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1951 Argentine general election

1951 Argentine general election

← 1946 11 November 1951 1958 →
 
Nominee Juan Perón Ricardo Balbín
Party Peronist Party Radical Civic Union
Home state Buenos Aires Buenos Aires
Running mate Hortensio Quijano Arturo Frondizi
States carried 24 + CF 0
Popular vote 4,745,168 2,415,750
Percentage 62.5% 31.8%

Most voted party by province.

President before election

Juan Perón
Peronist Party

Elected President

Juan Perón
Peronist Party

The Argentine general election of 1951, the first to have enfranchised women at the national level, was held on 11 November. Voters chose both the President of Argentina and their legislators and with a turnout of 88.0%, it produced the following results:

1951 Argentine general election Intro articles: 3

President

Party/Electoral Alliance Votes Percentage
Peronist Party 4,745,168 62.5%
Radical Civic Union 2,415,750 31.8%
National Democratic Party 174,399 2.3%
Communist Party 71,318 0.9%
Socialist Party 54,920 0.7%
Others 22,404 0.3%
Positive votes 7,483,959 98.6%
Blank and nullified votes 109,989 1.4%
Total votes 7,593,948 100.0%

Note: The 1949 Constitution abolished the Electoral College.

Overview of "Argentine Constitution of 1949" article

Argentine Chamber of Deputies

Party/Electoral Alliance Seats % of votes
Peronist Party 135 63.5%
Radical Civic Union 14 32.3%
Others and blanks 4.2%
Total 149 100.0%

[1]

Background

President Juan Perón (1895-1974) had become President for the first time in June 1946 (see 1946 Argentine general election). His popularity was riding high following five years of social reforms and a vigorous public works program, faced intensifying opposition during 1951. His decision to expropriate the conservative La Prensa (then the nation's second-most circulated daily), though lauded by the CGT labor union, damaged his standing elsewhere at home and his reputation in the World, as did the climate of political liberties: the opposition UCR's nominee, Congressman Ricardo Balbín, had spent much of the previous year as a political prisoner, to name one of many such examples. Economically, the year was an improvement over the 1949-50 recession and saw the completion of a number of landmark public works and the inaugural of Channel 13 (Public Television), the first regular broadcast station in Latin America; but growing inflation (50%, a record at the time) led to increasing strike activity.

Ballot paper for Perón - Quijano.
The ailing Eva Perón (right) casts a vote for the "reason of her life," President Juan Perón.

The UCR and other parties in opposition, harassed and deprived of access to the media, boycotted a number of Congressional races and all Senate races, as well. The vice president, Hortensio Quijano, had requested leave from the campaign due to failing health and, on August 22, the CGT organized a rally on Buenos Aires' massive Ninth of July Avenue in support of the influential first lady Eva Perón as her husband's running mate, though unbeknownst to the crowd, the popular Evita was, like Quijano, dying, and thus refused the acclamation. Quijano reluctantly stayed on; but her stepping aside did not prevent a September 28 coup attempt against Perón on the part of ultraconservative elements in the Army. Ultimately, these ill-considered attacks, the Peróns' popularity and their control of much of the media combined to give the Peronist Party a landslide in this, the first Argentine national election in which the vote was extended to women.

Todo Argentina

1951 Argentine general election Background articles: 10

Candidates

Overview of "Arturo Frondizi" article

Governors

Election of Provincial Governors
Elected positions: 14 governors, 14 legislative bodies

Presidential appointment: 9 territorial governors, Mayor of the city of Buenos Aires

Date Province Elected Winner Runner-up
11 November Buenos Aires Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Carlos Aloé
(Partido Peronista)
(62,99 %)
Crisólogo Larralde
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(33,30 %)
Catamarca Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Armando Casas Nóblega
(Partido Peronista)
(76,66 %)
Ramón Edgardo Acuña
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(21,58 %)
Córdoba Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Raúl Lucini
(Partido Peronista)
(51,98 %)
Arturo Umberto Illia
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(43,08 %)
Corrientes Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Raúl Benito Castillo
(Partido Peronista)
(64,36 %)
Héctor Lomónaco
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(26,70 %)
Entre Ríos Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Felipe Texier
(Partido Peronista)
(63,07 %)
Fermín J. Garay
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(32,68 %)
Jujuy Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Jorge Villafañe
(Partido Peronista)
(79,29 %)
Horacio Guzmán
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(15,01 %)
La Rioja Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Juan Melis
(Partido Peronista)
(73,97 %)
Herminio Torres Brizuela
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(26,03 %)
Mendoza Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Carlos Horacio Evans
(Partido Peronista)
(66,89 %)
Leopoldo Suárez
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(21,22 %)
Salta Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Ricardo Joaquín Durand
(Partido Peronista)
(76,37 %)
Ricardo E. Aráoz
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(23,34 %)
San Juan Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Rinaldo Viviani
(Partido Peronista)
(78,67 %)
Juan Pascual Pringles
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(16,57 %)
San Luis Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Víctor Endeiza
(Partido Peronista)
(71,16 %)
Julio Domeniconi
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(15,83 %)
Santa Fe Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Luis Cárcamo
(Partido Peronista)
(64,92 %)
Alfredo Julio Grassi
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(33,08 %)
Santiago del Estero Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Francisco González
(Partido Peronista)
(78,72 %)
Hugo Catella
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(14,06 %)
Tucumán Governor

Vice Governor

Provincial legislatures

Luis Cruz
(Partido Peronista)
(70,70 %)
Celestino Gelsi
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(27,40 %)

1951 Argentine general election Governors articles: 21

Footnotes

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter. Elections in the Americas. Oxford University Press, 2005.