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1908 Finnish parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in the Grand Duchy of Finland on 1 and 2 July 1908.

Overview of "Grand Duchy of Finland" article

Background

The Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolved the first modern and democratic Finnish Parliament after its Speaker, Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, refused, in the Tsar's opinion, to show enough respect for him when speaking at the parliamentary session's opening. In 1908, the Russian government restarted its Russification policy in Finland, limiting Finnish self-government.

1908 Finnish parliamentary election Background articles: 4

Campaign

Most Finns, including most Finnish parliamentarians, opposed the Russification, but disagreed on the means to effectively oppose it. The Social Democratic Party's supporters hoped for positive results from their party's work in Parliament, such as the growing prosperity of workers and tenant farmers, but would be disappointed during the next several elections. The other parliamentary parties, with the partial exception of the Agrarians, considered the Social Democrats' demands, such as an eight-hour workday, too radical to be implemented while Finland was trying to save its self-government. Parliament had no official control over the government, which was responsible only to the Tsar and to the Governor-General. Parliament's legislative power was also limited by the Tsar's ability to veto its laws, without a time limit on his consideration whether to veto the laws or not.[1][2]

1908 Finnish parliamentary election Campaign articles: 4

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 310,826 38.40 83 +3
Finnish Party 205,892 25.44 55 –4
Young Finnish Party 115,201 14.23 26 0
Swedish People's Party 103,146 12.74 24 0
Agrarian League 51,766 6.39 10 +1
Christian Workers' Union 18,848 2.33 2 0
Others 3,772 0.47 0
Total 809,441 100 200 0
Valid votes 809,441 99.03
Invalid/blank votes 7,896 0.97
Total votes cast 817,337 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,269,177 64.40
Source: Mackie & Rose[3]
Popular vote
SDP
38.40%
SP
25.44%
NSP
14.23%
RKP
12.74%
ML
6.39%
KTL
2.33%
Others
0.47%
Parliament seats
SDP
41.50%
SP
27.50%
NSP
13.00%
RKP
12.00%
ML
5.00%
KTL
1.00%

References

  1. ^ Seppo Zetterberg et al., eds., A Small Giant of the Finnish History / Suomen historian pikkujattilainen, Helsinki: WSOY, 2003
  2. ^ Allan Tiitta and Seppo Zetterberg, eds., Finland Through the Ages / Suomi kautta aikojen, Helsinki: Reader´s Digest Ltd., 1992
  3. ^ Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan, p243 (vote figures)