1940 Mandatory Palestine v Lebanon football match
Lebanon's first international football match
Top 10 1940 Mandatory Palestine v Lebanon football match related articles
|Date||27 April 1940|
|Venue||Maccabiah Stadium, Tel Aviv|
|Referee||John Blackwell (England)|
The 1940 association football match between the national teams of Mandatory Palestine and Lebanon was the latter's first-ever official international match, and the former's last before they became the Israel national team after 1948. The match took place on 27 April 1940 at the Maccabiah Stadium in Tel Aviv. Officiated by John Blackwell of the British Army, the game was watched by 10,000 spectators and ended in a 5–1 victory for the home side.
Mandatory Palestine scored in the first minute of the game, doubling their lead 10 minutes later with a penalty kick. Two more goals by the home side meant the first half ended 4–0. Mandatory Palestine's forced substitution at half-time due to injury hampered their control of the game and in the fifth minute of the second half, Lebanese forward Camille Cordahi scored to become Lebanon's first official international goalscorer. Werner Kaspi scored his second goal of the game in the 60th minute, with the match ending 5–1.
Lebanon's next official game came 13 years later at the 1953 Pan Arab Games against Syria. In 1948 the Mandatory Palestine national team formally became the Israel national team, with the establishment of the State of Israel. They played their next official game in a friendly against Cyprus in 1949. Shalom Shalomzon was the only player of the game to make an appearance for Israel, in an unofficial friendly against the United States in 1948.
1940 Mandatory Palestine v Lebanon football match Intro articles: 6
During the 1930s, Lebanon was a regular destination for friendly tours by football clubs in Mandatory Palestine. Teams such as Maccabi Tel Aviv, Maccabi Petah Tikva, and Maccabi Haifa regularly played teams from Beirut, Tyre, and Sidon. At the end of 1939, Lebanese Football Association (LFA) chairman Jamil Sawaya visited family in Jerusalem and Jaffa. Sawaya had friendly relations with several presidents of Palestinian football clubs, especially with the president of the Palestine Football Association (PFA). During his visit to Jerusalem, Sawaya met with the PFA president where they arranged a friendly match between the national teams of Lebanon and Mandatory Palestine in Tel Aviv.
Plans were announced in late March 1940 for a four-team football tournament with the national teams of Mandatory Palestine and Lebanon, and teams from the British Army in Palestine and the French Army in Lebanon. However, with the two armies put on alert in mid-April in anticipation of the Battle of France, the tournament was called off and only the match between Mandatory Palestine and Lebanon went ahead.
The game was set for 27 April 1940 at the Maccabiah Stadium, located on the banks of the Yarkon River estuary in Tel Aviv. On the eve of the game, the Mandatory Palestine players, mostly Jewish, were invited to tea and cake at a cafe on Rothschild Boulevard. They were told that each player had to go to the locker room at the stadium on their own. The players did not train for the game and, in the small dressing room, only 14 received the light-blue-and-white kit.
Arthur Baar, an Austrian football coach, was in charge of selecting the team, sending out the call-ups to the players. Baar became the de facto coach as Egon Pollak, Mandatory Palestine's coach at that point, was spending time in Australia. On the day of the match, Baar invited Armin Weiss, Maccabi Tel Aviv's coach, to serve as the acting coach of the game. Weiss accepted the task, giving the Palestinian players a pre-match talk, and instructing them from the sidelines during the match.
1940 Mandatory Palestine v Lebanon football match Background articles: 20
The game was played on 27 April 1940. It was Lebanon's first official international game, and Mandatory Palestine's last. Mandatory Palestine had previously played and lost four official games, all FIFA World Cup qualifiers (two in 1934 and two in 1938). Lebanon, on the other hand, had only played a few unofficial games prior, most notably against clubs from Romania (CA Timișoara, First Vienna, and CFR Cluj) and Austria (First Vienna and Admira Vienna). The match was played in Tel Aviv at the Maccabiah Stadium, which was decorated with the flags of both nations; around 10,000 spectators came to watch, many of whom were British. The referee was John Blackwell of the British Army.
In the first half, Mandatory Palestine played against the wind. In the second minute of the game, Mandatory Palestine right winger Herbert Meitner scored against Lebanese goalkeeper Nazem Sayadi. This was followed by a penalty kick by Avraham Schneiderovitz in the 11th minute, doubling the advantage for the home side. Although the Lebanese team began to respond offensively, they failed to score against goalkeeper Binyamin Mizrahi, who made several saves. Mizrahi was especially praised for his two saves in the 18th and 23rd minute. Mandatory Palestine regained control of the game later in the first half and, in the 31st minute, Gaul Machlis scored Mandatory Palestine's third goal. He was assisted from the left wing and ran around the defence to score into an empty goal. In the 40th minute Werner Kaspi, the Mandatory Palestine captain, scored a solo effort, with the first half ending 4–0. Mizrahi saved eight shots from Lebanon in the first half, several drawing "wonder from the crowd", whereas goalkeeper Sayadi was described as having "had much work".
The second half was more balanced; Lebanon played against the wind. Mandatory Palestine centre-half Zvi Fuchs was replaced at halftime by left-back Lonia Dvorin following an injury, and left-back Yaacov Breir moved up to centre-half. The change hindered Mandatory Palestine's control of the game. Lebanese forward Camille Cordahi scored against Mizrahi in the 50th minute, with Muhieddine Jaroudi providing the assist; Cordahi was Lebanon's first official international goalscorer. A few moments after the goal, Jaroudi crossed the ball to the center, with Mizrahi getting low and comfortably collecting the ball. Lebanon tried to attack twice more, before the offensive momentum passed to Palestine. In the 60th minute Kaspi scored his second goal of the game. After the goal, the Lebanese coach asked Mandatory Palestine coach Arthur Baar to go easy. Baar later stated that the Lebanese coach had sought to maintain good relations between the two countries, and asked not to defeat them in a harsh manner. The home side began to pass the ball back and forth, and won by a final score of 5–1.
The match was Lebanon's first official international, and their first official defeat. Mandatory Palestine's win was their first (and only) in an official match before they became the Israel national team after 1948.
1940 Mandatory Palestine v Lebanon football match Match articles: 41
The Palestine Post described the match as "rather one-sided" and stated it had not lived up to expectations, with the home side both physically and technically superior. In general, it wrote, the Mandatory Palestine team played efficiently throughout the whole game; exceptions being the two full-backs (Shalomzon and Dvorin), who were not deemed up to par in the second half. Despite the scoreline, Mandatory Palestine goalkeeper Mizrahi had been kept busy. With his two goals, captain Werner Kaspi became the first player of the Israel national team (Mandatory Palestine's successor) to score a brace. Following the game, commentators expressed surprise regarding coach Arthur Baar's decision to exclude Peri Neufeld from the match, given that he was one of "Palestine's most prominent players at the time".
Although the Palestinian forwards scored five goals between them, Lebanese goalkeeper Sayadi made many saves, several "brilliantly", and played very well; "[t]he goals that did get past him would have beaten any custodian", the Post wrote. HaBoker added: "The Lebanese goalkeeper doesn't bear any responsibility for the five goals and he's not to blame for them". Lebanon's front line was their "weakest link", the Post continued, with centre-forward Cordahi and outside-right Jaroudi being the only two "up to international standard". Although Lebanon's midfield was not "very effective", their back line played particularly well, especially Yeghishe Darian at right-back.
After the game, Palestinian fans enthusiastically waited outside the locker room to greet the players. The last two players to come out of the stadium were Dvorin, who supported his injured teammate Fuchs. Both walked to the Hadassah Hospital for Fuchs to receive treatment. The two coaches agreed for another friendly match, to be held in Beirut, Lebanon, in 1941. However, the match never came to fruition.
Lebanon did not play another official match until a 1953 game against Syria at the Pan Arab Games, although they played several unofficial matches in between, all of which were against Damascus XI (a Syrian representative team), except for a game against a team representing Iraq's Ministry of Education. Israel did not play their first official match under their new identity until 1949, in a friendly against Cyprus, although they played an unofficial match against the United States Olympic team in 1948.
Regarding Palestine's 12 players involved, the match was the only cap for eight (Mizrahi, Breir, Fuchs, Meitner, Erlich, Kaspi, Schneiderovitz, Dvorin), and the last cap for three (Friedmann, Reich, Machlis). Shalomzon, who debuted in the game, would become the only player of the match to go on to make an appearance for the Israel national team, playing in the 1948 friendly against the United States. As for the two unused substitutes, Neufeld's only two international caps were in the 1938 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, where he scored once, whereas Asi Asher would ultimately never be capped at international level, neither for Mandatory Palestine nor for Israel.
1940 Mandatory Palestine v Lebanon football match Post-match articles: 8
- List of first association football internationals per country: 1940–1962
- Lebanon national football team results
- Israel–Lebanon relations
- Goldberg, Asher (11 October 2003). "השחקנים קיבלו מברק להתייצב עם נעלי הכדורגל שלהם, בבית קפה ברוטשילד" [The players were given a telegram to present themselves with their football boots, at a café in Rothschild]. Haaretz. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- Goldberg, Asher (15 March 2012). "נבחרת לבנון בתל-אביב" [Lebanon team in Tel Aviv] (in Hebrew). Israel Football Association. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
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- "לבנון וארץ ישראל יתחרו בכדורגל" [Lebanon and Eretz Israel Will Compete in Football]. Davar (in Hebrew). Tel Aviv. 14 April 1940. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- Khalidi 2013, p. 57.
- Cazal, Jean-Michel; Bleicher, Yaniv. "British Mandate of Palestine – Lebanon 5–1". RSSSF. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- Shohat 2006, p. 109–110.
- Cazal, Jean-Michel; Bleicher, Yaniv. "British Mandate of Palestine Official Games 1934–1948". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Mubarak, Hassanin; Morrison, Neil. "Lebanon – International Results – Early History". RSSSF. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- Sakr, Ali Hamidi (1995). موسوعة كرة القدم اللبنانية 1991–1992 [1991–1992 Lebanese Football Encyclopedia] (PDF) (in Arabic). مؤسسة نوفل للتوزيع. ISBN 0000281247.
- "Lebanon outclassed by Palestine selected". The Palestine Post. 30 April 1940. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Eretz Israel Beat The Lebanon in Football 5:1 (4:0)" ארץ-ישראל ניצחה את הלבנון בכדורגל 5:1 (4:0). Haaretz. 30 April 1940. p. 5.
- "אוךישראל נצחה את הלבנון" [Eretz Israel Beat The Lebanon]. HaMashkif. 28 April 1940. p. 6.
- Nehme, Ale (27 April 2020). "The Cedars' first game". FA Lebanon. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
- Courtney, Barrie. "Lebanon – List of International Matches". RSSSF. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "לבנון – ארץ שׁראל" [Lebanon – Eretz Israel]. Haaretz. 26 April 1940. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- ארץ ישראל – לבנון 1:5 (0:4) [Eretz Israel – Lebanon 5:1 (4:0)]. HaBoker. 28 April 1940. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- Cazal, Jean-Michel; Bleicher, Yaniv. "Israel National Team – List of Official Games". RSSSF. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- Cazal, Jean-Michel; Bleicher, Yaniv. "Israel National Team – Appearances and Goalscoring". RSSSF. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- Cazal, Jean-Michel; Bleicher, Yaniv. "USA Olympic – Israel 3–1". RSSSF. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- Khalidi, Issam (2013). One Hundred Years of Football in Palestine. Al Manhal. ISBN 9796500159331.
- Shohat, Elisha (2006). 100 שנות כדורגל: 1906–2006 [100 Years of Football: 1906–2006] (in Hebrew). Hod Hasharon.