1937 Combined English Universities by-election
1937 Combined English Universities by-election Intro articles: 3
1937 Combined English Universities by-election Vacancy articles: 3
The Combined English Universities was created as a dual member seat in 1918. As with all University seats, general elections were held by the Single Transferable Vote method; however by-elections were held with First Past The Post. The University seats were thought to provide an opportunity for academics, independent of party politics, to gain representation in parliament. However, more often than not, the Conservative Party and latterly, the National government parties had used them as a means to get their own candidates elected. Since 1929, Eleanor Rathbone had overcome the party machine to sit as an Independent MP for one of the seats. The other seat had been won by a Conservative. The result at the last General Election in 1935 was that Craddock and Rathbone were returned unopposed.
1937 Combined English Universities by-election Election history articles: 3
The University Conservatives selected 65-year-old Rt Hon. Sir Francis Oswald Lindley. He was a long serving Diplomat who was Ambassador to Japan 1931–1934, when he retired. A 62-year-old Quaker and former Liberal MP Ted Harvey stood, but not as a Liberal candidate. He stood as an Independent Progressive candidate, saying that contests for the University seats ought to be fought on ideas and not on party political lines. A Liberal candidate had last stood in 1929 and finished as runner-up, ahead of the second Conservative candidate. Harvey had last stood for parliament at those same elections, at Leeds North coming third. He had previously been Liberal MP for Leeds West from 1910–18 and Dewsbury from 1923-24. A third candidate came forward - 71 year old Sir Henry Britten Brackenbury. He had contested the 1922 general election as Liberal candidate for Walthamstow East.
1937 Combined English Universities by-election Candidates articles: 9
Polling days were set for 15–19 March 1937. When nominations closed, it was to reveal a three horse race between Lindley the Conservative, Harvey the Independent Progressive and Brackenbury the Independent.
|Independent Progressive||Edmund Harvey||6,596||47.4||N/A|
|Conservative||Francis Oswald Lindley||4,952||35.6||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||Henry Britten Brackenbury||2,373||17.0||N/A|
|Independent Progressive gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
1937 Combined English Universities by-election Campaign articles: 2
Harvey chose to retire. The result at the following General election;
|Independent Labour||Stanley Wormald||15.3||3,212||3,973||4,081||4,473||4,675|
|National Independent||Eric Cuthbert Arden||11.6||2,433||3,073||3,389||3,829||eliminated|
|Independent||John Henry Richardson||5.3||1,124||1,995||2,341||eliminated|
|Electorate: 41,976 Valid: 20,973 Quota: 6,992 Turnout: 50.0%|