1890–91 Scottish Football League
|Dates||16 August 1890 – 12 May 1891|
|Champions||Dumbarton and Rangers|
(both 1st title)
|Goals scored||409 (4.54 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Jack Bell (20 goals)|
|Biggest home win||Celtic 9–1 Vale of Leven|
(5 May 1891)
|Biggest away win||Heart of Midlothian 0–5 Celtic|
(23 August 1890)
Cowlairs 1–6 Dumbarton
(25 October 1890)
Cowlairs 0–5 Celtic
(29 April 1891)
|Highest scoring||Cowlairs 7–5 Abercorn|
(28 February 1891)
|Longest winning run||8 games:|
|Longest unbeaten run||14 games:|
|Longest winless run||8 games:|
|Longest losing run||7 games:|
The 1890–91 Scottish Football League was the first season of the Scottish Football League. It began on 16 August 1890 and concluded on 12 May 1891. The league was won jointly by Dumbarton and Rangers who ended the season with an equal number of points.
1890–91 Scottish Football League Intro articles: 3
Dumbarton and Rangers ended the league season with an equal number of points so a play-off match was organised at Cathkin Park in Glasgow on 21 May 1891 to determine the winner. The game ended in a 2–2 draw so both clubs were declared champions.
On 30 September 1890 after playing four games in the league, Renton was suspended by the Scottish Football Association for professionalism, and the club was subsequently expelled from the league with their record expunged. Celtic, 3rd LRV and Cowlairs were docked four points each for fielding ineligible players. At the end of the season, the bottom three teams had to submit applications to rejoin the league for the next season along with other non-league clubs. St Mirren, Vale of Leven and Cowlairs submitted applications along with non-league club Leith Athletic. In the election, Cowlairs lost their league position to Leith Athletic, with St Mirren and Vale of Leven being re-elected.
1890–91 Scottish Football League Season overview articles: 10
The inaugural season of the Scottish Football League was contested by 11 clubs. This was reduced to 10 clubs after four games when Renton was expelled from the league for professionalism.
1890–91 Scottish Football League Clubs articles: 19
|Pos||Team||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Qualification or relegation|
|1||Dumbarton[a] (C)||18||13||3||2||61||21||+40||29||Joint Champions|
|6||Heart of Midlothian||18||6||2||10||31||37||−6||14|
|8||Vale of Leven||18||5||1||12||27||65||−38||11|
|10||Cowlairs[c] (R)||18||3||4||11||24||50||−26||6[b]||Not re-elected|
|11||Renton[d]||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Expelled, record expunged|
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.
- Dumbarton and Rangers finished equal on points, and a play-off to determine the winner ended in a 2−2 draw so both teams were declared joint champions.
- Celtic, 3rd LRV and Cowlairs were deducted four points each for fielding ineligible players.
- Cowlairs failed re-election to compete in the league for the next season.
- Renton were expelled from the league in September 1890 for professionalism and their record was expunged.
Rangers defeated 3rd Lanark RV 4–1 in their final league match on 9 May 1891 to move level with Dumbarton on 29 points and a play-off was organised to determine which team would be crowned champions. However, the match finished as a draw and Dumbarton and Rangers were declared joint champions.
1890–91 Scottish Football League Table articles: 3
- "Scottish Football League & Scottish Premier League - Play-offs and Test Matches 1891-date". Scottish Football Historical Archive. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Scottish Football League Expulsions 1890-1953". Scottish Football Historical Archive. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Scottish Football League & Scottish Premier League - League point deductions and awards 1890-date". Scottish Football Historical Archive. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Scottish Football League - Re-elections 1891-1951". Scottish Football Historical Archive. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "1890-1891 SFL". SPFL. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- Graham, Alexander (2005). Football in Scotland: A Statistical Record 1873–2005. Cleethorpes: Soccer Books. p. 9. ISBN 1-86223-123-0.
- "Rangers 4 - 1 Third Lanark, Scottish League (09/05/1891)". Fitbastats.com. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Rangers 2 - 2 Dumbarton, Division One (old) Play-offs (21/05/1891)". Fitbastats.com. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Dumbarton 2-2 Rangers, Thursday, May 21st, 1891". The Sons Archive. Archived from the original on 3 June 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2019.