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1931 Hungarian parliamentary election

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1931 Hungarian parliamentary election

← 1926 28–30 June 1931 1935 →

All 245 seats in the Diet
123 seats needed for a majority
Turnout59.2%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader István Bethlen János Zichy Gaszton Gaál
Party EP KGSZP FKGP
Last election 161 seats, 42.2% 35 seats, 15.3% did not contest
Seats won 149 32 10
Seat change 12 3
Popular vote 603,576 184,618 173,477
Percentage 40% 12.2% 11.5%
Swing 2.2% 3.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Károly Peyer
Party MSZDP Independents Unofficial Unity Party candidates
Last election 14 seats, 11.1% 10 seats, 7.3% 9 seats, 8.5%
Seats won 14 16 8
Seat change 0 6 1
Popular vote 165,794 109,127 84,156
Percentage 11% 7.2% 5.6%
Swing 0.1% 0.1% 2.9%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
 
Leader Károly Rassay István Friedrich János Vázsonyi
Party ESZDP KE NDP
Last election did not contest did not contest did not contest
Seats won 4 2 2
Seat change
Popular vote 45,977 17,880 15,930
Percentage 3% 1.2% 1.1%
Swing

Prime Minister before election

István Bethlen
EP

Elected Prime Minister

István Bethlen
EP

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hungary

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary between 28 and 30 June 1931.[1] The result was a victory for the Unity Party, which won 149 of the 245 seats in Parliament. István Bethlen remained Prime Minister, but resigned on 24 August due to the effects of the Great Depression and was replaced by Gyula Károlyi.[2]

1931 Hungarian parliamentary election Intro articles: 46

Electoral system

The electoral system remained the same as in 1926. There were 199 openly elected single-member constituencies and 11 secretly elected multi-member constituencies electing a total of 46 seats.[3][4]

Overview of "1926 Hungarian parliamentary election" article

Results

Party SMCs MMCs Total
Votes[a] % Seats Votes[b] % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Unity Party 483,149 45.3 138 120,427 27.2 11 603,576 40.0 149 –12
Christian Economic and Social Party 118,898 11.1 24 65,720 14.8 8 184,618 12.2 32 –3
Independent Smallholders Party 162,139 15.2 8 11,338 2.6 2 173,477 11.5 10 New
Hungarian Social Democratic Party 34,188 3.2 0 131,606 29.7 14 165,794 11.0 14 0
Unofficial Unity Party candidates 84,156 7.9 8 84,156 5.6 8 –1
Unified Liberal Democratic Party 45,977 10.4 4 45,977 3.0 4
National Independence Kossuth Party 28,518 2.7 0 28,518 1.9 0 –1
Christian Opposition 1,647 0.2 0 16,233 3.7 2 17,880 1.2 2 New
National Democratic Party 1,671 0.2 0 14,259 3.2 2 15,930 1.1 2 New
Christian Socialist Party 6,413 0.6 1 4,583 1.0 0 10,996 0.7 1 New
Independent Civic Party 7,316 1.7 1 7,316 0.5 1 New
Christian Economic Opposition Party 7,109 0.7 1 7,109 0.5 1 New
National Radical Party 6,057 0.6 1 6,057 0.4 1 New
Christian National Opposition Party 5,318 1.2 1 5,318 0.4 1 New
Independent Left Party 5,213 1.2 1 5,213 0.3 1 New
Hungarian Agricultural Labourers and Workers Party 5,198 0.5 0 5,198 0.3 0 0
Allied Civic Parties 6,929 1.6 0 6,929 0.5 0 New
United National Party of Front Veterans 1,277 0.1 0 3,527 0.8 0 4,084 0.3 0 New
Racist Party 4,362 0.4 0 4,362 0.3 0 New
Smallholder 3,735 0.4 0 3,735 0.3 0 New
Agro-Democratic Party 3,567 0.3 1 3,567 0.2 1 New
United Opposition 2,891 0.3 1 2,891 0.2 1 New
Christian Social and Economic Party 2,343 0.2 0 2,343 0.2 0 New
Independent Christian Socialist Party 2,096 0.2 0 2,096 0.1 0 New
Győr City Economic Party 1,936 0.4 0 1,936 0.1 0 New
Smallholders, Craftsmen and Agricultural Workers Nagyatádi Party 1,586 0.2 0 1,586 0.1 0 New
Independents 106,446 10.0 16 2,681 0.6 0 109,127 7.2 16 +6
Invalid/blank votes 0
Total 1,067,446 100 199 100 46 100 245 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,322,080 80.7 585,032 1,907,112[c]
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a The number of votes refers to only 132 of the 199 single-member constituencies, as 67 seats were uncontested.[3]

b The number of votes refers to seven of the eleven MMCs.[3]

c The total number of registered voters was 2,549,178; the figure in the table refers to the number of registered voters in the contested seats for which figures are available.[3]

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p940
  3. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, p919
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p933
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