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Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar

Political party

Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar

Andry sy Rihana Enti-Manavotra an'i Madagasikara
Association pour la renaissance de Madagascar
SecretaryM. Simon Pierre
Founded30 November 1976
HeadquartersAntananarivo, Madagascar
IdeologyLeft-wing nationalism
Scientific socialism
Political positionLeft-wing

The Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar (AREMA) or Pillar and Structure for the Salvation of Madagascar (Andry sy Rihana Enti-Manavotra an'i Madagasikara) is a political party in Madagascar.

Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar Intro articles: 3


The party was founded on 19 March 1976, as the Vanguard of the Malagasy Revolution (FNDR), the main political alliance of president Didier Ratsiraka. It held the majority of seats in the parliament until the fall of the Ratsiraka regime in 1991.

In the elections to the Senate held on 18 March 2001, AREMA won 49 of the 60 elected seats.

In the parliamentary election held on 15 December 2002, the party won 4.9% of the popular vote and 3 out of 160 seats in the National Assembly, all three in Toamasina Province.

The current national secretary, Pierrot Rajaonarivelo, was elected at a party congress on November 29, 1997.[1][2] He has been exiled in France since 2002 and has been convicted and sentenced in absentia. Ramaholimasy holds the position while Rajaonarivelo is out of the country.

Currently, the party is divided into two antagonistic factions: those behind Rajaonarivelo and those who claim to be supported by the party founder, Ratsiraka.

Rajaonarivelo sought to run in the December 2006 presidential election, but was not allowed to enter the country.

The Ratsiraka faction of the party chose not to participate in the September 2007 parliamentary election, while the Rajaonarivelo faction chose to participate. The Ratsiraka faction sought to prevent the Rajaonarivelo faction's participation, but on August 23 the High Constitutional Court ruled that the Rajaonarivelo faction could participate.[3] The party did not win any seats in the election.

Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar History articles: 6


The name originally meant Antokin'ny Revolisiona Malagasy (Responsible for the Malagasy revolution) in Malagasy and Avant-garde de la Révolution Malgache (Vanguard of the Malagasy revolution) in French. Sometime around 2001, the name was changed to Andry sy rihana enti-manavotra an'i Madagasikara (Malagasy) or Avant-garde pour la rénovation de Madagascar (French). The wish to have the same acronym in Malagasy and French means that the meanings of the name are somewhat different in the two languages.

Other explanations of the name exist, the ones above are used by the daily newspaper L'Express de Madagascar.

Electoral history

Presidential elections

Election Candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First round Second round
1982 Didier Ratsiraka 3,192,156 80.16% - - Elected Y
1989 2,891,333 62.71% - - Elected Y
1992–93 1,260,193 28.59% 1,378,640 33.26% Lost N
1996 1,321,388 36.61% 1,608,321 50.71% Elected Y
2001 1,701,094 40.61% - - Lost N
2018 22,222 0.45% - - Lost N

National Assembly elections

Election Votes % Seats +/− Position
1977 92%

in joint list with CPIM, PMNU, MCDU

112 / 137
112 1st
1983 2,239,771 65.26%
117 / 137
5 1st
1989 2,785,448 66.84%
120 / 137
3 1st
1993 Did not run
0 / 134
1998 24.74%
63 / 150
63 1st
2002 189,539 4.90%
3 / 160
60 3rd

Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar Name articles: 6


  1. ^ "Madagascar: Ruling party conference revamps party, elects new head", Malagasy National Radio, Antananarivo, December 1, 1997.
  2. ^ "Dec 1997 - Changes in structure of AREMA", Keesing's Record of World Events, Volume 43, December, 1997 Madagascar, Page 41948.
  3. ^ Iloniaina Alain, "Madagascar: Arema pro-Pierrot Rajaonarivelo - la HCC donne son feu vert", L'Express de Madagascar (allAfrica.com), August 25, 2007 (in French).