1745 Imperial election
1745 Imperial election Intro articles: 4
War of the Austrian Succession
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor died on October 20, 1740. His daughter Maria Theresa inherited his royal titles in Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Galicia and Lodomeria, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma according to the terms of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713.
Although Prussia had accepted the Pragmatic Sanction, it now repudiated Maria Theresa's inheritance as a violation of Salic law. Its king Frederick the Great invaded Silesia on December 16. France and Bavaria, whose elector Charles Albert rejected the Pragmatic Sanction for self-interested reasons, joined Prussia in 1741. Charles Albert's own territories in Bavaria were quickly overrun by the Austrian forces of Maria Theresa, but the alliance remained on the attack. On November 26, Prague was captured. On December 9, Charles Albert crowned himself king of Bohemia. On January 24, 1742, in the imperial election of 1742, from which Maria Theresa was excluded, he was elected Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VII.
He died of gout at Nymphenburg Palace on January 20, 1745, three years before the conclusion of the war.
Election of 1745
The electors called to Frankfurt to choose his successor were:
- Johann Friedrich Karl von Ostein, elector of Mainz
- Franz Georg von Schönborn, elector of Trier
- Clemens August, elector of Cologne
- Maria Theresa, queen regnant of Bohemia
- Maximilian III Joseph, elector of Bavaria
- Augustus III of Poland, elector of Saxony
- Frederick the Great, elector of Brandenburg
- Charles Theodore, elector of the Palatinate
- George II of Great Britain, elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Maria Theresa came to an arrangement with Maximilian III Joseph, Charles VII's son, wherein she would allow his return to Bavaria in exchange for his support, and the support of his uncle Clemens August, of the candidacy of her husband, Francis of Lorraine.
1745 Imperial election Background articles: 39
Francis was elected with the support of seven of the electors. Frederick the Great and Charles Theodore, opponents of Maria Theresa in the War of the Austrian Succession, abstained.
- Mack Walker, Johann Jakob Moser and the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.