Suffix used in microbiology
The suffix -bacter is in microbiology for many genera and is intended to mean "bacteria".
Bacter is a new Latin (i.e. Modern Latin) term coined from bacterium, which in turn derives from the Greek βακτήριον, meaning small staff (diminutive of βακτηρία). Consequently, it formally means "rod". It differs from the suffix -bacterium in grammatical gender, the former being male and the latter being neuter; this was decided in Juridical (or Judicial) Opinion n° 3 of the Bacteriological Code.
-bacter articles: 5
Juridical Opinion n° 2 in the Bacteriological Code discusses the declension of the word, given that authors differently assumed the genitive case of bacter to be bactris (3rd declension words of Latin origin ending in =ter), bacteri (2nd declension) or bacteris (3rd declension, used for words of Greek origin, such as astris). The Opinion opts for the latter: consequently, higher taxa are formed with the stem =bacter- and not =bactr-. In Juridical Opinion n° 3 it was established to be masculine. For example, Campylobacter is a genus of Campylobacterales. These rules were established so that the specific epithets were paired with the correct gender as imposed by the Bacteriological Code and the correct higher taxon names were formed. An interesting effect of this is that the genus Fibrobacter gives its name both to the phylum Fibrobacteres, which obeys Latin grammar, and to the class Fibrobacteria, which follows the recommendation of using the suffix -ia
-bacter Usage articles: 6
- vv.aa. (April 1951). "Opinion No. 3.: The Gender of Generic Names Ending in -Bacter". International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy. 1 (2): 36–37. doi:10.1099/0096266X-1-2-36.
- R. E. Buchanan; R. S. Breed & R. St. John-Brooks (Jan 1951). "Opinion 2. The Combining Forms (Stems) of Compound Bacterial Generic Names Ending in Bacterium, -Bacter, or -Bactrum (Bactro: Approved by the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Bacteriological Nomenclature)". International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy. 1 (1): 37–38. doi:10.1099/0096266X-1-1-37.
- Lapage, S.; Sneath, P.; Lessel, E.; Skerman, V.; Seeliger, H.; Clark, W. (1992). International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria: Bacteriological Code, 1990 Revision. Washington, D.C.: ASM Press. PMID 21089234.
- STACKEBRANDT (E.), RAINEY (F.A.) and WARD-RAINEY (N.L.): Proposal for a new hierarchic classification system, Actinobacteria classis nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 479-491.