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Agile frog

Species of amphibian

Agile frog
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species:
R. dalmatina
Binomial name
Rana dalmatina
Distribution (green)
Synonyms
  • Rana agilis Thomas, 1855
  • Rana gracilis Fatio, 1862
  • Rana temporaria var. agilis Schreiber, 1875
  • Rana temporaria agilis Bedriaga, 1881
  • Rana agilis agilis Cope, 1886
  • Rana (Crotaphitis) agilis Schultze, 1891
  • Rana (Rana) dalmatina Guibé, 1950
  • Rana agiloides Brunner, 1951
  • Rana mülleri Brunner, 1959
  • Rana (Rana) dalmatina Dubois, 1987
  • Rana (Laurasiarana) dalmatina Hillis & Wilcox, 2005

The agile frog (Rana dalmatina) is a European frog in the genus Rana of the true frog family, Ranidae.[2]

Agile frog Intro articles: 3

Description

This species is fat and has long limbs and a pointy snout. Adult males are rarely larger than 6.5 cm, while females can grow up to 8 cm. Its dorsal surface is light brown, reddish-brown, or light greyish-brown with very little contrast. Triangle-shaped spots reach from the temple to the eardrum, which are dark brown. The underside of the agile frog is white without any spots. During mating season, the males often become dark brown.[3]

The hind legs are unusually long, which allow this species to jump further than other similar frogs - they have been known to jump up to two metres in distance. The pupils are horizontal. The colour of the upper third of the iris (above the pupil) is lighter and gold in coloration. The tympanum is about the size of the diameter of the eye. The gland stripes on the frog's back are not very developed and partially interrupted.

Agile frog Description articles: 12

Distribution

The agile frog can be found in France, the Channel Islands, parts of Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Italy, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, on the Balkans, Greece, and by the Black Sea. The species once lived in the United Kingdom, during middle Saxon times, after archaeological remains were recovered in East Anglia.[4]

Agile frog Distribution articles: 17

Reproduction

Typically fixed spawn clump under water

The call is a fairly quiet "rog ... rog ... rog", and can last for up to 12 seconds, and almost sounds like a clucking chicken. They often also call under water, so the calls can only be heard from a very short distance by observers. Spawning only lasts a few days, and during this period, the males sometimes gather in large calling groups on the water surface to attract females. In Central Europe, spawning usually occurs in the first 20 days of March, but can also be delayed, depending on the weather. The spawn clumps consist of 450 to 1800 eggs, and are usually attached to tree branches, roots, or plant stems at depths of 5–40 cm (2–16 in). Therefore, they rarely sink to the bottom. Unlike the moor frog (Rana arvalis) and common frog (Rana temporaria), the agile frog does not lay its spawn all in one clump. The diameter of a single egg, not counting the gelatinous shell, is 1.5–2.1 mm (0.06–0.08 in).[3]

Agile frog Reproduction articles: 9

Habitat

The agile frog prefers light deciduous mixed forests with plentiful water. The open land around a forest is often also populated, as long as it is connected to the forest by shrubs. In dry, warm forests, this species often also lives far away from the water. Of the three Middle European Rana species, this frog likes warmth and dryness the most.[1]

Agile frog Habitat articles: 2

References

  1. ^ a b Kaya, U.; Kuzmin, S.; Sparreboom, M.; et al. (2009). "Rana dalmatina". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T58584A11790570. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Rana dalmatina Fitzinger, 1839". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Rana dalmatina". AmphibiaWeb. Retrieved 16 April 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Snell, Charles (2006-02-01). "Status of the common tree frog in Britain". British Wildlife. 17: 153–160.

External links