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Top 10 Epiestriol related articles
1 International nonproprietary name
An international nonproprietary name (INN) is an official generic and non-proprietary name given to a pharmaceutical drug or an active ingredient. INNs are intended to make communication more precise by providing a unique standard name for each active ingredient, to avoid prescribing errors. The INN system has been coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1953.More
2 British Approved Name
A British Approved Name (BAN) is the official, non-proprietary, or generic name given to a pharmaceutical substance, as defined in the British Pharmacopoeia (BP). The BAN is also the official name used in some countries across the world, because starting in 1953, proposed new names were evaluated by a panel of experts from WHO in conjunction with the BP commission to ensure naming consistency worldwide. There is also a British Approved Name (Modified) (BANM).More
3 Endogeny (biology)
Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within a system such as an organism, tissue, or cell.More
In stereochemistry, an epimer is one of a pair of diastereomers. The two epimers have opposite configuration at only one stereogenic center out of at least two. All other stereogenic centers in the molecules are the same in each. Epimerization is the interconversion of one epimer to the other epimer.More
Anti-inflammatory is the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation or swelling. Anti-inflammatory drugs make up about half of analgesics, remedying pain by reducing inflammation as opposed to opioids, which affect the central nervous system to block pain signaling to the brain.More
Glycogenesis is the process of glycogen synthesis, in which glucose molecules are added to chains of glycogen for storage. This process is activated during rest periods following the Cori cycle, in the liver, and also activated by insulin in response to high glucose levels.More
Epiestriol (INN) (brand names Actriol, Arcagynil, Klimadoral), or epioestriol (BAN), also known as 16β-epiestriol or simply 16-epiestriol as well as 16β-hydroxy-17β-estradiol, is a minor and weak endogenousestrogen, and the 16β-epimer of estriol (which is 16α-hydroxy-17β-estradiol). Epiestriol is (or has previously been) used clinically in the treatment of acne. In addition to its estrogenic actions, epiestriol has been found to possess significant anti-inflammatory properties without glycogenic activity or immunosuppressive effects, an interesting finding that is in contrast to conventional anti-inflammatory steroids like hydrocortisone (a glucocorticoid).
Relative affinities (%) of epiestriol and related steroids
^Latman NS, Kishore V, Bruot BC (June 1994). "16-epiestriol: an anti-inflammatory steroid without glycogenic activity". Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 83 (6): 874–7. doi:10.1002/jps.2600830623. PMID9120824.
^Miller E, Bates R, Bjorndahl J, Allen D, Burgio D, Bouma C, Stoll J, Latman N (November 1998). "16-Epiestriol, a novel anti-inflammatory nonglycogenic steroid, does not inhibit IFN-gamma production by murine splenocytes". Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research. 18 (11): 921–5. doi:10.1089/jir.1998.18.921. PMID9858313.