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term

Overview

This page has 31 definitions of term with English translations in 5 languages. Term is a noun, verb and adjective. Examples of how to use term in a sentence are shown. Also define these 79 related words and terms: limitation, restriction, binding, condition, promise, legal, contract, geometry, point, line, superficies, word, phrase, specialise, relation, part, year, academic year, duration, length, sentenced, prison, court, rent, pregnancy, birth, conception, preterm, postterm, maximum, period, patent, maintain, force, mathematics, value, variable, constant, expression, table, logic, subject, predicate, proposition, syllogism, astrology, unequal, sign, rulerships, art, statue, pillar, nautical, taffrail, name, call, medicine, born, deliver, neonate, computing, program, emulate, transitive, intransitive, terminate, employment, foundation, plot, of, land, addend, sum, term, terminology, operand, termer, thermae, and Roman baths.

See also: Term

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English terme, borrowed from Old French terme, from Latin terminus (a bound, boundary, limit, end; in Medieval Latin, also a time, period, word, covenant, etc.).

Doublet of terminus. Old English had termen, from the same source.

Noun

term (plural terms)

  1. That which limits the extent of anything; limit, extremity, bound, boundary.
    "Alright, look...we can spend the holidays with your parents, but this time it will be on my terms."
  2. A chronological limitation or restriction.
    The term of a lease agreement is the period of time during which the lease is effective, and may be fixed, periodic, or of indefinite duration.
  3. Any of the binding conditions or promises in a legal contract.
    Be sure to read the terms and conditions before signing.
    • Binding definition
      Imposing stipulations or requirements that must be honoured. (1 of 2 binding definitions)
  4. (geometry, archaic) A point, line, or superficies that limits.
    A line is the term of a superficies, and a superficies is the term of a solid.
  5. A word or phrase, especially one from a specialised area of knowledge.
    "Algorithm" is a term used in computer science.
    • Word definition

      The smallest unit of language that has a particular meaning and can be expressed by itself; the smallest discrete, meaningful unit of language.

      1. The smallest discrete unit of spoken language with a particular meaning, composed of one or more phonemes and one or more morphemes
      2. The smallest discrete unit of written language with a particular meaning, composed of one or more letters or symbols and one or more morphemes
      3. A discrete, meaningful unit of language approved by an authority or native speaker (compare non-word).
      (1 of 23 word definitions)
  6. Relations among people.
    We are on friendly terms with each other.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Not unnaturally, “Auntie” took this communication in bad part. [] Next day she [] tried to recover her ward by the hair of the head. Then, thwarted, the wretched creature went to the police for help; she was versed in the law, and had perhaps spared no pains to keep on good terms with the local constabulary.
  7. Part of a year, especially one of the three parts of an academic year.
    • Academic Year definition
      The annual period during which a student attends school, college or university.
  8. Duration of a set length; period in office of fixed length.
    He was sentenced to a term of six years in prison.
    near-term, mid-term and long-term goals
    the term allowed to a debtor to discharge his debt
    1. The time during which legal courts are open.
    2. Certain days on which rent is paid.
    • Sentenced definition
      simple past tense and past participle of sentence
    • Court definition
      An enclosed space; a courtyard; an uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building, or by different buildings; also, a space opening from a street and nearly surrounded by houses; a blind alley. (1 of 15 court definitions)
  9. With respect to a pregnancy, the period during which birth usually happens (approximately 40 weeks from conception).
    at term, preterm, postterm
    • Preterm definition
      Of a premature birth or baby.
  10. (of a patent) The maximum period during which the patent can be maintained into force.
    • Force definition
      Strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigour; might; capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect. (1 of 14 force definitions)
  11. (archaic) A menstrual period.
    • 1660, Samuel Pepys, Diary
      My wife, after the absence of her terms for seven weeks, gave me hopes of her being with child, but on the last day of the year she hath them again.
  12. (mathematics) Any value (variable or constant) or expression separated from another term by a space or an appropriate character, in an overall expression or table.
    All the terms of this sum cancel out.
    One only term is odd in ( 12; 3; 4 ).
  13. (logic) The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one of the three component parts of a syllogism, each one of which is used twice.
    • Predicate definition
      The part of the sentence (or clause) which states a property that a subject has or is characterized by. (1 of 3 predicate definitions)
    • Syllogism definition
      An argument whose conclusion is supported by two premises, of which one contains the term that is the predicate of the conclusion, and the other contains the term that is the subject of the conclusion; common to both premises is a term that is excluded from the conclusion. (1 of 2 syllogism definitions)
  14. (astrology) An essential dignity in which unequal segments of every astrological sign have internal rulerships which affect the power and integrity of each planet in a natal chart.
  15. (art) A statue of the upper body, sometimes without the arms, ending in a pillar or pedestal. [from 17th c.]
    • 1773, Joshua Reynolds, in John Ingamells, John Edgcumbe (eds.), The Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Yale 2000, p. 42:
      You have been already informed, I have no doubt, of the subject which we have chosen: the adorning a Term of Hymen with festoons of flowers.
  16. (nautical) A piece of carved work placed under each end of the taffrail.
    The Cabin is large and commodious, well calculated for the Accommodation of Paſengers. Merchandiſe, Produce, &c. carried on the loweſt Terms.[1]

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Dictionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

Verb

term (third-person singular simple present terms, present participle terming, simple past and past participle termed)

  1. To phrase a certain way; to name or call.
    • 1867, Charles Sanders Peirce, On a New List of Categories:
      Abstraction or prescision ought to be carefully distinguished from two other modes of mental separation, which may be termed discrimination and dissociation.
    • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:
      The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, essentially what today we might term a frameless magnifying glass or plain glass paperweight.

Synonyms

Adjective

term (not comparable)

  1. (medicine, colloquial) Born or delivered at term.
    term neonate

References

Etymology 2

Clipping of terminal.

Noun

term (plural terms)

  1. (computing, informal) A computer program that emulates a physical terminal.

Etymology 3

Short for terminate, termination, terminated employee, etc.

Verb

term (third-person singular simple present terms, present participle terming, simple past and past participle termed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To terminate one's employment

Synonyms

Noun

term (plural terms)

  1. One whose employment has been terminated

Further reading


Albanian

Etymology

From ter.

Noun

term m (indefinite plural terma, definite singular terma, definite plural termat)

  1. foundation, plot of land
    • Plot definition
      The course of a story, comprising a series of incidents which are gradually unfolded, sometimes by unexpected means. (1 of 9 plot definitions)
    • Of definition
      Expressing distance or motion.
      1. From (of distance, direction), "off".
      2. Since, from (a given time, earlier state etc.).
      3. From, away from (a position, number, distance etc.). (1 of 50 of definitions)

Related terms


Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

term m (plural termen, diminutive termpje n)

  1. term; A word or phrase, especially one from a specialised area of knowledge.
  2. (mathematics) term; One of the addends in a sum
    • Addend definition
      Any one of two or more numbers or other terms that are to be added together. (1 of 2 addend definitions)

Derived terms

Anagrams


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin terminus, via French terme and English term

Noun

term m (definite singular termen, indefinite plural termer, definite plural termene)

  1. a term (word or phrase)

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin terminus, via French terme and English term

Noun

term m (definite singular termen, indefinite plural termar, definite plural termane)

  1. a term (word or phrase)

References


Swedish

Noun

term c

  1. a term[1] (a well-defined word or phrase, in a terminology)
  2. (mathematics) a term[2] (an operand in addition or subtraction)
    • Operand definition
      A quantity to which an operator is applied (in , the operands of the subtraction operator are 3 and ).
  3. singular of termer (thermae, Roman baths) (a facility for bathing in ancient Rome)
    • Roman Baths definition
      A complex of public buildings, in the time of Ancient Rome, in which bathing took place as a social activity

Declension

Declension of term 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative term termen termer termerna
Genitive terms termens termers termernas

Related terms

References