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2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict

2021 conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

Top 3 2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict related articles

2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict
Part of the post-Soviet conflicts

Map showing the borders between Kyrgyzstan (red) and Tajikstan (orange).
Date28 April 2021 (2021-04-28) – 1 May 2021 (2021-05-01)[1]
(5 days)
Location
Result Ceasefire[1]
Belligerents
 Tajikistan  Kyrgyzstan
Commanders and leaders
Units involved
Casualties and losses
12 killed
Several injured
34 killed
154 injured
33,388+ Kyrgyz civilians displaced
(as of 2 May)[2]

The 2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict was a border conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The conflict reportedly began due to an old water dispute between the two Central Asian countries,[3][4] but some sources report as inmediate reason for the conflict the dissatisfaction of the local population with the installation of surveillance cameras near the border.

2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict Intro articles: 2

Background

The fighting started on the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic. As Tajiks wanted to take a control over the water distribution system on Ak-suu River (the system was build between 1970-1974 on the territory of the Kyrgyz SSR by the OshStroy company and financed by the Kyrgyz SSR budget). Conflict started with dissatisfaction of the local Kyrgyz population for the installation of surveillance cameras by Tajik forces. After quarrels over this, Tajik forces opened a fire on local people and Tajik forces started massive attacks on Kyrgyz side.

The conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, who are members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Collective Security Treaty Organisation, erupted after Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoygu arrived in Tajikistan's Dushanbe. Ukrainian military expert Alexander Kovalenko stated that the dispute between the two countries were in Russia's "interests of global geopolitical ambitions". He also concluded that Tajikistan was trying to "expand its military forces and resources on the border".[5]

2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict Background articles: 4

Timeline

April

Batken Region in Kyrgyzstan.

On 28 April, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan forces on the Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan border near Kök-Tash, Leilek, started the clashes, resulting in four deaths and dozens of injuries.[6] The following day clashes resumed, with reported incidents in the Kyrgyz village of Kok-Terek and some other villages in the Leilek District,[7] and with at least 41 people killed from both sides and roughly 10,000 people evacuated.[8][9] The same day the foreign ministers of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan agreed to a ceasefire at the border.[10] On 30 April, Tajikistan acknowledged the ceasefire in a statement published by its state information service.[11]. But, ceasefire was broken by Tajik side at night 29th April and ceasefire was broken twice by tajiks during the conflict.

May

On 1 May, Kyrgyzstan President Sadyr Japarov signed a decree that declares a two-day nationwide mourning,[12] accusing Tajikistan of building-up troops and military equipment on the border. The Kyrgyz side also accused Tajik forces of opening fire on Kyrgyz vehicles in the area, while a Tajik spokesman speaking from Dushanbe said that the country was sticking to the ceasefire and pull-out of troops.[13] Musurmanbek Tursumatov, representative of the regional administrator of the Batken Region, said that Tajik forces had blocked the Osh-Batken-Isfana road to Vorukh despite the ceasefire coming into effect.[14] That same day both countries also agreed to a new ceasefire following minor new border clashes, which includes withdrawing troops from the border. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov urged both countries to honor the new agreement.[15][16]

On 2 May, around 33,388 civilians in Kyrgyzstan evacuated from the Batken Region near the border.[2] The Kyrgyzstan Interior Ministry and Tajikistan reports that the situation at the border is stable and calm. However, a unexploded air-to-land rocket is discovered at a house in Batken near the border.[17] The Kyrgyzstan Health Ministry also launched a 11 criminal probe investigations into the events on the border.[18]

2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict Timeline articles: 14

Casualties

During the four-day conflict, at least 46 people were confirmed killed from both sides: 34 died in Kyrgyzstan and 12 in Tajikistan. At least 163 people were wounded in Kyrgyzstan. More than 10,000 people had been evacuated from the area where fighting was taking place.[8][9]

The Kyrgyz Ministry of Health and Social Development stated that overall both military and civilian were killed in the clashes. It also stated that most of the dead and wounded were civilians. Some of the civilian deaths occurred when Kyrgyz villagers fled their homes in panic under Tajik mortar fire. Among the killed were a sixth-grader girl and her mother, who, according to Kyrgyz reports, were shot.[19]

Overview of "Mortar (weapon)" article

Crimes

On 30 April, Human Rights Watch reported that armed Tajiks in civilian clothing had burned down all 17 houses in the Kyrgyz village of Kok-Terek, and other dwellings were set on fire or destroyed in several villages in the Leilek District. The Kyrgyz authorities also stated that a school was burned.[7]

Overview of "Human Rights Watch" article

International reactions

UN-member states

The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs declared the need that the governments of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan reach a lasting agreement to prevent new border clashes. It called on the parties to "achieve, through negotiations in the spirit of partnership and good neighbour policy, a sustainable and lasting agreement that will normalize the situation and take measures to prevent such incidents."[20] Neighbouring Uzbekistan offered to assist in mediating the conflict.[21] Turkey also said that it would provide assistance to both countries.[22]

President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, in a phone conversation with Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov, offered condolences in connection with human losses as a result of the conflict.[23]

Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh stated that Iran is worriedly following fighting between the two friendly and brotherly countries of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and offer assistance to advance negotiations.[24]

1TV Twitter account shared Afghan Foreign Ministry's statement expressing concern over the border clashes and calls for dialogue.[25]

Supranational organizations

European Union welcomed the ceasefire agreement reached on 30 April and expressed regret over the violence and sympathy to those who had lost relatives or friends.[26]

The Secretary-General of the Turkic Council Baghdad Amreyev stated that "... the Turkic Council calls on the parties to continue exercising caution and take joint measures to stabilize the situation by refraining from any actions that may lead to further escalation of tension", and added it will continue maintaining its close contact with the "Government of brotherly Kyrgyzstan", a founding member of the Turkic Council.[27]

2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan conflict International reactions articles: 11

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan agree ceasefire after border clashes". Reuters. 1 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b "33,388 Kyrgyzstanis evacuated from conflict zone in Batken". Trend.Az. 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan forces exchange gunfire in worst border flareup in years | Eurasianet". eurasianet.org. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  4. ^ Staff, Reuters (29 April 2021). "Kyrgyz, Tajik security forces clash at border in water dispute". Reuters. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Кыргыз-тажик чек ара жаңжалы: эл аралык эксперттердин пикири" [Kyrgyz-Tajik border conflict: the opinion of international experts]. BBC Kyrgyz (in Kyrgyz). 1 May 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Four die as Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan armies clash on disputed border". The Guardian. Associated Press. 29 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ a b Pedneault, Jonathan; Sultanalieva, Syinat (30 April 2021). "Civilians Harmed in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan Border Clashes". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan: Images of destruction after border clashes". BBC. Retrieved 2 May 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ a b "Over 40 dead in Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan border clash".
  10. ^ "Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan agree to ceasefire". TASS. 29 April 2021. Foreign Ministers of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan agreed to a ceasefire at the border starting on 20:00 local time (17:00 Moscow time) April 29, Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry announced Thursday.
  11. ^ "Deadly fighting on Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border kills at least 31". 30 April 2021 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  12. ^ "Kyrgyzstan declares two-day nationwide mourning for border clash victims". TASS.
  13. ^ "Kyrgyzstan accuses Tajikistan of amassing troops near border". Reuters. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Kyrgyzstan accused neighbour Tajikistan on Saturday of building up troops and military equipment near their border, following clashes on Thursday in which 41 people were killed and more than a hundred wounded.
  14. ^ "Tajikistan blocks Osh-Batken-Isfana road, demands to reopen road to Vorukh enclave". AKIpress News Agency. 1 May 2021. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. The Tajik side blocked Osh-Batken-Isfana road in Tort-Kocho area and demanded to reopen the road to Vorukh enclave, Batken region administration's representative Musurmanbek Tursumatov told Turmush. [...] The road was blocked since around 10.00 a.m. of May 1 despite the agreement reached on reopening of the road on April 30.
  15. ^ "Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan agree new ceasefire after border clashes". www.aljazeera.com.
  16. ^ "Heads of Kyrgyz, Tajik national security committees agree to stop fire, withdraw troops". Trend.Az. 1 May 2021.
  17. ^ https://www.rferl.org/a/kyrgyzstan-tajikistan-border-truce-holding/31234423.html
  18. ^ https://akipress.com/news:657681:Kyrgyz_Interior_Ministry_launches_11_criminal_probes_into_Kyrgyz-Tajik_border_events/
  19. ^ "Чек арадагы ок атуудан каза тапкандар 33 кишиге жетти" [The death toll from border shootings has risen to 33] (in Kyrgyz). 30 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Russia calls for calm between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan". http://www.plenglish.com/index.php?o=rn&id=66937&SEO=russia-calls-for-calm-between-kyrgyzstan-and-tajikistan. External link in |website= (help)
  21. ^ "Kyrgyzstan evacuates thousands after Tajikistan clashes". Deutsche Welle. 30 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Turkey Ready To Assist Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan In Settling Border Conflict - Source". UrduPoint.
  23. ^ "Tokayev offers condolences to Japarov over border conflict victims". AKIpress. 1 May 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  24. ^ "Spokesman's Reaction to Border Clashes between Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan". 30 April 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  25. ^ "Afghan foreign ministry statement". 30 April 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  26. ^ Georgi Gotev (30 April 2021). "EU 'regrets' violence on Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan border". Euractive. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  27. ^ "Statement by the Secretary General of the Turkic Council on the situation on the Kyrgyz-Tajik state border". Turkic Council. 30 April 2021.