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1934 FIFA World Cup qualification

Football tournament

Top 10 1934 FIFA World Cup qualification related articles

1934 FIFA World Cup Qualification
Tournament details
Teams32 (from 3 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played26
Goals scored139 (5.35 per match)
Top scorer(s) Isidro Lángara
Mario López
Dionisio Mejía
(7 goals each)
1938

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup for which teams had to qualify (in the inaugural World Cup of 1930, the participating teams were invited to play by FIFA). When 32 teams entered the 1934 competition, FIFA organized qualification (or preliminary) rounds to select 16 teams for the final tournament.[1] Even Italy, the host of the World Cup, had to qualify (the only time the hosts had to qualify, and one of only two occasions on which the hosts have ever taken part in the qualification process),[1][a] The previous champions, Uruguay, refused to defend their title because many European nations declined to take part in the 1930 FIFA World Cup held in Uruguay.[1][2]

A total of 27 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 27 qualifying matches were played, and 141 goals were scored (an average of 5.22 per match).[1] The first match, between Sweden and Estonia, began in Stockholm on 11 June 1933, with Swedish player Knut Kroon scoring the first goal. The final match was played in Rome only three days before the start of the tournament on 24 May 1934, as late entrants the United States beat Mexico in a play-off to become the sixteenth and final team to qualify.

Listed below are the dates and results of the qualification rounds.

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification Intro articles: 4

Format

Chile, Peru and Turkey all withdrew before qualifying began,[1] while Denmark, Finland, Latvia and Norway all withdrew before draw.

The 32 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

  • Groups 1 to 8 – Europe: 12 places, contested by 21 teams.
  • Groups 9, 10 and 11 – Americas: 3 places, contested by 8 teams.
  • Group 12 – Africa and Asia: 1 place, contested by 3 teams (including Turkey).

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

  • Group 1 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner would qualify.
  • Groups 2, 3 and 5 had 2 teams each. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 4 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other twice. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Groups 6, 7 and 8 had 3 teams each. The teams played against each other once. The group winners and runners-up would qualify.
  • Groups 9 and 10 had 2 teams each. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 11 had 4 teams. There would be three rounds of play:
    • First Round: Haiti played against Cuba in three matches at home. The winner would advance to the Second Round.
    • Second Round: Mexico played against the winner of the First Round in three matches at home. The winner would advance to the Final Round.
    • Final Round: USA played against the winner of the Second Round in a single match on neutral ground. The winner would qualify.
  • Group 12 had 3 teams. After Turkey withdrew before the matches began, the remaining 2 teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winner would qualify.

Key:

  • Teams highlighted in green qualified for the finals.
  • Teams highlighted in orange qualified for the next phase of their group.

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification Format articles: 11

Groups

Group 1

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Sweden 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2  Lithuania 1 0 0 1 0 2 0.00 0
3  Estonia 1 0 0 1 2 6 0.33 0
Sweden  6–2  Estonia
Kroon  7'
L. Bunke  10'
Ericsson  13'70'
T. Bunke  43'
Andersson  79' (pen)
Report Kass  47'
Kuremaa  61'
Attendance: 8,123
Referee: Reidar Randers-Johansen (Norway)

Lithuania  0–2  Sweden
Report Hansson  55'65'
Kariuomenės Stadionas, Kaunas, Lithuania
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: August Silber (Estonia)

Estonia v Lithuania was not played since neither team could qualify with a win.[3]

Sweden qualified.

Group 2

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Spain 2 2 0 0 11 1 11.0 4
2  Portugal 2 0 0 2 1 11 0.09 0
Spain  9–0  Portugal
González  3'
Lángara  13'14' (pen.)46'71'85'
Regueiro  65'70'
Ventolrà  68'
Report
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Raphael van Praag (Belgium)

Portugal  1–2  Spain
Silva  10' Report Lángara  12'25'
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Raphael van Praag (Belgium)

11-1 on aggregate; Spain qualified.

Group 3

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Italy 1 1 0 0 4 0 4.00 2
2  Greece 1 0 0 1 0 4 0.00 0
Italy  4–0  Greece
Guarisi  40'
Meazza  44'71'
Ferrari  69'
Report
Attendance: 20,000

Italy qualified, as Greece declined to play the second match.[1][2]

Group 4

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Hungary 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2  Austria 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3  Bulgaria 3 0 0 3 3 14 0.21 0
Bulgaria  1–4  Hungary
Baikushev  27' Report Sárosi  29'
Szabó  61' (pen.)
Toldi  88'
Markos  89'
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Denis Xifando (Romania)

Austria  6–1  Bulgaria
Horvath  19'22'33'
Zischek  59'
Viertl  62'
Sindelar  67'
Report Lozanov  66'

Hungary  4–1  Bulgaria
Szabó  9'58'
Solti  60'73'
Report Todorov  61'
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Hans Frankenstein (Austria)

Bulgaria withdrew, and the remaining matches were not played since Hungary and Austria were already assured of the top two spots.[1]

Hungary and Austria qualified.

Group 5

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Czechoslovakia 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2  Poland 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.5 0
Poland  1–2  Czechoslovakia
Martyna  52' (pen) Report Silný  33'
Pelcner  77'
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Denis Xifando (Romania)

Poland were unable to travel to Prague for the second match as the Polish government denied the team visas for political reasons (see: Zaolzie and Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts). Therefore, Czechoslovakia qualified.[4]

Group 6

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Romania 2 1 1 0 4 3 2.00 3
2   Switzerland 2 0 2 0 4 4 2.00 2
3  Yugoslavia 2 0 1 1 3 4 0.75 1
Yugoslavia  2–2   Switzerland
Kragić  50'
Marjanović  61'
Report Frigerio  76'
Jäggi  80'
Stadion BSK, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Attendance: 17,000

Switzerland   2–2[b]  Romania
Hufschmid  75'
Hochstrasser  80' (pen.)
Report Sepi  18'
Dobay  67'
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Hans Boekmann (Netherlands)

Romania  2–1  Yugoslavia
Schwartz  38'
Dobay  74'
Report Kragić  71'
Attendance: 20,000

Romania and Switzerland qualified.

Group 7

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Netherlands 2 2 0 0 9 4 2.25 4
2  Belgium 2 0 1 1 6 8 0.75 1
3  Irish Free State 2 0 1 1 6 9 0.67 1
Irish Free State  4–4  Belgium
Moore  27'48'56'75' Report Capelle  15'
S. Vanden Eynde  30'
F. Vanden Eynde  47'60'
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Thomas Crewe (England)

Netherlands  5–2  Irish Free State
Smit  41'85'
Bakhuys  67'78'
Vente  83'
Report Squires  44'
Moore  57'

Belgium  2–4  Netherlands
Grimmonprez  51'
Voorhoof  71'
Report Smit  60'
Bakhuys  62'84'
Vente  64'
Attendance: 42,000

Netherlands and Belgium qualified (Belgium finished above the Irish Free State on goal average).[1]

Group 8

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Germany 1 1 0 0 9 1 9.00 2
2  France 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3  Luxembourg 2 0 0 2 2 15 0.13 0
Luxembourg  1–9  Germany
Mengel  27' Report Rasselnberg  2'35'57'89'
Wigold  12'
Albrecht  24'
Hohmann  30'52'53'
Attendance: 14,500
Referee: Jan de Wolf (Netherlands)

Luxembourg  1–6  France
Speicher  47' Report Aston  3'
Nicolas  26'67'85'89' (pen.)
Liberati  80'
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Marc Turfkruyer (Belgium)

Germany v France was not played since both teams were already assured of the top two spots.[3]

Germany and France qualified.

Group 9

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Brazil
2  Peru Withdrew

Peru withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.[1]

Group 10

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Argentina
2  Chile Withdrew

Chile withdrew, so Argentina qualified automatically.[1]

Group 11

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Cuba 3 2 1 0 10 2 5.00 5
2  Haiti 3 0 1 2 2 10 0.20 1
Haiti  1–3  Cuba
St. Fort  85' (pen.) Report López  20' (pen.)
H. Socorro  61'
Martínez  64'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti  1–1  Cuba
St. Fort  25' (pen.) Report López  85'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti  0–6  Cuba
Report H. Socorro  5'
López  18'86'
F. Socorro  37'
Ferrer  62'
Soto  78'
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

10-2 on aggregate; Cuba advanced to the Second Round.

Second round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Mexico 3 3 0 0 12 3 4.00 6
2  Cuba 3 0 0 3 3 12 0.25 0
Mexico  3–2  Cuba
Mejía  12'14'16' Report López  40'63'

Mexico  5–0  Cuba
Sota  24'
Mejía  31'40'79'
Rosas  72'
Report

Mexico  4–1  Cuba
Alonso  32'75'
Ruvalcaba  41'
Marcos  55'
Report López  15'

12-3 on aggregate; Mexico advanced to the Final Round.

Final round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  United States 1 1 0 0 4 2 2.00 2
2  Mexico 1 0 0 1 2 4 0.50 0
United States  4–2  Mexico
Donelli  28'32'74'87' Report Alonso  25'
Mejía  75'
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Yossouf Mohammed (Egypt)

United States qualified.

Group 12

The Palestine football team consisted exclusively of Jewish and British players.[8] FIFA states in reference to the 1930s Palestine Mandate team that the 'Palestine team' that had participated in previous competitions in the 1930s was actually the forerunner of today's Israel team and as such bears no relation to the national team of the Palestinian authority.[9] However, the region currently known as Palestine is considered "one of the first Asian teams to compete in the FIFA World Cup qualifiers".[10]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Egypt 2 2 0 0 11 2 5.50 4
2  Palestine, British Mandate 2 0 0 2 2 11 0.18 0
 Turkey withdrew
Egypt  7–1  Palestine, British Mandate
El-Tetsh  11'35'51'
Taha  21'79'
Latif  43'87'
Report Nudelmann  61'
British Army Ground, Cairo, Egypt
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Stanley Wells (England)

Palestine, British Mandate  1–4  Egypt
Sukenik  54' Report Latif  2'
El-Tetsh  7'22'
Fawzi  35'
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Frederick Goodsby (England)

11-2 on aggregate; Egypt qualified.

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification Groups articles: 159

Qualified teams

Only six of the teams qualifying for the final competition – Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Romania, and the USA – had already attended the World Cup in 1930.[1] 5 of the 16 teams subsequently failed to qualify for the 1938 finals: Argentina, Austria, Egypt, Spain and United States.

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification participants
Qualifying countries
Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
 Argentina 2nd 2 1930
 Austria 1st 1
 Belgium 2nd 2 1930
 Brazil 2nd 2 1930
 Czechoslovakia 1st 1
 Egypt 1st 1
 France 2nd 2 1930
 Germany 1st 1
 Hungary 1st 1
 Italy 1st 1
 Netherlands 1st 1
 Romania 2nd 2 1930
 Spain 1st 1
 Sweden 1st 1
  Switzerland 1st 1
 United States 2nd 2 1930

Goalscorers

7 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification Goalscorers articles: 15