1970 in literature
Literature-related events during 1970
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1970.
- January 16 – The Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus opens with a performance of Georg Büchner's Dantons Tod.
- March – Magdalena Mouján's story "Gu ta Gutarrak" ("We and Ours") in Basque is suppressed by the authorities in Francoist Spain.
- June 10 – The English novelist Antony Burgess delivers an inflammatory lecture, "Obscenity and the Arts", at the University of Malta; its reception leads to him leaving Malta. He has begun on a novel that will become Earthly Powers (1980).
- June 17 – The première of David Storey's play Home at the Royal Court Theatre, London, is directed by Lindsay Anderson and stars Sir John Gielgud and Sir Ralph Richardson.
- July 7 – The English publisher Sir Allen Lane dies (born 1902). On August 21 his paperback imprint Penguin Books is acquired by Pearson.
- August 27 – England's Royal Shakespeare Company introduces a revolutionary production of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream directed by Peter Brook, at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon.
- November 20 – The playwright Fadil Paçrami becomes Chairman of the Parliament of Albania.
- November 25 – In Tokyo, the Japanese author and Tatenokai militia leader Yukio Mishima (三島由紀夫, 45) and others take over the headquarters of the Japan Self-Defense Forces in an attempted coup d'état. Mishima's speech commits seppuku (public ritual suicide) when he fails to sway the public to his right-wing politics, which include restoring the powers of the Emperor.
- December 5 – Dario Fo premières his play Accidental Death of an Anarchist (Morte accidentale di un anarchico) at Varese in Italy.
- unknown dates
- Len Deighton's Bomber, set in 1943, becomes the first published novel to have been written on a word processor, an IBM MT/ST.
- The novel Deliverance by the American poet James Dickey is published; it will go on to be named among the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century by an editorial board of the American Modern Library.
- An unexpurgated edition of John Cleland's Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, 1748–1749) appears in the U.K. without legal challenge.
- Bohumil Hrabal's books Domácí úkoly (Home Work) and Poupata (Buds) are suppressed by the communist authorities in Czechoslovakia.
- Dritëro Agolli – Komisari Memo (Commissar Memo)
- Poul Anderson – Tau Zero
- Thomas Berger – Vital Parts
- Thomas Bernhard – The Lime Works (Das Kalkwerk)
- Pierre Berton – The National Dream
- Jim Bouton – Ball Four
- Melvyn Bragg – A Place in England
- John Braine – Stay with Me Till Morning
- Wallace Breem – Eagle in the Snow
- Jimmy Breslin – The Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight
- Taylor Caldwell – Great Lion of God
- John Dickson Carr – The Ghosts' High Noon
- Agatha Christie – Passenger to Frankfurt
- Robertson Davies – Fifth Business
- L. Sprague de Camp
- Samuel R. Delany – The Fall of the Towers (trilogy)
- Michel Déon – Les Poneys sauvages
- James Dickey – Deliverance
- José Donoso – The Obscene Bird of Night (El obsceno pájaro de la noche)
- Lawrence Durrell – Nunquam
- Vincent Eri – The Crocodile
- Nuruddin Farah – From a Crooked Rib
- J. G. Farrell – Troubles
- Juan Goytisolo – Count Julian (Reivindicación del conde don Julián)
- L.P. Hartley – My Sisters' Keeper
- Anne Hébert – Kamouraska
- Ernest Hemingway – Islands in the Stream
- Susan Hill – I'm the King of the Castle
- Pamela Hansford Johnson – The Honours Board
- Uwe Johnson – Anniversaries. From the Life of Gesine Cresspahl (Jahrestage: Aus dem Leben von Gesine Cresspahl; begins publication)
- Anna Kavan – Julia and the Bazooka
- Jaan Kross – Between Three Plagues (part 1)
- Halldór Laxness – Innansveitarkronika
- Ira Levin – This Perfect Day
- Mario Levrero – La ciudad
- H. P. Lovecraft – The Horror in the Museum and Other Revisions
- John D. MacDonald – The Long Lavender Look
- Eric Malpass – Oh My Darling Daughter
- Yukio Mishima (三島由紀夫) – The Decay of the Angel (天人五衰, Tennin Gosui; last in The Sea of Fertility tetralogy)
- Brian Moore – Fergus
- Toni Morrison – The Bluest Eye
- Larry Niven – Ringworld
- John Jay Osborn, Jr. – The Paper Chase
- Mary Renault – Fire from Heaven
- Kurban Said – Ali and Nino
- Erich Segal – Love Story
- Sidney Sheldon – The Naked Face
- Clark Ashton Smith – Other Dimensions
- Manuel Scorza – Drums for Rancas
- Muriel Spark – The Driver's Seat
- Mary Stewart – The Crystal Cave
- Alan Sillitoe – A Start in Life
- Leon Uris – QB VII
- Jack Vance – The Pnume
- Gore Vidal – Two Sisters
- Patrick White – The Vivisector
- Venedikt Yerofeyev – Moscow-Petushki (Moscow to the End of the Line; samizdat publication)
- Roger Zelazny – Nine Princes in Amber
Children and young people
- Richard Bach – Jonathan Livingston Seagull
- Nina Bawden – The Birds on the Trees
- Judy Blume – Are You There, God? It's Me, Margaret
- John Burningham – Mr Gumpy's Outing
- Betsy Byars – Summer of the Swans
- John Christopher (Sam Youd) – The Guardians (science fiction)
- Roald Dahl – Fantastic Mr Fox
- Leon Garfield and Edward Blishen – The God Beneath the Sea
- Ruth Manning-Sanders – A Book of Devils and Demons
- Dr. Seuss – Mr. Brown Can Moo! Can You?
- Ruth Park
- The Muddle-Headed Wombat in the Springtime
- The Muddle-Headed Wombat on the River
- Bill Peet
- The Whingdingdilly
- The Wump World
- Maurice Sendak – In the Night Kitchen
- Isaac Bashevis Singer – A Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing Up in Warsaw
- E. B. White – The Trumpet Of The Swan
- Ama Ata Aidoo – Anowa
- Robert Bolt – Vivat! Vivat Regina!
- Dario Fo – Accidental Death of an Anarchist
- Michael Frayn – The Two of Us (4 1-act plays)
- Trevor Griffiths – Occupations
- Christopher Hampton – The Philanthropist
- Lorraine Hansberry – Les Blancs
- Welcome Msomi – uMabatha
- Terence Rattigan – A Bequest to the Nation
- Anthony Shaffer – Sleuth
- Alexander Vampilov – Duck Hunting («Утиная охота», Utinaya okhota, published; first performed 1976)
- Derek Walcott – Dream on Monkey Mountain
- Theodor W. Adorno (posthumously) – Aesthetic Theory (Asthetische Theorie)
- Hannah Arendt – On Violence
- Roland Barthes – S/Z
- Dee Brown – Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee
- James MacGregor Burns – Roosevelt: The Soldier Of Freedom
- Henri Charrière – Papillon
- Elizabeth David – Spices, Salt and Aromatics in the English Kitchen
- Edward De Bono – Lateral Thinking: creativity step by step
- August Derleth – Thirty Years of Arkham House, 1939-1969: A History and Bibliography
- Michel Foucault – Les Mots et les choses: Une archéologie des sciences humaines (The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences)
- Germaine Greer – The Female Eunuch
- Helene Hanff – 84 Charing Cross Road
- Arthur Janov – The Primal Scream
- Christopher Lloyd – The Well-Tempered Garden
- Norman Mailer – Of a Fire on the Moon
- Dumas Malone – Jefferson the President: First Term, 1801-1805
- Mahathir bin Mohamad – The Malay Dilemma
- Kate Millet – Sexual Politics
- Nancy Mitford – Frederick the Great
- Robin Morgan (ed.) – Sisterhood Is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement
- Harold Perkin – The Age of the Railway
- J. B. Priestley – The Edwardians
- Albert Speer – Inside the Third Reich
- Alvin Toffler – Future Shock
- January 25 – Stephen Chbosky, American novelist and screenwriter
- March 6 – Simona Vinci, Italian fiction writer
- March 12 – Dave Eggers, American writer, editor and publisher
- March 20 – Michele Jaffe, American author
- March 26 – Martin McDonagh, British-born Irish playwright
- May 20 – Dorthe Nors, Danish fiction writer
- May 26 – Alex Garland, English novelist
- June 6 – Sarah Dessen, American novelist
- July 22 – Doug Johnstone, Scottish crime fiction writer
- September 10 – Phaswane Mpe, South African novelist (died 2004)
- September 16 – Nick Sagan, American novelist and screenwriter
- October 27 – Jonathan Stroud, English fantasy writer
- November 7 – Chris Adrian, American novelist
- November 24 – Marlon James, Jamaican novelist
- November 27 – Han Kang, South Korean novelist
- unknown dates
- January 10 – Charles Olson, American modernist poet (liver cancer, born 1910)
- January 29 – B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian (born 1895)
- February 2 – Bertrand Russell, English philosopher (born 1872)
- February 20 – Sophie Treadwell, American dramatist and journalist (born 1885)
- March 11 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American writer (born 1889)
- March 21 – Marlen Haushofer, Austrian novelist (born 1920)
- March 29 – Vera Brittain, English novelist, memoirist and poet (born 1893)
- April 11 – John O'Hara, American novelist (cardiovascular disease, born 1905)
- May 12 – Nelly Sachs, Jewish German poet and dramatist (born 1891)
- June 2 – Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian modernist poet and writer (born 1888)
- June 3 – Ruth Sawyer, American children's writer and novelist (born 1880)
- June 7 – E. M. Forster, English novelist (born 1879)
- June 16 – Elsa Triolet, French novelist (born 1896)
- July 15 – Eric Berne, Canadian-born psychiatrist and author (heart attack, born 1910)
- September 1 – François Mauriac, French novelist (born 1885)
- September 28 – John Dos Passos, American novelist (born 1896)
- October 18 – Máirtín Ó Cadhain, Irish language writer (born 1906)
- November 23 – Alf Prøysen, Norwegian author, musician and children's writer (born 1914)
- November 25 – Yukio Mishima (三島 由紀夫), Japanese author (seppuku, born 1925)
- unknown date – Racey Helps, English children's author and illustrator (born 1913)
- See 1970 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Prix Goncourt: Michel Tournier, Le Roi des Aulnes
- Prix Médicis French: Camille Bourniquel, Sélinonte ou la Chambre impériale
- Prix Médicis International: Luigi Malerba, Saut de la mort
- Booker Prize: Bernice Rubens, The Elected Member
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Leon Garfield and Edward Blishen, The God Beneath the Sea
- Cholmondeley Award: Kathleen Raine, Douglas Livingstone, Edward Brathwaite
- Eric Gregory Award: Helen Frye, Paul Mills, John Mole, Brian Morse, Alan Perry, Richard Tibbitts
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Lily Powell, The Bird of Paradise
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Jasper Ridley, Lord Palmerston
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Roy Fuller
- Hugo Award: Ursula K. Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness
- Nebula Award: Larry Niven, Ringworld
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: William H. Armstrong, Sounder
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Charles Gordone, No Place To Be Somebody
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Jean Stafford, Collected Stories
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Richard Howard, Untitled Subjects
- Miles Franklin Award: Dal Stivens, A Horse of Air
- Alfaguara Prize: Carlos Droguett, Todas esas muertes
- Premio Nadal: Jesús Fernández Santos, Libro de las memorias de las cosas
- Viareggio Prize: Nello Saito, Dentro e fuori
- "Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus" (in German). nrw-buehnen.de. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- Michael Ashley (2000). The History of the Science-fiction Magazine. Liverpool University Press. p. 411. ISBN 978-1-84631-003-4.
- "Anthony Burgess's censorship scandal in Malta: a timeline". International Anthony Burgess Foundation. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- "About Penguin: Company history". Penguin Books. Archived from the original on 2011-11-01. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- Barnes, Clive (1970-08-28). "Historic Staging of Dream". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Kirschenbaum, Matthew (2013-03-01). "The Book-Writing Machine: What was the first novel ever written on a word processor?". Slate. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
- "100 Best Novels". Modern Library. 1998.
- John Sutherland (1983). Offensive Literature: Decensorship in Britain, 1960-1982. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-389-20354-4.
- "Raja Alem: "All my life, i tried to break the frame"". KAWA. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- "Roberta Dapunt, info e libri dell'autore. Giulio Einaudi Editore". Einaudi (in Italian). Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "Nathan Englander". American Academy in Berlin. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- "Neel Mukherjeewebsite=Royal Society of Literature". Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- Ove Røsbak. "Alf Prøysen, 1914–1970" (in Norwegian). Norsk Oversetterleksikon. Retrieved July 1, 2019.