nebraska 117 1892 2010
Missouri–Nebraska Victory Bell 104 1892 2010
Missouri–Oklahoma Tiger–Sooner Peace Pipe 96 1902 2011
Nebraska–Oklahoma 86 1912 2010
Texas A&M–Texas Tech 70 1927 2011
Texas–Texas A&M Lone Star Showdown Lone Star Showdown Trophy 118 1894 2011

Big 12 Conference Football articles: 38

Men's basketball

From 1996 to 2011, standings in conference play were not split among divisions, although the schedule was structured as if they were. Teams played a home-and-home against teams within their "division"s and a single game against teams from the opposite division for a total of 16 conference games. After Nebraska and Colorado left, Big 12 play transitioned to an 18-game, double round robin schedule.[94]

Conference champions

Big 12 basketball teams currently play a "home and away" double round robin 18-game schedule, expanded from 16 games after the 2011 realignment. All teams in the conference qualify for the Big 12 tournament. Because of this, the only time a team will not play is if they are ineligible for postseason play due to disciplinary action from the NCAA, which has yet to happen since the Big 12's inception, however, it will happen for the first time for the 2021 tournament. From 1996–97 to 2010–11, teams played in-division members twice and non-division members only once. The conference tournament gave first round byes to the top four teams from 1997 until 2012, and the top six teams from 2013 to present.

Kansas has the most Big 12 titles, winning or sharing the regular-season title 18 times in the league's 23 seasons, including 14 straight from 2004–05 to 2017–18. The 2002 Jayhawks became the first, and so far only, team to complete an undefeated Big 12 regular season, going 16–0. Though rematches between Big 12 regular season co-champions have happened in that year's Big 12 tournament, none have met in the ensuing NCAA Tournament.

Season Regular season champion Tournament champion
1996–97 Kansas Kansas
1997–98 Kansas (2) Kansas (2)
1998–99 Texas Kansas (3)
1999–00 Iowa State Iowa State
2000–01 Iowa State (2) Oklahoma
2001–02 Kansas (3) Oklahoma (2)
2002–03 Kansas (4) Oklahoma (3)
2003–04 Oklahoma State Oklahoma State
2004–05 Oklahoma
Kansas (5)
Oklahoma State (2)
2005–06 Texas (2)
Kansas (6)
Kansas (4)
2006–07 Kansas (7) Kansas (5)
2007–08 Texas (3)
Kansas (8)
Kansas (6)
2008–09 Kansas (9) Missouri
2009–10 Kansas (10) Kansas (7)
2010–11 Kansas (11) Kansas (8)
2011–12 Kansas (12) Missouri (2)
2012–13 Kansas (13)
Kansas State
Kansas (9)
2013–14 Kansas (14) Iowa State (2)
2014–15 Kansas (15) Iowa State (3)
2015–16 Kansas (16) Kansas (10)
2016–17 Kansas (17) Iowa State (4)
2017–18 Kansas (18) Kansas (11)
2018–19 Kansas State (2)
Texas Tech
Iowa State (5)
2019–20 Kansas (19) Canceled*
2020–21 Baylor Texas

In 2004–05, Oklahoma won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 71–63 win over the Jayhawks in Norman, OK. The teams did not meet in Kansas City, MO.
In 2005–06, Texas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 80–55 win over the Jayhawks in Austin, TX. Kansas beat Texas 80–68 in the Big 12 Tournament championship game in Dallas, TX.
In 2007–08, Texas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 72–69 win over the Jayhawks in Austin, TX. Kansas beat Texas 84–74 in the Big 12 Tournament championship game in Kansas City, MO.
In 2012–13, Kansas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas State based on winning 59–55 in Manhattan and 83–62 in Lawrence. Kansas beat Kansas State for a third time 70–54 in the championship game in Kansas City, MO.
*The 2020 Big 12 Tournament was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic

NCAA tournament performance

Totals through the end of the 2020–21 season.[95]

School Appearances Final Fours Championships
Baylor 13 3 1
Iowa State 20 1 0
Kansas 49 15 3
Kansas State 31 4 0
Oklahoma 33 6 0
Oklahoma State 29 6 2
TCU 8 0 0
Texas 35 3 0
Texas Tech 18 1 0
West Virginia 30 2 0

*Texas Tech has appeared in 19 tournaments, however, their 1996 Tournament appearance was vacated by the NCAA, officially giving them 18 tournament appearances.

All-time records

Totals through the end of the 2018–19 season.[96]

Team Big 12 Record Big 12 Winning % Overall Record Overall Winning % Big 12 Regular Season Championships Big 12 Tournament Championships
Baylor 158–226 .411 1379–1378 .500 1 -
Colorado 95-145 .396 - - - -
Iowa State 181–184 .496 1376-1323 .510 2 5
Kansas 314–70 .805 2274-859 .818 18 11
Kansas State 180–204 .469 1652-1158 .585 2 -
Missouri 139-119 .539 - - - 2
Nebraska 97-143 .404 - - - -
Oklahoma 220–164 .573 1685-1083 .613 1 3
Oklahoma State 199–185 .518 1659-1178 .587 1 2
TCU 30–96 .238 1228–1407 .459 - -
Texas 233-151 .607 1789-1088 .627 3 -
Texas A&M 98-160 .380 - - - -
Texas Tech 150–234 .391 1427-1111 .556 1 -
West Virginia 66–60 .524 1771-1100 .616 - -

All Time Series Record

  vs. Baylor vs. Iowa State vs. Kansas vs. Kansas State vs. Oklahoma vs. Oklahoma State vs. TCU vs. Texas vs. Texas Tech vs. West Virginia
Baylor 22-20 7-34 23-23 20-45 32-55 103-85 94-163 62-80 12-8
Iowa State 20-22 66-184 80-142 91-117 66-67 12-11 18-24 20-17 7-9
Kansas 33-6 184-66 198-94 150-68 118-59 19-2 35-9 37-6 14-5
Kansas State 23-20 142-90 94-198 101-110 80-56 17-8 22-18 24-20 8-12
Oklahoma 45-20 117-91 68-150 100-101 139-100 25-4 56-41 40-27 8-9
Oklahoma State 55-32 67-66 59-118 56-80 100-139 25-9 45-52 43-23 8-9
TCU 85-103 11-12 2-19 8-17 4-25 9-25 68-113 52-84 3-14
Texas 163-94 24-18 9-35 18-22 41-56 52-45 113-68 86-60 12-9
Texas Tech 80-62 17-20 6-37 20-24 27-40 23-43 84-52 60-86 6-14
West Virginia 8-12 7-9 5-14 12-8 9-8 9-8 14-3 12-9 14-6
Total 375–513 380–593 788–315 511–532 598–543 458–528 242–412 175–111 232–378 77–77 Reference:[96]

Totals though the end of the 2020-21 season. Includes any regular season or postseason meetings.

Big 12 Conference Men's basketball articles: 78