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1919 Austrian Constituent Assembly election

Top 10 1919 Austrian Constituent Assembly election related articles

1919 Austrian Constituent Assembly election

← 1911 16 February 1919 1920 →

All 170 seats in the Constituent Assembly
86 seats needed for a majority
Turnout2,998,297 (84.4%)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Karl Seitz Jodok Fink
Party SDAPÖ CSP and allies[a] DNP
Leader since November 1918 10 March 1910
Seats won 72 69 8
Popular vote 1,211,393 1,068,259 174,738
Percentage 40.76% 35.94% 5.88%

Chancellor before election

Karl Renner
SDAPÖ

Elected Chancellor

Karl Renner
SDAPÖ

Constituent Assembly elections were held in Austria on 16 February 1919,[1] and were the first election in which all women were allowed to vote.[2] German citizens living in Austria and Sudeten Germans living in the newly-formed Czechoslovakia were also allowed to vote in the elections, despite Czechoslovak objections. Austrian citizens living in Germany were also allowed to vote in the elections for the Weimar National Assembly in the same year.[3]

The Social Democratic Workers' Party emerged as the largest party, winning 72 of the 170 seats. The party was largely supported by the working class, whilst farmers and the middle class voted mainly for the anti-Anschluss Christian Social Party.[4] Voter turnout was 84.4%.

The first meeting of the assembly was on 4 March 1919. The Sudeten German Social Democrats organised a series of demonstrations in support of their right of self-determination. Across seven cities 54 persons were killed and another 84 wounded by the Czech military and police.[5]

The two main parties, the SDAPÖ and the CS, formed a coalition government after the elections. Although it had broken up by mid-1920, a new constitution was agreed on 1 October 1920.[4] Fresh elections were held on 17 October.

1919 Austrian Constituent Assembly election Intro articles: 101

Results

Party Votes % Seats
Social Democratic Workers' Party 1,211,393 40.76 72
Christian Social Party 687,465 23.13 47
Lower Austrian Farmers' Union 222,304 7.48 12
German Nationals Party 174,738 5.88 8
United Czechoslovak Parties 67,396 2.27 1
German Democrats 64,073 2.16 3
Christian Social Citizens 'and Workers' Party 62,099 2.09 0
German People's Party 59,919 2.02 2
German Freedom and Order Party 56,306 1.89 5
Tyrolean Farmers' Association 50,361 1.69 3
Centrist Democrats 48,995 1.13 1
Styrian Farmers' Party 47,021 1.58 3
National Democratic Party 46,507 1.56 0
Carinthian Farmers' Association 33,496 1.13 2
Tyrolean People's Club 46,030 1.55 7
National-Socialist Workers' Party 23,252 0.78 0
German Peoples' Election Committee 15,430 0.52 1
Democrats 15,053 0.51 0
Democratic Association of Cities 12,336 0.41 1
Liberal Corporate Association of Salzburg 8,507 0.29 1
Jewish National Party 7,770 0.26 1
Democratic Middle-class Party 5,960 0.20 0
Democratic Economic Party 3,828 0.13 0
German-Austrian People's Party 1,645 0.05 0
Economic People's Party 411 0.01 0
Invalid/blank votes 25,239
Total 2,997,534 100 170
Registered voters/turnout 3,547,742 84.49
Source: Government of Austria

Notes

  1. ^ Lower Austrian Farmers' Union, Christian Social Citizens 'and Workers' Party, Tyrolean Farmers' Association and Tyrolean Peoples' Club

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 196. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7.
  2. ^ "85 Jahre allgemeines Frauenwahlrecht in Österreich". 2011-03-06. Archived from the original on 2011-03-06. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  3. ^ AUSTRIA VOTES TODAY. - German Part of Former Dual Monarchy Chooses Its Constituent Assembly., The New York Times, February 16, 1919 (PDF)
  4. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p173
  5. ^ Suppan, Arnold. "Austrians, Czechs, and Sudeten Germans as a Community of Conflict in the Twentieth Century" (PDF). conservancy.umn.edu. Center for Austrian Studies, Minnesota. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
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