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1962 FIFA World Cup

1962 edition of the FIFA World Cup

Top 3 1962 FIFA World Cup related articles

1962 FIFA World Cup
Campeonato Mundial de Fútbol -
Copa Jules Rimet Chile 1962
1962 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryChile
Dates30 May – 17 June
Teams16 (from 3 confederations)
Venue(s)4 (in 4 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Brazil (2nd title)
Runners-up  Czechoslovakia
Third place  Chile
Fourth place  Yugoslavia
Tournament statistics
Matches played32
Goals scored89 (2.78 per match)
Attendance893,172 (27,912 per match)
Top scorer(s)6 players (see below)
(4 goals each)
Best young player Flórián Albert
1958
1966

The 1962 FIFA World Cup was the seventh FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams. It was held from 30 May to 17 June 1962 in Chile. The qualification rounds took place between August 1960 and December 1961, with 56 teams entering from six confederations, and fourteen qualifying for the finals tournament alongside Chile, the hosts, and Brazil, the eventual champions.

Brazil won the championship, defeating Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final in the Chilean capital of Santiago. Host nation Chile finished third, defeating Yugoslavia 1–0 in the third-place play-off.

The tournament was marred by a toxic atmosphere and violence between players on the pitch; it included the first-round match between Chile and Italy (2–0), which became known as the Battle of Santiago, one of a number of violent matches played throughout the tournament. It was the first World Cup that used goal average as a means of separating teams with the same number of points. It was also the first World Cup in which the average number of goals per match was less than three (2.78); this has been repeated at every World Cup since, despite expansion of the tournament.

1962 FIFA World Cup Intro articles: 6

Host selection

After Europe hosted two consecutive World Cups, the American federations claimed the 1962 edition must be held in South America or face a complete boycott of the tournament, similar to 1938.[1] Argentina, after previously failed candidacies, was the favorite. Magallanes' chairman, Ernesto Alvear, attended a FIFA Congress held in Helsinki while the Finnish city was hosting the 1952 Summer Olympics. He considered that Chile was able to organise the World Cup. Several sources also say that FIFA did not want Argentina to run alone, requesting the participation of Chile as almost symbolic. Chile registered its candidacy in 1954 alongside Argentina and West Germany, the latter withdrawing at the request of FIFA.[1]

Chile's football federation committee, led by Carlos Dittborn and Juan Pinto Durán, toured many countries convincing various football associations about the country's ability to organise the tournament in comparison to Argentina's superior sports infrastructure and prestige. The FIFA Congress met in Lisbon, Portugal on 10 June 1956. That day, Raul Colombo, representing Argentina's candidacy, ended his speech with the phrase "We can start the World Cup tomorrow. We have it all." The next day, Dittborn presented four arguments that supported Chile's candidacy: Chile's continued participations at FIFA-organised conferences and tournaments, sports climate, tolerance of race and creed and political and institutional stability of the country. In addition, Dittborn invoked Article 2 of the FIFA statutes that addressed the tournament's role in promoting the sport in countries deemed "underdeveloped". Chile won 31 votes to Argentina's 12. Thirteen members abstained from voting.[2]

1962 FIFA World Cup Host selection articles: 10

Qualification

  Countries qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Countries that did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

57 teams entered the 1962 World Cup (due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 52 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages). Chile as host nation and Brazil as reigning World Cup champions were granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 14 finals places divided among the continental confederations.

Eight places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe) and three by CONMEBOL teams (South America). CAF teams (Africa), AFC teams (Asia), NAFC teams (North America), and CCCF teams (Central America and Caribbean) contested three play-offs slots. The three winners would then face a European or South American team for entry into the World Cup. The 1962 tournament was the last one for which only nations from Europe or the Americas qualified.

Two teams qualified for the first time ever: Colombia and Bulgaria. Colombia would not qualify for another World Cup until 1990.

Among the teams who failed to qualify were 1958 runners up Sweden and 1958 third-place finishers France. Austria withdrew during the qualification tournament.

List of qualified teams

The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament.

1962 FIFA World Cup Qualification articles: 22

Venues

Originally, eight stadiums were selected to host the World Cup matches in eight cities: Santiago, Viña del Mar, Rancagua, Arica, Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia.

The Valdivia earthquake, the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, occurred on 22 May 1960. With over 50,000 casualties and more than 2 million people affected, the earthquake forced the organising committee to completely modify the World Cup's calendar. Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia were severely damaged and discarded as venues. Antofagasta and Valparaíso declined to host any matches as their venues were not financially self-sustainable. Viña del Mar and Arica managed to rebuild their stadiums while Braden Copper Company, then an American company that controlled the El Teniente copper mine, allowed the use of its stadium in Rancagua. Due to these setbacks, this is the World Cup edition with the smallest number of venues spread across the country (while the 1930 FIFA World Cup was held in three venues, all of them were located in a single city). The most used stadium was the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, with 10 matches; the Estadio Sausalito in Viña del Mar hosted 8 matches, and the stadiums in Rancagua and far-away Arica (the only location that was not close to the other cities) both hosted 7 matches.

Being largely concerned with the build-up of the country after the 1960 earthquake, government support for the tournament was minimal.[3]

Santiago Viña del Mar
Estadio Nacional Estadio Sausalito
33°27′52″S 70°36′38″W / 33.46444°S 70.61056°W / -33.46444; -70.61056 (Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos) 33°00′51.83″S 71°32′6.84″W / 33.0143972°S 71.5352333°W / -33.0143972; -71.5352333 (Estadio Sausalito)
Capacity: 66,660 Capacity: 18,037
Rancagua Arica
Estadio Braden Copper Co. Estadio Carlos Dittborn
34°10′39.95″S 70°44′15.79″W / 34.1777639°S 70.7377194°W / -34.1777639; -70.7377194 (Estadio El Teniente) 18°29′15.47″S 70°17′56.96″W / 18.4876306°S 70.2991556°W / -18.4876306; -70.2991556 (Estadio Carlos Dittborn)
Capacity: 18,000 Capacity: 17,786

Team bases

Team Site City
 Argentina Hostería El Sauzal Rancagua
 Brazil Villa Retiro Quilpué
 Bulgaria Parque Municipal Machalí
 Chile Villa del Seleccionado Santiago
 Colombia Hotel El Morro Arica
 Czechoslovakia Posada Quebrada Verde Valparaíso
 England Staff House Braden Copper Co. Coya
 Hungary Hotel Turismo Rengo
 Italy Escuela de Aviación Cap. Ávalos Santiago
 Mexico Hotel O'Higgins Viña del Mar
 Soviet Union Hostería Arica Arica
 Spain Hotel Miramar Caleta Abarca Viña del Mar
  Switzerland Club Suizo Santiago
 Uruguay Hotel Azapa Arica
 West Germany Escuela Militar Bernardo O'Higgins Santiago
 Yugoslavia Hotel El Paso Arica

1962 FIFA World Cup Venues articles: 21

Squads

Squads for the 1962 World Cup consisted of 22 players, as for the previous tournament in 1958.

After Attilio Demaría and Luis Monti, who both represented Argentina in 1930 and Italy in 1934, Ferenc Puskás (Hungary in 1954, then Spain), José Santamaría (Uruguay in 1954, then Spain) and José Altafini (Brazil in 1958, then Italy) became the third, fourth and fifth players to play for two national teams in the World Cup. In light of this, FIFA created stipulations describing that once a player represents a nation during a World Cup or its qualifying rounds the player cannot switch to another national team. [4]Robert Prosinečki and Robert Jarni would later become the sixth and seventh such players, playing for Yugoslavia in 1990, then for Croatia in 1998; Davor Šuker was also selected in both squads, but did not play in 1990. This was accepted by FIFA because Croatia was a newly independent former republic of Yugoslavia.

1962 FIFA World Cup Squads articles: 8

Match officials

Eighteen match officials from 17 countries were assigned to the tournament to serve as referees and assistant referees.

1962 FIFA World Cup Match officials articles: 26

Seeding

Pot 1: South America Pot 2: Europe I Pot 3: Europe II Pot 4: Rest of the World

Format

The format of the competition was similar to that of the 1958 competition: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. Four teams were seeded in the draw taking place in Santiago, on 18 January 1962: Brazil, England, Italy and Uruguay.[5] The top two teams in each group advanced to the quarter-finals.

Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw. In a change from the 1958 format, goal average was used to separate any teams equal on points.[6] (In 1958, goal average was available, but was only between teams level on points in first place, or if a playoff between teams equal in second place failed to yield a result after extra time). Argentina became the first (and only) team in World Cup history to be eliminated on goal average when England advanced from Group 4 in second place.

In the knockout games, if the teams were level after ninety minutes, thirty minutes of extra time were played. For any match other than the final, if the teams were still even after extra time then lots would be drawn to determine the winner. The final would have been replayed if still tied after extra time. In the event, no replays or drawing of lots was necessary.

Qualifying countries and their result

Overview of "1958 FIFA World Cup" article

Summary

In May 1960, as the preparations were well under way, Chile suffered the largest earthquake ever recorded (9.5 magnitude), which caused enormous damage to the national infrastructure. In the face of this, Carlos Dittborn, the president of the Organization Committee, coined the phrase "Because we don't have anything, we will do everything in our power to rebuild".[7] Stadia and other infrastructure were rebuilt at record speed and the tournament occurred on schedule with no major organisational flaw. Dittborn did not live to see the success of his efforts, as he died one month before the start of the tournament. The World Cup venue at Arica was named Estadio Carlos Dittborn in his honour and bears his name to this day. Even with these few and low-capacity stadiums Chile was able to meet the demand for seats as international travel to Chile, far-away for Europe, was minimal at the time.[3]

President Jorge Alessandri gave an uninspiring inaugural speech before the first match, which was played between Chile and Switzerland. Alessandri left however before the end of the match. While Chilean society was living in a "footballized" atmosphere, Alessandri was criticized for his cold attitude towards the tournament, which forced his ministers to come out and claim he was as "footballized" as everybody else, but was too busy to devote too much attention to the competition.[3]

Official 1962 FIFA World Cup poster.

The competition was marred by constant violence on the pitch. This poisonous atmosphere culminated in the first-round match between host Chile and Italy (2–0), known as the Battle of Santiago. Two Italian journalists had written unflattering articles about the host country and its capital city; describing Santiago as a "proudly backwards and poverty-stricken dump full of prostitution and crime".[8] Although only two players (both of them Italian) were sent off by the English referee Ken Aston, the match saw repeated attempts from players on both sides to harm opponents, and the Italian team needed police protection to leave the field in safety.[9] Articles in the Italian papers La Nazione and Corriere della Sera were saying that allowing Chile to host the World Cup was "pure madness"; this was used and magnified by local newspapers to inflame the Chilean population. The British newspaper the Daily Express wrote "The tournament shows every sign of developing into a violent bloodbath. Reports read like battlefront despatches; the Italy vs West Germany match was described as 'wrestling and warfare'".

As the competition began, a shift in strategy was imminent. Defensive strategies began to take hold as the average goals per match dropped to 2.78, under 3 for the first time in competition history (the average has never been above 3 since).[10]

Pelé was injured in the second group match against Czechoslovakia. The USSR's goalkeeper Lev Yashin, arguably the world's best at the time, was in poor form and his team went out to Chile (1–2) in the quarter-finals. Bright spots included the emergence of the young Brazilians Amarildo (standing in for Pelé) and Garrincha, the heroics of Czechoslovakia goalkeeper Viliam Schrojf against Hungary and Yugoslavia, and the performance of the host nation Chile, who took third place with a squad of relatively unknown players.

In the first round, Brazil topped their group with Czechoslovakia finishing second, above Mexico and Spain. USSR and Yugoslavia finished above Uruguay and Colombia. Hungary, along with England progressed to the quarter-finals, while Argentina and Bulgaria were eliminated. England had the same number of points as Argentina but progressed due to a superior goal average; the first time such a requirement had been necessary in a World Cup finals tournament. Switzerland lost all three games while West Germany and Chile both went through over Italy.

Brazil national football team in the World Cup, 1962. National Archives of Brazil.

Chile defeated European champions USSR to earn a semi-final game against the winner of the England – Brazil game. Garrincha scored two goals in a 3–1 win against England. Meanwhile, 1–0 wins for Yugoslavia against West Germany – and another 1–0 win of Czechoslovakia against neighbours Hungary – saw the two Slavic states meet in the semi-finals.

Viña del Mar was the original venue for the South American semi-final and Santiago for the Slavic one, but due to Chile's surprise qualification, the organisers prompted FIFA to switch the venues. This irritated crowds in Viña del Mar and only a little under 6,000 spectators came to Estadio Sausalito to watch Czechoslovakia beat Yugoslavia 3–1, whereas a capacity crowd of 76,600 in Santiago watched Brazil beat the hosts 4–2.[11] This game saw Garrincha sent off for Brazil and Honorino Landa sent off for Chile. Chile eventually took third place in a 1–0 victory over Yugoslavia with the very last play of the match. The same player, Eladio Rojas, had also scored the winning goal in Chile's game against USSR.

Santiago's Estadio Nacional served as the venue for the final, and after 15 minutes, Brazil again found themselves a goal behind in the World Cup final, as a long ball from Adolf Scherer was latched onto by Josef Masopust: 1–0 Czechoslovakia. As in the previous final in 1958, Brazil soon hit back, equalising two minutes later through Amarildo after an error by Czechoslovak goalkeeper Schroijf. The Brazilians scored goals from Zito and Vavá (another Schrojf error) midway through the second half, and the Czechoslovaks could not get back into the game. The match ended 3–1 to Brazil, a successful defence of the title for only the second time in the history of the competition in spite of the absence of one of their star players of 1958, Pelé, who was replaced by Amarildo.

1962 FIFA World Cup Summary articles: 17

Group stage

Group 1

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GR Pts Qualification
1  Soviet Union 3 2 1 0 8 5 1.600 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Yugoslavia 3 2 0 1 8 3 2.667 4
3  Uruguay 3 1 0 2 4 6 0.667 2
4  Colombia 3 0 1 2 5 11 0.455 1
Source: FIFA
Uruguay  2–1  Colombia
Cubilla  56'
Sasía  75'
Report Zuluaga  19' (pen.)
Attendance: 7,908
Referee: Andor Dorogi (Hungary)
Soviet Union  2–0  Yugoslavia
Ivanov  51'
Ponedelnik  83'
Report
Attendance: 9,622
Referee: Albert Dusch (West Germany)

Yugoslavia  3–1  Uruguay
Skoblar  25' (pen.)
Galić  29'
Jerković  49'
Report Cabrera  19'
Soviet Union  4–4  Colombia
Ivanov  8'11'
Chislenko  10'
Ponedelnik  56'
Report Aceros  21'
Coll  68'
Rada  72'
Klinger  86'
Attendance: 8,040
Referee: João Etzel Filho (Brazil)

Soviet Union  2–1  Uruguay
Mamykin  38'
Ivanov  89'
Report Sasía  54'
Attendance: 9,973
Referee: Cesare Jonni (Italy)
Yugoslavia  5–0  Colombia
Galić  20'61'
Jerković  25'87'
Melić  82'
Report
Attendance: 7,167
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)

Group 2

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GR Pts Qualification
1  West Germany 3 2 1 0 4 1 4.000 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Chile 3 2 0 1 5 3 1.667 4
3  Italy 3 1 1 1 3 2 1.500 3
4   Switzerland 3 0 0 3 2 8 0.250 0
Source: FIFA
Chile  3–1   Switzerland
L. Sánchez  44' (55)
Ramírez  51'
Report Wüthrich  6'
Attendance: 65,006
West Germany  0–0  Italy
Report

Chile  2–0  Italy
Ramírez  73'
Toro  87'
Report
Attendance: 66,057
West Germany  2–1   Switzerland
Brülls  45'
Seeler  59'
Report Schneiter  73'
Attendance: 64,922

West Germany  2–0  Chile
Szymaniak  21' (pen.)
Seeler  82'
Report
Italy  3–0   Switzerland
Mora  2'
Bulgarelli  65' (67)
Report

Group 3

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GR Pts Qualification
1  Brazil 3 2 1 0 4 1 4.000 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Czechoslovakia 3 1 1 1 2 3 0.667 3
3  Mexico 3 1 0 2 3 4 0.750 2
4  Spain 3 1 0 2 2 3 0.667 2
Source: FIFA
Brazil  2–0  Mexico
Zagallo  56'
Pelé  73'
Report
Czechoslovakia  1–0  Spain
Štibrányi  80' Report
Attendance: 12,700
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)

Brazil  0–0  Czechoslovakia
Report
Attendance: 14,903
Referee: Pierre Schwinte (France)
Spain  1–0  Mexico
Peiró  90' Report
Attendance: 11,875
Referee: Branko Tesanić (Yugoslavia)

Brazil  2–1  Spain
Amarildo  72'86' Report Adelardo  35'
Attendance: 18,715
Referee: Sergio Bustamante (Chile)
Mexico  3–1  Czechoslovakia
Díaz  12'
Del Águila  29'
Hernández  90' (pen.)
Report Mašek  1'

Group 4

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GR Pts Qualification
1  Hungary 3 2 1 0 8 2 4.000 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  England 3 1 1 1 4 3 1.333 3[a]
3  Argentina 3 1 1 1 2 3 0.667 3[a]
4  Bulgaria 3 0 1 2 1 7 0.143 1
Source: FIFA
Notes:
  1. ^ a b England finished ahead of Argentina on goal average.
Argentina  1–0  Bulgaria
Facundo  4' Report
Attendance: 7,134
Referee: Juan Garay Gardeazábal (Spain)
Hungary  2–1  England
Tichy  17'
Albert  71'
Report Flowers  60' (pen.)
Attendance: 7,938

England  3–1  Argentina
Flowers  17' (pen.)
Charlton  42'
Greaves  67'
Report Sanfilippo  81'
Hungary  6–1  Bulgaria
Albert  1'6'53'
Tichy  8'70'
Solymosi  12'
Report Sokolov  64'[12]
Attendance: 7,442
Referee: Juan Garay Gardeazábal (Spain)

Hungary  0–0  Argentina
Report
Attendance: 7,945
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki Maldonado (Peru)
England  0–0  Bulgaria
Report

Knockout stage

Bracket

 
Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
          
 
10 June – Arica
 
 
 Soviet Union1
 
13 June – Santiago
 
 Chile2
 
 Chile2
 
10 June – Viña del Mar
 
 Brazil4
 
 Brazil3
 
17 June – Santiago
 
 England1
 
 Brazil3
 
10 June – Santiago
 
 Czechoslovakia1
 
 West Germany0
 
13 June – Viña del Mar
 
 Yugoslavia1
 
 Yugoslavia1
 
10 June – Rancagua
 
 Czechoslovakia3 Third place
 
 Hungary0
 
16 June – Santiago
 
 Czechoslovakia1
 
 Chile1
 
 
 Yugoslavia0
 

Quarter-finals

Chile  2–1  Soviet Union
L. Sánchez  11'
Rojas  29'
Report Chislenko  26'
Attendance: 17,268

Czechoslovakia  1–0  Hungary
Scherer  13' Report

Brazil  3–1  England
Garrincha  31'59'
Vavá  53'
Report Hitchens  38'
Attendance: 17,736
Referee: Pierre Schwinte (France)

Yugoslavia  1–0  West Germany
Radaković  85' Report
Attendance: 63,324
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki Maldonado (Peru)

Semi-finals

Czechoslovakia  3–1  Yugoslavia
Kadraba  48'
Scherer  80'84' (pen.)
Report Jerković  69'

Brazil  4–2  Chile
Garrincha  9'32'
Vavá  47'78'
Report Toro  42'
L. Sánchez  61' (pen.)
Attendance: 76,594
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki (Peru)

Third place play-off

Chile  1–0  Yugoslavia
Rojas  90' Report
Attendance: 66,697
Referee: Juan Gardeazábal Garay (Spain)

Final

Brazil  3–1  Czechoslovakia
Amarildo  17'
Zito  69'
Vavá  78'
Report Masopust  15'

Goalscorers

With four goals each, Flórián Albert, Garrincha, Valentin Ivanov, Dražan Jerković, Leonel Sánchez and Vavá were the top scorers in the tournament. In total, 89 goals were scored by 54 players, with none of them credited as own goal.

4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

1962 FIFA World Cup Group stage articles: 60