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117th United States Congress

2021–2023 meeting of U.S. legislature

Top 10 117th United States Congress related articles

117th United States Congress
116th ←
→ 118th

January 3, 2021 – January 3, 2023
Members100 senators
435 representatives
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
(until January 20, 2021)
(from January 20, 2021)
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
(until January 20, 2021)
Kamala Harris (D)
(from January 20, 2021)
House MajorityDemocratic
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
1st: January 3, 2021 – present

The 117th United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2021, during the final weeks of Donald Trump's presidency, and will end on January 3, 2023. It will meet during the first two years of Joe Biden's presidency.

The 2020 elections decided control of both chambers. In the House of Representatives, the Democratic Party retained their majority (albeit reduced from the 116th Congress).

In the Senate, the Republican Party briefly held the majority at the beginning of the term. On January 20, 2021, three new Democratic senators (Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock of Georgia and Alex Padilla of California) were sworn in, resulting in 50 seats held by Republicans, 48 seats held by Democrats, and two held by independents who caucus with the Democrats. Effectively, this created a 50–50 split, which had not occurred since the 107th Congress in 2001.

With Vice President Kamala Harris serving as the tie breaker in her constitutional role as Senate President, Democrats have control of the Senate, and thereby have full control of Congress for the first time since the 111th Congress ended in 2011.

117th United States Congress Intro articles: 7

Major events

Major legislation


Proposed (but not enacted)

Major resolutions


  • H.Res. 21: Calling on Vice President Michael R. Pence to convene and mobilize the principal officers of the executive departments of the Cabinet to activate section 4 of the 25th Amendment to declare President Donald J. Trump incapable of executing the duties of his office and to immediately exercise powers as acting President.
  • H.Res. 24 (Second impeachment of Donald Trump): Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors.
  • S.Res. 5: A resolution honoring the memory of Officer Brian David Sicknick of the United States Capitol Police for his selfless acts of heroism on the grounds of the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021.
  • H.Res. 72 (Removal of Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene from committee assignments): Removing a certain Member from certain standing committees of the House of Representatives


  • H.Res. 14: Censuring and condemning President Donald J. Trump for attempting to overturn the results of the November 2020 presidential election in the State of Georgia
  • H.Res. 25: Directing the Committee on Ethics to investigate, and issue a report on, whether any and all actions taken by Members of the 117th Congress who sought to overturn the 2020 Presidential election violated their oath of office to uphold the Constitution or the Rules of the House of Representatives, and should face sanction, including removal from the House of Representatives.

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent
(caucusing with
End of previous Congress 46 2 52 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2021)[a] 46 2 51 99 1
January 18, 2021[b] 45 98 2
January 20, 2021[b][c][d] 48 2 50 100 0
Latest voting share 50.0% 50.0%  

House of Representatives

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican Other
End of previous Congress 233 1 195 1[e] 430 5
Begin (January 3, 2021)[f][g] 222 0 211 0 433 2
January 15, 2021[h] 221 432 3
February 7, 2021[i] 210 431 4
February 11, 2021[g] 211 432 3
Latest voting share 51.2% 0.0% 48.8% 0.0%  
Non-voting members 3 1[j] 2 0 6 0

117th United States Congress Major events articles: 3


Note: Democrats refer to themselves as a "Caucus"; Republicans refer to themselves as a "Conference".


Senate President
Mike Pence (R),
until January 20, 2021
Kamala Harris (D),
from January 20, 2021
Senate President pro tempore
Chuck Grassley (R),
until January 20, 2021
Patrick Leahy (D),
from January 20, 2021


Democratic leadership

(Minority until January 20, 2021, majority thereafter)

Republican leadership

(Majority until January 20, 2021, minority thereafter)

House of Representatives

House Speaker


Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

117th United States Congress Leadership articles: 78



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 senators are in the middle of their term (2019–2025), having been elected in 2018 and facing re-election in 2024. Class 2 senators are at the beginning of their term (2021–2027), having been elected in 2020. Class 3 senators are at the end of their term (2017–2023), facing re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives

All 435 seats were filled by election in November 2020.

117th United States Congress Members articles: 1038