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103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles)

Infantry regiment of the Canadian non-permanent militia

103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles)
103rd Calgary Rifles cross-belt badge. Two part, sterling silver badge consisting of a cast front badge and a rear plate with maker's mark, "JR Gaunt Montreal". Badge was affixed to the cross-belt with four screw-down lugs.
Active1910–1920
Disbanded1920
Country  Canada
BranchNon-Permanent Active Militia
RoleRifle regiment
Part ofMilitary District No. 13 (unbrigaded)
Garrison/HQCalgary
EquipmentRoss rifle
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lt-Col. W.C.G. Armstrong; Honorary Colonel – Hon. Lt-Col. R.B. Bennett

The 103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Non-Permanent Active Militia, authorized at Calgary, Alberta, Canada, by General Order on 1 April 1910.

103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) Intro articles: 4

History

Field dress uniform for members of the 103rd Regiment, 1912.

The 103rd Regiment was raised in Calgary as a militia unit. The first commanding officer was Lieutenant-Colonel W.C.G. Armstrong. The regiment was approved to train six companies of 50 men each, and later expanded to eight companies. The unit initially paraded at the former Calgary General Hospital building (today known as the Rundle Ruins) before being ordered to vacate in September 1910. The unit then moved into the former drill hall of the Canadian Mounted Rifles on Centre Street and 12th Avenue SE. In 1911 a new armoury was found, in a former German-Canadian club a block south of their former home at the General Hospital. After Mewata Armouries was completed during the First World War, the regiment moved its offices to that location.

103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) History articles: 2

War Service

At the outbreak of World War I the regiment was not mobilized but served as a recruiting depot to raise battalions for the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), the first being the 10th Battalion, CEF. The regiment also provided soldiers to man the internment camp at Castle Mountain.[1] These soldiers were also employed full time as part of the Active Militia.[2] A number of reinforcement battalions were commanded by former 103rd Regiment officers, including Lieutenant-Colonel William Armstrong (56th Battalion (Calgary), CEF) and Lieutenant-Colonel George Morfitt (137th (Calgary) Battalion, CEF).

103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) War Service articles: 5

Reorganization

The 103rd Regiment was reorganized into two regiments in 1920 (the Calgary Regiment and the Alberta Regiment), each of which was reorganized into two regiments a few years later. None of the new units adopted the rifle regiment traditions of the 103rd.

Perpetuations

One of the resulting four regiments (the North Alberta Regiment) was disbanded in the 1936 reorganization of the Militia, but three present-day regiments claim descent from the 103rd: the South Alberta Light Horse, the King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) and the Calgary Highlanders. These regiments perpetuate the 10th, 31st, 50th, 56th, 82nd, 89th and 137th Battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force all of whom were either raised in, or contained soldiers from, Calgary.

Descendants of the 103rd Regiment "Calgary Rifles"[3][4][5]

Lineage
1910103rd Regt "Calgary Rifles"
 
19201st Bn, The Calgary Regt2nd Bn, The Calgary RegtThe Alberta Regt
 
19211st Bn, Calgary Highlanders, The Calgary Regt1st Bn, The Alberta Regt2nd Bn, The Alberta Regt
1924The Calgary HighlandersThe Calgary RegtThe South Alberta RegtThe North Alberta Regt
1936The Calgary Regt (Tank)Disbanded
19402nd (Reserve) Bn, The Calgary Highlanders2nd (Reserve) Bn, The South Alberta Regt
194114th (Reserve) Army Tank Bn, (The Calgary Regt (Tank))
194214th (Reserve) Army Tank Regt, (The Calgary Regt (Tank))2nd (Reserve) Bn, The South Alberta Regt (MG)
1945The Calgary Highlanders
194614th Armoured Regt (King's Own Calgary Regt)The South Alberta Regt
1949The King's Own Calgary Regt (14th Armoured Regt)
1954The South Alberta Light Horse (29th Armoured Regt)
1958The King's Own Calgary Regt (RCAC)The South Alberta Light Horse
2020

103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) Reorganization articles: 6

References

  • Knight, Darrell. The Canadian Regimental Badge Book. (Calgary: private publication, 2008)
  1. ^ Calgary Guardian Article
  2. ^ "103rd Regiment Internment Guards", Banff Crag and Canyon, 2 May 1916
  3. ^ "The South Alberta Light Horse". Official Lineages: Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  4. ^ "The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)". Official Lineages: Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments – Armour Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. June 11, 2010. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  5. ^ "The Calgary Highlanders". Official Lineages: Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. October 2010. Retrieved November 14, 2011.