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1938 FIFA World Cup qualification

Qualification rounds for the 1938 FIFA World Cup

Top 10 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification related articles

1938 FIFA World Cup Qualification
Tournament details
Teams37 (from 3 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played22
Goals scored96 (4.36 per match)
Top scorer(s) Fricis Kaņeps
Gyula Zsengellér
(5 goals each)
1934
1950

A total of 37 teams entered the 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 16 spots in the final tournament. For the first time the title holders and the host country were given automatic qualification. Therefore, France, as the hosts, and Italy, as the defending champions, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.

Due to the Spanish Civil War, Spain withdrew from the competition. The remaining 34 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

  • Groups 1 to 9 - Europe: 11 places, contested by 23 teams (including Egypt and Palestine).
  • Groups 10 and 11 - The Americas: 2 places, contested by 9 teams.
  • Group 12 - Asia: 1 place, contested by 2 teams.

However, due to the withdrawal of Austria after qualifying (they had been annexed by Germany), only 15 teams actually competed in the final tournament. FIFA did not offer participation to the runner-up of the group that Austria had played in, Latvia.

A total of 21 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 22 qualifying matches were played, and 96 goals were scored (an average of 4.36 per match).

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification Intro articles: 4

Format

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

  • Group 1 had 4 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Groups 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 had 2 teams each. The teams, except in Group 5, played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify. In Group 5, Switzerland and Portugal were to play only one match on a neutral ground with the winner to qualify.
  • Groups 6 and 8 had 3 teams each. The strongest team of each group was seeded. There would be two rounds of play:
    • First Round: The seeded team received a bye and advanced to the Final Round directly. The remaining 2 teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The winner would advance to the Final Round.
    • Final Round: The seeded team played against the winner of the First Round at home. The winner would qualify.
  • Group 9 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Group 10 had 2 teams. The group winner would qualify.
  • Group 11 had 7 teams. The group winner would qualify.
  • Group 12 had 2 teams. The group winner would qualify.

Key:

  • Teams highlighted in green qualified for the finals.
  • Teams highlighted in Orange qualified for the final phase of their group.

Group 1

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Germany 3 3 0 0 11 1 11.0 6
2  Sweden 3 2 0 1 11 7 1.57 4
3  Estonia 3 1 0 2 4 11 0.36 2
4  Finland 3 0 0 3 0 7 0.00 0
16 June 1937 Sweden  4 – 0  Finland Stockholm, Sweden
Bunke  60'82'
Persson  65'
Svanström  68'
Report Stadium: Solna Råsunda Stadion
Attendance: 19,544
Referee: Kolbjørn Daehlen (Norway)

20 June 1937 Sweden  7 – 2  Estonia Stockholm, Sweden
Josefsson  7'41'
Bunke  40'
Jonasson  49' (pen.)
Wetterström  73'77'84'
Report Siimenson  2'
Uukkivi  3'
Stadium: Solna Råsunda Stadion
Attendance: 18,270
Referee: Otto Remke (Denmark)

29 June 1937 Finland  0 – 2  Germany Helsinki, Finland
Report Lehner  26'
Urban  38'
Stadium: Pallokenttä
Attendance: 6,619
Referee: Otto Remke (Denmark)

19 August 1937 Finland  0 – 1  Estonia Turku, Finland
Report Kuremaa  56' Stadium: Urheilupuisto
Attendance: 4,797
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)

29 August 1937 Germany  4 – 1  Estonia Königsberg, Germany
Lehner  50'65'
Gauchel  53'86'
Report Siimenson  34' Stadium: Horst-Wessel Stadion
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Bruno Pfützner (Czechoslovakia)

21 November 1937 Germany  5 – 0  Sweden Hamburg, Germany
Siffling  2'57'
Szepan  8'
Schön  48'63'
Report Stadium: Altonaer Stadion
Attendance: 51,000
Referee: Bruno Pfützner (Czechoslovakia)

Germany and Sweden qualified.

Group 2

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Norway 2 1 1 0 6 5 1.20 3
2  Irish Free State 2 0 1 1 5 6 0.83 1
10 October 1937 Norway  3 – 2  Irish Free State Oslo, Norway
Kvammen  30'64'
Martinsen  78'
Report Geoghegan  37'
Dunne  49'
Stadium: Ullevaal Stadion
Attendance: 19,000
Referee: Peco Bauwens (Germany)

7 November 1937 Irish Free State  3 – 3  Norway Dublin, Irish Free State
Dunne  10'
O'Flanagan  62'
Duggan  88'
Report Kvammen  16'33'
Martinsen  49'
Stadium: Dalymount Park
Attendance: 27,000
Referee: Thomas Gibbs (England)

Norway qualified.

Group 3

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Poland 2 1 0 1 4 1 4.00 2
2  Yugoslavia 2 1 0 1 1 4 0.25 2
10 October 1937 Poland  4 – 0  Yugoslavia Warsaw, Poland
Piatek  3'20'
Wostal  59'
Wilimowski  78'
Report Stadium: Stadion Wojska Polskiego
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Lucien Leclercq (France)

3 April 1938 Yugoslavia  1 – 0  Poland Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Marjanović  61' Report Stadium: Stadion BSK
Attendance: 26,000
Referee: Rinadlo Barlassina (Italy)

Poland finished above Yugoslavia on goal average, and thus qualified.

Overview of "Goal average" article

Group 4

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Romania qualified
 Egypt withdrew

Egypt were to play Romania on 17 December 1937, but Egypt refused to play Romania during the Ramadan month, with Egyptian officials arguing that it was "impossible" to play football during that time period.
After Egyptian officials invited Austrian club side First Vienna FC to Egypt to participate in a friendly game against the national team during the holy month, Egypt were withdrawn by FIFA, and Romania qualified automatically.[1]

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification Group 4 articles: 3

Group 5

First round

USSR withdrew, so Portugal qualified automatically to the final round.

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Portugal Bye
2  Russia Withdrew

Final round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Switzerland 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2  Portugal 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.50 0
1 May 1938 Switzerland   2 – 1  Portugal Milan, Italy
Aeby  24'
Amado  29'
Report Peyroteo  72' (pen.) Stadium: Stadio Civico Arena
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)

Switzerland qualified.

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification Group 5 articles: 11

Group 6

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Greece 2 2 0 0 4 1 4.00 4
2  Palestine, British Mandate 2 0 0 2 1 4 0.25 0
22 January 1938 Palestine, British Mandate  1 – 3  Greece Tel Aviv, Palestine/Eretz Israel
Neufeld  36' Report Vikelidis  15'30'
Migiakis  73'
Stadium: Maccabiah Stadium
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Mohammed Youssef (Egypt)

20 February 1938 Greece  1 – 0  Palestine, British Mandate Athens, Greece
Vikelidis  88' (pen.) Report Stadium: Stadio Leoforos Alexandras
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Mika Popovic (Yugoslavia)

Greece qualified for the final round.

Final round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Hungary 1 1 0 0 11 1 11.0 2
2  Greece 1 0 0 1 1 11 0.09 0
25 March 1938 Hungary  11 – 1  Greece Budapest, Hungary
Zsengellér  15'23' (pen.)25'65'81'
Titkos  18'75'
Vincze  26'
Nemes  34'40'52'
Report Makris  89' Stadium: Hungária
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Denis Xifando (Romania)

Hungary qualified.

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification Group 6 articles: 9

Group 7

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Czechoslovakia 2 1 1 0 7 1 7.00 3
2  Bulgaria 2 0 1 1 1 7 0.14 1
7 November 1937 Bulgaria  1 – 1  Czechoslovakia Sofia, Bulgaria
Panchediev  89' (pen.) Report Ríha  44' Stadium: Junak Stadion
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)

24 April 1938 Czechoslovakia  6 – 0  Bulgaria Prague, Czechoslovakia
Šimůnek  21'79'89'
Nejedlý  57'77'
Ludl  73'
Report Stadium: AC Sparta Stadion
Attendance: 28,000
Referee: Pál von Hertzka (Hungary)

Czechoslovakia qualified.

Group 8

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Latvia 2 2 0 0 9 3 3.00 4
2  Lithuania 2 0 0 2 3 9 0.33 0
29 July 1937 Latvia  4 – 2  Lithuania Riga, Latvia
Kaņeps  19'52'83'
Vestermans  50'
Report Gudelis  79'
Paulionis  90'
Stadium: ASK stadions
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Gustav Krist (Czechoslovakia)

3 September 1937 Lithuania  1 – 5  Latvia Kaunas, Lithuania
Paulionis  72' Report Kaņeps  4'45' (pen.)
Borduško  11'30'
Vestermans  67'
Stadium: Valstybinis stadionas
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Hans Frankenstein (Austria)

Latvia qualified for the final round.

Final round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Austria 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2  Latvia 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.50 0
5 October 1937 Austria  2 – 1  Latvia Vienna, Austria
Jerusalem  15'
Binder  33'
Report Vestermans  6' Stadium: Stadion Prater
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Pál von Hercka (Hungary)

Austria qualified, but was later incorporated by Germany during the Anschluss. FIFA offered the place to England (winner of the 1937–38 British Home Championship), who had opted not to enter the competition, but they declined the offer; FIFA decided not to allow anyone else to qualify, leaving the World Cup one team short.

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification Group 7 articles: 10

Group 9

Pos. Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Netherlands 2 1 1 0 5 1 5.00 3
2  Belgium 2 1 1 0 4 3 1.33 3
3  Luxembourg 2 0 0 2 2 7 0.29 0
28 November 1937 Netherlands  4 – 0  Luxembourg Rotterdam, Netherlands
Smit  29'
de Boer  68'78'82'
Report Stadium: Stadion Feyenoord
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Karl Weingarter (Austria)

13 March 1938 Luxembourg  2 – 3  Belgium Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Libar  4'
Kemp  33'
Report Voorhoof  19'
Braine  55'
de Vries  59'
Stadium: Stade Municipal
Attendance: 11,200
Referee: Georges Capdeville (France)

3 April 1938 Belgium  1 – 1  Netherlands Antwerp, Belgium
Isemborghs  53' Report van Spaandonck  37' Stadium: Bosuil Stadion
Attendance: 47,660
Referee: Arthur Jewell (England)

Netherlands and Belgium qualified.

Group 10

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Brazil Bye
2  Argentina Withdrew

Argentina withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.

Group 11

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Cuba Bye
2  Costa Rica Withdrew
 Dutch Guiana
 El Salvador
 Colombia
 Mexico
 United States

Costa Rica, Dutch Guiana, El Salvador, Mexico, Colombia and the United States all withdrew, so Cuba qualified automatically.

Group 12

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Indonesia Bye
2  Japan Withdrew

Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand, and the Phillipines all withdrew, so Indonesia qualified automatically.

Qualified teams

FIFA World Cup qualification 1938
Qualifying countries
Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
 Austria 2nd 2 1934
 Belgium 3rd 3 1934
 Brazil 3rd 3 1934
 Cuba 1st 1
 Czechoslovakia 2nd 2 1934
 Dutch East Indies 1st 1
 France (h) 3rd 3 1934
 Germany 2nd 2 1934
 Hungary 2nd 2 1934
 Italy (c) 2nd 2 1934
 Netherlands 2nd 2 1934
 Norway 1st 1
 Poland 1st 1
 Romania 3rd 3 1934
 Sweden 2nd 2 1934
  Switzerland 2nd 2 1934
  •  Austria withdrew after qualifying due to the Anschluss.
  • (h) - qualified automatically as hosts
  • (c) - qualified automatically as defending champions

11 of the 15 teams subsequently failed to qualify for the 1950 finals: Belgium, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dutch East Indies, France, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Romania.

Goalscorers

5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification Group 9 articles: 57

Notes

References

  1. ^ Dietschy, Paul (6 June 2013). "Making football global? FIFA, Europe, and the non-European football world, 1912–74". Journal of Global History. 8 (02): 288. doi:10.1017/S1740022813000223.

External links