1943 in literature
Literature-related events during 1943
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1943.
- January 4 – Thomas Mann completes Joseph der Ernährer (Joseph the Provider) in California, the last of his Joseph and His Brothers (Joseph und seine Brüder) tetralogy, on which he began in December 1926.
- February 4 – The première of Bertolt Brecht's The Good Person of Szechwan (Der gute Mensch von Sezuan) takes place at the Schauspielhaus Zürich in Switzerland, with Leonard Steckel directing.
- March – The self-illustrated children's novella The Little Prince by the exiled French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, the all-time best-selling book originated in French, is published in New York.
- May – A strongly antisemitic production of Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice is staged at the Burgtheater in Vienna, with Werner Krauss as Shylock.
- September 9 – The première of Bertolt Brecht's Life of Galileo (Leben des Galilei, 1939) is held at the Schauspielhaus Zürich in Switzerland, with Leonard Steckel directing and playing the title role.
- October 14 – The contents of Biblioteca della Comunità Israelitica in Rome are looted by Nazi German troops.
- December 22 – The children's writer and illustrator Beatrix Potter dies at Near Sawrey, bequeathing in her will over 4,000 acres (1620 ha) of land in the English Lake District to the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty.
- Isaac Bashevis Singer becomes a naturalized U.S. citizen.
- Publication begins of a new comprehensive edition of Friedrich Hölderlin's complete works (the Sämtliche Werke, or Große Stuttgarter Ausgabe).
- Jack Kerouac transfers from the Merchant Marine to the United States Navy, where he serves eight days of active duty and is honorably discharged on psychiatric grounds. In New York City, he, William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg become friends.
- Tristan Bernard is released from the Drancy internment camp in France after public protests.
- The Federal Bureau of Investigation in the United States places Richard Wright under surveillance.
1943 in literature articles: 12
- Lars Ahlin – Tåbb with the Manifesto (Tåbb med manifestet)
- Sabahattin Ali – Madonna in a Fur Coat (Kürk Mantolu Madonna)
- Sholem Asch – The Apostle
- Marcel Aymé – The Passer through Walls (Le Passe-muraille)
- Nigel Balchin – The Small Back Room
- Vaikom Muhammad Basheer – Premalekhanam
- Henry Bellamann – Victoria Grandolet
- Georges Bernanos – Monsieur Ouine
- Marjorie Bowen – Airing in a Closed Carriage
- Ivan Bunin – Dark Avenues («Тёмные аллеи», Tyomnyye allei, short stories, first edition)
- John Dickson Carr (as Carter Dickson) – She Died A Lady
- Raymond Chandler – The Lady in the Lake
- Colette – Le Képi
- Simone de Beauvoir – She Came to Stay (L'Invitée)
- Pierre Drieu La Rochelle – The Man on Horseback (L'Homme à cheval)
- Howard Fast – Citizen Tom Paine
- Carlo Emilio Gadda – Gli anni
- Jean Genet (anonymously) – Our Lady of the Flowers (Notre Dame des Fleurs)
- Robert Graves – Claudius the God
- Elizabeth Janet Gray – Adam of the Road
- Graham Greene – The Ministry of Fear
- Hermann Hesse – The Glass Bead Game (Das Glasperlenspiel)
- Aleksander Kamiński (as Juliusz Górecki) – Kamienie na szaniec (Stones for the Rampart)
- C. S. Lewis – Perelandra
- Clarice Lispector – Near to the Wild Heart (Perto do coração selvagem)
- H. P. Lovecraft – Beyond the Wall of Sleep (collection)
- Compton Mackenzie – Keep the Home Guard Turning
- Naguib Mahfouz – Rhadopis of Nubia
- Bruce Marshall – Yellow Tapers for Paris
- C. L. Moore – Earth's Last Citadel
- Robert Musil (died 1942) – The Man Without Qualities (Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften, publication concludes, uncompleted)
- Kate O'Brien – The Last of Summer
- E. Phillips Oppenheim – Mr. Mirakel
- Roger Peyrefitte – Les Amitiés particulières (Special Friendships)
- Ellery Queen – There Was an Old Woman
- Ayn Rand – The Fountainhead
- Betty Smith – A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
- Margit Söderholm – Sunshine Follows Rain
- Antal Szerb – The Queen's Necklace (A királyné nyaklánca)
- Phoebe Atwood Taylor
- Going, Going, Gone
- Proof of the Pudding
- File for Record (as Alice Tilton)
- Kylie Tennant – Ride on Stranger
- H. G. Wells – Crux Ansata
- Dorothy Whipple – They Were Sisters
- Chancellor Williams – The Raven
- Virginia Woolf (suicide 1941) – A Haunted House and Other Short Stories
Children and young people
- Enid Blyton
- Virginia Lee Burton – The Little House
- Eleanor Estes – Rufus M.
- Roald Dahl – The Gremlins
- Esther Forbes – Johnny Tremaine
- C. S. Forester – The Ship
- Mary Norton – The Magic Bed Knob; or, How to Become a Witch in Ten Easy Lessons
- Arthur Ransome – The Picts and the Martyrs
- Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – Le Petit Prince (The Little Prince)
- Malcolm Saville – Mystery at Witch End (first in the Lone Pine series of twenty books)
- Laura Ingalls Wilder – These Happy Golden Years
- Bertolt Brecht
- Albert Camus – The Misunderstanding (Le Malentendu)
- Moss Hart – Winged Victory
- Frank Harvey – Brighton Rock
- Fritz Hochwälder – Das Heilige Experiment (The Holy Experiment, The Strong Are Lonely)
- Esther McCracken – Living Room
- Elena Miramova – Dark Eyes
- M. J. Molloy – Old Road
- Armijn Pane – Kami, Perempuan (We, the Women)
- J.B. Priestley – They Came to a City
- Terence Rattigan - While the Sun Shines
- Nelson Rodrigues – Vestido de Noiva (The Wedding Dress)
- Jean-Paul Sartre – The Flies (Les Mouches)
- Yang Jiang – As You Desire (Chenxin ruyi)
- Georges Bataille – L'Expérience intérieure
- James Burnham – The Managerial Revolution
- Julius Evola – The Doctrine of Awakening (La dottrina del risveglio)
- Katharine Butler Hathaway – The Little Locksmith
- Louis Hjelmslev – Prolegomena to a Theory of Language (Omkring sprogteoriens grundlæggelse)
- C. S. Lewis – The Abolition of Man
- Reinhold Niebuhr – The Nature and Destiny of Man
- Martin Noth – Uberlieferungsgeschischtliche Studien: Die sammelnden und bearbeitenden Geschichtswerke im Alten Testament
- Jean-Paul Sartre – Being and Nothingness (L'Être et le néant: Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique)
- J. A. Schumpeter – Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
- Edna Walling – Gardens in Australia
- William Foote Whyte – Street Corner Society
- Stefan Zweig (suicide 1942) – The World of Yesterday (first English edition)
- January 4
- January 8 – Charles Murray, American political science writer (The Bell Curve)
- January 11 – Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
- January 13 – Lorna Sage, English scholar and biographer (died 2001)
- February 8 – Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and academic
- February 15 – Elke Heidenreich, German journalist and writer
- February 16 – Graham Lord, Rhodesian-born English literary biographer and novelist (died 2015)
- February 18 – Graeme Garden, Scottish-born writer, comedian and actor
- February 21 – Lyudmila Ulitskaya, Russian fiction writer
- February 22 – Terry Eagleton, English scholar and publicist
- February 27 – Sheila Rowbotham, English feminist author
- March 26 – Bob Woodward, American journalist
- April 6 – Max Clifford, English publicist
- April 17 – Gwynne Dyer, Canadian journalist
- April 22 – Louise Glück, American poet, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature
- April 30 – Paul Jennings, English-born Australian children's author
- May 5 – Michael Palin, English comedy writer and television broadcaster
- May 7 – Peter Carey, Australian novelist
- May 8 – Pat Barker, English novelist
- May 20 – Justin Cartwright, South African-born novelist (died 2018)
- June 7
- June 10 – Simon Jenkins, English journalist
- June 15 – Xaviera Hollander, Dutch East Indies-born writer
- July 14 – Christopher Priest, English novelist
- July 16 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (died 1990)
- August 2 – Rose Tremain (Rosemary Thomson), English novelist
- August 30 – Robert Crumb, American cartoonist
- September 12 – Michael Ondaatje, Ceylonese-born Canadian novelist and poet
- September 24 – Antonio Tabucchi, Italian writer, academic and translator (died 2012)
- October 5 – Michael Morpurgo, English children's writer
- October 8 - R. L. Stine, American novelist
- October 9 – L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American fantasy and science fiction writer
- October 17 – Laila al-Othman, Kuwaiti writer
- November 5 – Sam Shepard, American playwright, writer and actor
- November 6 – Berlie Doherty (Beryl Hollingworth), English children's and young-adults' writer
- November 7 – Stephen Greenblatt, Anerican Shakespeare scholar
- November 12 – Wallace Shawn, American actor and dramatist
- December 9 – Joanna Trollope, English novelist
- Christine Evans, Welsh poet in English
- Vicki Feaver, English poet and academic
- Hadrawi (Mohamed Ibrahim Warsame), Somali poet
- Ebrahim Hussein, Tanzanian playwright in Swahili
1943 in literature New books articles: 4
- January 3 – F. M. Cornford, English classicist and poet (born 1874)
- January 9 – R. G. Collingwood, English philosopher and historian (born 1889)
- March 10 – Laurence Binyon, English poet and scholar (born 1869)
- March 13 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (born 1898)
- April 7 – Jovan Dučić, Herzegovina Serb poet and diplomat (born 1871)
- April 29 – Sidney Keyes, English poet (killed in action, born 1922)
- April 30 – Beatrice Webb, English sociologist, economist and social reformer (born 1858)
- May 27 – Arthur Mee, English encyclopedist and writer (born 1875)
- May 29 – Guido Mazzoni, Italian poet (born 1859)
- June 17 – Annie S. Swan ('David Lyall'), Scottish novelist and journalist (born 1859)
- June 28 – Frida Uhl, Austrian writer and translator (born 1872)
- c. August 8 – Haig Acterian (Mihail), Romanian poet, dramatist and journalist (missing in action, born 1904)
- August 12 – Kurt Eggers, Nazi German writer, poet, songwriter and playwright (killed in action, born 1905)
- August 22 – Virgilio Dávila, Puerto Rican poet and politician (born 1869)
- August 24 – Simone Weil, French philosopher (born 1909)
- October 3 – Ida Lee, Australian historian and poet (born 1865)
- October 7 – Radclyffe Hall, English novelist and poet (born 1880)
- November 19 – Georg Hermann, German fiction writer (died in concentration camp, born 1871)
- November 27 – Louis Esson, Australian poet and playwright (born 1878)
- November 30 – Etty Hillesum, Dutch correspondent, diarist and Holocaust victim (born 1914)
- December 2
- December 22 – Beatrix Potter, English children's writer and illustrator (born 1866)
- Frost Medal: Edna St. Vincent Millay
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Mary Lavin, Tales from Bective Bridge
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: G. G. Coulton, Fourscore Years
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Elizabeth Janet Gray, Adam of the Road
- Nobel Prize for literature: not awarded
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Thornton Wilder, The Skin of Our Teeth
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Robert Frost: A Witness Tree
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Upton Sinclair – Dragon's Teeth
- January 1 – Karel Čapek's science fiction novel The Absolute at Large (Továrna na absolutno, 1922) opens on this day.
- June 31 (sic.) – Len Deighton's novel Bomber (1970) is set on this day.
- Autumn – Truman Capote's novella Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958) opens at this time.
- Heinrich Böll's first novel The Train Was on Time (Der Zug war pünktlich, 1949) is set during this year.
- Willett, John (1977) . The Theatre of Bertolt Brecht: A Study from Eight Aspects (3rd rev. ed.). London: Methuen. p. 51. ISBN 0-413-34360-X.
- Baker, Kenneth (2016). On the Burning of Books. London: Unicorn. pp. 138–40. ISBN 978-1-910787-11-3.
- Pamela Kester-Shelton (1996). Feminist Writers. St. James Press. p. 402. ISBN 978-1-55862-217-3.
- Glasgow, Joanne (2002). "Hall, Radclyffe". glbtq.com. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
- "Biography – Victoria and Albert Museum". www.vam.ac.uk. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2019.