1869 in literature
Literature-related events during 1869
This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1869.
- February 3 – Booth's Theatre opens on Manhattan with the owner, Edwin Booth, playing the male lead in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.
- May 22 – Serial publication of Anthony Trollope's novel He Knew He Was Right concludes and it appears in London as the first book to include a fictional private investigator, ex-policeman Samuel Bozzle. It concerns a case of marital breakdown.
- October 5 – Model, poet and artist Elizabeth Siddal (d. 1862) is exhumed at Highgate Cemetery in London in order to recover the manuscript of Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Poems buried with her.
- December – Publication of Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace («Война и миръ», Voyna i mir) complete in book form concludes. It is printed in Moscow and sold by the author on subscription.
- unknown dates – As a protest against her drama school having been closed down by the Russian authorities, Swedish-born actress Hedvig Raa-Winterhjelm delivers the lines in her next performance, Aleksis Kivi's Lea, in the Finnish language, the first time it has been spoken in the public theatre in Finland.
- Thomas Bailey Aldrich – The Story of a Bad Boy
- Ignacio Manuel Altamirano – Clemencia (debut novel)
- Horatio Alger, Jr. – Luck and Pluck
- R. M. Ballantyne – Erling the Bold
- R. D. Blackmore – Lorna Doone
- Fyodor Dostoyevsky – The Idiot (Идіотъ)
- Alexandre Dumas, père – The Knight of Sainte-Hermine (Le Chevalier de Sainte-Hermine, unfinished; first published 2005)
- Gustave Flaubert – Sentimental Education (L'Éducation sentimentale)
- Émile Gaboriau – Monsieur Lecoq
- Ivan Goncharov – The Precipice (Обрыв)
- Edmond and Jules de Goncourt – Madame Gervaisais
- Victor Hugo – The Man Who Laughs (L'Homme qui rit)
- Sheridan Le Fanu – The Wyvern Mystery
- Nikolai Leskov – Old Years in Plodomasovo («Ста′рые го′ды в селе′ Плодома′сове» published serially in Russkiy Vestnik)
- Joaquim Manuel de Macedo – A Luneta Mágica (The Magical Glasses)
- Hector Malot – Romain Kalbris
- Florence Montgomery – Misunderstood
- Charles Reade – Foul Play
- Capt. Hawley Smart – Breezie Langton
- Hesba Stretton – Alone in London
- Leo Tolstoy – War and Peace
- Charlotte M. Yonge – The Chaplet of Pearls
Children and young people
- Louisa May Alcott – Good Wives
- Frances Freeling Broderip – Tales of the Toys told by Themselves
- ——— The Daisy and her Friends: Tales and Stories for Children
- Juliana Horatia Ewing – Mrs. Overtheway's Remembrances
- Jean Ingelow – Mopsa the Fairy
- A. D. T. Whitney – Hitherto
- Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson – Sigurd Slembe (Sigurd the Bastard, trilogy, first performed, in Germany)
- François Coppée – Le Passant
- Navalram Pandya – Veermati
- Mendele Mocher Sforim – Di Takse (The Tax, unperformed)
- Matthew Arnold – Culture and Anarchy
- P. T. Barnum – Struggles and Triumphs
- Josephine Butler (editor) – Women's Work and Women's Culture
- Warren Felt Evans – The Mental Cure, illustrating the influence of the Mind on the Body
- William Ewart Gladstone – Juventus Mundi: The gods and men of "the heroic" age
- John Stuart Mill – The Subjection of Women
- John Neal — Wandering Recollections of a Somewhat Busy Life: An Autobiography
- Mark Twain – The Innocents Abroad
- Richard Wagner – Das Judenthum in der Musik (Jewishness in Music)
- Garnet Wolseley – Soldier’s Pocket-book for Field Service
- January 10 – Rachel Davis Harris, African American librarian (died 1969)
- January 15 – Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, poet, painter and architect (died 1907)
- February 8 – Victor Ido, born Hans van de Wall, Dutch East Indian journalist, novelist and playwright (died 1948)
- February 11 – Else Lasker-Schüler, German-born poet, playwright and short story writer (died 1945)
- March 11 – F. G. Loring, English writer and naval officer (died 1951)
- March 14 – Algernon Blackwood, English writer (died 1951)
- May 10 – Rachel Davis Harris, African American librarian (died 1969)
- May 23 – Olivia Ward Bush-Banks, American poet (died 1944)
- June 10 – Arthur Shearly Cripps, English-born poet, short story writer and Anglican priest in Africa (died 1952)
- July 1 – William Strunk, Jr., American professor of English (died 1946)
- July 8 – William Vaughn Moody, American dramatist and poet (died 1910)
- July 29 – Booth Tarkington, American novelist (died 1946)
- August 10 – Laurence Binyon, English poet and scholar (died 1943)
- October 6 – Bo Bergman, Swedish poet (died 1967)
- November 15 – Charlotte Mew, English poet (suicide, 1928)
- November 20 – Zinaida Gippius, Russian writer (died 1945)
- November 22 – André Gide, French writer (died 1951)
- December 22 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (died 1935)
- December 30 – Stephen Leacock, English-born Canadian humorist and economist (died 1944)
- January 20 – Carl Wilhelm Göttling, German classical commentator (born 1793)
- January 30
- February 15 – Ghalib, Indian poet (born 1796)
- February 28 – Alphonse de Lamartine, French poet and politician (born 1790)
- May 18 – Peter Cunningham, British literary scholar and antiquarian (born 1816)
- July 11 – William Jerdan, Scottish-born editor (born 1782)
- July 19 – Victor Aimé Huber, German travel writer and literary historian (born 1800)
- August 2 – Thomas Medwin, English poet, biographer and translator (born 1788)
- October 18 – Simon Jenko, Slovene poet (born 1835)
- November 3 – Andreas Kalvos, Greek Romantic poet and dramatist (born 1792)
- Mark Twain (28 July 1992). Mark Twain's Letters, Volume 3: 1869. University of California Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-520-90608-2.
- Trager, James. The New York Chronology: The Ultimate Compendium of Events, People, and Anecdotes from the Dutch to the Present. p. 154.
- Jeremy Cooper (1998). Victorian and Edwardian Decor: From the Gothic Revival to Art Nouveau. Abbeville Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-7892-0446-2.
- Martin, R. Eden (July 2012). "The Original War and Peace" (PDF). Caxtonian. Caxton Club. 20 (7): 1–5. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Reseña: Clemencia de Ignacio Manuel Altamirano" [Summary: Clemencia by Ignacio Manuel Altamirano]. Compartiendo grafias (in Spanish). Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- Sears, Donald A. (1978). John Neal. Boston, Massachusetts: Twayne Publishers. p. 145. ISBN 080-5-7723-08.
- Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.