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108th United States Congress

2003-2005 U.S. Congress

Top 3 108th United States Congress related articles

108th United States Congress
107th ←
→ 109th
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005
Senate PresidentDick Cheney (R)
Senate President pro temTed Stevens (R)
House SpeakerDennis Hastert (R)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityRepublican
Sessions
1st: January 7, 2003 – December 8, 2003
2nd: January 20, 2004 – December 9, 2004

The One Hundred Eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives from January 3, 2003 to January 3, 2005, during the third and fourth years of George W. Bush's presidency.

House members were elected in the 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. Senators were elected in three classes in the 1998 general election on November 3, 1998, 2000 general election on November 7, 2000, or 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-second Census of the United States in 2000. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

108th United States Congress Intro articles: 6

Major events

Major legislation

Enacted

George W. Bush signing the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, surrounded by members of Congress

Proposed, but not enacted

Party summary

Senate

Party standings in the 108th Congress
  48 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  51 Republican Senators
U.S. Senate in the Senate Chamber (2003)

The party summary for the Senate remained the same during the entire 108th Congress.

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
Other
End of previous congress 48 1 50 1 100 0
Begin 48 1 51 0 100 0
End
Final voting share 48.0% 1.0% 51.0% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 44 1 55 0 100 0

House of Representatives

Due to resignations and special elections, Republicans lost a net of two seats to the Democrats. All seats were filled though special elections. (See Changes in membership, below.)

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
Vacant
End of previous Congress 209 1 223 433 2
Begin 204 1 229 434 1
May 31, 2003 228 434 1
June 5, 2003 205 229 435 0
December 9, 2003 228 434 1
January 20, 2004 227 433 2
February 17, 2004 228 434 1
June 1, 2004 207 228 435 0
June 9, 2004 206 434 1
July 20, 2004 229 435 0
August 31, 2004 205 228 434 1
September 23, 2004 204 227 432 3
Final voting share 48.0% 52.0%
Non-voting members 4 0 1 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 201 1 232 434 1

108th United States Congress Major events articles: 7

Leadership

Senate

Senate President
Senate President pro Tempore

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

The Senators are preceded by the class, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 2004; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 2006; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 2008.

House of Representatives

The Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by the district number.

108th United States Congress Leadership articles: 1086